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“Remember Hansee ! Remember Uncle The taste of power brought drunken- Joe! One-two-three!ness and the thirst for more. The work of This time the door went down with a their hands had wrought triumphant de- screech of splitting wood. The foremost molition back there in Hell's Kitchen, the fell forward with the rush of it, hot foetid Kitchen, whose foulness had never pressed by those behind, scrambled up oppressed them until tonight, and the and poured through the opening. multiplied voice of their command had Sheriff Rawlins was not there. struck down the hand of the city's author- A quiet corridor stretched before them, ity.

with the scared and excited faces of prisAlready they had tired of watching oners peering from the cells. Midway the swift devouring of rotten frame houses, was Warden Cale, apparently unarmed, and of the scurrying population which standing against the wall and watching came out of their depths and fled. It was them. They jostled him roughly, and a late; morning would soon be upon them, revolver was thrust close to his face. and they had yet to get the negro Turford. “We want that nigger." They were going to burn him in the public "He's in Cell Three, below.” square. He had killed Uncle Joe.

The Sinclair County jail was an old They left the crackling furnace behind building, made in the days when the law them, and when they were gone, the fire- considered the punishment of the crimiengine made its way once more across the nal, but gave little concern to his psychic tracks, by quiet streets and with no ob- influences or hygienic conditions. The trusive clatter of gong, lest the thing get underground cells were not particularly beyond control and respectable Fallsburg nice, nor were they often used now, but be offered up on the same altar as the it was in one of these, scenting trouble to Kitchen. Another engine joined it there, come, that they had put the negro Turand, little by little, stubbornly slow, the ford. flaring beacon of the Kitchen subsided into Down the narrow stairs the crowd smoking black embers.

struggled, the foremost apprehensive of Back to the county jail the crowd ambush below, and those in the rear pushswarmed in a resistless torrent--no inde- ing them resistlessly, but the cellar of cision now—and with them they bore a the county jail was as quiet as the upper formidable log as a battering ram for the corridor. There was Cell Three, and a door. Sheriff Rawlins, waiting behind it, kerosene lamp, swung on a bracket from had faded into a legend. Farley seized the corridor wall, sent yellow rays down one of the

gallon cans and drenched through the bars on the man they wanted, the piled fagots with kerosene; others a crouching figure huddled in the back of dragged up the log, steadied it, and rushed. the little cell and peering out at them

Under the first onslaught the jail door with rolling eyes of terror. quivered and stood firm, but from above a "A-a-2-a-a-a-a-h!” deluge of shot poured down upon them, At the sight of him their rage foamed and they dodged back grunting like nipped again, and they came on with a howl of animals. A voice went up in derision. triumph.

"Duck shot! Ah, what'r yeh 'fraid of? “Stand back!” It was Sheriff RawTwicet more, ’n we've got 'em. One—two lins' voice booming above their own like a -three!

cannon above the rattle of musketry, and The rattle of shots and the thunder of it commanded. “One moment, boys, and the log came as one sound, but as they then you can do as you please.” retreated, smarting, stinging, cursing fret- He had moved into the circle of light fully, there was a two-inch gape at the beneath the lamp, and his leveled revollower hinge, and a long split from the mid- ver held them half way. On the floor bedle showed what had done it. But for that side him, just in front of Cell Three, and the fury in them they would have stood a squat box, the like of which some hung back, cowed by the lashing fire from of them had seen before. Deputy Bergen above.

came out of the shadows in the rear, and “Once more !” It was Farley's voice. with the most gingerly precaution handed

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over a lighted taper. Then he jerked caught the jar of feet marching in quick away and vanished in the shadows again. unison up the jail yard. The police de

Under the steady light of the lamp partment of Fallsburg had awakened at and the flicker of the taper, the box was last. a sinister thing, a menace to flee from, filled to the brim with black powder. The press in a score of States featured Sheriff Rawlins spoke again.

