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wearing short leathern jackets), seven packers, fifteen Christian Indians from Baja California, and two servants respectively to the first and second commanders -making, with the Governor, a total of sixty-five men. Enough horses and mules were taken to furnish the expedition with relays—the number is unrecorded. In the lead was Portola; about him were the spiritual and temporal officers—except Captain Rivera, commanding the rear guard- and following close were six of the Catalonian Volunteers, with Indians carrying picks, shovels, crowbars and axes to hew a path through the thickets and scratch a trail over the virgin mountains. Next came the pack train in four divisions with muleteers and garrison soldiers in each band. Comprised in the rear guard were the rest of the troops and friendly Indians, in charge of the relays of animals.

It took the plucky pioneers two months and a half to traverse the two hundred leagues—nearly six hundred miles—from The entrance to Crespi Wood, so named San Diego to the vicinity of Vizcaino's in honor of the priest who accompanied port, the dominating landmark of which Portola and left a record of the expediwas the Point of Pines. They bore in tion. In this wood was the residence of mind the Puerto of San Diego, also N. C. Carnall, who named the Portola named by Vizcaino. The port they sought Valley. was an equally "famous" puerto according to the discoverer; therefore, it must be a ending where it does, there begins a great notable harbor, instead of an open bay, or gulf of twenty leagues at least.” This roadstead ; indeed, he said it was "shel- was Monterey Bay. tered from all winds,” and on the immedi- Can we blame the good father and his ate coast there are pines from which masts companions for half-suspecting that the of any desired size can be obtained.” The “famous” port was a fiction of Vizcaino's discoverer had placed Monterey Bay in brain, when the discoverer's charts lay latitude 37 deg. ; this parallel runs a few hidden and the searchers had to rely on a miles north of the modern city of Santa narrative which bristled with stories of a Cruz. Such a discrepancy Engineer Cos- large native population using flax, hemp tanso could attribute to the antiquated in- and cotton ? Of animals “as large as struments in use in Vizcaino's time. But wolves, and shaped like a stag, with a Father Crespi was in general correct, ex- skin resembling that of a pelican, a long cept for the size of the trees, in his de- neck, and horns on the head as large as scription written to Father Palou after

those of a stag; their tail is a yard in the return to San Diego: "Point Pinos, length and half a yard in breadth, and according to my observations, is in lati- their hoofs cloven like that of an ox?” Of tude 36 deg. 42 min. Where this point the trend of the coast line north of latiof pines begins (on the south) there is a tude 42 deg. toward Japan and China, small bay * * * and from there the which were not far away? Point of the Pines extends, and not as the After spending the first week of Octonarrative says; and I can assure your Rev- ber hunting in the neighborhood of Point erence that I did not see one on the whole Pinos for Monterey Bay, Portola made point which would serve for yards or his momentous decision to look further masts for these vessels; and the said point north. Many of the travelers were ill, provisions were scarce, progress was slow. Their advance was blocked by Mount Two weeks later the party had rounded Montara, 1940 feet high, near Point San the "great gulf," and on October 23 en- Pedro. camped on Ano Nuevo Creek, in sight of On the morrow they went a league to the the headland bearing the same name, near north, and from the top of the ridge saw the south-western corner of San Mateo Point Reyes far out to sea, the Puerto de County.

San Francisco, and six or seven farallones On October 24th they were a short dis- to the west-northwest. This puerto was tance east of Pigeon Point. The next the anchorage under Point Reyes Head; two days they rested at San Gregorio they extended the name to the whole Gulf Creek, which they called for contempor- of the Farallones. ary reasons that of los soldados de los The mountains appeared continuous cursos." The Indians of the country were along the coast. The descent was made to finer than any they had met, and the the lagoon behind San Pedro Cove, where blackberry bushes, says Father Crespi, camp was pitched. They were over sixty were so thick that they impeded progress. miles north of the latitude of Point Pinos, On the twenty-seventh they stopped on and no sign of Monterey. A return to the south bank of Purisima Creek. Across San Diego was discussed. But with his the stream was an Indian rancheria. The usual resolution, the Governor decided to narrative records that Costanso, with remain a day and send out an exploring good cause, named it after a small insect, party. concerning which a professor of the State Sergeant Ortega now took a detachment University recently said: “They have eyes, and started over the mountains in a northyet see not,” but can bite at night, any- easterly direction. For three days he and how. California is notorious for them— his companions were gone. On November among persons who have never been there. 3d, at night, the discharge of firearms anThe encampment next day was made close nounced their arrival to those waiting in to the mouth of Pilarcitos Creek. Rains camp. They reported that on the first softened the ground, and every one, in- day out they had seen a great estero, or cluding the commander, was unwell, so arm of the sea, to the east and southeast. they rested on the 29th. The supply of From equivocal signs of the Indians, they medicines was reduced, as

