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of garbanzos planted has been as high as tober when, at San Blas, it measured 2160) 375 sacks selling at from $5 to $7.50 per feet in width and averaged 34 feet in sack in U. S. currency, or a gross return depth, its current perhaps three and oneof about two thousand dollars per acre. half miles an hour. The facts seem to be that the average rate It is at this point that one first begins of yield is about 150 to 1, and that the to get a faint idea of the great future average market price is somewhere near awaiting this new empire on the west $5 per sack in gold.

coast of Mexico. Leave the train at the The Mayo is a very beautiful river, its station and ascend the hill nearby, and waters clear and pure, and its little valley Jet us take our first look at northern Sinapossesses some of the richest lands to be loa and see for ourselves this magnificent found. It is yet awaiting the influx of panorama of the beautiful Fuerte vallev. energy and capital, which cannot now be We ascend by a rugged and thorny path, long delayed.

and find ourselves at an elevation of about From Navajoa, our journey takes us 500 feet, which gives a commanding view


Everywhere one meets with the picturesque. The above scene represents wash-day in the Rio


almost due south some four hours' ride of the country for fifty miles in any directo the station of San Blas on the great tion. Turning to the east, we see a series Fuerte river, at which point the Southern of foothills, covered with grass and brush Pacific Railroad intersects the line of the gently undulating away as far as the eve Kansas City, Mexico and Orient Rail- can reach and merging mistily into mounroad (Stilwell Road.)

tain ranges and peaks. Turning slowly This is the first real view of Sinaloa's toward the north, our vision sweeps over greatest river, with its sources in the

ranges of distant mountains, down over Sierras 350 miles east at altitudes of the higher foothills to the undulating nearly ten thousand feet. The writer has lower foothills through which the Southseen the Fuerte River in the month of Oc- ern Pacific Railroad winds its way to

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Drying fibre on the wire lines in the sun. This is the cheapest curing process possible, requiring three to four hours' time and no machinery or plant. There is practically no cost in the

curing of fibre


Cattle feeding on the pulp of the fibre plant, left over after the stripping of the fibre leaf. One acre of fibre plants produces 15 tons of pulp, a fine cattle food, every year, on which to fatten


ward San Blas from Navajoa.. So far the scene has not appealed very much save to the esthetic sense. One realizes that out over yonder lie fine forests of pine and oak and valuable hardwoods; mines of copper, silver and gold; deposits of lime, magnesite and other mineral values, and great stretches of excellent grazing lands, with occasional valleys of good agricultural lands, and also good fibre lands, but there is nothing to rouse special interest or enthusiasm. But let us keep on looking, turning constantly to our left and

westward. As our eye turns toward the Gulf of California, we see the glint vi the waters of the Bay of Agiabampo, sixty miles to the north, and the eye rests on level coastal plains and beautiful fields. Nearer by, a few scattered chains of hills meet the eye, but they are not appreciable in the vast extent of level plain. Turning almost due west, we follow the windings of the great Fuerte river on its passage to the sea, and our eye is caught by the beautiful green of the delta lands lying between the two mouths of the river.

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Primitive in many directions, yet good roads abound. This photograph shows a ranch head

quarters on Tavay, the main stage road junction

Finally we turn almost due southwest, and then for the first time we get the full view of the great fan-like expanse of beautiful coastal plain lying on the south side of the Fuerte river, and extending 50 or 60 miles south to the Sinaloa river.

We glance down at the lordly Fuerte river at our feet, and then out over the flat, level plain commencing within a stone's throw from us, and paint in our mind's eye the picture of the day when this magnificent river shall be diverted at San Blas and flow over this vast expanse of rich lands, a million or more acres in extent, and bless the settlers with its abundance. It seems to the looker-on as though this had been created by nature to order for man. The soil, water, topography, climate, harbor, the two trunk railroad lines, nothing is lacking. It needs not the eye of prophecy to foretell the future of this wonderful valley of the Fuerte. Given the factors of rich soil capable of growing almost all the crops of the temperate and semitropic zones, a million acres of level lands that look almost as though they had been graded by hand from the foothills to the sea, a large and inexhaustible river flowing into this plain from the mountains ready to be delivered right on the land, a fine deep water harbor, two main lines of railroads connecting directly with the United States, an equable climate, sound conditions of Government under which to live, and a strong and ever-eager market where good prices prevail. Two and two make four in mathematics, always has and always will. The problem here is as simple of solution. Nothing can stay development. It is inevitable. The only question involved is: “Who is going to get the immeasurable increase in values, the added wealth water will bring? Who is going to reap the millions ?


1. The Fuerte river crossing south of Bajonea 2. The Mecovite river, Sinaloa, has plenty of

water the year around 3. The Sinaloa river at Bamoa

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