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495. Implies confusion, arising from surprise, &c. at an extraordinary, or unexpected event: astonishment signifies to strike with the overpowering voice of thunder: we are surprised if that does, or does not happen, which we did, or did not expect; astonishment may be awakened by similar events, which are more unexpectel, and

more unaccountable: thus, we are astonished
to find a friend at our house, when we suppos-
ed he was hundreds of miles distant; or to hear
that a person has traveled a road, or crossed a
stream, that we thought impassable.
These are thy glorious works, Parent of good,
Almighty! thine this universal frame, [then!
Thus wondrous fair: Thyself, how wondrous,
Unspeakable! who sitt'st above these heavens,
To us-invisible, or dimly seen

In these thy lowest works: yet these declare
Thy goodness, beyond thought, and power divine.
See, what a grace was seated on this brow!
Hyperion curls; the front of Jove himself:
An eye like Mars, to threaten and command;
A station, like the herald Mercury,
New-lighted on a heaven-kissing hill.
A combination, and a form indeed,
Where every god did seem to set his seal,
To give the world assurance of a man.
What find I here ?

Fair Portia's counterfeit? What demi-god
Hath come so near creation? Move their eyes?
Or, whether riding on the ball of mine,
Seem they are in motion? Here are sever'd lips,
Parted with sugar breath: so sweet a bar [hairs,
Should sunder such sweet friends: Here, in her
The painter plays the spider, and hath woven
A golden mesh to entrap the hearts of men,
Faster than gnats in cobwebs.-But her eyes!
How could he see to do them! having made one,
Methinks it should have power to steal both his,
And leave itself unfinished.

Maxims. 1. Never consider the opinions o others in a matter that does not concern them. 2. It is of but little use to argue a point with one, whose mind is made up on the subject. 3. Beware of objections, founded on wrong ideas. 4. A woman's conclusions are generally proof against the most eloquent reasonings. 5. Look within, instead of without, for the true criterion of action, and be manly and independent. 6. Let the square and rule of life be-Is it right? 7. Be cautious in yielding your better judgment to the wishes of others. 8. We generally err, in undertaking-what we do not understand. 9. They will surely be wise, who profit by experience. 10. A clear head-makes sure work.

Temperance. Happy are they that have made their escape from the drinking custom of the world, and enrolled their names amongst the friends of Temperance; for, by so dong, they have most probably escaped from an early death. Death, not only of the body, but of the soul, for the habit of intoxication is calculated to destroy both.

Varieties. 1. When once you profess yourself a friend, be always such. 2. Blame not, before you have examined: understand, then rebuke. 3. Some people will never learn anything; for this reason, they understand everything too soon. 4. Who can calculate the importance of learning to say, No. 5. By following the order of Providence, and obeying the laws of life and being, we shall not become fatigued. 6. Abstraction, is the power, which the understanding has, of separating the combinations, which are presented to it; it is also called the power of considering qualities, or attributes of one object, apart from the rest. 7. There is a Providence in the least of man's thoughts and actions; yea, in all his common and trifting



Words are like leaves; and where they most a-
Much fruit of sense beneath, is rarely found./bound
False eloquence-like the prismatic glass,
Its gaudy colors spreads on every place :
The face of Nature-we no more survey,
All glares alike, without distinction gay:
But true expression, whate'er it shines upon,
It gilds all objects, but it alters-none.
Expression is the dress of thought, and still
Appears more decent-as more suitable.
A just man cannot fear;

Anecdote. While Thuci lydes was yet a boy, he heard Herodotus recite his histories, at the olympic games, and is said to have wept exceedingly. The "Father of Histori-Not, though the malice of traducing tongues ans," observing how much the boy was mor- The open vastness of a tyrant's ear, ed, congratulated his father, on having a child The senseless rigor of the wrested laws, of such promise, and advised him to spare no Or the red eyes of strain'd authority, pains in his education. Thucidy des became Should, in a point, meet all to take his life: one of the best historians of Greece. His innocence is armor 'gamst all these. Wise legislators never yet con'd draw Music so softens and disarms the mind, A fox within the reach of cominon law; That not an arrow does resistance find; For posture, dress, grimace, and affectation, Thus the fair tyrant celebrates the prize. Though foes to sense, are harmless to the nation; And acts herself the triumph of her eyes; Our last redress is dint of verse to try, So Nero once, with harp in hand, survey'd And satire is our Court of Chancery. His flaming Rome, and as it burn'd, be play&

