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those who seek change amid enchanting settings. The hotel structure is imposing, delightfully situated, and its appointments are modern in every particular. It is a resort that no tourist can afford to omit from his or her itinerary of the islands of which it is one of the institutions particular to them. It is under the same general management as the Alexander Young Hotel and the Royal Hawaiian, being in the hands of Mr. J. H. Hertsche, whose qualifications as one of the noted. hosts of the globe are too well known and appreciated to require specification.

Royal Hawaiian.

Memories of the reign of Kalakaua over the island sovereignty flood in upon one at the mention of the Royal Hawaiian Hotel. It was the pet institution of His Majesty, and under its roof have gathered at various times many of the notables in the domain of politics, trade, finance and commerce. Surrounded by a forest of tropical foliage, its great wide and encompassing verandas are inviting in their allurements.

The "Hawaiian" is unique among the foremost caravansaries of all lands. In the heart of a city, it is secluded from it in its spacious leaf curtained grounds. Its architecture is redolent of the tropics, yet modern in its appointments and conveniences. It is a novelty among the world's hotels. It is conducted upon the highest plane, and its cuisine is a reflex of the season and what tropic seas and fruitful orchards have to offer. Its manager, Mr. J. H. Hertsche, is also manager of the Alexander Young Hotel and the Moan Hotel, and the entire three institutions commend him for his particular ability to manage each individual one.

B. F. Ehlers & Co.

Honolulu is in accord with the great cen ters in its trade facilities. Its people are money-makers and generous spenders. A taste for the luxurious is a concommitant of tropic life. Remote from the great continents, its people are in close touch with the conditions of fashions and style that are decreed in Paris, and this gay city of the waves, like all communities on the world's highway of travel, bows to Paris. In fact, Honolulu is a miniature

Honolulu the Beautiful.-The opera house E. O. Hall & Son, Cor. Fort and King St. The Stangen-Wald Building. Honolulu

replica of Paris, and out-fashions San Francisco. These conditions warrant the existence of the great and extensively stocked establishments, and the premier of them all is the department store of B. F. Ehlers & Co. They maintain a .representative in New York who keeps in touch with the whims of fashion, and what Newport is to wear or the Florida tourist will array himself in is at the disposal of the Hawaii trade as soon as it is offered in New York. In this regard it is well to suggest to the intending tourist to carry only such a wardrobe as is essential for the trip. Upon his arrival will be found on sale clothing and haberdashery more suited to comfort and climatic conditions than can be procured on the mainland. The prices are such as are quoted in big centers. B. F. Ehlers & Co. is a name that goes down in the note book of every tourist as being exceptionally representative of the great trade interests of the island.

E. O. Hall & Son, Ltd.

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and better tell the story of a people than columns of wearisome figures. One of these great finger-points to Hawaiian prosperity is the famous old house of E. O. Hall & Son. It was established in Honolulu in 1850 by E. O. Hall and Henry Dimond, whose family name is in large imprints on the commercial story of San Francisco. Its location was on King street and Fort. In 1852 Mr. E. O. Hall alone branched into general merchandise lines in a small store at the corner of King and Fort streets, and until 1860 the business was conducted under the name of E. O. Hall. In 1860 the son of the founder, W. W. Hall, was admitted to partnership, and the trade was rapidly increased. In 1869 it had outgrown the restrictions of the store limits, and upon the same site a two story and basement brick structure was erected. Then came the era of tremendous activity wrought by the reciprocity treaty with the United States. In the activities so created, E. O. Hall & Son still further increased their trade, and took lead as one of the great modern business institutions of the island. In 1883 the business was incorporated as E. 0.

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The harbor of Kahului. Present dock facilities, which are to be improved

Hall & Son, Ltd. Mr. W. W. Hall was elected President of the corporation, and was placed in active management of its affairs, which he continued in until a few years ago. Since that time the company has increased its capitalization from $150,000 to $300,000, and in 1900 a handsome new edifice was erected upon the site of the former store. This was ravaged by fire August 6, 1901, and the handsome new three story building, 75x100, that now occupies the site was completed May, 1902.