the Fallsburg riot and the magnificent "I guess you all know powder when rashness of Sheriff Rawlins' last stand in you see it, and if you have any doubts, I the cellar of the county jail, and they think I know a way to convince you. Now photographed the Sheriff in every posture before you come any closer, you just look in which that embarrassed official could at this box and think what it means. It possibly be caught. Fame came in a night means for one thing that I'm Sheriff of to Sheriff Rawlins, and to Fallsburg, too, Sinclair County. At first move to lay but to Fallsburg it came with a difference. hands on the prisoner I'll touch off this In four weeks' time the negro Turford powder and blow up the whole jail and paid his penalty for the murder of Uncle every son-of-a-gun in it, including my- Joe Babcock, for under the lash of unself. Take your choice.”

flattering notoriety, Sinclair County beHe watched them with narrowing eyes stirred herself to virtuous action, and not as they shrank involuntarily away from the least among the results of her holy him, and his fearsome weapon of whole- zeal were the fines that came dripping sale slaughter. In the cell the negro was steadily in from numerous citizens of whispering unintelligibly to himself, a Fallsburg, convicted of participating in a hideous sibillance of terror, rasping into riot. Some of the culprits were identified the silence.

with humiliating accuracy by the duck The hand with the taper moved a few

shot embedded in their skins. There were inches nearer the chest.

those among the wiseacres who said that, "For God's sake, Sheriff !”

between these and the leaders in Sinclair The terror broke them. They County, whose high seats had been uncrowded back precipitately, falling over pleasantly jarred by the force of recent one another in their frantic scramble for disclosures, the career of Sheriff Tom the stairs, pushing, tramping, cursing— Rawlins as a politician would end with his anything to get out.

term of office. Well, that may be. PosSheriff Rawlins smiled. He could af

He could af- sibly we don't understand the inner workford to. Already the early flush of dawn ings of these things. But we do know was paling the world outside, and only a that he was re-elected last utumn by a few seconds before his sharp ears had speaking majority.

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CHINESE EVOLUTION, AND WHAT

IT PORTENDS

BY FRANK A. BLAKE

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YT IS NOT the intention ning to turn their faces from the setting

of the writer to enter towards the rising sun—to live in the pres

into any considera- ent, and not in the dead past-perhaps a
I tion of China in its

retrospective glance may not be deemed
political aspect, but amiss.
merely to give expres After the completion of the Great Wall,
sion to the impressions some two hundred years before the Chris-

formed of that inter- tian era-an undertaking considered to be esting race, the Chinese, after a residence one of the most stupendous ever conamong them of some years; their emer- ceived and successfully accomplished, and gence from the chrysallis of exclusiveness except the Pyramids of Egypt, probably in which they enveloped themselves long the most ancient monument of human ages ago, their commercial instincts and labor extant--the Chinese, having now methods of doing business, and a few hints erected an insurmountable barrier extendupon other kindred subjects, which may ing along the immense length of their prove of interest, and possibly of some northern frontier, and feeling themselves benefit to those who contemplate enter- henceforth secure against the predatory ing into commercial relations with them. inroads of the fierce Tartar hordes by

When it is borne in mind that China whom they were perpetually harassed, recontains a population of about four hun- signed themselves to a repose which the dred and fifty millions, or approximately passing centuries but lulled into a narone-third that of the whole earth, it must cotic slumber, apparently so undisturbable be apparent that any general movement that foreigners came to regard a condition among so vast a number is bound to make of chronic somnolency as one of their most itself felt in a greater or less degree by conspicuous characteristics. the remaining two-thirds. And that a

But slumber, however, deep, must termovement of great significance is minate sometime, either in death or an arousing the masses of China into an activ- awakening to life and its potentialities. ity never hitherto displayed must be mani- That awakening throughout China is now fest to the most casual observer. By some well past the incipient stage; the mantle it is commented upon with gloomy fore- of stoicism in which they so long enveloped bodings, while others-among whom are themselves is cast aside for

ever; and the majority of those engaged in the Ori- China, with outstretched arms, invites the ental trade-take a strongly optimistic nations to come and help her in the develview of the change.

