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writer evidently thinks that Charles II. hid fats, which will, no doubt, be advertised in in the Boscobel Oak in May; whereas it was due course as eligible, commodious, and during his wanderings after the battle of self-contained. But flats of barrack - like Worcester, which took place on 3 September. uniformity they will be, nevertheless, and Oak leaves were worn in memory of the probably remain so until the end of the event on 29 May, 1660, upon which day, chapter. being also his birthday, Charles II, made Where will the next attack be made? is the his triumphal entrance into London at the question upon many anxious lips just now Restoration. They have been worn upon that It is impossible to say: From indications, day ever since ; but, of course, no one with however, I am disposed to think that the the least pretension to even a rudimentary buildings on the opposite side will next amount of historical knowledge supposes receive unwelcome attention, as there are that Charles was hidden in an oak tree in several hateful notice-boards up. Or that May.

FLORENCE PEACOCK. very tempting gap close to the old parish Kirton-in-Lindsey.

churchyard may be coveted. It is sad to

consider how the efforts of vestries, trusts, BACILLI,

and private individuals have failed to rescue “Which I look upon with contempt......likewise this altogether unique spot from the hands the Opinion of others who talk of infection being of the despoiler. The result illustrates very carried on by the Air only, by carrying with it vast forcibly how futile are the protests of an enter into the Body with the Breath, or even at honest sentiment and veneration when unthe Pores with the air, and there generate or emit allied with the more persuasive charms of most accute Poisons, or poisonous Ovae, or Eggs, lucre.

lucre. Nor is it possible to conceive how, which mingle themselves with the Blood, and so infect with the best intentions in the world, any the Body.”—Defoe, 'Journal of the Plague Year.' architect can

“preserve the character”FRED G. ACKERLEY.

favourite argument this with the apologists Keighley

of our quaint, incomparable Church Row. “ CHILD-BED.Pew."--This unusual name for

Think of such an attempt, and despair !

CECIL CLARKE. the churching pew” occurs in the original

Authors' Club, S.W. entries of the Visitation of the Archdeacon of Canterbury, under date 1640. The church

"Rough.”—This word, as an abbreviation wardens of Stourmouth, in Kent, presented of ruffian," is stated generally to have got their rector for refusing to church a woman into the English language about the year "in the accustomed child-bed pew, as it is 1870. The editors of the H. E. D.' may be called, where the women of our parish have glad to know that it is quite ten years older. ever accustomarily and , usually presented Lord Shaftesbury, in the House of Lords on themselves to that end." It was situated 24 Feb., 1860, spoke of "the class called "in the body of the church, towards the roughs--the most violent, disorderly, and upper end, but not in the chancel.”. The dangerous of all the men in that very rector required the woman to kneel “nigh quarter” ("Hansard,' clvi. 1682). unto the place where the table standeth,”

EDWARD H. MARSHALL, M.A. which was then the rubric.

Wingham, Kent.

CORDWAINER"AND 'QUARTERLY REVIEW.' CHURCH Row, HAMPSTEAD.-The disaster article called "Prehistoric Arts and Crafts.

- The Quarterly Review for April contains an prophesied by many admirers has, alas ! That article, at p. 414, has a description of overtaken this choice eighteenth-century the still existing relics of the lake-dwellings street. The vandals are upon it with pickaxe of the neolithic period, and contains the and shovel, the onslaught being made upon following passage :-its northern side. The speculative and voracious builder is now hard at work ing the identical stitch still in use ; and so too have

Scraps of fishing-nets have come to light, show. hacking away at his first victims, namely, hanks of rope and twine, these latter, except for that delightful old garden and house which their being burnt to blackness, looking as new and stood to the immediate right as one entered untouched as if just come from the hands of the from busy Heath Street. The neighbour is cordwainer” [italics mine). also doomed, its walls already crumbling Here it is difficult to avoid the conclusion beneath the weight not of age, but of that the writer of the article thought that destiny: Presently from behind poles and the word cordwainer means a maker of cords. scaffolds will rise the inevitable block of i But all the dictionaries to which I have

access state that this word means a shoe- "Zumárraga.”.. All this set me thinking, and maker, that is, one who works in cordwain, I ultimately discovered that not only these, which latter word is a modification of cordo- but a vast number of other place and personal van, a kind of leather formerly prepared at names of Northern Spain, originally accented Cordova; and the said dictionaries support upon the penultimate, had of late years transthis view by sundry quotations in prose and ferred the stress to the preceding syllable. verse from writers of authority. Well, which I have already given a list of some of these is right, the dictionaries or the Quarterly in ‘N. & Q.'(8th S. vii. 412), but as the subject reviewer? If the latter has blundered, I is one of the greatest interest to every think he ought to be just a little ashamed of student of Spanish, I may be pardoned for himself.

