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of James Martin and B. F. Randolph, both members of the General Assembly.

At the presidential election in November, 107,538 votes were cast, of which 62,301 were given in favor of the election of General Grant, and 45,237 were for Seymour: Grant's majority, 17,064. There are four congressional districts in the State, three of which sent Republican, and one a Democratic Representative to Washington.

The Legislature met in regular session on the fourth Wednesday in November, and two weeks later adjourned into the month of January, 1869.

The entire bonded debt of South Carolina amounts to $5,407,306.27, consisting of the following items:

Three per cent. stock, payable at the
pleasure of the State

Six per cent. fire loan, payable in 1870.....
Six per cent. stock new State-House
Six per cent. stock and bonds, funded debt
Five per cent. bonds, fire loan..
Six per cent. bonds, Blue Ridge Railroad..
Six per cent. bonds, new State Capitol.

Making a grand total of.......

$38,836 60 314,453 89 1,775,000 00 1,282,971 27

481,444 51

1,000,000 00 511,600 00 .$5,407,306 27

Interest due on the entire debt July 1, 1868....$355,204 32 Interest due January 1, 1869... 159,214 38

Total interest...

$514,418 70 The regular report of the financial operations of the State covers the period from the 15th of May to the 15th of November. The expenses of the Government during that time were $409,688.76, while the receipts for the same time, including the funds on hand on May 1st, amounted to $435,373.83. The estimated disbursements of the current year are put at $819,290.51, including interest on the public debt to the amount of $330,692.38.

The reorganization of the public institutions has made a good degree of progress during the past year. The Lunatic Asylum has been in successful operation, and on the 7th of November contained 204 inmates. There is a new penitentiary at Columbia, having 500 cells for male convicts, and 48 for females. On the 15th of January, 1868, there were 187 prisoners in the penitentiary, 158 of which were negroes.

The State has property in railroads as fol


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SPAIN, a country in Europe. From January, 1868, until September, the country was under the rule of Queen Isabella II.; in September a successful revolution overthrew the throne of the Queen, and the country was until the close of the year under a provisional government. Queen Isabella II. was born October 10, 1830; succeeded her father on September 29, 1833; was declared of age by decree of the Cortes, November 8, 1843; was married October 10, 1846, to her first cousin, Francisco de Assis, Titular King of Spain, born May 13, 1892, son of the Infante Francisco, brother of King Ferdinand VII. Heir-apparent was Alfonso, Prince of Asturias, born November 28, 1837. The eldest daughter of the Queen, Infants Isbella, born December 20, 1851, married on May 14, 1868, the Count of Girgenti, brother of the ex-King Francis II. of Naples. The only sister of the Queen, Infanta Louisa, was born January 30, 1832, and married October 10, 1846, to Antoine, Duke of Montpensier, youngest son of the late King Louis Philippe of France. The right of Queen Isabella to the throne has always been contested by the family of her father's brother, Don Carlos (born March 29, 1788; died at Trieste, March 10, 1855). Don Carlos, on May 18, 1845, resigned his claims to the throne in favor of his eldest son, Don Carlos, Count of Montemolin, after whose death, January 13, 1861, the second son of Don Carlos, Don Juan, born May 15, 1822, inherited the claim to the throne. Don Juan, after the revolution of September, 1868, resigned his claims in favor of his eldest son, Don Carlos, Duke of Madrid, bora March 30, 1848; married February 4, 1867, to Infanta Margareta, daughter of the late Duke Charles III. of Parma. The act of renunciation is dated Paris, October 3, 1868, and says: "My only ambition being the happiness of the Spaniards-that is to say, the internal properity of my beloved country and her prestige abroad-I believe it to be my duty to abdicate and do hereby abdicate all my rights to the crown of Spain in favor of my son Don Carlos." The attempts made after the expulsion of Queen Isabella from Spain, to effect a fusion of the two lines of Bourbons, failed, and both Isabela and Don Carlos, who assumed the name Carlos VII., up to the close of the year, maintained

their rival claims.

At the beginning of the year 1868 the Span ish ministry was composed as follows: Pres dent and Minister of War, Marshal Razo Maria Narvaez y Cámpos, Duke of Valencis (appointed July, 1866); Foreign Affairs, Artszola (1867); Grace and Justice, Marquis de Roncali (1867); Finances, Marquis de Barzanallana (1866); Interior, Bravo Murillo (1866); Public Works, Commerce and Instruction. Orobio (1866); Navy, Belda (1867); Colones Marfori (1867). On February 15, Severo Catalina was appointed Minister of the Navy. I consequence of the death (March 23, 1868) f the Prime Minister Marshal Narvaez, the whole ministry tendered their resignation, and on the

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