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the Honolulu Seaside Hotel is crowned by the spell of history. Over a century ago its beauty of location appealed to the eye of the warrior king Kamehameha I, the William the Conqueror of Hawaii. It was the identical site, the hotel now occupies, he chose for his Heiau, the ancient temple of the kings, and during all the intervening years the title to the property has been retained by his descendants, and today vests in the estate of the late Princess Bernice Pauahi Bishop, who was the last of the blood of this famous dynasty.

fronts the beach, famed the world over where bathing in the tempered water is one of the many delights to allure the tourist. The cottages have harbored many of fame, and one of them, named the Alice Longworth, is in honor of the President's daughter, who made it her home during the memorable visit of the Taft party.. Manager Archibald J. Stout is of experience in the art of hospitality and under his direction the Honolulu Seaside Hotel maintains its place as one of the ideal tourist resorts of the globe.


E. O. Hall & Son, Ltd.. 1909. Established 1850. Incorporated 1883 E. O. Hall 2d Secretary E. O. White, Vice-Pres. E. H. Paris, Sec'y and Treas. W. W. Hall, President

Amid its tropical settings and foreground of sea, the location is ideal and carries one far from the realm of reality. The hotel is composed of a grouping of foliage draped cottages, and the grounds are beautifully laid out in lawns and growth of palms and tropical plants. The hotel con

Honolulu has many inviting hotels where the traveler is afforded accommodations equal to any the world has to offer, and among them is the palatial Pleasanton with its spacious gardens in the heart of the residential section. It was formerly a mansion of one of the city's magnates. Its


Kahului Harbor, Kahului, Maui. A busy day. Steamers in port from left to right, Kukui, U. S. Light-house tender; Leslie Baldwin, K. R. R. Company's tugboat; S. S. Claudine, inter-island passenger steamer; S. S. Matson Navigation Company's


conversion to present uses gives to it an atmosphere of elegance and refinement at the same time home-like. The grounds contain an area of five acres set to tropical growth. A plunge and swimming tank, one of the finest tennis courts in the islands, as well as other outdoor recreations, are offered the guest. The hotel maintains its own stables, garage, laundry and other modern day utilities. The Pleasanton is famed for its great, wide lanais, or piazzas, which shelter from the tropic sun, and are cooled by the tempered breezes. Its location opposite the

Oahu College grounds, and in close communication with the center of the city, as, also, the lines radiating to the great show places of the island, give it an individuality peculiar to dividuality peculiar to itself. Mr. M. Macdonald, the proprietor, holds high rank as an administrator in hotel affairs.

He also conducts the Macdonough a half block distant from the Pleasanton. It is a handsome and imposing structure of the Colonial type embowered in great overspreading palms. Its rates are less than at the Pleasanton, and its comforts and luxuries are in keeping with its proprie

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tors' notions of liberality and hospitality, which are more than generous in the measure of return.

Hilo Breakwater Notes.

The United States entered into a contract in the amount of $400,000 with Delbert E. Metzger, on June 12, 1908, for constructing a breakwater at Hilo Harbor, Hilo, Hawaii, the price being $2.4812 per ton of 2,000 pounds of stone put in place.

The specifications call for a jetty of the rubble mound type, but as it is being built, it resembles more a huge sloping wall of carefully laid masonry. It has a uniform top width of 15 feet, eleven feet

so that their longest dimension is perpendicular to the slope. The stone used below three feet below low water must weigh 130 pounds per cubic foot, or more, and all stone above this plane must weigh 150 pounds per cubic foot. This specified weight for the stone sent the contractor nearly thirty miles, to Puna, on the east point of the island, to open a quarry, for while the whole island is virtually built of flows of lava rock and the breakwater itself rests on a reef of it, there are comparatively few places on the slopes of Mauna Loa where rock of this weight may be found in large quantities.

It was late in October before the actual work of putting stone in place in the

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above mean lower low water, the slopes being one on one on the harbor side, and one on one and one-half on the sea side, so that it is 4212 feet wide at the water line, at mean lower low water, and two and one-half feet wider than this for each foot of depth of water.

No stones can be used in the slope walls, for a thickness of ten feet, weighing less than two tons each, and across the top and down the sea side slope, to a point three feet under low water, it is paved with stones weighing over eight tons each, set

breakwater began. Nearly four miles of railroad had to be graded and built across lava flows in order to make connections with the tracks of the Hilo Railroad Company, over which the stone is hauled. Track materials, cars, cranes, derricks, locomotives and quantities of other machinery and equipment had to be ordered and shipped from the Eastern parts of the United States. Some of the machinery had to be specially built, which, of course, took time. Hundreds of details had to be carefully planned, and then carefully

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looked after, for the absence of perhaps one small machinery part of the entire plant might have meant months of delay. Considerable development work had to be done at the quarries, water had to be provided, buildings constructed, and besides the usual large amount of preliminary work necessary to the undertaking of a construction work of this magnitude, many preparations had to be made on account of

D. E. Metzger, Hilo, contractor Hilo Breakwater


the great distance from the larger markets. Powder and blasting supplies had to be purchased in carload quantities.


Since October, the work has gone forward, with the exception of a delay during the month of January, due to an accident to the crane at the breakwater. At the present time, the jetty is built out into the sea a distance of over 600 feet. It is estimated that the present contract will complete about 2500 feet, or a little over one-fourth the projected length. At the present time it requires about 65 tons of stone to build one foot.

The U. S. Engineers' plan, covering the entire breakwater, estimates the cost at $1,700,000, and calls for a length of 9,700 feet, beginning at the shore, at a point about two miles east of the main part of the town of Hilo and extending out across the opening of the bay upon a submerged reef, leaving a deep channel entrance bevond its end over a half mile wide. When this projected breakwater is completed, it will enclose and protect from the Northeasterly swells a body of water approximating 3,000 acres, and make one of the finest and roomiest deep-water harbors in any ocean.

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