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The Pennsylvania Reader' has been prepared to suit the especial requirements of the children of Pennsylvania. As supplemental either to the United States History or to the fourth reader, it will be found peculiarly interesting and valuable. Persons, places, and events, of historic interest constitute the theme, each complete within itself and altogether forming an excellent compilation of State history. Some of the selections will be found rather heavy for the class for which the book is evidently intended, but the wise teacher will know when best to require the preparation of these. Taking it all in all, the Pennsylvania Reader will certainly find a welcome in many a class room in the State whose corner-stone was “brotherly love."

having picked out perhaps thirty, or forty it would be hard for an editor to find many more that come up to the level of average magazine verse.

The sentimental ones are too gushy, the comic ones generally silly rather than bright, and it is only when the nature poems and those in serious mood are reached that the adult reader can read with patience. We have allowed thirty or forty as good and this is enough to justify the book, the proper criticism being that the standard is not set higher and fully half of the matter excluded.

The California colleges, both the Leland Stanford, Junior, University and the University of California are represented, the latter but scantily, though, perhaps, as fully as it has deserved. There is no such poetic impulse in that University now as there was in the days when Professo Sill, by his own example and by his great kindness to those of his pupils who showed any trace of poetic stirrings, made a group of verse writers in a single college that could have compared with all the writers in Cap and Gown. The little book “College Verses" published in 1882, soon after Professor Sill left the University, is quite sufficient to prove this.

If we seek for reasons for the comparative barrenness in American colleges in regard to verse, perhaps it may be found in the great overcrowding of the curricula with the splendid results of modern science, which in the shape of philology and its kindred branches invade even the realm of the English departments and shut out the gentle spirit of humanity study.

The purpose of A Study of English Words 3 is to furnish in a form suitable for school or private study a summary of the most important facts relating to the English language, with special reference to the growth and change of English words. The plan of the book is simple, and the study is made attractive, as well as instructive. The work includes a brief treatment of the general principles of language growth as exemplified in the Indo-European languages, and a study of the different elements of English, showing the growth of our language from its original roots into a new language of greater strength and universality than any of its predecessors. The chapters on words, their growth, changes, forms, meanings, spelling, and synonyms, and the treatment of roots, stems, prefixes, suffixes, etc., will be found particularly useful to young students, giving them a discriminating knowledge of words and a training in the accurate use of language.

Educational Books

Masonry in California

The consensus of modern pedagogic thought and practise is that the best way to teach any science is by the natural or experimental method. Physics for Grammar Schools' teaches the elements of physics by means of experiments. These always awaken the interest and enthusiasm of the student and lead him to learn by seeing, doing, and observing, --- all natural methods.

The book presents only such experiments as have been found by experience to be serviceable. They are simple, and easy to be performed, either at home or in the class room. The pupils are required to observe each experiment closely and to record the results in the blank spaces left for this purpose. The book is elementary enough for grammar schools, and at the same time it follows the methods indicated in the requirements for admission to the best colleges. Those who wish to use the best text-books will not hesitate to adopt this one.

Masons of California have reason to be grateful to Mr. Sherman, the compiler, and Messrs. George Spaulding & Company, the publishers, of Fifty Years of Masonry in California. It is gotten up in sumptuous style, with heavy coated paper, beautiful type, half tones in abundance, running up to 9x11 in size, steel plates, illuminated initials, and all the resources of modern book-making. Many of the illustrations are very beautiful and of historic interest apart from that connected with the fraternity. The text is interesting, and so far as may be judged by one not an adept in the mystic rites, complete, accurate, and valuable. The work is to be in twenty parts and is delivered monthly at $1.00 a part.

2The Pennsylvania Reader. By Stephen 0. Goho, A. M. American Book Company: New York: 1897.

3A Study of English Words. By J. M. Anderson. Americau Book Company, New York: 1897.

4 Fifty Years of Masonry in California. Compiled and edited by Edwin A. Sherman. San Francisco: George Spaulding & Co.: 1897. In twenty parts. Parts I-III now ready.

1 Physics for Grammar Schools. By Charles L. Harrington, M. A.

New York: American Book Company: 1897. Price 50 cents.

