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. 109


Charles H. Shinn..

Pacific Home-Making.

. Susan Power...

Palos and Columnbus.

Edward Ererett Hale


Mary H. Field...

Prussian Civil Service, The...

Richard T. Ely.


.C. L. Hooper.

Romance of the Mission, A

.J. G. Oakley.

San Francisco in Early Days

.James O'Meara...

Saville: A Symposium and a Tragedy.

. Noah Brooks....

Schism at St. Aidenn. The..

Charles Warren Stoddard.

Spanish Plots in the Old Southwest

C. H. Shinn...

Spring Valley Controversy, The.
Thaloe ..

. Leonard Kip

That Ranch of His

Josephine Clifford..

Thirty Miles....

Milicent Washburn Shinn.

Twenty-five Years Ago

.R. M. Bucke..
Virginian University Town, A.

.S. P. McD. Miller

Wagner as a Dramatist

. Alfred A. Wheeler.

Winged Phylloxera in California, The.

F W. Morse..

Winter in Plumas..

Clara Bidwell













.54, 137









At Lina's Grave.....


California's Poet...

Close of an Era, The.


Great Gulf, The..

Jeanne Hachette...

Literary Contentment..

Lover's Song, The..

Muezzin, The..

Near Napa.

New Year's Eve..

One Evening




Seeing the Truth.

Song :

Song, A

Song out of Silence, A.


Sweethearts and Wives.

This is Wisdom


To Michael Angelo, Blind.


Two Days in Life's Woods.
Wagner: A Memorial Ode.
When My Slip Came In.

. Seddie E. Anderson ...
. Edmund Warren Russell.
.. Charles S. Greene..
Milicent Washburn Shinn..
. Charles S. Greene..
.Carlotta Perry..

W. Winthrop.

..F. L. Foster.

.E. R. Sill..

.James Berry Bensel.

Clarence T. Urmy.

. Mabel S. Emery...

Clarence T. Urmy...

.D. S. Richardson

H. H....

Ada Langworthy Collier

E. R. Sill.

.Kate M. Bishop..

.James Berry Bensel

. Elizabeth Stuart Phelps..
..Katharine Royce....

James F. Bounian.

..John Thorpe..

Irene Hardy..

.. Amelia Woodward Truesdell.

. Elizabeth A. Davis.....

.Josiah Royce.

. Ina D. Coolbrith..

.J. M. Sander's

Alfred A. Wheeler..

Milicent Washburn Shinn.






















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ihe (VEKLAND MONTHLY would furnish the requisite ariicles for the

to refer to its earlier his- magazine. ore than fourteen years On the other hand, it was urged that

her of this magazine was the truth of these propositions could noi himmber having been be demonstrated without an experiment. 868.

There was no other way of finding out how · previous to that date, A. large a reading constituency could be ob

leading bookseller of San tained, what solid sympathy and encourneived the idea of bringing agernent the enterprise would reieive, and hich should be, ir. some especially how large a number of contribuexponent of the literature tons might be found who would give in

St. He revolved the pro- terest and character to the magazine. wsclared t'at it was " in his There had been a time when the proportion lived the matter over with of educated men to the population in Cali'ould be most likely to take fornia was greater than in any other State. n his proposed enterprise, This condition had not greatly changed. in; his enthusiast chilled by Scholarship and culure wee concealed in #ragi nient, and sometimes mining camps, in logging camps, and on by wornis of cheer.

recote ranches. The professions only re;) Illy wide difference of re:puted a fraction of the whole numer. prosljects of a literary ven- There were bright and ready writers in the It

was affirmed that the arıny and navy represented on this count; The enough on this side of and there were noi a few women who in

d th:1., such as it was, it nooks and corners of the great Site Led upie 1

by eistern monthlies; the intellectual freshness a: d inspiration of corstituency could not be a new and better environnent.

Ilere was y numerous to support the dormant capital; couid it be marie Sigh rank; and finally, that available for the new monti:'; ?

, obtained at home who As it was a part of the plan of Mr.

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Roman to tender the editorship of the was as fastidious abou: this choice as he is magazine to Bret Harte, he was early about a sentence of he most telling prx sounded by the prospective publisher as to or a line of his poetry. At last, the rigt his views. Harte liked the plan, but had bear was found, and was figured upon no great faith in its success. His doubts the OVERLAND cover for many a year. were such as had already been outlined. Arrangements having been <-mpleted in His own experience in the publishing busi- June, it was settled that the OVERLAND ness was still fresh in his recollection. At should appear early in July, and should, at a later day a contributor to the OVERLAND least, be carried through the six months or described it in this way: “It is a curious fact that year, the numbers forming a sing that when Harte had brought forth his first volume—the first, and perhaps the lası book, with the modest title of ‘Outcrop- Harte entered upon his editorial work, not pings,' it was pelted from one end of the at all sanguine of success. He could not State to the other. It did not contain a quite forget the rocks thrown at his "Outpoem of his own.

