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in sojourning in the Northwest. This is really a return visit, and it is doubtful if by any stretch of hospitality any one could approach the welcome extended the Americans who visited Japan in the last chrysanthemum season.
The reception should be made an official one, and as the representative and most influential magazine on the Pacific Coast, the Overland Monthly urges on our Government, civic and State officials, the necessity of treating the coming of these representative men of Japan to our shores as something more than an informal affair.
The Overland Monthly has taken the pains to secure the views of men of note in America on this subject.
Mr. James J. Hill, of the Great Northern Railroad, says:
"**the cultivation and the maintenance of the friendship of the Japanese is worthy of the best thought of the American people. They are a wonderful people and their advancement among the nations of the world will be, in all probability, as great if not greater in the next thirty year as it has been in the past thirty years."
Mr. Burns, President of the New York Central Railroad Company, said that
*** it would be better, regardless of all commercial considerations, to urge the Japanese to come, for 'in his judgment' it would be better for us to spend money in the entertainment of the Japanese Commissioners that they may see the true sentiments of the American people toward them than in the burning of coal to send our great war vessels across the Pacific." Mr. Harriman is quoted as follows: "Our road will do its full share, in conjunction with the other roads, in helping in the entertainment."
The Manufacturers' Club of Philadelphia has extended the Japanese a cordial welcome and will entertain the commissioners in Philadelphia while the Pennsylvania Railroad will engage to join other roads in transporting and in arranging with other roads for the transportation of the nation's guests.
Every large Eastern manufacturing and shipping center, mindful of future trade,
is arranging to make a good impression on these men.
California should do all she can to impress the Commissioners with the fact that we are in the market with our products and with our manufactures, that we are the first and the nearest American port, and that when the Western Pacific is in running order the cotton of the South and the iron and fuel products of Colorado, will find San Francisco the nearest and best way out to the Orient. Beyond and before any business reasons, we owe it to ourselves and our own people to wipe out the disagreeable impressions created in the past. The Japanese Commercial Commissioners should be given the glad hand.
The Japanese Government has just issued a circular, and it has been reprinted in English by the local consul, which goes to show what a decrease in the Japanese population in one year has been. There are to-day, in the neighborhood of six thousand less Japanese on the Pacific Coast than at this time one year ago. In every possible way the Japanese Government is essaying to meet us more than half way, and its latest action, in the removal of the subsidy to deep sea fishers, will effectually stop the raiding of the seal rookeries of the Bering seas. Japan is only too glad to turn the flood of its migratory labor toward Manchuria, Korea and Formosa. It is attempting to conquer Asia for the Asians, and it is laboring on a gigantic and comprehensive scale. It is not worried over affairs in Hawaii or in the United States, other than insisting further that every provision of the treaty now in force be observed.
In every controversy it has always borne in mind that, no matter what our present views, it was America that has made modern Japan a possibility among the nations of the world. The adage that nations are ungrateful is a true one, but it does not apply as regards Japan. Japan is not only grateful, but it is determined that there shall be no just cause of complaint on our part. Are we as considerate in our treatment of Japan? Let us give the Commissioners a rousing reception.
The public is in debt to the men who have made the publication of the latest of Harold Bell Wright's books possible. They are the men who are the energy and the force back of the Book Supply Company of Chicago. Mr. E. W. Reynolds is the President of this company, and he is ably assisted by L. N. Black, the Treasurer, and Mr. McPherson Reynolds, vice-president and secretary. These men are looming up big in the book publishing busi
When "That Printer of Udell's" was published it was the wonder among publishers that some one of the "big fellows" had not secured this really great work. Then, when the work took like wild-fire and sold far beyond the wildest expectations of writer or publisher, the "big fellows" began to wonder who this man from Kansas was who had settled down in Porkopolis and stirred up such a row in the publishing business. Literary Indiana sat up and took notice, and the driedin-the-rut men in New York pushed up their glasses and looked Westward. Rey-. nolds had come from some unknown place into Chicago, and had given evidence of wonderful push and energy. The man is the embodiment of the spirit of the West.
Harold Bell Wright was a find for these men, and Harold Bell Wright justified his discovery by writing things that will live.
"The Shepherd of the Hills" followed the first success, and now we have a new and a better book than either of these in "The Calling of Dan Matthews." The book reviewer does not feel like making an extended critique of this work. He is letting it ooze into his system. The book itself is strong. It tells a story which, simply for the telling, is worth while. "The Calling of Dan Mat
thews" is a sermon, and yet it in no manner lectures the reader, and it does not convey to him the fact that he is being hectored as to his conduct, but the fact remains that the book points out that modern American society is afflicted with a disease, in some way or other, affecting every citizen of the great Republic; a disease that unless it is stemmed, stopped or damned up to prevent its overflowing, overcoming energy, will overthrow every obstacle and bring on anarchy or an autocracy that will pale into insignificance as compared with that of Nero.