PATRICK MAXWELL. adding (what I have not before stated) that Bath.

this transference of accent in names did not MANILA.Hitherto the principal result to from the capital, where, besides names, it

begin in the Basque provinces, but is derived us of the Spanish-American war has been a affects most of the longer nouns and adjectives general diffusion of knowledge of the proper in the language. Every one who speaks spelling of this town. The Spectator, how- Spanish must have come across some inever, continues to substitute for the place stances of words marked parorytone in the name the Spanish word for a bracelet, dictionaries, but popularly pronounced as winilla, the Spanish pronunciation of which would be very different from that of Manila. Proparosytones

. To illustrate how far the Must we wait for a bombardment of the peak well known in Spain, in which Hartzenbusch

mischief has gone I may quote some lines, of Tenerife to knock out of it for good the satirizes the fashion and gives many exsuperfluous f that we are in the habit of inserting? The circumstances which would

amples :

Hay gente que dice cólega, dock the unmeaning s which we stick to the

Y epígrama, estaláctita, tail of Lyon and Marseille are too terrible to

Púpitre, mendigo, sútiles, contemplate.


Hóstiles, córola, y aúriga,

Se oye a muchisimos périto, ACCENT IN SPANISH.-- There are plenty of

Y alguno pronuncia mámpara, second-rate Spanish grammars in English.

Diploma, erudito, perfume, Perhaps the only one of the first class is

Pérsiles, Tíbulo, y Sábedra. Knapp's

, yet even knapp has no mention of Particularly noteworthy here are Sabedra, the curious and most important law of accent the surname of the immortal author of 'Don to which I am about to draw attention. Quixote,' usually written Saavedra, and PerYears ago I noticed that, although the correct siles, the hero of one of his minor works. pronunciation of the name Iturbide is with Like all the others, these were originally the penultimate accent, as I have marked it

, accented on the second syllable from the end. nevertheless many Spaniards call it Itúrbide.

JAMES PLATT, Jun. I inquired the reason of my friend the late GEORGE OLD.-An example of the creation Prince Louis Lucien Bonaparte, but he was of a surname in quite modern times has as far from suspecting it as I was, and could recently come to my knowledge. It is, I only suggest that it had been influenced by think, sufficiently curious to be recorded in the adjective turbido. It was not till 1 N. & Q. Many years ago (the exact date I personally visited Spain that I acquired the do not know) a man came to this town seekclue to this and many another riddle which ing work. He was engaged by a farmer, at turned out to be connected with it. The first first for a short period only during a busy place I stopped at was San Sebastian, and time, but as he turned out to be hardworking one of the first things I did was to ask of and trustworthy, he stayed from month to a man I inet, who bore a characteristically month and year to year. He never told Spanish name, how he pronounced it. He his name nor whence he came-indeed, he replied, “Andonégui," and then, correcting rarely spoke at all. Perhaps it was in consehimself, No,” he said, “it should be Andó- quence of this that the neighbours came to negui." Later I journeyed further by rail, the conclusion that he was a Frenchman. and as the train drew up at one of the larger This, whether true or false, seems to have stations I overheard an exchange of sentences been on their part a mere guess. As some between two men in the same compartment. designation was required for one who was "What is this place ?" demanded one. often spoken of, he was soon nicknamed Old "Zumarraga," answered the other. But the George. When at last, from age and infirmity, word was scarcely out of his mouth when the he could no longer work, he became charge official on the platform called out distinctly able to the parish, and was sent to end his

Can any

days in the Brigg Union workhouse. I am An engraving was made, I understand, just informed that he was entered in the books of prior to its destruction, but I cannot ascerthat institution under the name of George tain where a copy can be seen. Old. When he died he was brought to Essex archæologist assist ine in my quest? Kirton-in-Lindsey for burial. On searching

W. B. GERISI. the parish register here, I find that he was Hoddesdon, Herts, interred, under the name of George Old, on

SOURCE OF QUOTATION.—Where can I find 16 June, 1877. His age is given as seventy-these lines ?-seven, but there is a note saying that he was

Backward, turn backward, believed to be considerably older.

