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age, but only what the title, advisedly selected, indicates. I have prefixed to it the Introducrion from the first volume of my Church History, reserving the recasting of the whole work for a new edition, should God permit.
In reference to the arrangement of the whole plan, and the mutual relation of the parts of the representation, I must beg the reader to suspend his judgment awhile, till the completion of the whole by the publication of the second part.
It will be my constant aim to carry on to its conclusion the whole of the work I have undertaken on the history of the Church, if God continue to grant me strength and resolution for the purpose. Meanwhile, a brief compendium of Church History on the principles of my arrangement, but enriched with literary notices, will be published. My dear friend, Professor Rheinwald, of Bonn, having been prevented by his new duties from executing this work, it has been undertaken at my request by another of my friends, Mr. Licentiate Vogt," already favourably known to the theological public by his share in editing the Homilarium, and still more commended to the public favour by his literary labours on the Pseudo-Dionysius, and the Life and Times of Gerson, Chancellor of Paris. May he receive from every quarter that public favour and encouragement which his character, acquirements, and performances deserve ! 2
A. NEANDER. BERLIN, 29th May, 1832.
PREFACE TO VOLUME II. OF THE FIRST EDITION.
I HAVE only a few words to say in addition to the Preface of the first volume. The exposition of doctrines which occupies the principal part of the second half of this work, I was obliged to regulate as to quantity by the relation in which this work stands to the general history of the Church, and the proportion which the history of doctrine in the latter bears to the whole. Hence I have been obliged to leave untouched many questions which would occur to the Christian theologian, who develops and elaborates the contents of the sacred records for the use of his own times ; my endeavours have been confined to representing primitive Christianity according to its principal models of doctrine in its historical development. In executing such a work, every man must be influenced by his own religious and doctrinal standing-point, by his views of the doctrines of Christianity, its origin, and its relation to the general development of the human race. On this point no one can
(1) Now Dr. Vogt, ordinary professor of Theology, and pastor at Greifswald.
(2) This wish for so peculiarly dear a friend, whose personal intercourse, so beneficial to my heart, I no longer enjoy, has been fulfilled. But his multiplied labours will not permit him to accomplish the design mentioned above. Yet if it please God another of my young friends will be found fitted for the task.
blame another for differing from himself; for a purely objective historical work, stripped of all subjectivity in its representation, untinctured by the individual notions of the writer, is an absurdity. The only question is, what point of view in the contemplation of these objects most nearly corresponds to the truth, and from this the clearest conceptions will be formed of the images presented in history. Without renouncing our subjectivity, without giving up our own way of thinking (a thing utterly impossible) to those of others, or rendering it a slave to the dogmas of any school which the petty arrogance of man would set on the throne of the living God, (for this would be to forfeit the divine freedom won for us by Christ,) our efforts must be directed to the constant purification and elevation of our thinking otherwise subject to sin and error) by the spirit of truth. Free inquiry belongs to the goods of humanity, but it presupposes the true freedom of the whole man, which commences in the disposition, which has its seat in the heart, and we know where this freedom is alone to be found. We know whence that freedom came which by means of Luther and the Reformation broke the fetters of the human mind. We know that those who have this beautiful name most frequently on their lips, often mean by it only another kind of slavery.
It will now be my most earnest care and greatest satisfaction, to devote the time and strength not employed in my official labours, to the continuation of my History of the Church, to its termination, for which may God grant me the assistance of his Spirit !
A. NEANDER. BERLIN, 9th August, 1832.
(GENERAL) PREFACE TO THE SECOND EDITION. Having, as I believe, sufficiently explained in my former prefaces the object of this work, and the theological position it takes in relation to other standing-points, I have little more to add. What I have here expressed will serve to rectify several errors which have since been discovered, to pacify, as far as possible, various complaints. Many things indeed find their rectification or settlement only in that constant process of development and purification which is going on in a critical age. There is a fire kindled, which must separate in the building that is founded on a rock, the wood, hay and stubble, from what is formed of the precious metals and jewels. There are imaginary wants, which not only I cannot satisfy, but which I do not wish to satisfy. The activity shown of late years, in Biblical inquiries and the kindred branches of history, has enabled me to correct and amplify many parts, and to vindicate others from objections.
A. NEANDER. BERLIN, 30th May, 1838.
PREFACE TO THE THIRD EDITION.
As to what I have said respecting the position I have taken in reference to the controversies which are every day waxing fiercer, and distract an age that longs after a new creation, I can only reassert that, if it pleased God, I hope to abide faithful to these principles to my latest breath! the ground beneath our feet may be shaken, but not the heavens above
We will adhere to that theologia pectoris, which is likewise the true theology of the spirit, the German theology, as Luther calls it.
The demand for this new edition was a call to improve the work to the utmost of my ability, and to introduce whatever new views appeared to me to be correct.
Sound criticism on particular points will always be welcome to me; the cavils of self-important sciolists I shall always despise.
A. NEANDER. BERIJN, 2d August, 1841
Gate - His prayers and fasting - Vision of an Angel - Peter's vision-His
Paul's peculiar position in the development of the kingdom of God-His parentage
Paul preaches the Gospel at Damascus-Goes into Arabia-Return to Damascus
-and flight-Visit to Jerusalem—The peculiar development of his religious
Barnabas at Antioch-The name Christians first given to believers-Contributions
from the Church at Antioch to the Church at Jerusalem-Persecution by Herod
Dispute between the Jewish and Gentile Christians respecting Circumcision-
Mission of Paul and Barnabas to Jerusalem-Paul's private conferences with
of their success among the Gentiles-Proposal of James-The moderation and
1. Charisms or gifts for the ministry of the Word......