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LONDON, SATURDAY, JULY 2, 1898.
“It was not mine intent to prostitute my muse in
English, or to divulge secreta Minerve, but to have CONTENTS. - No. 27.
exposed this more contract in Latin, if I could have NOTES :-Burton's Acquaintance with Boglish Writers, 1 got it printed. Any scurrile pamphlet is welcome
Greek Church in Sobo, 2-Cary's Danto-Kingston-upon to our mercenary stationers in English ; they print Thames – “Heron" - Oakapple Day, 4-Bacilli-"Child- all, bed Pew"-Church Row, Hampstead~"Rough
cuduntque libellos wainer,” 5-Manila-Accent in Spanish-George Old, 6. QUERIES :-" Horse Guards"-"Sumer is y-cumen in ".
In quorum foliis vix simia nuda cacaret; * Dewy-feathered "-Rev. T. E. Owen - Nether Hall, Essex but in Latin they will not deal; which is one of the -Source of Quotation-Italian Law-Jas. Cox's Museum reasons Nicholas Carr, in his oration of the paucity -Carew - Poem – "Anigosanthus "-The man in the of English writers, gives, that so many flourishing street" - Manor House, Clapton, Sir N. Stukeley: 2-wits are smothered in oblivion, lie dead and buried Cadoux-Song- The Causidicade'.-Saxe-Coburg-Gotha, in this our nation (pp. 10, 11)." Army Lists – Telescope - Shepherd's Chess- Educational Systems-Rev. J. Flower-Farwell Pedigree St. Werner It is therefore evident that our author did
Order of St. Germain-Withred, King of Kent, & The not think that his book would be a success, Egyptian Kite - Rev. G. Lewis — Lady A. Robartes 9.
wherein he erred like many another. Petrarch REPLIES : – Historic Perspective, 9-_Rssay by Carlyle prided himself on his Latin poetry, which has "Bundling”-Canaletto in London-Hare Proverb="The long since been engulfed in the waters of Width of Organ Keys-Macaulay and Montgomery a Por he regarded as idle conceits, are immortal calling of the sea."-"Fool's plough.” Sherborn, oblivion, while his Italian love-sonnets, which Moon through Coloured Glass, 13-Judge Family-- Latin (F.W. Schlegel’s ‘History of Literature,' p. 161, Ambiguities — Massage - Sidesmen, 14"-halgh," 15 Gladstone as & Verse-Writer - Rev. Lockhart Gordon Bohn, London, 1859). Notwithstanding that Style of Archbishops--Angels, 16—Sir R. Hotham-Bishop Burton did not write in Latin, à fair B. Hopkins, Rotten Row--Passage in Dickens, Mess of acquaintance with that language is absopottage" " - British Museum Reading Room Bap wherry lutely necessary to the full comprehension of
General Benedict Arnold, 18.
his book, for, though he quotes from almost NOTES ON BOOKS :-Routledge's Church of St. Martin, Canterbury - Hutchinson's Wordsworth and Coleridge's every Greek author, he uses a Latin
version, Lyrical Ballads' - Magnetic Magic' - Bygone Devon. except once in the case of Anacreon (p. 453), shire' – Bygone Hertfordshire Webb's Shakespeare and four times in the case of Hesiod (pp. 86, Reference Book'-'Antiquary'-.Public Library Journal.'
145, 176, 429). Furthermore, he has given us
(pp. 497–8 and 505-6) specimens of what his Notes.
book would have been had he composed it
in the classical tongue. Certainly his style ROBERT BURTON'S ACQUAINTANCE WITH therein is not more contract” than in his ENGLISH WRITERS.