() time, in your flight; EDWARD PEACOCK.

Make me a child again
Dunstan House, Kirton-in-Lindsey.

Just for to-night.
I have an idea they occur in a poem of Eliza

J. A. S.

Kilburn. WE must request correspondents desiring infor. mation on family matters of only private interest

ITALIAN LAW.- What is the heaviest sento affix their names and addresses to their queries, tence inflicted by Italian law on the crime in order that the answers may be addressed to of obtaining money under false pretences,

supposing the crime to have been committed

several times and the sums obtained con“ HORSE GUARDS."-I shall be glad of any siderable ?

K. M. G. early quotations for this word in the senses : (1) the Royal Horse Guards (a. 1702); (2) the JAMES Cox's MUSEUM.--This was situated barracks of this regiment; (3) the office in in Spring Gardens. I shall be glad of referWhitehall of the departments under the ences to any detailed accounts of it--other Commander-in-Chief (a. 1713) ; (4) the autho- than references in ‘N. & Q.,' 2nd, 3rd, 4th, 5th, rities at the Horse Guards (a. 1826).

and 8th Series - -or to any contemporary ROB. J. WHITWELL. allusions.

G. L. APPERSON. 70, Banbury Road, Oxford.

CAREW.-Will any one kindly inform me “SUMER IS Y-CUMEN IN.

Whose ?

what persons of the name of Carew were

W. L. B. officers of the navy between 1720 and 1750 ? (“Sumer is y-cumen in” is one of the most

G. D. L. familiar pieces in early English poetry. It is

POEM WANTED.-I shall be greatly obliged ascribed by Ellis to the time of Edward I., and is given by Sir John Hawkins as anonymous in his to any one who will tell me where I can find History of Music.')

a short poem which ends, “When the French

ride at the Nore...... We'll go to sea no more.” “DEWY-FEATHERED." --- What is the signi- My reference says Dublin University Magaficance of the epithet “dewy-feathered " in zine, about 1855; but it is not there. M. the familiar line in ‘Penseroso':Entice the dewy-feathered sleep?

'ANIGOSANTHUS.” — Will anybody tell me I have consulted the Historical English Dic- the etymology of the first three syllables of tionary,' but got no satisfaction. Why should but what is the derivation, construction,

Anthus, of course, is obvious; one prefer Sleep with wings that are wet and

P. M. sparkling rather than that the god of slumber etymology, or meaning of anigos? should come flying on those that were dry “THE MAN IN THE STREET."—When, and by and dull-coloured ? JAMES D. BUTLER.

whom, was this phrase first used ?

C. P. HALE. Rev. THOMAS ELLIS OWEN. - I should be glad to know of what family the Rev. Thomas

MANOR HOUSE, CLAPTON.-Can any reader Ellis Owen was. He was vicar of Llandy- tell me if a house once known as the Manor frydog, Anglesey, and author of a book on House is still standing at Clapton? It stood the Methodist revival. Are any of his near, or opposite, Brook House, close by descendants now living?

PELOPS. Clapton Gate. In 1857 it was a school (vide Bedford.

'N. & Q.,' 1st S. xii. 480). It was the birthplace of Major André.

M. S. NETHER HALL, ESSEX.-Numerous views of the Tudor gateway, the sole remains of the

Sir NICHOLAS STUKELEY.-Can any of your above, have been published from time to time, readers tell me what has become of the brass but I cannot trace any view of the hall itself. to Sir Nicholas Stukeley which was in the

possession of Dr. Stukeley in 1764? It is sup- his children were baptized, and he himself posed to be somewhere in or about London. buried, 31 May, 1599. Any further particulars

E. A. Lunn. acceptable as to parentage, wife, &c. Was CADOUX.—I shall be most grateful if any he a prebendary of St. Paul's

, 1579-99?

