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has attended the labors of the teachers and officers of this department during the past year. All have labored earnestly to elevate, by moral and intellectual culture, the unfortunate class of children who have been sent to this Island.
"The following table will give a correct idea of the present attainments of the boys and girls in the House of Reformation:
profit and loss
Can write letters
Vocal music (by rote)
"Under your supervision the school-rooms have been made much more cheerful and attractive, by the addition of some beautiful pictures to adorn the walls. These relieve the school-rooms of much of that prison aspect which is so common in institutions of this kind."
HOUSE OF INDUSTRY DEPARTMENT.
The whole number of inmates remaining May 1, 1871, was:Males, 229; females, 252. Total, 481.
Children of sentenced mothers, 13.
Committed from May 1, 1871, to April 30, 1872, inclusive :Males, 2,264; females, 2,153. Total, 4,417.
Discharged from May 1, 1871, to April 30, 1872, inclusive:
Males, 2,170; females, 2,181. Total, 4,351. Remaining May 1, 1872:
Males, 323; females, 224. Total, 547.
Children of sentenced mothers, 7.
Deaths during the year:
Males, 9; females, 1; children of sentenced mothers, 2.
Largest number of inmates during the year
Sentences of those committed during the year:
Fines and costs.
Assault and battery
Offences for which committed:
Idle and disorderly
Stealing a horse
Malicious injury to cell in Police Station
Maliciously damaging property
Receiving stolen property
Common railer and brawler
Keeping bowling alley without license
Lewd and lascivious
This department has never before been so crowded as during the past year. At one time there were one hundred and sixty-one more male prisoners than there are cells in the male prison. At another time, one hundred and thirty-five more female prisoners than cells in the female prison, showing conclusively that increased accommodations are urgently demanded. It has been necessary, during a great part of the year, to convert the chapel into a male dormitory, in order to lodge the male prisoners.
The labor of prisoners has been employed as in former years; the females in washing, ironing, scrubbing, mending, nursing, making institution and contract clothing; the males at farming, filling in land, and various kinds of labor about the premises. The short sentences prevent the successful introduction of mechanical contract labor.
Fines for 535 prisoners have been paid during the year, amounting to four thousand eight hundred and one and 55
dollars ($4,801.55), all of which has been paid to the City Treasurer.
Our agricultural pursuits were successful. The following shows the amount of the principal articles of products of the farm:
Table vegetables, such as green peas, green corn, celery, lettuce, asparagus, string beans, etc., were raised in quantity to liberally supply the wants of the Island, of which no account has been made.
The dairy has furnished the milk for all departments on the Island, and has made two thousand and thirteen pounds of butter (2,013 lbs.).
The piggery has continued to supply the very large amount of salt and fresh pork, lard and hams required for officers and inmates, besides furnishing pork for market.
The whole amount of gas made and consumed, during the past year, has been 894,980 cubic feet. The cost of material used in manufacturing the same was $922.77. The average cost per 1,000 cubic feet was $1.03+. This statement does not include the cost of repairs, retorts, etc.
The average number of inmates in the several institutions for the past year, has been as follows, viz. :—
Total average during the year
The following table exhibits the average increase in number of inmates in the institutions on the Island since 186364:
It will be seen that the average number of inmates has nearly doubled, while the increased accommodations during the above years have been only the girls' reform and pauper schools.
Religious services are continued in the chapel on the Sabbath with undiminished interest. The chaplain devotes his whole time to the service and interest of the institutions.
The chapel organ has worn out in long service. A contract has been made for a new one, which is to be completed and put up in June next.
Among the improvements of the past year, the first that is seen after landing is the new Receiving-House, which is a