496. THE MINOR, AND SOME OF THE MA- Maxims. 1. If a person feels wrong, he will JOR PASSIONS. The following common ex-be very sure to judge wrong, and thence do pressions are full of meaning: such judg-wrong. 2. Passions strong, judgment wrong, all ments are passed every day, concerning different individuals; "You might have seen it in his eyes: the looks of the man is enough; he has an honest countenance: his manner sets every one at his ease; I will trust him for his honest face; should he deceive me, I will never trust any body again; he cannot look a person in the face; his appearauce is against him; he is better (or worse,) than I took him to be."

497. ADMONIION assumes a

grave air bordering on severity; the head is sometimes shaken at the person we admonish, as if we felt for the miseries he was

likely to bring upon himself; the hand is directed to the person spoken to, and the fore-fnger, projected the rest. seems to point more parucularly to the danger we give warning

the world over. 3. Always do the very best you can, and then you'll be a wise man. 4. Children should be encouraged to do, whatever they unaims low, can never hit eralted objects; and he dertake, in the very best manner. 5. He who who is accustomed to do the best he can, in lower things, will be best prepared to attain excellence in the highest. 6. Children should never be allowed to fall into habits of disorder in anything; nor permitted to put things out of order, or maks work for others. 7. Of goods, prefer the greatest; of evils choose the least. 8. Children are always more attracted and interested by oral instruction, han by book instruction.

Anecdote. A Quaker-was waited on by four of his workmen, to make their compli ments to him, and ask for their usual Newyear's gifts. The Quaker told them, There are your gifts,-choose fifteen francs, or the Bible. All took the francs, but a lad, about fourteen, who chose the Bible, as the Quaker said it was a good book; and, on opening it he found, between the leaves, a gold piece of forty francs. The others held down their heads, and the giver told them, he was sorry they had not made a better choice.


of; the voice assumes a low pitch, bordering on a monotone, with a mixture of severity and sympa Varieties. 1. We cannot be truly just, thy of pity, and reproach. without prudence, or truly prudent, without MISCELLANEOUS. 1. The habituating chil-justice; because prudence leads us to indren to work for, and serve the poor, particu-quire what is just; and justice alone can larly poor children, with a good will, may prevent that perversion of intellect taking justly be regarded, as tending to promote the reception of the highest order and quality of place, which often passes for prudence, but is heavenly virtue. 2. It is not in knowing the only cunning, the offspring or selfishness. 2. Temperance signifies the right use of the will of God, but in doing it, that we shall be right things, furnished by nature for our enblessed. 3. The noblest aspect in which the joyment, so that they may not injure, but divine majesty of the Lord can be viewed, is that, in which he presented himself, when benefit us; and instead of unfilling us for he said, that he "come, not to be ministered our duties, dispose and fit us for their performance. 3. He, who is not temperate, is a unto, but to minister;" and how great a priv-slave to his appetites and passions; the slave ilege ought we to esteem it to be, to follow of drinking, gluttony and lust; of pride, his example. 4. What a pity it is, that pa- vanity and ambition; because he is not at rents and teachers are not more anxious to liberty to be, what he was created to be. mend the heart, than furnish the heads of their children and pupils! 5. Charity is The prophet spoke: when, with a gloomy frown, something more than a word, or wish; it is the consistent practice of true wisdom. Tis one thing to be tempted, Escalus, Another thing-to fall. I not denyThe jury, passing on the prisoner's life, May, on the sworn twelve, have a thief or two, Gu Itier than him they try; what's open made To justice, that it seizes on. What know [nant, The lates, that thieves do pass on thieves? 'tis preg. The jewel that we find, we stoop and tak't Because we see it; but what we do not see, We tread upon, and never think of it. You may not so extenuate his offence, For I have had such faults; but rather tell me When I, that censure him, do not so offend, Let mine own judgment pattern out my death, And nothing come in partial. He must die.