But it did contain sam- croppings.” But he was fortified with ples of the best poetry other than his own, pledges of help. He held the position of which had been produced in California. private secretary to R. B. Swain, then superHis critics, catching the suggestion of the intendent of the mint in San Francisco. The title, flung at him porphyry, granite, and duties were not onerous, and the evidence barren quartz, but never a rock containing a tion was liberal. Mr. Swain had himself said grain of gold. He might have put a torpedo that he had installed Hare in that position into a couple of stanzas, and extinguished "in order that he might h ve better opportuthem all. But he saw the humorous side of nities for literary work." About the first the assault, and enjoyed it with a keener zest thing which the new edito did after settling than any of his assailants."

the mechanical details of tle Ovin!ANT), was When it was evident that the publisher to call upon all those who had made specific would go on with the enterprise, Harte pledges to come forward immediately and agreed to become the editor, but not until show their hands in the fir number. he had sounded a number of his friends, That was a “stunner” for son

them. and obtained a conditional promise to be- who pleaded for delay. But the editor was come contributors. The condition was that, inexorable, and brought his victims into line in case there was a lack of other contribu- at once. tors, these friends would fill the gaps for six It may be of some interest, ate a lapse months. Some of their names are recalled; of fourteen years and six montu, to nole viz., W. C. Bartlett, Noah Brooks, Samuel here the contents of this initia number. Williams, George B. Merrill, Benj. P. Avery, Some of the contributors who expected and W. V. Wells. Three of this number to be last found themselves nea che front, have since deceased. It is probable that

It is probable that where, in their view, they would be expdate some others made like pledges, but their to the full fire of criticism

The subject names do not occur to us now.

and arrangement were as follows: There were many conferences about the

A Breeze from the Woods..

Geotkrila typographical appearance of the monthly, Longing,

Mark Feuin. even to the shade of its cover, and especially High Noon of Empire.

By Rail through France,

I as to the vignette. Harte had early selected Art Beginnings on the Pacifi


Žludge M. Dandy. the name, OVERLAND MONTHLY. But the In the Sierras.

Warren Steddard. Charles

... Neak Brooks bear on the railway track gave him much

The Diamond Maker of Sac


Sahn F. Skill.

Family Resemblances and DI trouble. A number of figures were cut and San Francisco from the Sea.

7. H. Rearden.

B. Merrilt, stereotyped, before a genuine Californian bear Favoring Female Conventual

Hawaiian Civilization.

T. Shipley, M. D. could be made to assume the right position Dos Reales...

Samuel Williams. Eight Days at Thebes.

F. T. Doyen. and the right expression on the track. Harte A Leaf from a Chinese Novel.

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Bret Harte




Then came the "Etc.," with the touch and It is noteworthy that the first two books flavor of Harte. He gives some reason for the reviewed were written by Californians; viz., name which he has chosen for the magazine: "Going to Jericho,” by John F. Swift;

"I might prove that there was safety, and “The Natural Wealth of California," by at least, in the negative goodness of our Titus F. Cronise. present homely Anglo-Saxon title. But is When the first number of the OVERLAND) there nothing more? Turn your eyes to was laid upon the counters of the bookthe map made but a few years ago. Do stores, the contributors were admonished to you see this vast interior basin of the conti- “walk softly and to hold their breath." Dent, on which the boundaries of States Where were the rocks which had been and Territories are less distinct than the pitched at "Outcroppings.” Not a single names of wandering Indian tribes? Do you missile was thrown. The magazine passed see this broad zone reaching from Virginia the ordeal of the critics, and was received City to St. Louis, as yet only dotted by with generous commendation. Harte himtelegraph stations, but of whose locality we self breathed a little freer. The literary are profoundly ignorant? Here creeps the craft had not stuck on the ways. It had railroad, each day drawing the West and been successfully launched, and floated East together. .... Shall not the route be handsomely. But how long could it be represented as well as the termini? And kept afloat? The publisher was sanguine where our people travel, that is the highway of success. Curiosity would stimulate purof our thought. Will the trains be freighted chasers of the first number. only with merchandise? and shall we ex- Harte had contributed two poems to this change nothing but goods? Will not our number—both good, though not his best. civilization gain by the subtle inflowing cur- They can be found now in the latest edition rent of eastern refinement? and shall we of his works. The poems had a local flava not by the same channel throw into eastern and besides other qualities were speciali exclusiveness something of our own breadth adapted to the initial number. Some of and liberality? And if so, what could be stanzas in “San Francisco from the S more appropriate for the title of a literary contain an indictment, and others a pre it. magazine than to call it after this broad ecy. They are clean cut in expression, i c highway?