was that of

understood there was a port and a ship meat. They thought of killing the weaker therein. mules. On October 30th they were a mile Great was the excitement north of the present Montara fog signal. True, the good pilot Cabrera Bueno had

reported Monterey to be in latitude 37 degrees, but Costanso had sometimes found him erroneous as much as a degree. Would they-now on short rations, sick and well-nigh disheartened—find the San Carlos safe in port and laden with provisions, and their countrymen waiting fondly to embrace them when they set foot on the shore? By the irony of fate, the San Carlos was the first vessel to pass through the Golden Gate (discovered in 1772 by Fages), and anchor in San Francisco Bay-Aug.

5, 1775. This is the center of commercial life in Portola, the vil- On November 4th, after lage named after the hardy Spanish dragoon.

was said, they hast

in camp:

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ened to get under way.

On their Water Company's supply for San Frannorth side lay mountains-San Bruno, cisco. 1315 feet high in the northeast, farther On November 6th, Portola reached the away the crest of Tamalpais, 2594 feet, end of the canada. Ascending the high near at hand Twin Peaks, 925 feet in land back of Redwood City, he overlooked height. Cliffs prevented an advance along on the east the long, blue, southern stretch the beach. Their course lay to the north- of the new arm of the sea, and on the east. Over the first range, they made by southeast the beautiful valley that bears nightfall a small lagoon now covered by his name. The territory drained by the

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Lake San Andreas, back of Millbrae Sta- streams flowing into the Searsville dam, tion on the Southern Pacific Railroad. and by that emptying just below it, was They passed through the canada of San first so-called by N. C. Carnall, in 1882. Andreas, and on the fifth camped in the This includes the old region known as Canada de Raymundo, near the south end, Searsville and the present school districts having traversed almost the length of the of Greersburg and Portola. Woodside land covered by Crystal Springs Lakes, postoffice is in the heart of the valley.

, important factors in the Spring Valley The slope of the foothills was

now was

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gradual enough so that the party could Portola had again arrived at Point Pipos. follow the dashing waters of an arroyo. He expressed a desire to see the second The mountains over which they had come cross of the former expedition, during seemed to encircle the estero, and Father the erection of which he had been on the Crespi gave them the name of his patron southern side of the point, and was led to San Francisco. That day camp it by a soldier, accompanied by Crespi and pitched on Redwood Creek within a short Fages. Reflecting that Point Pinos and distance of the bay.

that opposite, which they judged to be In the next few days, on one of which Ano Nuevo, enclosed the great gulf," the party ate acorns and suffered extreme- and noticing that it was shaped like the ly, Sergeant Ortega made an exploration letter 0; that its water was smooth and around the head of the bay to the vicinity looked like a lagoon, and that two large of Alviso. There was no sign of a ship, whales were not more than fifty varas from and a council of the officers voted for a land, which was a sign there was a good return southward in search of Monterey, depth of water for anchorage, they broke for they could not afford the time and forth with one voice: rations further to explore the new discov- “This is the Port of Monterey, which ery. Portola urged that they go forward, we have sought; it is exactly as reported but yielded to the advice of his subordi- by Sebastian Vizcaino and Cabrera nates, and on November 11th all started Bueno." for the coast.

