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BY

WILLIAM H. ALLEN

SECRETARY, BUREAL OF MUNICIPAL RESEARCH

FORMER SECRETARY OF THE NEW YORK COMMITTEE ON PHYSICAL WELFARE OF
SCHOOL CHILDREN, AUTHOR OF “EFFICIENT DEMOCRACYAND * RURAL
SANITARY ADMINISTRATION IN PennsYLVANIA," JOINT AUTHOR

SCHOOL REPORTS AND SCHOOL EFFICIENCY"

OF

WITH AN INTRODICTION

BY

WILLIAM T. SEDGWICK
PROFESSOR OF BIOLOGY IN THE MASSACHUSETTS INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY

GINN AND COMPANY

BOSTON · NEW YORK · CHICAGO · LONDOV

ENTERED AT STATIONERS' HALL

COPYRIGHT, 1909
By WILLIAM H. ALLEN

ALL RIGHTS RESERVED

99.1

The Athenæum Press
GINN AND COMPANY. PRO-
PRIETORS. BOSTON · U.S.A.

I 420

A 43 1904

INTRODUCTION

It is a common weakness of mankind to be caught by an idea and captivated by a phrase. To rest therewith content and to neglect the carrying of the idea into practice is a weakness still more common. It is this frequent failure of reformers to reduce their theories to practice, their tendency to dwell in the cloudland of the ideal rather than to test it in action, that has often made them distrusted and unpopular.

With our forefathers the phrase mens sana in corpore sano was a high favorite. It was constantly quoted with approval by writers on hygiene and sanitation, and used as the text or the finale of hundreds of popular lectures. And yet we shall seek in vain for any evidence of its practical usefulness. Its words are good and true, but passive and actionless, not of that dynamic type where words are " words indeed, but words that draw armed men behind them.”

Our age is of another temper. It yearns for reality. It no longer rests satisfied with mere ideas, or words, or phrases. The modern Ulysses would drink life to the dregs. The present age is dissatisfied with the vague assurance that the Lord will provide, and, rightly or wrongly, is beginning to expect the state to provide. And while this desire for reality has its drawbacks, it has also its advantages. Our age doubts absolutely the virtues of blind submission and resignation, and cries out instead for prevention and amelioration. Disease is no longer regarded, as Cruden regarded

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