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the Occident. Of all cities, Honolulu will be benefited the most. She will become the stopping place of steamers bound from New York to the Orient and the Antipodes, and she will also come for a much larger share of the business necessitated by the establishment of additional lines from Japan, China and the Philippines to New York, Europe and California. It is not outside the realm of possibility to suggest that all around the world carrier lines will be established, and Honolulu must be a stopping point en route, imperatively demanded by the exigencies of the case. Honolulu is bound to become one of the greatest coaling and revictualing stations the world has ever known, and, when it is taken into consideration that the products of these islands will in five years have more than trebled, the importance of the city holding the key to the islands cannot be overestimated. The people of Honolulu do not know it; few of them have even a glimmering idea of the importance of the place or of its future metropolitan size,
and it is doubtful if many of them anticipate the growth of industry in the various islands of the group.
The islands are destined to occupy relatively just as commanding a position as the city of Honolulu itself, and Hilo, the second city of importance on the larger island of Hawaii is to be a close second in the race for supremacy in commercial and especially in manufacturing development in the islands. Hawaii is the key to the Pacific. Without it, commerce may not move. Without it, in a measure, the benefits accruing from the construction of the Panama Canal are nullified. With it as a possession of the United States, an integral unit in the galaxy, war is impossible to any nation, and we command the Pacific.
It may be assumed that the United States will in the coming years enact national legislation that will provide a ship subsidy system that will sweep not only the Pacific but the Atlantic seas of all opposition.
It has been shown in these columns by
of water into a tub which is leaking at the bottom almost as fast as it is being poured into at the top, and that the maintenance of a continual and comprehensive subsidy system depends entirely upon the ability of the nation to continue the pouring in process at the top. It has, therefore, been argued in the Overland Monthly that the United States with its magnificent and unexcelled resources, is more able to maintain that kind of ruinous warfare than any other nation. It is more than likely that the continuance of every form of subsidy by England, France and Germany will force us into the position of a subsidy nation if we do not wish the American flag eliminated absolutely as a factor on the seas of the world.
It may be taken, therefore, as a foregone conclusion that the day is not far distant when we too will begin the process, and when we do, the end is not far, for in this kind of a struggle all other nations must give way before the power of dollars exerted intelligently toward the elimination of a rival in business. It is simply a question of time when a scientifically applied subsidy will give the American flag the commerce of all the seas, and incidentally the commerce of the entire world.
Hawaii, more than any other country, and its ports of Honolulu and Hilo and other ports yet unborn, will benefit more than any other in the regular routes routes of cargo travel.
With the opening of the Panama Canal will come a
Ancient Hawaii. The throne room in the Palace
Native grass huts
lively and ever increasing competition by the transcontinental railroads of the mainland and California will be linked still more strongly with Hawaii than in any of the years of the past.
Hawaii is destined to rival Malta as a military and naval station.
This is the story of the Honolulu and the Hawaii of tomorrow sketched in the broad strokes of the prophet who may announce his findings to the world as certitudes, and with the omniscient knowledge that future events will not belie his foretelling.
The Honolulu of today is a metropolis in the embryo. It is in many ways a most marvelous place. It has scarcely struck its pace and the immensity of its possibilities is foreshadowed by its present business. The fact that the navigation laws have been so construed as to prevent the development of business has been a great handicap to Honolulu and the islands in general. Hawaii ought not to be subject to the construction of the law that passengers or freight cannot be carried between Honolulu and
San Francisco or any other American port, except in vessels carrying our flag. It has been urged by the able men who are members of the Chamber of Commerce that a bill be "passed by Congress" excepting the islands from a ruling for a period of years at least until there were enough vessels flying the American flag plying on the Pacific to readily and at all times care for the passenger traffic between Hawaii and the Mainland.
There can be no doubt that had the advice of Mr. Morgan and his far-seeing and broad-minded associates been followed and some relief measure of this kind had been adopted by the law-makers of the nation that the commerce of the islands would have received a splendid and well deserved forward impetus. Congress did nothing.
The most important work undertaken and carried on unremittingly by the Federal authorities is that being done at Pearl Harbor, the naval station. Honolulu harbor has not been overlooked in these matters of appropriation, and the breakwater at Hilo has received a deserved atten
ferno in action
tion in appropriation and actual work done.
Hawaii today is making shipments to the East via the Tehuantepec route, and in the future the traffic to and from will tax the carrying capacity of the vessels. plying between San Francisco, the Mexican coast and Hawaii as well as those between Hawaii and Puget Sound points. Honolulu is a port of call of the line between British Columbia, New Zealand and Australia. The The transport service and the carrying of freight supplies and machinery for the Government, besides the occasional animal transport, tends to increase the tonnage making the port of Honolulu the busy scene it always is, increasing with every month that passes.
Honolulu civic bodies and commercial organizations are represented at Washington by competent agents, and the territorial delegates have always been able
One of the remarkable instances of the prosperity of Hawaii was shown in the fact that when the mainland was visited with panic, beginning October-November,
1907, Hawaii's resources were equal to all demands, business and financial transactions being in no way disturbed. Hawaii presents the phenomenal condition of a country fully able to subsist for an unlimited period of time on its own resources, something the powerful nations, such as England and Germany, may not do.
The Territory of Hawaii is never behind in any great public movement, and in the matter of the Alaska Yukon Exposition the appropriation by Congress of a sufficient amount of money to put up an Hawaiian building was supplemented by a local provision of $25,000 to meet expenses cropping up and for advertising and maintenance. Many a State and territory of the Mainland has not done as much for itself.
The Territorial Federal appropriations for Hawaii in the year 1908 amounted to $5,190,000, and were disbursed as follows: Pearl Harbor, $3,100,000; Honolulu Federal Building, $850,000; Kauai Lighthouse, $75,000: Fortifications, $1,165,000.
The above does not include about two