Father Crespi had written that if the Point Pinos was reached on November Bay of Monterey were not discovered, "in 28th. The party set up two crosses, bur- default of it we have this most famous ied a letter for the long-looked-for San one of San Francisco, wherein to plant Carlos, and on December 10th, after a the standard of the Most Holy Cross.” severe snow-storm in the neighboring Little did Don Gaspar de Portola, Caphills, set out with only sixteen sacks of tain of Dragoons in the Regiment of flour for sixty-five men on the five hun- Spain, gazing on the waters of San Frandred odd miles between them and San cisco Bay, dream that in one hundred and Diego.' On arrival, Father Crespi wrote forty years his military affiliation would to Father Palou: “Those who departed furnish inspiration for use in com*** from this place *** for Mon- memorative pageant; nor was the good terey have returned this twenty-fourth day Padre Juan Crespi, when he stated this of January of the present year (1770); exceedingly large port "could not only with the merit of having been compelled to contain all the navies of His Catholic eat the flesh of male and female mules; Majesty, but those of all Europe as well,” and with not having found the port of aware that he had uttered a note of proMonterey.

phecy for the distant month of October, On May 24th, however, the indomitable 1909.






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ISS TROTTER had been are sure-footed; and I shall feel safer

pacing the veranda for twenty when we're going down Jacob's Ladder minutes, glancing impatiently and around Cape Horn. And, guide”—he

down the trail for the guide was turning to carry out her orders— who was to show her the wonders of the "have the hotel people put us up a good Grand Canyon of the Colorado. Between lunch. I intend to stay down there all glances she feasted her eyes on the beau- day.” ties of the scene.

"Wouldn't you like to go to Rowe's Far below, the ruins of a great city- Point first?” diffidently suggested the one apparently-were spread out. Another addressed. “According to the guide book, Pompeii stood revealed. The bastions, a most comprehensive view of the amphiturrets, pinnacles, and sculptured facades theatre can be obtained there." of the Titanic castles glowed in the morn- “How far is it?" ing light. Other shapes chiseled by the “The Point is about two miles distant Great Sculptor suggested the towers and from the hotel, by wagon road. The road domes of a grand cathedral, from the tow- vists in and out among the trees, and to ers of which, presently, would come the all appearance there isn't a canyon within call of early vespers; yonder rose the walls one hundred miles. Suddenly, without of a fort, buttressed and battlemented. A warning, you step out on the level rock butte lifted on its ragged shoulder the platform that rounds off this promontory; hull of a battleship.

and before you know what has happened, Miss Trotter sighed. She had enter- you are gazing into a hole that runs down tained thoughts of photographing the to the center of the earth." Canyon. Photograph it! How could one “Intelligent above his class,” was Miss get at it without the aid of flying Trotter's second mental verdict, as she machine? Or, given the flying machine, stood irresolute, uncertain whether to how content one's self with a black-and- adopt the guide's suggestion or to reject white reproduction of the panoramic pic- it. ture, in which red—the whole gamut of “We'll go down into the Canyon to-day,” reds-brown, blue, yellow and royal pur- she announced, “and to-morrow I'll take ple, were mingled ?

the wagon road to Rowe's Point in the A step on the veranda turned her morning, and the Rim Trail, to Moran's thoughts to the guide. He stood before Point, where the artist's celebrated picher, a tall, good looking fellow in brown ture was painted, in the afternoon. Concorduroy, brown, high-topped boots and sider yourself engaged for the day.” broad-brimmed sombrero. "Picturesque,” The guide was gone but a short time. was her mental comment.

Returning, he dismounted from his horse, "You are going to take me into the can- and packed the lunch which the bell boy yon," she said, not at all interrogatively. brought, in the saddle-bags; then leading Miss Trotter, it may be remarked, in pass- the diminutive burro to the horse-block,

, ing, was positive, pretty and peremptory. he assisted Miss Trotter to mount.

"Why-er-yes,” the young man “Don't attempt to direct him," he adswered, taking off his hat with a graceful vised. “Give him his head, and he will sweep.

carry you with perfect safety." “I'm not accustomed to riding, so you'd He swung into his saddle and started better get a mule or a burro for me. They off, Miss Trotter following timorously.


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