ARTHUR HUSSEY. of your correspondents can give me any information as to the family of Cadoux,

W'ingham, Kent. especially with regard to the occurrence of

FARWELL PEDIGREE. -I shall be greatly the name in Shropshire. H. B. Hudson.

obliged if any one will give me the maiden SONG WANTED.-Can any reader tell me name of Mary, widow of Barber, or Barter, where to procure a song about an Irish will, Esq., who married, secondly, on 25 Jan., 1605, with this refrain ?

Christopher Farwell, Esq., of Totnes, by Then hurrah for my grandfather Brian! whom she had a family ; also the maiden I wish he was living, I'm sure ;

name of the wife of their eldest son, ChrisFor then, don't you see, he'd be dyin', And faix' he would leave me some more.

topher Farwell, of Totnes, who represented

Dartmouth in the Long Parliament, and died

J. HOLLAND. 1672, aged sixty-three. The pedigree merely 24, Gordon Street, W.C.

calls her “Madam Jane Farwell,” and her "THE CAUSIDICADE.'-In a letter before me

burial is so entered at Totnes in 1676. As dated 21 June, 1743, occurs the following :

men in those days did not usually go far afield “There is a poem lately published, entitled "The for their wives, the names required may pro

The last Causidicade,' which has been universally read, and bably be found in Devonshire. afforded a great deal of diversion, as it particularly marriage might have been a year or two enters into the characters of the most eminent in before 1644, or possibly as far back as 1635. the profession of the law.'

COL. MOORE, C.B. and F.S.A. Is anything known of this poem?

Frampton Hall, near Boston.
C. L. S.

St. WERNER.--Who was this saint; and SAXE-COBURG - GOTHA. - Saxe-Altenburg what is the legend referred to in the followand Saxe-Meiningen carry on an inescutcheon ing passage ?-the arms of Saxony (barry of ten or and sa., with a garland vert in bend) crowned. Saxe- they held the world to such an extent in their debt,

“The Jews, hated for their faith, and because Coburg has no crown. What is the reason? were on that festival (the Passover) entirely in the

N. T. hands of their enemies, who could easily bring about ARMY LISTS. --Where can the most complete infrequently through some contrivance a dead child

their destruction by some false accusation. Not series of Army Lists be seen?

was secretly introduced into a Jewish house, to be (Miss) E. E. THOYTS. afterwards found and made a pretext for attack. Sulhamstead Park, Berks.

Great miracles were sometimes reported and be

lieved as having happened over such a corpse, and TELESCOPE. —Is Dr. Herschel's forty-foot there are cases in which the Pope canonized such telescope still at Slough; and is it still in supposed victims. St. Werner in this way reached the possession of the family? J. A. L. his honours, to whom was dedicated the magnificent Dublin.

abbey at Oberwesel, now a picturesque ruin, whose

carved and towering pillars and long-pointed win. SHEPHERD'S CHESS.--How was this played ? dows are such a delight to the tourists who pass on It is mentioned in ‘Lorna Doone,'chap. xxxvii. pleasant summer days, and do not think of their I do not remember meeting with the name origin.”—“The Jews,' by J. K. Hosmer, 1889, p. 168. elsewhere. “Push-pin," in the same sentence,

JAMES HOOPER. is mentioned both by Shakespeare and Herrick.

Norwich. JONATHAN BOUCHIER. ORDER OF St. GERMAIN.-Can any reader EDUCATIONAL SYSTEMS.—The trust deed of inform me where I can obtain information our endowed schools here, dated 1825, pro- concerning the Order of St. Germain, or any vides that the children shall be taught to other Jacobite league which enrolls member “ read, write, and cast accounts upon the at the present time?

STUART. Lancastrian plan, or Bell's system.” Informa

[See gth S. v. 127, 234 ; xii. 71.] tion concerning these systems of education will be appreciated by John T. PAGE.