Black choler filled his breast, that bo'd with ire,
And, from his eyeballs, flashed the living fire.
Of beasts, it is confessed the ape-
Comes nearest us--in human shape;
Like man, he imitates each fashion;
And malice-is his ruling passion.

The monarch started-from his throne;

I hate, when vice can bolt her arguments,
And virtue-has no tongue, to check her pride
But not to me return
Day, or the sweet approach of even and morn,
But cloud instead, and ever-during dark
Surrounds me.

If sweet content is banished from my soul,
Life grows a burden, and a weight of woe.
Music-moves us, and we know not tchy;
We feel the tears, but cannot trace their sourc

498. AFFIRMING, with a judicial oath, is expressed by lifting up the right hand and eyes towards heaven; if conscience be applied to, by laying the right hand upon the breast exactly upon the heart; the voice low and solemn, the words slow and deliberate; but when the affirmation is mixed with rage or resentment, the

voice is more open and loud, the words quicker,

Laconics. I have seen the flower--withering on the stalk, and its bright leaves-spread on the ground. I looked again; it sprung forth afresh; its stem was crowed with new buds, and its sweetness filled the air. I have seen the sun set in the west, and the shades of night shut in the wide horizon: there was no color or shape, nor beauty, nor music; gloom and darkness brooded around. I looked! the sun broke forth again upon the east, and gilded the mountain-tops; the lark rose-to meet him from her low nest, and the shades of darkness fled away. I have seen the insect, being come to its full size, languish, and re


and the countenance has all the confidence of a fuse to eat: it spun itself a tomb, and was shroudstrong and peremptory assertion.

Notes. The Duke had reproached Lord Thurlow with his plebeian extraction and his recent admission to the peerage. He rose from the woolsack and advanced slowly to the place from which the chancellor addresses the house, then fixing his eye on the Duke (in the words of a spectator,) "with the look of Jove when he has grasped the thunder," spoke as follows:

My Lords-I am amazed; yes my Lords, I am amazed at his grace's speech. The noble duke cannot look before him. behind him, or on either side of him, without seeing some noble peer, who owes his seat in this house to his successful exertions, in the profession to which I belong. Does he not feel that it is as honorable, to owe it to these, as to being the accident of an accident? To all these noble lords, the language of the noble duke is as applicable, and as insulung, as it is to myself. But I don't fear to meet it single and alone. No one venerates the peerage more than I do-but, my lords, I must say, that the peerage solicited me,-not I the peerage.

Nay more,-I can say, and will say, that as a peer of parliament.-as speaker of this right honorable house, as keeper of the great seal, as guardian of his majesty's conscience, -as lord high chancellor of England-nay, even in that character alone, in which the noble duke would

think it an affront to be considered-but which

character none can deny me-as a MAN, I am, at this time, as much respected, as the proudest peer I now look down upon.

A man of sovereign parts he is esteem'd! Well fitted in the arts, glorious in arms; Nothing becomes him ill, that he would well. The only soil of his fair virtue's gloss, (If virtue's gloss will stain with any soil,) Is a sharp wit match'd with too blunt a will: [wills Whose edge hath power to cut, whose will still It should none spare that come within his power. Anecdote. Butler, Bishop of Durham, and author of the Analogy, being applied to for a charitable subscription, asked his steward what money he had in his house; the steward informed him there were five hundred pounds. "Five hundred pounds!" said the bishop; "what a shame for a bishop to have such a sum in his possession!" And he ordered it all to be given to the poor immediately.

Bold with joy,

Forth from his lonely hiding-place,
(Portentous sight!) the owlet Atheism,
Sailing on obscure wings athwart the noon,
Drops his blue-fringed lids, and holds them close,
And, hooting at the glorious sun in heaven,
Cries out, "Where is it?"