The author doesn't say this at all. It is a conclusion drawn by the reviewer, who feels in a mind to soliloquize to-day, and it is just barely possible that, given other temperament and other surroundings, the reader will come to a vastly different opinion, after reading "The Calling of Dan Matthews." To the reviewer, the reading has been hugely enjoyable, and, when it is remembered that the reviewer is a crabbed critical cuss, the above is praise indeed.
"The Woman and the Sword" is a wellwritten, well thought out novel, of the old yellow-cover style, the kind we used to go and hide behind the barn and read until our eyes "bugged" out. It is by Rupert Lorraine, which is, in its way, quite a good name for such an author of such a book.
To the reader who is familiar with the run of the historical novels of the day, this volume throws a side light on the events occurring outside the ultra civilized capitals of Europe in the days of the great Richelieu. It gives an idea of the buccaneering swashbuckler captains who hired their services to the always warring princes of little kingdoms and dukedoms of Europe buzzing around the outside of
the refined courts of Christendom.
In a way, the story is brutal, and tells a brutal tale in a frankly brutal manner, but it has the redeeming feature of charm, and the maid in the tale is quite lovable, although in some manner a madcap. The hero goes a wooing for another, and finally wins a bride, where he had thought to find an untamable shrew, but he does not get her without hard work and valiant
fighting. The account of the deeds of Gilbert Charrington stirs the blood, and Hilary, the wayward maid, is as alluring as the will-o'-the-wisp. The book is not for the very young. It is not for the hypercritical. It will not suit the superdainty, but it is full of good red blood, and as to times and customs is probably historically true.
A. C. McClurg & Co., Chicago.
THE EDUCATIONAL FACILITIES OF A CALIFORNIA
BY ROLAND HAUGHTREY.
While it is true that the city school system of the city of San Jose dates from the days of the sixties, it is also true that it was practically entirely remodeled since the year 1906.
With the building of the new high school, following the destruction of the old structure in that year of disaster, came a new incentive and a new life to the people who were devoting their lives to the spread of a better and a broader education in the largest city in the beautiful valley of Santa Clara.
The first mention of a High School occurs in the minutes of a meeting, minutes of the Board of Education under date of December 12, in 1865. This recites that the Superintendent of Schools be instructed by the Board to purchase five chairs "for the use of the school."
The High School building, I am told, was situated at the Fourth street side of Washington Square, and consisted of one large room. It was a sort of go-as-youplease affair, apparently, as no certificates or diplomas were issued to those who completed their course of study at the school, and the course did not cover any specified length of time.
There were at the time a number of grammar schools housed about the city,
and, even at this early period, the schools of San Jose enjoyed a repute for excellence that spread all over the State of California.
This was the beginning. In the last year, 1908-09, four new grammar schools have been built at a total cost of $200,000.
San Jose possesses what is probably one of the best High School buildings architecturally in the State of California, and this, officered by a faculty that is rated one of the very best in the West. The new San Jose High School is a noble structure, peculiarly and fittingly designed in the Mission style. It is well lighted and well ventilated. It is pleasantly situated, the sanitary conditions are perfect, the equipment is elaborate, and San Jose makes no idle boast when claims one of the finest High Schools in the West. The total number of graduates from the High School, to the present time, is 1186. Besides the public institutions of learning, San Jose has a State school, one of the Normal schools being located here. It is also the location of many excellent private institutions. In the neighboring city of Santa Clara there is a fine Catholic school for boys, Santa Clara College, a school which is duly accredited to the State University and to Stanford University at Palo Alto.
The President of the United States works for 80,000,000 people all the time.
He needs rest and change to keep him fit for his work, and yet he cannot neglect his official duties, he must always be within reach.
When Washington was president he rode his horse as far as Mount Vernon and kept in touch by messenger with the affairs of state. The President to-day has a wider range and can seek the cooling breezes of the New England coast.
The long distance telephone keeps him
The railroad will carry him back to
instead, not only to Washington but to any other point.
The Bell system performs this service not only for the President, but for the whole public.
This system has been built up so gradually and extended so quietly that busy men hardly realize its magnitude or appreciate its full value.
Forty thousand cities, towns and villages are connected by the Bell system, which serves all the people all the time.
The Bell telephone has become the implement of a nation.
The highest type of public service can be achieved only by one policy, one system, universal service.
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