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that of the Portuguese and the Japanese kindness and patience with which they has been the most satisfactory.

have always been treated, that the JapanMany of the Portuguese have become ese, once domiciled upon its shores, look very wealthy citizens, and have known upon Hawaii as a second home land. how to take advantage of formative per- Japan is represented in the higher classes iods, and, by small beginnings, have gradu- by intelligent men, the official represenally amassed small fortunes—and so it tatives of the empire are men of equal has been with the Japanese. Each suc- mental calibre with any of the foreign cessive nationality that has invaded the representatives, and the editors of the labor field has, of course, brought with it

many newspapers, the teachers in the its turbulent and revolutionary spirits, schools, and the merchants are all of them and, at times, there has been a consider- of gentlemanly hearing and splendid atable difficulty in restraining the element, tainment. but all in all, the labor element of Hawaii The Chinese merchants of Honolulu has been a most orderly citizenship, and it are the best example of commercial honis safe to say that they are probably a esty that I have ever encountered. They more contented lot than any like number are conservative to a degree, and, in their of laborers in any land on earth.

dealings, display an integrity that the It is undeniable that the Japanese, from white man might copy with profit to himthe laborer to the merchant, has done self and satisfaction to his neighbor. For more than any other element except the a long time the Chinese have held the bulk American to bring about the commercial of the trade of the islands in a retail way, and the agricultural development of the but recently the aggressive competition of Islands. The Japanese is an orderly, fru- the Japanese has made great inroads in gal, moral citizen, and Hawaii could give their business, but the Chinaman may still the mainland lessons in how to treat the be called the retail merchant prince in the Oriental. It is because of the intelligence islands, and ranks next to his American displayed and the lack of intolerance, the brother in volume of trade transactions. thorough spirit of live and let live, the In conclusion, in regard to Orientals in the Hawaiian Islands, the impartial ob- in the enterprise. It is now in process of server must admit that the Oriental has construction, and is an invaluable addibeen a blessing instead of a curse to the tion to the amusement features of Honoisles of the Mid-Pacific. Without him lulu. The San Francisco Theatre is an there had been no great works in irrigation open-air moving picture show, and is one and in agriculture, and the blessing had of the most beautiful of the amusement been greater had the numbers of him been houses in Honolulu. Here the Hawaiian larger.


Nahiku, Maui. Rubber trees three years and six months old

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singers hold forth. On Saturday nights The tourist who goes to Hawaii, the there is a band concert given here reguglobe-trotter and traveler and the man of lar!y.. family desiring to make his home in Ho- Besides these there are minor theatres, nolulu,.need never suffer from ennui. The among them a house given over to vaudeamusements furnished are as varied as ville entertaininent. they are excellent in character, and be

H. R. T. & L. Co. sides all of the out-door sport incidental to sea and land and enjoyable through an The service afforded by the Honolulu unequaled climate, we have the very best Rapid Transit and Land Company is of theatrical entertainments.

equal to the best the great continental cenThe management of the Hawaiian ters have to offer. The company operates Opera House is energetic and capable, and on twenty miles of trackage, which is conis constantly bringing standard attrac- tinually being extended to anticipate the tions to Honolulu. The Opera House demands of traffic. The overhead trolley building is a modern and well designed system is in vogue, with power supplied amusement house, and is practical in all from a modern generating plant operated its details.

by oil fuel. The entire equipment conMr. H. M. Lawson, the proprietor of the forms to the latest offered by modern inArt Theatre and Auditorium, strictly a vention, providing for safety, durability moving picture house of the first class, and comfort. The cars are of large capac

, has invested twenty-five thousand dollars ity, having signal buttons at each seat. Besides passenger traffic, the company op- aquarium, the property of the company, is erates an express and freight service. The one of the great objects of attraction. Kacompany carries on an average of over paolani Park, the Bishop Museum, the 7,000,000 passengers a year, and its an- Kahauki Military Post, the Roval Mausonual car mileage runs up to $1,700,000. leum, Oahu College and the Manoa and The company's service extends to Waikiki Muuanu valleys are reached by the lines beach, the famous and popular resort of of this company. the Hawaiian and tourist, and where the The officers are: L. T. Peck, president;