The world is still deceived by ornament.

ed in the silken cone: it lay without feet, or shape, or power to move. I looked again: it had burst its tomb; it was full of life, and sailed on colored wings through the soft air; it rejoiced in its new being.

Varieties. 1. Many a young lady can chatter in French or Italian, thrum the piano, and paint a little, and yet be ignorant of housekeeping, and not know how even to make a loaf of bread, roast a piece of meat, or make a palatable soup. 2. It is a false idea to think of elevating woman to her right position of intelligence and influence in society, without making her thoroughly and practically acquainted with the details of domestic life. 3. It is wrong for either men or women, to bury themselves in their everyday avocation, to the neglect of intellectual and moral culture, and the social amenities of life: but it is still worse to give exclusive attention to the latter, and utterly neglect the former; because, in the former are involved our first and most important duties. 4. Neglected duties never bring happiness: even the best of society would fail to delight, if enjoyed at the expense of human duties. 5. That which is our duty should always take precedence: otherwise, no effort to obtain happiness can be successful.

Still-let my song-a nobler note assume,
And sing the impressive force of SPRING on man:
Then, HEAVEN-and earth, as if contending,-vie
To raise his being,-and serene-his soul.
Can he forbear-to join-the general smile
Of NATURE? Can fierce passions-vex his breast,
While every gale is peace, and every grove
Is melody?

The happiness-of human kind,
Consists-in rectitude of mind,-
A will-subdued to reason's sway,
And passions--practiced to obey:
An open-and a generous heart,
Refined from selfishness-and art;
Patience, which mocks-at fortune's power,
And wisdom-neither sad, nor sour.
Never forget our loves,-but always cling
To the fixed hope-th't there will be a time,-
When we can meet-unfetter'd-and be blest-
With the full happiness-of certain love.

A villain, when he most seems kind,
Is most to be suspected.

499. REVISION. Huving gone thro', briefly, with the major passions, and given illustrations of each, before dismissing these important subjects, it may be useful to present the minor ones; occasionally alluding to the prinSipaions. The ac. companying engraVing represents. calm ort.tude, discretion, benevolence, goodness.and nobility. Admira

tion may also be combined with amazement: surprise, (which sign fes-taken on a sudden.) may, for a moment, startle: astonishment may stupefy, and cause an entire suspension of the inculties; but AMAZEMENT has also a mixture of perturbation; as the word means to be in a maze, so as not to be able to collect one's self: there is no mind that may not, at times, be thrown into amazement at the awful dispensations of Providence.


Remember March, the ides of MARCH remember!
Did not great Julius-bleed for JUSTICE' sake?
What villain touch'd his body,-that did stab,
And not for justice?
What! shall one of us,

That struck the foremost man-of all this world,
But for supporting robbers, shall we-now-
Contaminate our fingers with base bribes?
And sell the mighty space of our large honors,
For so much trash-as may be grasped thus?
I had rather be a dog, and bay the moon,
Than such a Roman.

Aneedote. Ethelwold, bishop of Winchester, in king Edgar's time, sold the gold and silver vessels belonging to the church, to relieve the poor, during a famine, saying: "There is no reason, that the senseless temples of God, should abound in riches, while his luring temples ware perishing with hunger.”


O happy they the happiest of their kind!
Whom gentle stars unite, and in one fate
Their hearts, their fortunes, and their beings blend.
Tis not the coarser tie-of human laws,
Unnatural oft, and foreign to the mind,
That binds their peace, but harmony itself,
Attuning all their passions into love;

Where friendship-fall, exerts her softest power,
Perfect esteem, enliven'd by desire
Ineffable, and sympathy of soul;

Thought, meeting thought, and veill preventing voill,
With boundless confidence: for nought but love
Can answer love, and render bliss secure.

Merit-seldom shows
Itself-bedecked in tinsel, or fine clothes;
But, hermit-like, 'tis oft'ner us'd to fly,
And hide its beauties-in obscurity.
For places in the court, are but like beds-
In the hospital; where this man's head-lies
At that man's foot, and so, tower and lower.

