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Dreams in Homespun. By Sam Walter Foss. Ibid.

The Spinning Wheel at Rest. By Edward Augustus Jenks. Ibid.

Isidra. By William Steel. New York: F. Tennyson Neely: 1897.

The New Man. By Ellis Paxson Oberholtzer. Philadelphia: The Levytype Company: 1897.

Seraphita. By Honoré de Balzac. Translated by Clara Bell. Edited by George Saintsbury. London: J. M. Dent & Co.: New York: The Macmillan Co.: 1897. For sale in San Francisco by William Doxey. Lost Illusions.

Ibid. History of Early Christain Literature. By Gustav Krüger. Translated by Rev. Charles R. Gillett. Ibid.

Life Histories of American Insects. By Clarence Moore Weed. Ibid.

The Faerie Queen. (Book I.) By Edmund Spenser. Edited by Kate M. Warren. Westminster: Archihald Constable & Co.; New York: The Macmillan Co.: 1897. For sale in San Francisco by A. M Robertson.

The Odysseys of Homer. Translated by George Chapman. (Two volumes.) Ibid.

Bacon's Essays. Ibid.

French Practical Course. By Jules Magnenat. New York: The Macmillan Company: 1897. For sale in San Francisco by William Doxey.

Public School Arithmetic. By J. A. McLelland and A. F. Ames. Ibid. For sale in San Francisco by A. M. Robertson.

From the Land of the Snow Pearls. By Ella Higginson. Ibid.

A Rose of Yesterday. By F. Marion Crawford. Ibid. For sale in San Francisco by William Doxey.

Castle Meadows. By Emma Marshall. Ibid.
The Secret of Saint Florel. By John Berwick. Ionita
Lourdes. By Emile Zola. (Two volumes.) Toid.

The Statue in the Air. By Caroline Eaton Le Conte. Ibid.

Memorials of W. C. Bond and G. P. Bond. By Edward S. Holden. San Francisco: C. A. Murdock & Co.: 1897.

A Garrison Tangle. By Captain Charles King. New York: F. Tennyson Neely: 1897.

The Malachite Cross. By Frank H. Norton. Ibid. Urania. By Camille Flammarion. Ibid.

The Golden Crocodile. By F. Mortimer Trimmer. Boston: Roberts Brothers: 1897.

The History of the Lady Betty Stair. By Molly Elliott Seawell. New York: Charles Scribner's Sons: 1897.

Thomas and Matthew Arnold. By Sir Joshua Fitch. Toid.

The Express Messenger and Other Stories of the Rail. By Cy Warman. Ibid.

Glismont. By Edda Lythwynn. Chicago: H. J. Smith & Simon: 1897.

Child Study for Schools. Maximilian P. A. Groszmann. Syracuse, N. Y.: C. W. Bardeen: 1897.

The Common School and the New Education. Ibid.

The Creed of Lucius Annæus Seneca. By Virginia Beauchamp. Ibid.

In the Days of the Pioneers. By Edward S. Ellis. Philadelphia: Henry T. Coates & Co.: 1897.

Hugh Wynne, Free Quaker. By Dr. S. Weir Mitchell. New York: The Century Co.: 1897.

Captains Courageous. By Rudyard Kipling. Ibid.

The Evolution of France Under the Third Republic. By Baron Pierre de Coubertin. Translated by Isabel F. Hapgood. New York: Thomas Y. Crowell & Co.: 1897.

The Ring and the Book. By Robert Browning. Edited by Charlotte Porter and Helen A. Clark. Ibid.

The Divine Comedy of Dante. Translated by Rev.
Henry F. Cary. Edited by Oscar Kuhns. Toid.

Men I Have Known. By Dear Farrar. Ibid.
Ballads of Yankee Land. By William Edward Pen-

ney. Ibid.

Yermah the Dorado. By Frona Eunice Wait. San Francisco: William Doxey: 1897.

A Manual of German Orthography and Phonology. By George Hempl. Boston: Ginn & Co.: 1897.

Higher Arithmetic. By W. W. Bemans. Ibid. An Open-Eyed Conspiracy. By William Dean Howells. New York: Harper & Brothers: 1897.

My Studio Neighbors. By William Hamilton Gibson. Ibid.

The Italians of Today. By René Bazin. Translated by William Marchant. New York: Henry Holt & Co.: 1897.

Journeys Through France. By H. A. Taine. Ibid.

Diana Victrix. By Florence Converse. Boston: Houghton, Mifflin & Co.: 1897.

Poems now first collected. By Edmund Clarence Stedman. Ibid.

The Story of an Untold Love. By Paul Leicester Ford. Ibid.