are here and there thrust strongly agat "The bear who adorns the cover may be the horizon; these especially: an 'ill-favored' beast, whom 'women cannot

“Upon thy heights so lately won abide'; but he is honest withal. Take him, Still slant the banners of the sun. if you please, as the symbol of local primitive

“Thou seest the white seas strike their tents, barbarism. He is crossing the track of the

O Warder of two Continents. Pacific Railroad, and has paused a moment to look at the coming engine of civilization "Drop down, O fleecy Fog, and hide and progress—which moves like a good

Her skeptic sneer, and all her pride! many other engines of civilization and prog

“Wrap her, O Fog, in gown and hood ress, with a prodigious shrieking and puff

Of her Franciscan brotherhood. ing—and apparently recognizes his rival and his doom..

“Hide me her faults, her sin and blame; As a cub, he is playful and

With thy gray mantle cloak her shame! boisterous; and I have often thought was not a bad symbol of our San Francisco

“So shall she, cowled, sit and pray climate. Look at him well, for he is pass

Till morning bears her sins away. ing away. Fifty years, and he will be as

“Then rise, O fleecy Fog, and raise extinct as the dodo or dinornis.” In tha

The glory of her ming days; way the bear was dedicated and consecrated

“Be as the cloud that flecks the seas to OVERLAND literature.

Above her smoking argosies.”

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Mr. Harte contributed at least one poem whom he had enlisted to give friendly aid to for each of the first six numbers of the his enterprise had no experience as magaOVERLAND, although only four of them are zine contributors. The publisher himself indexed, two or more appearing in “Etc.”; said " that the article would either make or viz., “Returned,” and “The Arsenical Spring break his magazine"-he did not know of San Joaquin.” That was about the aver- which. It should have gone in at once on age of his poetical contributions for many the judgment of the author and editor. months thereafter. Ina D. Coolbrith con- when a question is raised where everything tributed a poem to each number of the first was clear before, the doubt is sure to folvolume, and Charles Warren Stoddard con. low. tributed the same number. These, with The "three persons” to whom the article one exception, were all the poems which was submitted were all warm friends of the appeared in that volume. Harte's critical author. They saw at once that, in miners' taste was sure to arrest a weak or doubtful parlance, he had struck a new vein, and poem. These accumulated in his “Baalam that it was very rich. But they did not see box,” or weré returned “with thanks.” He at once what estimate a Californian public was alike critical and severe in his judgment would put upon this uncovered treasure. of his own poetry. He would frequently They were fully justified in the doubt by hold a poem of his own back for weeks, the assaults which had a little while before with doubts about its actual merits. “The been made upon the author's venture in Heathen Chinee" seasoned many a day in “Outcroppings,” and by an extreme forhis drawer before it appeared in type. If wardness on the part of many good people his poems were lodged and waited long in to raise a warning cry against "ungodly litthe court of his own conscience, it was not erature.” Antagonisms which would be quite surprising that the same judgment sifted the harmless at a later day might be nearly or poems of contributors, or that the average quite fatal just then. How would a new quality of such as appeared in the OVERLAND community treat the new evangel of literawas frequently higher than poems appearing ture? Would they caress him, or would contemporaneously in eastern magazines. they stone him? The prophet is not always

“The Luck of Roaring Camp" appeared honored in his own country and among his in the second number, and occupied the kindred. Was it a wonder that these last place in the list of prose contributions. friends, while they did not doubt the tranThe printing had been delayed by a ques- scendent genius which had inspired the tion which had been raised about the expe- article, and that some day it would be recogdiency of including the article in that nized, had a conservative doubt about the number. Some ludicrous accounts have manner in which it would be received in a been given from time to time of the con- community where as yet there was no cerferences held touching that contribution. tain standard of literary judgment ? Up to Some of them have the color of truth in that date the magazine was not known them, and the rest were pure fiction. The abroad, and no reference could be made to first number having been well received, and any judgment which might be formed of the in a quarter, too, where the least favor was article at a distance. They were anxious that expected, the publisher was naturally anx- this literary infant should not be killed until ious to retain his hold of the public, and it had reached some maturity, and was to advance to a still stronger position. He able to double up its fists and strike back had most at stake. His money was in the with good, sturdy blows. These “friends," venture, and the reputation of his house was a unit as to the merits of the article, referred in a sense pledged for the character of the the matter to the publisher and editor, where magazine. He was without experience in it properly belonged. that department of literature, and the writers The article was published, and it neither

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