Chicago in the Great Depression
Carl Sandburg called Chicago the "City of the Big Shoulders," and those shoulders withstood the stock market crash of 1929. Chicagoans rallied to collect funds to celebrate the centennial of the city's incorporation in 1833. A Century of Progress International Exposition, held in 1933 and 1934, brought jobs and businesses to Chicago and cheered people with the prospect of new technology and the promising face of the future. Neighborhood churches and community organizations helped each other, and the Great Migration brought new arrivals from the American South. Together, these factors helped to hasten the end of Prohibition and the fall of notorious gangsters like Al Capone and John Dillinger. Jazz rolled in, with Chicagoans dancing along to the tunes of the big bands. Even if pocketbooks were bare, souls were full of hope.
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African American Aragon Ballroom Banghart became Benny Goodman big band Bronzeville Buckingham Fountain building Capone Capone’s Carl Sandburg Century of Progress Chicago Defender Chicago Public Library Chicago River Church city’s Congress Courtesy of Carol Courtesy of FBI/USDOJ Courtesy of John courtesy of LC created Depression Dillinger DuSable Edgewater Edwin Rosskam exhibits exposition feet gang Gliwa Grant Park Hall Highsmith Archives Hotel included Jack Delano jazz John and Shirley John Chuckman John Vachon Kelly Krupa lagoons Lake Michigan Lake Shore Drive lakefront Leong living located Loop Michigan Avenue Mount Greenwood movie Museum Navy Pier neighborhood North orchestra P&P DIV photograph by John Photograph by Russell pictured Pilsen played popular radio Regina Ziemann Roosevelt Russell Lee Savoy Schonauer seen Shirley Rehling skating South Side Street style Temple Theater Touhy Valentine’s Day visitors women World’s Fair Wrigley Field