Gleanings in Buddha Fields. By Lafcadio Hearn. bord. Three Partners By Bret Harte. Ibid.

The Æneid of Virgil (Students' Edition). By Christopher Pearse Cranch. lbid.

Un Drama Nuevo. By Don Joaquin Estébanez. New York: William R. Jenkins: 1897.

A Son of the Old Dominion. By Mrs. Burton Harrison. Boston: Lamson, Wolffe & Co.: 1897.

Pacific Shores. By Oliver Optic. Boston: Lee & Shepard: 1898. For sale in San Francisco by Whitaker & Ray Co.

At the Front. By Oliver Optic. Ibid.
Guarding the Border. By Everett T. Tomlinson. Ibid
An Oregon Boyhood. By Louis Albert Banks. Ibid.

Her Place in the World. By Amanda M. Douglas.
Ibid.

Exiled from Two Lands. By Everett T. Tomlinson. Ibid.

The Boom of a Western City. By Ellen J. Cooley.
Ibid.

The Campion Diamonds. By Sophie May. Ibid.
A Question of Damages. By T. À Trowbridge. Ibid.
The Happy Six. By Penn Shirley. Ibid.

Beside Old Hearthstones. Abram English Brown
Thid.

Queer Janet. By Grace Le Baron. Duis
On Plymouth Rock. By Samuel Adams Drake. Ibid.

The District School as It Was. By Clifton Johnson.
Ibid.

Wolfville. By Alfred Henry Lewis. New York: Frederick A. Stokes Co.: 1897.

The Story of Ab. By Stanley Waterloo. Chicago: Way & Williams: 1897.

15th Annual Report of the Bureau of Ethnology. 1893-94. J. W. Powell, Director. Washington, D.C.; Government Printing Office: 1897.

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A NEW charge against the English sparrow has just been added to an already long list. In a bulletin issued by the Entomological Division of the Department of Agriculture by Mr. L. D. Howard, attention is drawn to the white-marked tussock moth (Orgyia leucostigma), and the injury it is working among the foliage trees of Eastern cities. It appears that the vast multiplication of these caterpillars began with the introduction of the English sparrow.

This bird has well-nigh exterminated other caterpillars which used to compete with the “tussocks” for a livelihood on the trees; it will not touch the hair-protected“ tussocks” itself, but it has largely driven out the native birds which used to feed on them.

All things that live have fleas to bite 'em;
And these again have lesser fleas, and so ad infinitum.

A fresh illustration of the truth of this is furnished by this same tussock moth. The bristles which serve to protect the caterpillar from the sparrow as the spines of a porcupine protect their owner from the attacks of soft-mouthed animals, offer little hindrance to the attacks of insects, some of which prick holes in the body of the caterpillar and lay their eggs there. Soon these eggs are hatched, and the resulting larvæ immediately begin to feed on the body of their unwilling hosts, who of course promptly die. The murderous little grub then finishes his repast at leisure, and starts out on an independent career. But he does not get far before he is attacked in precisely the same way as his mother assailed the tussock caterpillar. No less than thirteen species of minute four-winged insects are on the lookout for him, as he tries to creep out of the skeleton of his victim; and he considers himself lucky if an egg or two is not laid in his own hide. If it is, he promptly succumbs to the newly hatched secondary larva, who cleans him out with the skill of a faro dealer. But the cycle of conflict and slaughter is not yet complete. Two species of still smaller insects are on the look-out for just such a place as the joints of his scaly armor in which to lay their eggs; and,

mite as he is, he knows enough to avoid them whenever possible. But he cannot always escape; for his enemies are as watchful as an old hen looking for a quiet place in which to raise her brood. If he does get caught, a single little puncture cuts him off in the flower of his youth, and his mother, in the caverns of the bark of an elm, will wait for him in vain. Perhaps his death is avenged by an insect still smaller than the one which killed him; but there is a limit even to the penetrative power of the best microscope; and if he has an avenger, it is too minute for us to see. It is an interesting finale to this chapter of slaughter to learn that at least eleven species of insects are on the look-out for the bodies of the slain, and every part, even to the unseen claws, teeth, and hair, is turned to some use in the insect economy, just as is done on a larger scale at the Chicago stock yards and slaughter pens.

The Putnams announce among their forthcoming holiday books, Astoria: or, Anecdotes of an Enterprise Beyond the Rocky Mountains, by Washington Irving, Tacoma Edition, in two volumes, uniform in style with the previous holiday editions of Irving. The edition is to be printed from new plates and is promised to be the most sumptuous presentation of Astoria ever issued. It is to be embellished with borders in colors specially designed by Margaret Armstrong. The photogravure illustrations have been specially prepared by the well-known artists, R. F. Zogbaum, F. S. Church, C. Harry Eaton, J. C. Beard, and others.

