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15 years, there is a slight difference in favor of the females ; between 15 and 30, the difference is 4.50 per cent. in favor of the males; and above 30, there is a difference of nearly 4 per cent. in favor of the females.

The occupations of the males who died from consumption are given in the following table :

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Laborers, clerks, merchants and traders, mariners, carpenters, teamsters and tailors make 47.18 per cent. of all the males who died from consumption. Laborers, alone, make 20.25 per cent, of the whole number.

Croup and Diphtheria. — There were 128 deaths from these causes (89 from the former, and 39 from the latter), making 2.17 per cent. of the whole mortality. In the preceding year the percentage was 2.27.

Diarrhoea and Dysentery. - The number of deaths from these causes was 195 (139 from the former, and 56 from the latter), making 3.31 per cent. of the whole mortality. In 1870, the deaths from these causes made 4.87 per cent. of the mortality of that year.

Fever, Scarlet. - The number of deaths from this disease was 111 (a decrease of 94 from the number reported in 1870), making 1.89 per cent. of all the deaths. In the preceding year the deaths from this cause made 3.36 per cent. of the mortality of that year.

Fever, Typhoid. - There were 176 deaths from this cause in 1871. In the preceding year there were 168.

Heart, Dis. of. - The number of deaths thus reported was 239 — 112 males and 127 females — making 4 per cent. of all the deaths. In the preceding year the percentage was 3.21.

Hydrocephalus. The number of decedents from this cause was 138 (the preceding year 134), making 2.34 per cent. of all who died.

Marasmus. — This convenient term is made to designate 217 deaths, and 3.68 per cent. of the whole mortality. It is not unlikely that this term is often pressed into service to do duty for others that are not entirely satisfactory.

Nephria (Bright's Disease). There were 97 deaths from this disease (53 males and 44 females), making 1.65 per cent. of all the deaths. The whole number of deaths from diseases of the kidneys was 140, — 2.38 per cent of the entire mortality. The number of deaths from these causes in the preceding year was 106,- 1.72 per cent of the whole number.

Pneumonia. The number of deaths from this cause was 345 — 179 males and 166 females --- making 5.86 per cent. of the whole mortality. In 1870 the percentage was 5.51.

Small Pox. There were 28 deaths from this disease in 1871. In the preceding year there were 32.

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In wards 2 and 7, containing 21.48 per cent. of the population of the whole city, the deaths made 24.76 per cent. of the entire mortality. On the other hand, in wards 4, 5, 6, 8, 9, 10, 11, 13, 14, and 16, containing 48.49 per cent. of the population, the deaths made only 37.35 per cent. of the whole number.

The following table shows the ratio of deaths in each ward to the population in the same localities :

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The deaths in wards 1, 5, 8, 9, and 11, containing 31.41 per cent. of the whole population, make only 21.65 per cent. of the entire mortality. The deaths in ward 2, which contains 10 per cent. of the population, make 12 per cent. of all the deaths.

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CITY REGISTRAR'S REPORT.

33

By a recent act of the Legislature, the cemetery under the Trinity Church has been discontinued as a burial-place, and the work of removing the remains from the tombs is now in progress. It is hoped that this wise and beneficent act will soon be followed by other similar ones, until all other places of sepulture in the city have been removed, and the last intermural interment witnessed in the city of Boston.

PHYSICIANS' CERTIFICATES.

Reference has repeatedly been made to the unsatisfactory character of some of the certificates of death given by physicians, in the hope that the subject of complaint might he removed. No change, however, has taken place; the difficulties still exist, aggravated in some instances by the fact that the matter had been courteously brought to the notice of the offenders. If the certificates alluded to came from the hands of " irregulars," of any name or kind, little surprise would be felt, no matter what might be the annoyance to the recording officer; but when such certificates are returned by members of the Medical Society, and which are in no respect superior to those given by the disreputable "quacks" who infest. every community, the matter certainly deserves attention in higher quarters. It is reasonable to expect that professional pride, if nothing else, would induce respectable physicians to be as exact as possible in stating the cause of death; for the certificates, when returned, are entered on the record, and subsequently become proofs of ignorance, or of something

worse.

Cases might be cited which would justify harsher remarks than the foregoing. One which occurred since the foregoing report was placed in the hands of the printer, was that of an unfortunate woman, who lost her life at the hands of one of those unprincipled charlatans who subsist on the vices and weaknesses of the imprudent. Before death, a physician,

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