Since then the firm's business has doubled in extent. In 1908 the firm acquired the Associated Garage, one of the largest in the city, and besides have a large two-story warehouse on Allen street on the water-front, and another large warehouse on Bethel street near King. In addition to automobiles and supplies, the house deals in agricultural implements, stoves, household goods, lubricating oils. and the like. It is a name prominent in the Pacific trade.

The present officers of the corporation consist of W. W. Hall, president, who has

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It is to the operations of the Kahului Railroad Company that the city of Kahului, the second of importance in the group and a trade center of commanding interest. In fact, Kahului's position was created by the corporation; also the chief factor in the development of East Maui. Its lines traverse a most productive and scenic area, a panorama that evidences the source of the island's wealth. Plantations of sugar cane, of groves of cocoanuts and bananas and the other harvest producing interests of the group. This railroad was the first to be constructed in the islands. and was the enterprise of T. W. Hobron,

W. H. Bailey and W. O. Smith, who received a charter in 1881, to begin its construction. It was afterwards acquired by the Wilder Steamship Company, and is now operated by the Hawaiian Commercial and Sugar Company, whose activities are of world note, and its securities of prime interest to the exchanges of the United States and Europe. The company has expended $125,000 in the construction of a breakwater and in dredging the basin, which has made the harbor one accessible at all times and fully protected from the storms of ocean. It is the port of call for the American Hawaiian Steamship Company's vessels, the Watson Navigation Company and Inter-Island Steam Navigation Company, besides the great carriers in the independent traffic of the seas, and hundreds of sail craft. The company's operations are extensive, and embrace sugar growing on a mammoth scale. It is one of the great factors in the trade and activities of the islands, and the names of those connected with its control and management ring with historic worth

to the people of Hawaii and are prominent in the trade story of the present generation.

The following are the officers in direct control of the corporation's many interests and ramifications:

Hon. H. P. Baldwin, president and general manager; James B. Castle, first vicepresident; W. R. Castle, second vice-president; J. P. Cooke, treasurer; E. E. Paxton, secretary; D. B. Murdoch, auditor; J. N. S. Williams, Superintendent.

Messrs. Alexander & Baldwin, of Honolulu, San Francisco, New York and Seattle are the agents.

Hilo Railroad Company.

The country about Hilo is traversed by the rails of the Hilo Railroad Company, one of the best managed, best equipped roads in the world-in the world, remember-and its scenic features are not equaled anywhere else on earth where railroads afford the means of transportation. For a distance of fifty miles the road is lined on either side by wild roses,


Hilo. Mooheau Park on a holiday. A cosmopolitan assemblage

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gigantic ferns, papai trees, bananas and other tropic blooms and foliage in bewildering profusion. No dream can picture the beauty of this reality of bloom and tropical foliage. The road was not constructed solely for sight-seeing purposes, by its builders, although the tourist traffic figures largely in its patronage. It has a big development purpose in wresting from its tropical growth the fertile soil to become the domain of the sugar grower. It has already fulfilled this end in the many thousands of acres planted to cane and rice. The road is the only broadgauged road in the islands, and is rockballasted and equipped with the latest in rolling stock. It is superbly managed, and one feature in its operation is the practice of burning down the ewed growth that borders the road-bed. The latter is rockballasted, the bridges are of structural steel, and in every department the element of substantiality is the predominating feature. Along the line are such important points as Waiakea, Olaa, Puna and Glenwood. Besides its railway operations, the company operates the big wharf at Hilo

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Hawaii from the time it began to occupy a position in the industrial market and the agricultural world through the production of its plantations, has been short of hands to handle the constantly increasing output of its mills and its fields. It has had experience with Chinese, Japanese and Portuguese labor, and of any of these it has never had a sufficient complement to carry on its business in a proper


Of all the labor imported to the islands,

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