homely, vigorous English, which has saved R. BURTON was born in 1576, and died his work from being "smothered in oblivion," in 1639. The first edition of his Anatomy to use his own phrase (p. 11). But, as Austin of Melancholy' was published in 1621, and saith, “Alia quæstio est, et ad rem, quæ finished in the previous year, as I gather from agitur, non pertinet” (De Doctr. Christ.' a very old copy (unfortunately the title-page 1. 1i. c. 2). "That's another story" (N. is lost) in the Liverpool Free Library. "The 9th S. i. 417). “Revenons à nos bouteilles, words in the colophon, as it may be termed, as Montaigne says ('Essais,' liv. ii. ch. 2), are : “From my Studie in Christ Church wherein he is nowise original, for he hath Oxon. Decemb. 3. 1620." The edition which adapted it from the phrase “Revenons à nos I make use of in this note is a reprint of the moutons,” _to be found in the comedy sixth (1652), published by W. Tegg, London, L'Avocat Patelin' ('Histoire de la Littérature 1849.
Française,' par J. Demogeot, Paris, 1864), and A mighty maze! but not without a plan. not first used by the fabulist La Fontaine, as Pope, ‘Essay on Man,' i. 6.
many do ignorantly suppose. It will probably astonish those who have After this little digression in the style of not made themselves well acquainted with mine author, I will now endeavour to show this fascinating work to learn that the writer, his acquaintance with English writers, most in addition to his amazing knowledge of the of whom belonged to the Golden Age of our classics, the fathers, the schoolmen-in short, literature, of which Burton all writers, sacred and profane, who have temporary: used Latin or Greek as the vehicle of their From "Sir Geoffrey Chaucer” (p. 630), “our thoughts—was well versed in the vernacular English Homer” (p.565), he quotes frequently literature of his country, both earlier and later. It is a curious thing that Burton Paucitateet Studiorum Impedimentis Oratio, 'Lond.,
* "Carr Nicolaus, De Scriptorum Britannicorum would have written his book in Latin if he 1576. As to the lines quoted, for which Burton had been able to get a publisher. In in- gives no author, I will obey his request (p. 138) : dignant terms he says :
* Good Master Schoolmaster, do not English this." 48323
and with evident enjoyment. I have counted familiar. He quotes Sir Francis Bacon, "an twenty-six quotations from and references honourable man, now Viscount St. Albans to the works of the father of English (p. 73), “our noble and learned Lord Verulam poetry spread throughout the book, the (p. 455), four times, thrice from the Essays, figures of which I will not give, as they and once from his book 'De Vita et Morte, as would over-burden these pages. “The Wife he terms it (see Lowndes). With writers such as of Bath' is his favourite. Spenser, “our J. Lyly (Euphues '), Sir H. Spelman, Camden, modern Maro” (p. 485), is quoted six times, Leland, J. Fox (Acts and Monuments ') Sam. and referred to more than once. 'The Purchas, Sands (the traveller), Vaughan (the Faerie Queene’is the only poem of Spenser's author of The Golden Fleece'); theological used by Burton. Shakespeare, "an elegant writers like "Bishop Fotherby in his 'Atheopoet of qurs” (p. 511), is quoted on the same mastix,', Doctor Dove, Doctor Jackson, page, and quoted incorrectly, Four lines are Abernethy, Corderoy, who have written well cited from the ‘Venus and Adonis,'the fourth, of this subject (immortality of the soul] in according to Burton, being,
our mother tongue” (p. 713); Father Parsons, And all did covet her for to embrace,
the Jesuit; medical writers, geographers, which is a poor substitute for the original,
&c., this indefatigable student is familiar.
As this note has extended to an inordinate She wildly breaketh from their strict embrace.
length, I am afraid I must reserve any (See Globe Shakespeare, 'Venus and Adonis,' further observations to some future date. ì. 874, p. 1011.) On p. 531 there is a reference If I take up the subject again, it will be for to 'Much Ado about Nothing,” “Like Benedict the purpose of giving a sketch of Burton's and Beatrice in the comedy.” On p. 600 are character, habits, and idiosyncrasies, for to be found, incorporated in the text, two which the materials are scant elsewhere, but lines from Ophelia's song, “ Young men," &c., abundant in his own monumental work, for 'Hamlet,' IV. v. Lastly (p. 6), we find this
never was author more self-revealing. energetic sentence, “They lard their lean
John T. CURRY. books with the fat of others' works," which reminds us of the Prince's words, Falstaff sweats to death,
THE GREEK CHURCH IN SOHO, AND And lards the lean earth as he walks along.