The Honolulu Rapid Transit and Land Company's power house and car barn

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L. A. Thurston, first vice-president; Jas. Hawaiian affairs. Going to the islands in B. Castle, second vice-president; George the early sixties, his talents in mechanics P. Thielen, secretary; C. H. Atherton, were put to good service in a partnership treasurer; F. W. Klebahn, auditor; C. G. formed with William Ledgote at Hilo. In Ballentyne, manager and director, and W. 1869 he became interested in, and general R. Castle, director.

manager of, the Honolulu Iron Works.

Here his inventive genius came into play Sugar.

in improving on the crude machines that What gold was to California in '49 and

in that day were at the service of the sugar wheat became in the latter era, sugar is to planter. It was his inventions that gave Hawaii. Its products are the varied fruits of the tropics, but it is the cane that weighs more heavily in the balance of its trade. From the earliest times of its history the cane grew in the islands, but it was the late Claus Spreckels of San Francisco who opened the highwav, to its profitable exploitation, and which has made it the richest section of the globe. Claus, Spreckels first gained a foothold on the islands in promoting this great industry by the payment of a small annual license, and upon the sugar development that he initiated was reared the colossal fortune that he amassed. He demonstrated that climate, soil and transportation advantages combined to make these islands in the sugar trade an empire of themselves. Claus Spreckels saw far into the future as to the needs of man, and the importance of the group in supplying this particular want to the great populous nations that lined the shores of the Pacific. From his demonstrations in sugar growing the industry has grown into commanding importance; it has eclipsed every other interest and brought the islands into world notice. Millions of dollars of capital are invested in sugar growing, mills, railroads, irrigation reservoirs and canals, shipping and a score of other activities have been called into being by its development. And the future is beyond picturing in figures or statements for practically but a fraction of the possible area has been taken up for cultivation to the cane, and as the wants of mankind press in this particular direction Hawaii offers limitless

allurements in the development of this particular industry which is so essential on the dietary of man. SOME OF WHO'S WHO IN HAWAII.

Sports of the sea in Hawaiian waters. A Alexander Young.

19-ft. man-eating shark and his captors. Alexander Young, once of San Fran- Young Brothers' dock.

Young Brothers' dock. One day's catch cisco, is among those who are foremost in

of five



Hilo. The Volcano Stables. The commodious four-horse stage starts from here

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to the islands their primacy in the devel- that were formed were extensive. For
opment of that great industry. As a re- many years he was vice-president of the
sult he became a factor in sugar growing, Pepekeo Sugar Company, also of the
and his interests in the great companies Waiakea Mill Company, and a big factor

in the Kahului Plantation Company. Un-
der the royal regime he was a member of
the House of Nobles, and a 'delegate to
the Constitutional Convention. He was
a staunch supporter of the provisional

Government, and a member of its Ad-

visory Council. Under the Republic he
was appointed Minister of the Interior,
and continued in office under President
Dole until Hawaii passed under the Amer-
ican flag. Mr. Young's energies have been
directed to the benefit of the territory, and
his name and personality are of command-
ing interest in the story of the islands.

F. A. Shaefer.
"Rosebank," the county-seat of Mr. F.
A. Shaefer, in the beautiful Nuuanu Val-
ley, the subject of Robert Louis Steven-
son's idyll, holds place as one of the sanc-
tuaries of hospitality in hospitable Hono-
lulu. The famous home is of historic
value, and its fame goes back to the days
of the monarchy, when Robert Creighton
Wyllie, the then Minister of Foreign Af-
fairs, lived there. It has sheltered many
of world fame in the past, and its present
owner, Mr. F. A. Shaefer, the Italian Con-
sul, maintains the unstinting glories

its past. Mr. Shaefer is dean of the diploThe Lewers & Cooke Building, Honolulu matic corps, and one of the most popular

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