opment of her vast, but latent, resources, With China for a theme, embracing even and receive in return a quid pro quo that but a cursory consideration of a people will richly compensate them. possessing such bewildering peculiarities, Except along the littoral, the great one scarcely knows where to begin. Peopled natural resources of China remain practiby a race whose chronological historycally undeveloped. A condition, however, reaches backward into past millenniums, a that present appearances indicate will not civilization whose medieval period was, obtain much longer, for the Government probably, co-eval with that of the siege of is now evincing a strong disposition to Troy, a people who only now are begin- encourage the investment of foreign capi

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tal in the construction of railroads and of junks, and canal, or cargo, boats; the the opening up of mines. Valuable con- former, with a nondescript rig consisting cessions for those purposes have been of a single mast, as broad, if not broader, granted, and English, French and Italian at the head as at the step, and a square, or syndicates already have had preliminary more correctly speaking oblong sail, comsurveys made of roads that will pass posed of bamboo rods strung together, through territory abounding in mineral while the boats (yulos) are propelled by deposits and said by competent experts to immense sweeps, as much as forty feet be phenomenally rich, requiring only the long, operated from the stern, one at each introduction of improved mining machin- side, and manned by half a dozen men or ery and modern methods to extract their women, usually the latter, with the infull values.

evitable baby strapped upon their backs. But while the mining industry offers Those boats occupy an important place alluring prospects to the foreign investor, in the economy of Chinese life, a large it is but one of the many branches of busi- proportion of the maritime population ness that may be profitably engaged in. knowing no other home; and at Canton, The few American firms that, with com- where the “Flower Boats" stretch for mendable enterprise and foresight have es- miles along the river banks, little urchins, tablished permanent branches at Hong- garbed after Nature's own fashion, swarm kong, Shanghai and other places, have in the decks, disporting themselves as well as most instances met with gratifying suc- the large bamboo logs suspended from cess, and have created a steadily increas- their necks or strapped around their ing demand for American manufactures. waists will permit; the logs answering This is encouraging, when we reflect that the double purpose of life preservers in our European competitors have had a long case of their falling overboard, and of alstart of us, having enjoyed almost a com- lowing their mothers to attend to their plete monopoly of the Chinese market un- household duties, undisturbed by any aptil the advent of the "American invasion," prehension for the safety of their offas they facetiously called it a few years spring. ago. Since then, many English houses, Thousands of miles inland, where a netthat studiously abstained from doing so work of waterways-off-shoots from the before, have found it to their interest to Grand Canal—take the place of roads in carry several lines of American-made other countries, the ubiquitous junks and goods, in order to keep their customers cargo boats, laden to the water's edge with from going over, en masse, to the “invad- merchandise of every description from all

parts of the world, may be encountered in Hongkong, being a British possession, endless procession going and coming to and the first port in China to be reached and from the various ports of entry. The by ships coming via the Suez Canal-also rates—fixed by law--for

the hire of being a free port of entry for all foreign cargo-boats at Hongkong, used for loadgoods-is naturally the entrepot for mer- ing and discharging ocean-going vessels, chandise from European countries des- are almost ridiculously low; and where tined for interior points, or for places fur- conditions regarding accessibility are simither north; and regularly established lar, or nearly so, may in general be taken steamship lines radiate from that point in as a guide to those prevailing at other all directions. Junks, or native sail boats, Chinese ports. A first-class cargo boat, however, do a large proportion of the re- with a capacity of eight to twelve hunexport business. But Shanghai, being dred piculs (a picu! being 133 1-3 lbs.)

more centrally situated—about one thou- costs but $10 per day Ilongkong ' sand miles north of Flongkong—and the rency, which with exchange, say at +7 5-8,

initial Chinese port reached by our fine would equal $1.76 gold. Second, third fleet of well-equipped, but altogether too and fourth-class boats, with maximum few Pacific Mail boats, is the emporium capacities ranging downward from 800 to for American productions. From this 100 piculs, can be had respectively at $5, point merchandise intended for the inter- $3 and $1.50 per dav Hongkong currency. ior is carried to its destination by means Fluctuations in exchange affects those

ers.