ITS VICINITY. *1 Henry IV.,' II. ii.
PASSING the other day along Charing Cross Ben Jonson, our arch poet” (p. 553)Road, I stepped aside from that tavernappears four times. Five lines are quoted haunted thoroughfare to look again upon from The Fox, III. iii., to show how" old the old Greek Church in what was once Volpone courted Cælia in the comedy."., A Hog Lane, and in more recent times Crown reference is made to 'Every Man out of his Street.
I was sorry to find the building Humour,' to show how some men dote on doomed to destruction--indeed, a shroud of their wives, “as Senior Deliro on his Fallace" hoarding already enveloped its devoted, but (p. 633).
still robust frame. To those who inight wish But I must be brief. I will, therefore, only to take a last look at this historical edifice, I inention the names of the remaining poets may mention that the name of Crown Street whose productions are quoted or referred to may now be sought for in vain, as that street in the “Anatomy': Daniel, our English was entirely absorbed by Charing Cross Road. Tatius” (p. 600), nine times; M. Drayton, The building may be iound at the rear of the
our English Ovid” (p. 171), six times ; S. church of St. Mary the Virgin, within a few Rowlands, once; T. Randolph, four times; Sir hundred feet of Oxford Street, on the western John Harrington, the translator of Ariosto, side of the new thoroughfare. Before it nine times ; G. Wither, thrice, the last from finally disappears from the face of the earth, *The Manly Heart' (see 'Golden Treasury,' a few words regarding its history may be first edition, p. 83) :
interesting to the readers of ‘N. & Q.' If she be not so to me,
In 1676 one Joseph Georgeirenes, ArchWhat care I how kind she be?
bishop of Samos, came to London to obtain I have quoted this couplet to illustrate a assistance in publishing a book of devotions practice of Burton's, viz., incorporating the for the use of the Orthodox community words of other authors in his text. I have found his compatriots at the west end of no doubt that a careful search would lead to London without a church, and on his applimany such discoveries.
So much for the cation Compton, Bishop of London, gave poets.
him a piece of ground in Soho Fields on With other English authors he was no less which to build one. The bishop's name, by
the way, is still preserved in that of the him as he had been; the parish authorities adjacent Compton Street, as also, in Frith disputed the bishop's right to the ground on Street, is the name of one Mr. Frith, who which the church stood ; and the end of it acted for his lordship in the matter. George- all was that the poor Archbishop of Samos, irenes succeeded in collecting some 1,500l., like Mr. Gladstone's Turk, was evicted “bag and the church was ultimately built. It was and baggage.” A legend existed in the neighdedicated to St. Mary the Virgin, and over bourhood that his ghost haunted the scene of its door was placed a stone incised inscrip- his mortifications and failures. The building tion, which exists, in excellent preservation, passed into the hands of other foreigners, the to this day. It is in rather fantastic modern Huguenots, of whom Soho contained a great Greek characters, impossible to reproduce in number, and it was held by them for more type, and has been translated as follows: than a hundred years, till 1822. Then came, “In the year of Salvation 1677, this temple was
and went, a body of Calvinistic Protestant crected for the nation of the Greeks--the most Dissenters; and in 1849 the edifice was serene Charles II, being King, and the Royal (lit. secured by the rector of St. Anne's, Soho, born in the purple) Prince Lord James being the and consecrated by Bishop Blomfield for the commander of the forces, the Right Reverend service of the Church of England, under its Lord Henry Compton being Bishop - at the ex old name of “St. Mary the Virgin.”. This pense of the above and other bishops and nobles, and with the concurrence of our Humility of Samos, name the large modern church which has Joseph Georgeirenes, a native of the island of superseded it still bears, and the premises Melos.”
