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Buildings at upper half miles distant.

Looking up Caya River, above No. 7.

cross, distance is six miles. The cross at mill is four and oneJunta at lower cross, four miles away. Railroad is on the left. Wagon road on the right.

tools, for which no charge was made, had been returned to the company.

There was never any trouble in the way of men running away, and there was practically no loss of tools by theft.

The Chilean is a good workman on a contract. A small gang of six or eight men would tackle a solid rock cut thirty or forty feet deep and they would peg away at it until it was finished. The work was all by hand and it was remarkable the amount of work they accomplished that way. No animals of any kind were used except to pack supplies to the camps. The contracts were let on a basis that would earn the men fifty to seventy-five cents a day in United States money. Their food absorbed about half of that and the men were contented.

That the Chilean Government and the people as a whole are heartily in favor of enterprises of the character undertaken by this company has been shown frequently. The spirit of the country is decidedly progressive, and considering the

small population, really wonderful engineering works have been carried out by them. The people in Chile like to do things worth while, and when they have not the capital or experience are especially glad to welcome foreigners.

During the course of studying the transportation question for this company, it became necessary for two of the engineers to examine the Cachapoal river. Roads were not available, and the only way was by boat. Such a thing as a boat of any kind had never appeared on that stream. For over a hundred miles it is a raging torrent, but they had been up against such streams before, and knew what was necessary. So they built themselves a canoe, designed for just such water, took as little dunnage as they could, and started. No one but themselves thought they could go through. Four days later they tied their canoe to the shore near a large hacienda and walked over to some houses to see if they could buy some supplies. man on foot in that country is a curiosity,

and a gentleman there looked at the two voyagers with suspicion. They looked like tramps to him. He could speak some English and asked where they were from. "Rancagua," they answered.

"Where are your horses and servants?"
"We came in a boat."
"Where is the boat?"
"Tied up just here."

He strode to the river bank and stood looking at the little craft in silence for some minutes. Rancagua was a hundred miles away, and he knew the river. Finally, he turned, and there was a different light in his eyes and a different tone in his voice as he said:

"You gentlemen are Americans, are you not? We like to see you come here. You do things."

The Chileans are the "Yankees" of South America. They have a stable Government. Taxes are low, as the revenue from the nitrate industry in the north pays the expenses of the Government. They are mechanically inclined and learn how to handle machinery of all kinds in a short time. Their mining laws are favor able to foreign capital, and the country offers a better field for the investment of capital in the mining industry than is afforded by any of the other South American countries.



Lord, give me light to see aright
The path Thy feet have trod,
And point the way from day to day
That leads to Truth and God.

So blind mine eyes, Thy paradise
I pass and never see;

So tuned mine ear Thy call so clear
Is all but lost to me.

But grant me grace to see Thy face,
To hear Thy call within;

To walk upright, to fight the fight,
To conquer Self-and win.

Lord, give me strength to gain at length The one immortal prize;

And teach my soul that Love's true goal Is won by sacrifice.


Pastor C. T. Russell, of the Brooklyn Tabernacle, New York, N. Y.


XI. Messiah's Second Coming


Pastor Brooklyn Tabernacle

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1. It is supposed to mark the end of all hope of salvation.

2. It appears needless, because of the general opinion that all mankind go to Christ at death-to be adjudged for eternal life or eternal torment.

3. It seems inconsistent to the degree of absurdity that Christ should ever sit upon an earthly throne and exercise thus an earthly dominion.

Without fear of successful


tion we assert that all three of these objections are based upon fallacious views and misunderstandings of the Divine Program. On the contrary, we hold, not only that the Second coming of Messiah is well attested by the Scriptures, but that it is every way logical, reasonable and consistent with the Divine Program, as outlined. Let us consider the objections in the order given:

1. We have already shown that instead of Messiah's Advent being the end of the world, it is really the beginning of the glorious epoch of Millennial blessings, which shall bring opportunities of uplift, mental, moral and physical, which will, if responded to, result in eternal life in Paradise. The entire theological fabric became so twisted during "the dark ages" that practically its entire teaching was one of long Purgatorial torture, and later we Protestants made a bad matter worse, by throwing away Purgatory, and assigning all except the saintly to eternal torture. St. Paul worthily named these errors "Doctrines of devils."-I Timothy 4.1.

Not only was the Millennial hope taken away and mankind told that at the moment of death they would be launched into torments, except the few, but additionally the Scripture references to a Second Com

ing of the Lord and a resurrection of the dead were made a still further terror to mankind. Poor humanity was told that, after suffering untold agonies in some kind of a bodyless condition, the Second Coming of Christ would mean a resurrection of their bodies and the means whereby their tortures would be increased, the bodies being left with all their present nerves and sensitiveness, but made fireproof. No wonder, from this standpoint, the Second Coming of Messiah would be feared, would be dreaded! No wonder poor humanity would shrink from it, and wish that it would never be!