Cur

Not so,

rates, of course; but in so small a degree sold the goods in advance, relying on the as to be almost infinitessimal.

representations of the agent, often has however, in transactions where large sums them refused, and thrown back on his are involved; for there, a variation of a hands. This naturally causes disappointvery few points in exchange rates may en- ment and distrust; the latter unfortutais disastrous consequences on those who nately not being always confined to the indulge in that kind of speculation. offending party; and is apt to arouse a

More than one large foreign concern similar feeling towards all houses of the in Shanghai was forced to the wall a few same nationality. years ago, and compelled to retire from If our manufacturers and merchants business through unfortunate speculation still entertain the idea that "anything in exchange. While the temptation to will do for China”-an idea which up to make money this way is sometimes hard a few years ago at least they certainly took to resist, yet the conservative is the only no pains to conceal—the sooner they dissafe way, for while one may miss a chance card that fallacy the better it will be for by abstaining, should rates prove favor- their business; for as a matter of fact, able, his loss is purely nominal, or in there are few more exacting markets, or other words, he only loses what he might where a more rigid adherence to all the have possessed; while should he indulge stipulations of a contract is necessary to his speculative impulse, and rates at time insure the retention of custom and good of settlement prove adverse, his loss be- will. A little consideration for Chinese comes real.

peculiarities and superstitions always One of the prerequisites to success in produces desirable results; and this is a the establishment of satisfactory relations point our European competitors never with Chinese houses, is the acquisition of overlook. No matter how seemingly capritheir entire confidence, lacking which it cious the request to have goods put up in is idle to attempt to do business with a certain form of package, our English them. But, on the other hand, having and German friends never fail to comply, satisfied themselves of one's integrity- while our people calmly ignore it, with the a quality they possess in an eminent de- result that many a large order, which by gree—suspicion (one of their most pro- preference would come to this country, is nounced characteristics) is cast aside, and placed elsewhere. This apparently trivial implicit confidence in the white man's point has been dwelt upon time and time trustworthiness takes its place. Shame, again by our Consuls in their reports; indeed, upon him who abuses it, and mer- and their long residence among the Chiited punishment is generally his reward, nese, and opportunities for observing their for once that confidence is lost, no apolo- peculiarities and preferences, entitle their gies, explanations or

however remarks to considerable weight. plausible, will ever again entirely restore The Chinese merchant has cogent reait, and the culprit's usefulness in that sons for making those requests concerning field terminates.

the size, weight, shape and color of cerFirms not having branches in China, tain packages, incomprehensible though but who send representatives there peri- they may be to the American manufacodically, might do well carefully to con- turer; and as the working of the Oriental sider those facts. Many of those repre- mind is inscrutable, would it not be betsentives, actuated doubtless by

ter to meet their views in this simple matmendable zeal in the interest of their em- ter than to arouse a feeling of antagonism ployers, but forgetful of the deep-rooted by refusal, especially as they are willing to prejudices of the strange people with ,

kear any additional expense the manufacwhom they are dealing, often make repre- turer may have to incur by compliance. sentations concerning the superlative Of course, all foreign houses opening quality of the goods for which they are branches in China find it imperative to seeking orders, not always borne out up- employ a compradore, and upon the w on inspection of same after arrival, per- dom of the selection largely deper. haps two or three months after the order success of the enterprise was given, the merchant meantime having much care cannot !.

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