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Fort Street. The Judd Building The H. Hackfeld & Co. Building

hundred thousand dollars

in the Sundry Civil Bill and a like sum in the Kahauiki military post.

The exports of the islands to the United States and to

foreign countries are much larger, and embrace a wider variety than is generally known. For the year 1908 the above embraced raw and refined sugar, raw coffee, rice, fruits and nuts, honey, wool and sundries, $42,238,455, and the imports, chiefly from the mainland, $19,985,724.

No like area of the earth's surface has such a balance of trade in its favor, with a like population.

The customs receipts for 1908 were $1,550,157.32. The total tonnage cleared was 1,069,328.

There are in the islands enrollment of 18,564 children. These employ 476 teachers. There are 51 private schools, with 4,881 children enrolled and 218 teachers. The public schools are supported by direct appropriation by the legislature and the private schools by gift or endowment. Oahu college and Punahou schools are private institutions. The Kamehameha schools are for children of Hawaiian blood; St. Louis College is an excellent school (Catholic) for boys; Sisters of the Sacred Heart, a school for girls. The Hilo Boarding School is a splendid institution in that enterprising town. The Maunaloa and the Kohala seminaries are among the many fine educational opportunities possessed by the Hawaiian youth.

The Japanese maintain many private institutions of learning. There is a public

school of agriculture and mechanical arts, with full college courses.

One of the most interesting chapters in the industrial and agricultural progress of our insular possessions has been the development and growth of the pineapple industry of Hawaii since that charming group of islands became, in 1898, a territory of the United States.

Prior to 1890, pineapples in Hawaii were only raised for home consumption, some few occasionally finding their way to the markets of the Pacific Coast. Up to that time, the brains and capital of the islands had been devoted principally to the production of sugar, with some attention to rice and coffee, the labor.employed being chiefly Oriental.

About 1890 a group of Americans, noting the remarkable flavor and tenderness of the Smooth Cayenne pineapples grown in Hawaii, secured land on the line of the newly constructed Oahu Railway, near Pearl Harbor, imported seed plants from Australia, at great expense, and attempted to build up a trade with San Francisco and the Pacific Coast in fresh pineapples.

It resulted in failure, however, as Hawaii was then an independent republic. and the duty on the canned fruit made the profits too small to encourage a continuance of the industry. In 1898 another start was made and persistently persevered in to put the canned goods before the public, and by widespread advertising the production of the pineapple and its attending industry of packing the fruit has become firmly established and gives promise of following next in order sugar growing in importance and profit.

Hawaiian Lumber Company, Ltd.



The Koa tree yields the mahogany of the islands. The finer grained lumber is used in the making of musical instruments and in furniture. There is a mill near Hilo which is making a specialty of this mahogany. Within a few miles of the volcano there is a great clump of these trees, and the Hawaiian Mahogany Lumber Co., Ltd., is making it into commercial shape for use as furniture or for the finer kinds of cabinet making. This same company has a yearly contract for the delivery of 3,000,000 of hardwood ties to the Santa Fe railroad. The mill has been kept go

Honolulu the Beautiful An avenue of palms On one of the modern streets Merchant street, always a busy thoroughfare A street scene

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ing night and day to supply the demand. A trip to the Koa forest is well worth the while of the tourist, and this royal tree may be seen in all its gnarled beauty in the forest mentioned. An interesting feature of the Koa forest is the 'tree moulds.' When the lava flowed down the mountain ages ago it swept through the forest of trees and made its way round and about the trunks. The trees burned away, but in the process the lava cooled, and there remain many instances of the perfect mould of the tree trunks and of fallen limbs.

Oahu Railway and Land Co.

Honolulu, though many its charms, is not all there is to fascinate the tourist. The side trips are essential to grasp the panorama of color, vegetation life and ac

Oahu College

tivities so dissimilar from what the other part of the world has to offer. One of these sight-seeing trips that reward the tourist is over the Oahu Railway and Land Company's route. The tourist is carried along the shores of the historic Pearl Harbor, destined to be the American Gibraltar of the Pacific and the guardian sentinel of the west shores of the United States. It is guarded by mountains cleft by deep valleys prolific in the varieties of color of their tropical trees. and vegetation. Beyond, the road debouches into the great realm of the sugar planter, interspersed at intervals. groves of cocoanut and bananas. Along this route are the famed sugar producing plantations of the Honolulu Company, the Oahu, Ewa, Waianae, Waialua and Kuhuku. A trip of three hours over this



Honolulu the Beautiful. The Bishop Museum. The finest ethnological collection of South Sea relics may be found here

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scenic route in its comfortable cars, and the terminus is reached at Waialua, where is situated the famous Haleiwa Hotel, the resort of the islanders, the Newport of Hawaii. The excursion is one that cannot be omitted from the itinerary of the tourist who desires to take even part way advantage of his or her trip to Honolulu. To do so would be to visit San Francisco and neglect the seal rocks and its great park, or Washington without seeing the capitol.

The Haleiwa Hotel.

This hotel is situated on the line of the Oahu Railway and Land Company, and is owned and operated by the company. It is one of the finest of the seaside hotels of Hawaii. It is about 50 miles from Honolulu. It has a beautiful park surrounding

The Palace, or Government House

it, and the luxuriance of the grounds is something truly marvelous. The tourist should by all means make this trip, as it is one of the show places. Mr. Bloodgood, the general manager of this hotel, is one of the men in the business who has so thoroughly imbibed the idea of wholesouled Hawaiian hospitality that it is second nature.

Alexander Young Hotel.

The tourist is well cared for in Honolulu. He is given all the comforts, the luxuries and essentials that the caravansaries in the leading centers of the world have to offer, and to that is added a table loaded with the dainties, the novelties in fruit, fish, game and food compositions that are particular to the Hawaiian Islands. Chief among the famed hostel

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Honolulu the Beautiful. The date palm avenue to the Cleghorn residence


ries of the group is the Alexander Young Hotel. It is as noted among world travelers as is the Cecil of London or the Waldorf-Astoria of New York. Structurally it is one of the great modern buildings of Honolulu. It is of brick, with a frontage of Colusa sandstone. It is ornate, and its interior is highly embellished. apartments are spacious and elegantly furnished, and the features that are a part of the equipment of every first-class hotel are in the Alexander Young Hotel. Its ventilation is perfect, and all rooms have an outside exposure to light and air so essential to comfort in the tropics. Water is furnished from its own artesian wells, and distilled by modern apparatus. In addition, the table is supplied with dairy products, vegetables and fruits from its own extensive farm. Its situation is one that commands an unobstructed view of the natural beauties of the city in whose activities it is the center. Its famous

roof garden, where refreshments are served, and band concerts given, and varied other entertainments that present the features of island amusements and recreations, are cherished in the memory of the many thousands of its guests. The Alexander Young hotel is peculiar to Hawaii, and it is typical of the modern caravan


In this hotel Mr. Alexander Young has invested approximately two millions of dollars.

Moana Hotel.

The allurements of the Waikiki beach are enhanced by the attractions the Moana hotel offers to the visitor to this world famous shore of glistening sands and tropic bathing. The hotel is only 20 minutes' ride from Honolulu by electric car, and is where the choicest of fish dinners, savory Hawaiian dishes and a modern menu is served for the delectation of

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