2. When rightly studied, the Bible distinctly contradicts popular theories that mankind at death become more alive than when they were alive. As already shown, the Bible teaching is that death is death that "the dead know not anything;" that "their sons come to honor and they know it not; and to dishonor and they perceive it not of them;" that "there is neither wisdom nor knowledge nor device in sheol (the grave-hell) whither all go;" that the Scriptural hope is "the resurrection of the dead, both of the just and the unjust.” Hence, as our Lord said, "The hour is coming in the which all that are in their graves shall hear the voice of the Son of man and come forth"-the well-doers to eternal life and those who have done evil. to a resurrection by judgments, by disciplines, by which all the willing and obedient may ultimately be lifted up to life by the close of the Millennial Age. How strange that we all of us misunderstood these Scriptures and prophecies and accepted theories which are inconsistent with our reasonable concepts and thoroughly out of harmony with God!

3. We agree that it is thoroughly inconsistent and thoroughly absurd to suppose that our Lord should return to earth

for the purpose of assuming an earthly throne with an earthly court and courtiers and earthly dominion! This would be coming from a higher dominion to a lower one, and is consequently inconceivable to reason. But this is not the kingdom which the Bible informs us Messiah shall establish in the earth. On the contrary, the clear teaching of the Scripture is that our Lord will never more be known as a man. He took upon him the form of a servant, and the nature of a man that he, "by the grace of God, might taste death for every man.' This was because a perfect man had sinned, and a perfect man's life must be substituted for his to meet the demands of Divine Justice.

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Since our Lord arose from the dead, he is no longer a man, but a spirit being; as the Scriptures declare, "He was put to death flesh, but was quickened (made alive) spirit." "Now the Lord is that spirit"-"highly exalted, far above angels, principalities and powers, and every name that is named-glorified and "made partaker of the divine nature." In harmony In harmony with this, the Scriptures show that our Lord's appearances after his resurrection were different entirely from his presence with his disciples before his death. Before his death he was the man Christ Jesus, and after his resurrection he was a spirit being, and manifested himself in various fleshly bodies-as a gardener; as a stranger; in a body similar to the one in which he was crucified, etc. These manifestations convinced the apostles: (a) that he was no longer dead, but alive; (b) that he was no longer a man, but "changed," invisible to them most of the time; seen during forty days only a few times at intervals.

It is the glorified Messiah who is to come a second time, "in power and great glory"-heavenly glory. His Kingdom will be an invisible one as far as mankind are concerned. As our Lord said to the Jews: "A little while and the world seeth me no more." The reason for this invisibility is plain to all Bible students. All spirit beings are invisible to mortals. "No man hath seen God at any time." We are told that "the angel of the Lord encampeth around about those that are his and delivereth them," and that they are "all ministering spirits, sent to minister to

those who are to be heirs of salvation." We see them not, because they are on one plane of existence and we on another. The time was that more faith was required to believe in invisible things than is now necessary. Can we not now hear one another speak at a distance of hundreds of miles by telephone? Have we not wireless telegraphy and the X-Ray?

Note our Lord's description of his own Kingdom. We read that when it was demanded of the Pharisees when the Kingdom of God would appear, he answered and said unto them that it would not appear at all. His words were: "The Kingdom of God doth not come with observation (outward show, visibility); neither shall ye say, Lo, here! or Lo, there! for the Kingdom of God shall be in your midst"-ruling, everywhere present, invisible, except as the eyes of understanding shall recognize the operation of its laws through its earthly channels and servants. Nor should this be difficult to be grasped by any who believe the Scripture records; because is not Satan now such an invisible prince, and are not his angels equally invisible, and does he not exercise a great power directly and through his agents, the fallen angels, or demons, and through deceived earthly agents? servants ye are to whom ye render service."

Likewise the spiritual empire of Christ and the Church will have spiritual agents operating amongst men, and human agents also the Ancient Ancient worthies-Abraham, Isaac and all the prophets, declared of the Lord to be worthy of eternal life, perfection. These will constitute the earthly phase of the spiritual Kingdom, executing the will of the King immortal and invisible. Hebrews 11:39, 40; Psalm 45:16; Luke 13:28.

From this, the Scriptural standpoint, the Second Coming of our Lord, Messiah, is most consistent. He came at his First Advent to lay down the redemption price and to start in operation the blessed conditions of grace, by which, during this Gospel Age, he has been gathering his "elect class," his Bride, out of every nation, kindred and tongue. It was thoroughly consistent with this that he should come a second time, as promised, to receive his church to himself, to seat her as his Bride

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