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Overland Monthly

VOL. XXX. (Second Series.) — October 1897.- No. 178






HE region about Monterey, The best general idea of these mountains,

the old historic capital without actually making the acquaintance of California, with its their rugged trails, is obtained from the woods and sandy beaches deck of one of the little coast steamers. and beautiful drives, is Going south from Monterey, the boats pass deservedly famed as the this part of the coast in the night, but the most attractive one on north bound ones leave San Simeon about the whole coast of Cali- two o'clock, and during the long summer fornia. But few are

afternoons one can sit upon the upper deck aware, however, that and obtain a good idea of the grandest and within easy reach is a

wildest stretch of the California coast. stretch of the grandest From San Luis Obispo to San Simeon and wildest scenery,

there is a strip of beautiful rolling country with ocean and mountain views of surpas

between the Santa Lucia mountains and the sing grandeur. This piece of mountainous coast. After we leave San Simeon, bound coast is a terra incognita to all save a few north, the range gradually rises higher and scattered stock raisers who live by them- approaches the ocean until it finally crowds selves in a world of their own. They pack out all the patches of level land. The crest in their supplies over the rough and of the range attains an elevation of over dangerous mountain trails, many of them four thousand feet, which it maintains for going out but a few times in a year. Wild many miles, the mountains rising with steep and picturesque, and rendered doubly at- unbroken slope from the great cliffs at their tractive by its inaccessibility, there is no base. more inviting region in the whole Coast During the whole of the afternoon we range for a summer's outing.

steam close under this mountain wall. Its Santa Lucia mountains embrace nearly rugged slopes, deep cañons, and precipitous the whole of this almost unknown region, cliffs against which the ocean perpetually stretching south from the town of Monterey dashes, are full of ever-changing interest, and lying between the Salinas valley and

while here and there we catch sight of a the ocean.

house and little patch of cultivated land 1 See also “Over the Santa Lucia," by Mary L. White,

outlined against the mountain background, in the OVERLAND for November, 1892, and The Last of indicating that this fastness is not without the Vaqueros," by Allan Owen, in the March, 1896, num

its inhabitants. Darkness comes down be


(Copyright, 1897, by OVERLAND MONTHLY PUBLISHING COMPANY) All rights reserved

Brown, Meese & Craddock, S. F.

never be forgotten. The trails are rough and hard to follow, the cañons deep and precipitous, while the occasional fogs frequently cause one to lose his way, yet to the lover of nature in her primitive aspect there is an abundant reward. To the artist there is a never-ending panorama, while the botany of the State is perhaps nowhere less known or more interesting, as is also the case with the geology. The redwood is generally supposed not to extend south of the Santa Cruz range, but in all the large cañons of the ocean slope of the Santa Lucia mountains its giant trees are abundant.

Although the first forty miles from Monterey are easily passed over, yet the steep and narrow road, with the mountains rising close on the left and the rugged granite cliffs on the right, presents such an ever varying picture that one cannot grow weary. Scattered houses appear here and there, but in general they are not very pretentious and rarely show signs of

ever having seen a coat of paint, SANTA LUCIA MOUNTAINS, FROM MOUTH OF MILL CREEK while their mossy roofs and general

storm-beaten aspect seem to show

that the conditions of existence are fore we pass Carmelo bay and it is late in not any too favorable along this open coast. the evening when Point Pinos is rounded Where possible they are set in sheltered and we tie up at the little pier at Monte- spots, or if such are not obtainable, cypress rey.

hedges have been planted for protection, but From Monterey we will now retrace our the gnarled and knotted character of these, steps, and with a good pack mule and suffi- as well as of the stunted redwoods which have cient provisions for two weeks, attempt to obtained a foothold on the little flats out of make our way down the coast through this the protecting shelter of the cañons, shows region which seems so inviting.

only too plainly the effect of the cold ocean A winding, hilly road has been built down winds and storms. the coast for forty miles to a point a little As we approach the Little Sur river, the below the mouth of the Sur river. As far projecting shoulders from the mountains as this, outing parties sometimes go, but reach down to the ocean cliffs, and our road beyond, none ever venture. Little do they leaves the immediate coast line for a long dream that they are just on the threshold ascent which takes us over one of the spurs of the real mountains. It is just as well and down to the river. As we reach the perhaps for the average summer tourist top, Piedra Blanca bursts into view. It is that he does not attempt to go farther, but a vast pile of almost white marble, and from for the venturesome spirits who are willing its size as well as color stands out as does to leave their comfortable wagons and no other in this part of the mountains. either pack a mule with their outfit and Passing down a steep zigzag grade, we walk, or if able, fit out fully with saddle reach the valley of the Little Sur, which is animals, a trip through to San Simeon will nevertheless a stream of no mean size. To

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