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refined sugar,

hundred thousand dollars in the Sundry Civil Bill and a like sum in the Kahauiki military post.

The exports of the islands to the United States and to foreign countries are much larger, and embrace a wider variety than is generally

For the year 1908 the above embraced raw and

raw coffee, rice, fruits and nuts, honey, wool and sundries, $12,238,455, and the imports, chiefly from the mainland, $19,985,724.

No like area of the earth's surface has such a balance of trade in its favor, with a like population.

The customs receipts for 1908 were $1,550,157.32.

The total tonnage cleared was 1,069,328.

There are in the islands enrollment of 18,564 children. These employ 476 teachers. There are 51 private schools, with 4,881 children enrolled and 218 teachers. The public schools are supported by direct appropriation by the legislature and the private schools by gift or endowment. Oahu college and Punahou schools are private institutions. The Kamehameha schools are for children of Hawaiian blood; St. Louis College is an excellent school (Catholic) for boys; Sisters of the Sacred Heart, a school for girls. The Hilo Boarding School is a splendid institution in that enterprising town. The Maunaloa and the Kohala seminaries are among the many fine educational opportunities possessed by the Hawaiian youth.

The Japanese maintain many private institutions of learning. There is a public

Fort Street. The Judd Building The Il. Hackfeld & Co. Building

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school of agriculture and mechanical arts, with full college courses.

One of the most interesting chapters in the industrial and agricultural progress of our insular possessions has been the development and growth of the pineapple industry of Hawaii since that charming group of islands became, in 1898, a territory of the United States.

Prior to 1890, pineapples in Hawaii were only raised for home consumption, some few occasionally finding their way to the markets of the Pacific Coast. Up to that time, the brains and capital of the islands had been devoted principally to the production of sugar, with some attention to rice and coffee, the labor.employed being chiefly Oriental.

About 1890 a group of Americans, noting the remarkable flavor and tenderness of the Smooth Cayenne pineapples grown in Hawaii, secured land on the line of the newly constructed Oahu Railway, near Pearl Harbor, imported seed plants from Australia, at great expense, and attempted to build up a trade with San Francisco and the Pacific Coast in fresh pineapples.

It resulted in failure, however, as Hawaji was then an independent republic, and the duty on the canned fruit made the profits too small to encourage a continuance of the industry. In 1898 another start was made and persistently persevered in to put the canned goods before the public, and by widespread advertising the production of the pineapple and its attending industry of packing the fruit has become firmly established and gives promise of following next in order to sugar growing in importance and profit.

Hawaiian Lumber Company, Ltd. The Koa tree yields the mahogany of the islands. The finer grained lumber is used in the making of musical instruments and in furniture. There is a mill near Hilo which is making a specialty of this mahogany. Within a few miles of the volcano there is a great clump of these trees, and the Hawaiian Mahogany Lumber Co., Ltd., is making it into commercial shape for use as furniture or for the finer kinds of cabinet making. This same company has a yearly contract for the delivery of 3,000,000 of hardwood ties to the Santa Fe railroad. The mill has been kept go


Honolulu the Beautiful

An avenue of palms

On one of the modern streets Merchant street, always a busy thoroughfare

A street scene

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ing night and day to supply the demand. tivities so dissimilar from what the other A trip to the Koa forest is well worth the part of the world has to offer. One of while of the tourist, and this royal tree these sight-seeing trips that reward the may be seen in all its gnarled beauty in tourist is over the Oahu Railway and the forest mentioned. An interesting fea- Land Company's route. The tourist is ture of the Koa forest is the 'tree moulds.' carried along the shores of the historic When the lava flowed down the mountain Pearl Harbor, destined to be the Ameriages ago it swept through the forest of can Gibraltar of the Pacific and the guartrees and made its way round and about dian sentinel of the west shores of the the trunks. The trees burned away, but · United States. It is guarded by mounin the process the lava cooled, and there tains cleft by deep valleys prolific in the remain many instances of the perfect varieties of color of their tropical trees mould of the tree trunks and of fallen and vegetation. Beyond, the road delimbs.

bouches into the great realm of the sugar Oahu Railway and Land Co.

planter, interspersed at intervals with

groves of cocoanut and bananas. Along Honolulu, though many its charms, is this route are the famed sugar producing not all there is to fascinate the tourist. plantations of the Honolulu Company, The side trips are essential to grasp the the Oahu, Ewa, Waianae, Waialua and panorama of color, vegetation life and ac- Kuhuku. A trip of three hours over this


Honolulu the Beautiful. The Bishop Museum. The finest ethnological collection

of South Sea relics may be found here


Honolulu the Beautiful kawaihao, native church

The Palace, or Government House

scenic route in its comfortable cars, and it, and the luxuriance of the grounds is

, the terminus is reached at Waialua, where something truly marvelous. The tourist is situated the famous Haleiwa Hotel, should by all means make this trip, as it the resort of the islanders, the Newport is one of the show places. Mr. Bloodgood, of Hawaii. The excursion is one that the general manager of this hotel, is one cannot be omitted from the itinerary of of the men in the business who has so the tourist who desires to take even part thoroughly imbibed the idea of wholeway advantage of his or her trip to Hono- souled Hawaiian hospitality that it is seclulu. To do so would be to visit San ond nature. Francisco and neglect the seal rocks and its great park, or Washington without see

Alexander Young Hotel. ing the capitol.

The tourist is well cared for in Hono

lulu. He is given all the comforts, the The Haleiwa Hotel.

luxuries and essentials that the caravanThis hotel is situated on the line of the saries in the leading centers of the world Oahu Railway and Land Company, and have to offer, and to that is added a table is owned and operated by the company. It loaded with the dainties, the novelties in is one of the finest of the seaside hotels of fruit, fish, game and food compositions. Hawaii. It is about 50 miles from Hono- that are particular to the Hawaiian lulu. It has a beautiful park surrounding Islands. Chief among the famed hostel

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Honolulu the Beautiful
L. Tenney Pech's residence

J. P. Cooke's residence


Honolulu the Beautiful. The date palm avenue to the Cleghorn residence


ries of the group is the Alexander Young roof garden, where refreshments Hotel. It is as noted among world trav- served, and band concerts given, and varelers as is the Cecil of London or the Wal- ied other entertainments that present the dorf-Astoria of New York. Structurally features of island amusements and recreait is one of the great modern buildings of tions, are cherished in the memory of the Honolulu. It is of brick, with a front- many thousands of its guests. The Alexage of Colusa sandstone. It is ornate, and ander Young hotel is peculiar to Hawaii, its interior is highly embellished. Its and it is typical of the modern caravanapartments are spacious and elegantly fur- sary. nished, and the features that are a part In this hotel Mr. Alexander Young has of the equipment of every first-class hotel invested approximately two millions of are in the Alexander Young Hotel. Its dollars. ventilation is perfect, and all rooms have

Moana Hotel. an outside exposure to light and air so essential to comfort in the tropics. Water The allurements of the Waikiki beach is furnished from its own artesian wells, are enhanced by the attractions the Moana and distilled by modern apparatus. hotel offers to the visitor to this world addition, the table is supplied with dairy famous shore of glistening sands and products, vegetables and fruits from its tropic bathing. The hotel is only own extensive farm. Its situation is one minutes' ride from Honolulu by electric that commands an unobstructed view of car, and is where the choicest of fish dinthe natural beauties of the city in whose ners, savory Hawaiian dishes and a modactivities it is the center. Its famous ern menu is served for the delectation of

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