are now the scene of great parochial and Poor Georgeirenes's career, however, was evangelistic activity. It is much to be hoped beset with misfortunes. He had a thorn in that steps will be taken to preserve in safe the side in the shape of a rival Greek priest, custody the interesting inscription of which who fraudulently represented himself as the a translation is given above, for which, and Archbishop of Samos, and collected moneys for most of the historical facts relating to the ostensibly for the building of the church, church, I am indebted to an article in the which he devoted to a most unworthy object, Sunday at Home, written by Mr. J. Sachs. namely, himself. To stop this impostor's It may be mentioned that the church, then practices, the real archbishop advertised a in the possession of the Huguenots, is drawn quaintly personal description of himself in by Hogarth in his picture Noon,' where the London Gazette of February, 1680, in also may be found a portrait of its minister which he accused “Joachim Ciciliano, of the and the painter's friend, the Rev. M. Hervé. island of Cefalonia, a Grecian minister of a With a sublime disregard of minute accuracy, high stature, with a black beard,” of per- Hogarth has shown St. Giles's steeple dominsonating him and receiving contributions ating the scene in Hog Lane. " towards building the Grecian Church," and A walk round this district would well repay further with “lewdly spending the same to the reflective antiquary. In the immediate the prejudice of the said church.”. To pre- neighbourhood is St. Anne's, Soho, where lie vent all possibility of further mistake, he the bones of the hapless Theodore, King of asked all and sundry to take notice that he Corsica, and the register of which church himself (Georgeirenes) was “an indifferent contains records of the baptisms of many of tall man, and slender, with long black hair, the royal blood. In Soho Square itself, the having a wart on the right side of the nose, rectory stands on the site of Monmouth but against his eye, and black whiskers, and House, where lived the unfortunate duke very little beard," and he finished by declaring whose motto at Sedgemoor was “Soho!” The that “with the assistance of good Christians," notorious Mrs. Cornelys, so frequently men“most serene" Charles and the royal James, the last century, had her house where the he had built and almost finished "the Grecian Catholic church now stands. Of the associaChurch in Sohoe Fields.” But though George- tions of Leicester Square it is needless to irenes scored off his felonious fellow-country- write. Sir Joshua Reynolds's house is still man, his lot was not a happy one. The to be seen ; Hogarth's, alas! is being demochurch was not a success. It was incon- lished. Just round the corner, at the Newton veniently situated. The Greeks were already Hall, is the famous Sir Isaac Newton's. In removing from the site of their earlier settle- West Street, St. Giles's, is Wesley's chapel, ment in Greek Street and its neighbourhood, now a mission chapel of the Church of Eng and the congregation, and as a necessary land-a place with which the founder of consequence the funds, declining. Methodism was long and intimately conCompton was not now so willing to help nected, and of which the Rev. Mr. Dibdin a
former minister, has written a history. To from sunrise, and three (Hebrew) hours from their credit, the present possessors of the noon. Thus at the summer solstice the third chapel are very solicitous with regard to its hour from sunrise at 5 A.M. (70'X3=210'= old associations, and some relics of Wesley 3h 30') was our 8.30 A.M., and the ninth hour and his early followers are preserved with our 3.30 P.M. At the winter solstice, again, care. Lastly, I may mention St. Giles's the third hour from sunrise at 7 A.M. (50'X3 Church, with its churchyard, where lie buried = 150'=2h 30') was our 9.30 A.M., and the George Chapman, the translator of Homer, ninth hour was our 2.30 P.M. in a tomb which, once fast falling to decay,
R. M. SPENCE, M.A. has been recently “mended” by the parish Manse of Arbuthnott, N.B. authorities, and Richard Pendrell
, preserver and conductor to His Sacred Majesty King
KINGSTON - UPON-THAMES.-Kingston is in Charles the Second of Great Britain, after his A.-S. Cyningestún, Cyngestún, or Cinges tin. escape from Worcester Fight in 1651." These It was called the "King's tún” because it was
MR. GARBETT'S derivation are but specimens of the interesting and a royal manor. varied associations of the neighbourhood.