WITHRED, KING OF KENT.-In a fifteenthWest Haddon, Northamptonshire.

century MS. I find it stated that one of the [See 'D. N. B.' under Lancaster and Bell.]

chronicles records the journey to Rome of

Wictred, Widred, or Withred" (or Wyctred, REV. JOHN FLOWER. He was rector of Wydred, or Wythred), King of Kent (died Stourmouth, in Kent, 1580–99, where six of 725). I have searched through many of the


chronicles without finding this journey re- minster Abbey is replete with monuments corded in any. If any reader could afford the erected in haste to commemorate individuals reference it would oblige me.. Failing its who can never have possessed a claim to discovery, it would appear to have been con more than transient notoriety. Whether tained in one of those chronicles which have these memorials were in each case a voluntary been lost.

W. tribute of the people's grief, or merely the THE EGYPTIAN KITE.-Can any reader of St. Evremond), matters little. Space has

result of official pressure (as in the case of 'N. & Q.' tell me where I can find a satisfac- been absorbed, and the nation can no longer tory sketch of the hedaije, or Egyptian kite, find room within the Abbey walls to comwhich is so constantly seen circling about in memorate the achievements of her noblest the air over Cairo? I want it with outspread

The monuments and mural tablets wings, it being especially the form or outline dedicated to foreigners and mountebanks, of the wing which I desire.

W. F. Alexandria, Egypt.

sycophants, lords, ladies, great men and

nonentities, huddled together in hopeless The Rev. GEORGE LEWIS.--Can any one incongruity, form a striking example of give me information about this clergyman, the value of contemporaneous judgment. who was living in 1719? Was he in any Depend upon it, Carlyle was right when he way connected with Madras or with the East said that “ Time has a strange contracting India Company?

influence on many a widespread fame.” The BERNARD P. SCATTERGOOD. Abbey proves it. Carlyle might have added 19, Grove Road, Harrogate.

that 'Time has also a strange expanding

influence--Shelley and Keats are two out of LADY ARAMINTHA ROBARTES.--To whom and when was Lady Aramintha Robartes(daughter of fame is remarkable. Their contemporaries


that could be named whose expansion of John, Lord Robartes, first Earl Radnor) were either right, or they were wrong in married, and had the pair any children ?

their judgment of both. At all events, it has MARTIN W. WINN.

taken half a century to change their tune, 19, Quesnel Street, Montreal, Canada.

and we have not yet reached the exact pitch SCOTTER.—Can you inform me where I may

with either. trace the history of the family of Scotter,

Your correspondent tells us that Byron and formerly

spelt Scoter? The fainily belonged Keats both suffered from “ a tardy recognition to Lincolnshire, I believe.

H. S. of merit.” Is that so? Keats certainly was not

conscious of immortality when he died, but Byron had his full share of celebrity during

his lifetime. Did he not wake one morning Beplies.

to find himself famous ? Ay, and is he not

famous still ? For fifty years after his death, HISTORIC PERSPECTIVE.

owing to the influence of what Mr. Disraeli (9th S. i. 421.)

called “contracted sympathies and restricted Your correspondent J. B. S. may rest thought,” his eclipse was partial; but his assured that I am not what he calls à "lite- light reappeared in 1875 and has been burnrary wasp.” The subject has long, engrossed ing steadily ever since. We have not done my attention. I am firmly convinced that with Byron yet, in spite of the insufferable diffuseness and haste in erecting memorials cant about his lack of “ technical perfection” to perpetuate the fame of celebrated men and which Mr. Traill and others are now flaunting women are always presumptuous, and fre- in the public press. The immortality of quently misinterpret the ultimate verdict of Byron is as certain as that of Dante. In posterity. If J. B. S. sets so much value spite of the cavilling of a certain class of upon contemporaneous judgment let him critics and poetasters, who have dared to examine the epitaphs affixed to the walls of deny to Byron a place among the great Westminster Abbey: Let him ponder over singers of the world, he has long held a posithe fulsome eulogies lavished, no doubt tion among English poets from which nothing sincerely, on St. Evremond, on the im- can shake him. His genius, his achievements, mortal Christopher Anstey, and on many and the manner of his death make him indeother more or less worthy men whose names pendent of the verdict of his contemporaries. and whose works have passed for ever from He belongs, so to speak, to Time and to the knowledge of mankind. One hour's Eternity, and our feeble judgment will not reflection will convince him that impetuous affect him through the ages yet to come. grief is responsible for the fact that West But it seems to me that your correspondent

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