Laconics. 1. The idle-often delay till tomorrow, what ought to be done to-day. 2. Science is the scribe, and theology the interpreter of God's works. 3. Regret is unavailing, when a debt is contracted; tho' a little prudence, might have prevented its being incurred. 4. A loud, or vehement mode of delivery, accompanied by a haughty action, may render an expression highly offensive; but which would be perfectly harmless, if pronounced properly. 5. Dishonesty chooses the most expeditious route; virtue the right one, though it be more circuitous. 6. Is the soul a mere vapor, a something without either essence or form? 7. Impressions, firmly fixed in the mind, and long cherished, are erased with great difficulty; how important, then, they should be good ones.

Difficulty-is a severe instructor, set over us by the supreme ordinance of a parental guardian and legislator, who knows us better than we know ourselves, and he loves us better too. He, that wrestles with us, strengthens our nerves, and sharpens our skill. Our antagonist is our helper. This amicable conflict with difficulty obliges us to an intimate acquaintance with our object, and compels us

to consider it in all its relations. It will not suffer us to be superficial.



Sleep-seldom visits sorrow;
When it does, it is a comforter.
Why, on that brow, dwell sorrow and dismay,
Where loves were wont to sport, and smiles to play'
With equal mind, what happens, let us hear,

Nor joy, nor grieve too much, for things beyond our care.
Thus, my fleeting days, at last,
Unheeded, silently are passed,
Calmly-shall I resign my breath,
In life-unknown,-forgot-in death.
Love-never reasons, but profusely gives;
Gives, like a thoughtless prodigal, its all,
And trembles then, lest it has done too little.
Tho' all seems lost, 'tis impious-to despair;
The tracks of Providence-like rivers-wind.
Why shrinks the soul

Back on herself, and startles at destruction?
Tis the Divinity--that surs within us.
Still raise--for good-the supplicating voice,
But leave to HEAVEN the measure, and the choice,
Safe in His power, whose eye discerns afar
The secret ambush of a specious prayer.

| Implore His aid; in His decisions rest;
Secure-whate'er He gives, he gives the best.
Yet, when the sense of sacred presence fires,
And strong devotion-to the skies aspires,
Pour forth thy ferrors for a healthful mind,
Obedient passions, and a will resigned;
For lore, which scarce collective man can Eli
For patience, sovereign o'er transmuted ill;
For faith, that, panting for a happier seat,
Counts death-kind nature's signal of retreat:
These goods-for man-the laws of heaven ordain,
These goods He grants, who grants the power to
With these celestial wisdom calms the mind. [gain,
And makes the happiness-she does not find.
Call it diversion, and the pill goes down.

500. Arguing requires a cool, sedate, atten- Laconics. 1. To know-is one thing, to do, tive aspect, and a close, slow, and emphatical is another. 2. Consider what is said, rather than accent, with much demonstration by the hand;

it assumes somewhat of authority, as if fully

who said it: and the consequence of the argu

ment, rather than the consequence of kim, who delivers it. 3. These proverbs, maximis, and lacon

convinced of what it pleads for; and sometimes rises to great vehemence and energy of action: the voice clear, distinct, and firm as in confidence.ics, are founded on the facts, that mankind are the


Ay, but yet


same, and that the passions are the disturbing forces; the greater or less prevalence of which, give individuality to character. 4. If parents give their children an improper education, whose is the misfortune, and whose the crimes? 5. The greater your facilities are for acquiring knowledge, the greater should be your efforts: and genius-is the power-of making efforts. 6. The world's unfavorable views of conduct and character, are as floating clouds, from which the

Let us be keen, and rather cut a little, [tleman,
Than fall and bruise to death. Alas! this gen-
Whom I would save, had a most noble father!
Let but your honor know, (whom I believe
To be most straight in virtue) whether, in
The working of your own affections,
Had time cobered with place, or place with wish-
Or, that the resolute acting of your blood, [pose,
Could have attain'd the effect of your own pur-brightest day is not free. 7. Never marry-but
Whether you had not some time in your life, for love; and see that thou lovest only what is
Err'd in this point, you censure now in him, lovely.
And pull'd the law upon you.