SOME instructive experiments on the effects of weather upon vegetation have just been made public in a lecture to an English naturalists' society by Mr. John Clayton. The effects of sunshine are of special interest to Californians:

Of twelve bean-plants, as like as possible in size and health, six were placed in the ground where they would catch all the sunshine of the day; the other six were

very healthful and agreeable drink, ‘champagnized' milk.

"The milk to be champagnized must first be skimmed to prevent the formation of clots during the process. Then the necessary sweetening is added, and the desired flavor, and the whole is placed in a closed vessel. The sterilization is then accomplished by means of a current of oxygen gas, and then the champagnization by the introduction into the vessel of the necessary amount of carbonic-acid gas. The drink thus prepared is extremely refreshing, healthful, and of an exquisite flavor, and adds to these advantages that of keeping fresh indefinitely."

Hygienic Value of Singing.

In a recent number of a German journal devoted to laryngology Dr. Barth has an article discussing the utility of singing from a hygienic point of view. Every bodily organ is strengthened by exercise; singers exercise their lungs more than other people; therefore, he says, we find that singers have the strongest and soundest lungs. The average man takes into his lungs 3,200 cubic centimetres of air at a breath, while professional singers take in 4,000 to 5,000. The tenor Gunz was able to fill his lungs at one gasp with air enough to suffice for the singing of the whole of Schumann's song, "The Rose, The Lily," and one of the old Italian sopranists was able to trill up and down the chromatic scale two octaves in one breath.

A singer not only supplies his lungs with more oxygen than other persons do, but he subjects the muscles of his breathing apparatus to a course of most beneficial gymastics. Almost all the muscles of the neck and chest are involved in these gymnastics. The habit of deep breathing cultivated by singers enlarges the chest capacity and gives to singers that erect and imposing attitude which is so desirable and so much admired. The ribs, too, are rendered more elastic, and singers do not, in old age, suffer from the breathing difficulties to which others are so much subject. By exercising so many muscles, singing furthermore improves the appetite, most vocalists being noted for their inclination to good meals. The nose of a singer is kept in a healthy condition by being constantly needed for breathing purposes, the injurious mouth-breathing so much indulged in by others being impossible in this case. That the ear, too, is cultivated, need not be added. In short, there is hardly any kind of gymnastics that exercises and benefits so many organs as singing does.

sheltered by a boarding which effectually prevented any rays from falling upon them. When freshly gathered in October the weight of beans and pods grown in sunshine was more than three times as great as in the case of those grown in the shade (99:29), while the weight of the dry beans was in a similar proportion (16:5). The experiment was continued in succeeding years. Thus in 1892 the fresh weight of beans and pods grown from the sunshine-grown seeds of 1891 was half as much again, as in the case of plants from shade-grown seeds - all being grown in sunshine and under precisely similar conditions in the second year. In the fourth year plants with an exclusively shady ancestry produced flowers, but failed to mature fruit.

If such striking differences are possible in a comparatively sunless climate like that of England, how much greater would they be in a land of perennial sunshine like ours. A series of experiments conducted on similar lines at some of our numerous experimental stations would have more than a scientific value; they would serve to show the excellence of the California climate in a way that appeals to many people who are not convinced except by the cold logic of figures.

SURELY the old saying “of making many books there is no end” is receiving fresh exemplification in these days. A look at our “Books Received" column, which however covers more than a single month owing to the crowding of previous numbers, amply proves this. And the beauty of the situation is that this great mass of literature is not trashy, but contains a large proportion of books by the best writers. Old favorites are brought out anew, glorified by the results of modern art processes and achievements in typography and binding, and the new books are largely on serious subjects.

CHAMPAGNIZED Milk. “M. Cassius has patented a process," says Cosmos (Paris, August 7), “for the sterilization of all fermentible liquids by means of compressed oxygen. To sterilize liquids such as wine, milk, beer, liquors, etc., it suffices to subject these liquids, in a closed vessel, to a current of gaseous oxygen, proportioning the volume of gas to the quality and quantity of liquid to be sterilized. All liquids thus treated can be preserved indefinitely.

“The inventor applies this process to milk, which, according to him, can thus be kept fresh indefinitely; if the results correspond with the inventor's hopes the discovery is a valuable one. for hitherto the preservation of pure milk is a problem that has been solved very imperfectly.

“In any case the process enables us to prepare a

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From Painting by Maurice Leloir The Pillage of Beauty by Law

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“The Pole Sagged, and Dipping into the Road, was Splintered”

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