(9th S. i. 475) from "King stone" is supported R. CLARK.
by no evidence. It is merely a plausible Walthamstow.
folk-etymology suggested by the venerable coronation stone in the centre of the town,
seated upon which seven of the Saxon kings CARY's NOTES TO HIS TRANSLATION OF
are said to have been crowned. What actual DANTE.-Has noti
een taken in evidence is there for this legend? “Si non e 'N. & Q.' of Cary's strange mistakes as to the vero e ben trovato." ISAAC TAYLOR. Hebrew method of computing the hours of day? In a note to Hell,' canto xxi. 1. 109, he "HERON."_Under the heading To Sue,' speaks of the ninth hour of the Hebrews as 9th S. i. 477, we are asked for the etymology corresponding to our sixth; and in a note to of héron. Surely all the dictionaries give it. 'Hell, canto xxxiv. 1. 89, he says, “The poet See Diez, Littré, Brachet, Webster, or even uses the Hebrew manner of computing the my Concise Dictionary.'' I copy the article day, according to which the third hour by Diez in full, as it is short :: answers to our twelve o'clock at noon.” The
Aghirone, it., pr. aigron, cat. agró, xp. airon, edition from which I quote is that published altfr. hairon, nfr. héron (h asp.), in Berry égron; cin by Bohn in 1847.
vogel, reiher; dimin. fr. aigrette (mit abgestossenem With the Hebrews the hours of day were hauchlaut), kleiner weisser reiher; nicht vom gr. numbered from sunrise to sunset. The num
épudiós; es ist vom ahd. heigir, heigro, wozu alle
laute passen." ber of hours was uniformly twelve (St. John xi. 9), but the length of what was called an That is, it comes from the O.H.G. name hour varied with the season of the year. heigir, of uncertain origin. Perhaps it was Only at the equinoxes, when the sun rises at meant to be imitative. There is a parallel 6 A.M. and sets at 6 P.M., was the length of the O.H.G. name spelt hreigir (answering to A.-S. Hebrew hour the same
At the hrāgra), whence the mod. G. Reiher. As to summer solstice, for instance, when the sun the supposed imitative origin, see Franck's in Palestine rises about 5 A.M. and sets about account of the Du. reiger in his 'Etymological 7 P.M., the Hebrew 12 hours were equal to 14 Dutch Dictionary.' WALTER W. SKEAT. of ours, and consequently the Hebrew hour, at that season, consisted not of 60 minutes,
OAKAPPLE DAY.-The following paragraphs but of 70. At the winter solstice, again, relating to “Oakapple Day” appeared in the when the sun in Palestine rises about 7 A.M. Hull Times of June 4: and sets about 5 P.M., the Hebrew 12 hours Oakapple Day was not very much observed in equalled 10 of ours, and the hour consisted of Brigg, and only a few boys kept up the old custom 50 minutes. The hours of principal note of assaylting any lad who does not wear oak on
29 May." were the third, the sixth, and the ninth. The sixth hour all the year round was 12
“People have arrived at the conclusion that the
seasons must have changed very much, since the noon, but only at the equinoxes did the third oak trees were sufficiently covered with foliage at and the ninth hour correspond exactly to our this time of „year to afford shelter for a king or 9 A.M. and 3 P.M. As it was necessary that anybody else." the third, as the hour of morning, and the Brigg a small country town in Lincolnpinth, as the hour of evening sacrifice, should shire, and doubtless these paragraphs were be determined as exactly as possible, the forwarded by some one resident in or near clepsydra was so adjusted as to measure, the place ; but they must have escaped according to the season, three (Hebrew) hours editorial revision, one would suppose. The