This World. What is the happiness that this world can give? Can it defend us from disasters? Can it preserve our hearts from grief, our eyes from tears, or our feet from falling? Can it prolong our comforts? Can it multiply our days? Can it redeem ourselves, or our friends from death? Can it soothe the king of terrors, or initigate the agonies of the dying?

591. AFFECTATION-displays itself in a thousand different gestures, airs, and looks, according to the character which the person affects. Affectation of learning-gives a stiff formality to the whole person: the words come stalking out with the pace of a funeral procession, and every sentence has the solemnity of an oracle. Affectation-of pity-turns up the goggling whites of the eye to heaven, as if the person was in a trance, and fixes them in that posture so long, that the brain of the beholder grows giddy: then comes up deep grumbling, a holy groan from the lower part of the thorax, but so tremendous in sound, and so long protracted, that you expect to see a goblin rise, like an exhalation from the solid earth: thus he begins to rock, from side to side, or backward and forward, like an aged pine on the side of a hill, when a brisk wind blows: the hands are clasped together, and often lifted, and the head shaken with fool-The ish vehemence; the tone of voice is canting, or a sing-song lullaby, not much removed from an Irish howl, and the words godly doggerel. AFFECTATION OF BEAUTY, and killing-puts a fine woman, by turns, into all sorts of forms, appearances and attitudes, but amiable ones: she undoes by art, or rather awkwardness, all that nature has done for her; for nature formed her al

most an angel and she, with infin te pains. makes herself a monkey: this species of affectation is easily imitated, or taken off: in doing which, make as many, and as ugly grimaces, motions and gestures, as can be made; and take care that nature never peeps out; thus you may represent coquettish affectation to the life.

Anecdote. A nobleman advised a bishop to make an addition to his house, of a new wing, in modern style. The prelate answered him, "The difference between your advice and that which the devil gave to our Saviour-is, that Satan advised Jesus to change stones into bread, that the poor might be fed; and you desire me to turn the bread of the poor into stones.

A wise poor man,

Is like a sacred book that's never read;
To himself he lives, and to all else seema dead:
This age thinks better of a gilded fool,
Than of a threadbare saint in wisdom's school.

Cheerful looks-make every dish-a feast,
And 'tis that-CROWNS a welcome.


Three poets, in three distant ages born,
Greece, Italy, and England did adorn.
The first in loftiness of thought surpassed;
The next, in majesty; in both, the last.
The force of nature could no further go;
To make a third, she join'd the former two.
Under a portrait of Milton-Dryden.
poetry of earth is never dead!—
When all the birds are faint with the hot sun,
And hide in cooling trees, a voice will run,
From hedge to hedge about the new-mown mead;
That is the grasshopper's ;-he takes the lead
In summer luxury ;-he has never done
With his delights; for when tired out with fun
He rests at ease beneath some pleasant weed
The poetry of earth is ceasing never!-

On a lone winter evening, when the frost
Has wro't a silence from the stove, there shrills
The cricket's song, in warmth increasing ever,
And seems to one, in drowsiness half lost,
The grasshopper's among some grassy hills.
Believe me, if all those endearing young charms,

Which I gaze on so fondly to-day, [arms,
Were to change by to-morrow, and fleet in my
Like fairy gifts fading away; [thou art,
Thou wouldst still be ador'd, as this moment

Let thy loveliness fade as it will,
And around the dear ruin each wish of my heart,
Would entwine itself verdantly still.

It is not while beauty and youth are thy own,
And thy cheeks unprofan'd by a tear,
That the fervor and faith of a soul can be known,
To which time will but make thee more dear.
Oh! the heart that has truly lov'd, never forgets,
But as truly loves on to the close;
As the sunflower turns on her god, when he sets,
The same look which she turn'd when he rose

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