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dred and forty-two (142) received out-door $14,000; the cost of arrest and trial, at relief during an aggregate number of 734 $100 for each case, as $25,000; the amount years; 64 were in the almshouses of the of property stolen and destroyed by them as county, and spent there an aggregate num- $15,000; and so on in various items, until ber of 96 years; 76 were publicly recorded he reaches the sum of $1,023,600 as the as criminals, having committed 115 offenses, cost to Ulster County and the State of New and been 116 years in jails and prisons. York for neglecting one vagrant child and The crimes of the females were licentious- her miserable little sisters." ness, and those of the males violence and theft. But the record we have quoted is In no country or in any age has there merely their public history of criminality, been a single charitable enterprise prowhich is necessarily very imperfect. Great ductive of so much practical, permanent, numbers of the offenses of this wretched far-reaching good — moral, financial and family were never entered on any court political as the Children's Aid Society records, and hundreds were
of New York, the great prototype of the brought to trial. It is well known that this Boys and Girls' Aid Society of San Franyoung ‘mother of criminals' and her sisters cisco. have poured a stream of disease, licentious- The power of preventive work among the ness, insanity, idiocy, pauperism, and crime young in that great metropolis may be seen over the county now for a hundred years. in the fact that while the population inThis fearful current has not yet ceased to creased from a little more than half a milflow, as some of the descendants in the lion in 1855 to 1,200,000 in 1880, juvenile sixth generation survive in our own House commitments have not increased in number, of Refuge.
which is equivalent to an actual shrinkage "Fifty per cent of all direct female de- of about 60 per cent. from the proportion scendants of Margaret became prostitutes, of twenty-five years ago. and of the whole stock, from the age of Mr. Brace, of the Children's Aid Society twelve upward, fifty per cent. are found to of New York, says in relation to the work of to be of disreputable character. Murder 1879: or attempts to murder appear among the “The average number in daily attendance males in every generation except the sixth, in our twenty-one industrial schools was where the children are not older than seven 3,632, and the annual cost for each child, years. Forgery is found but once on their $19.69. The cost in 1878 for each child in records. Theft appears everywhere. the city schools of New York, not including
"Another appalling feature in this history rent, food, or clothing, was $38.41. In our of criminal inheritance is the disease spread lodging-houses,' 13,652 boys and girls were through the county by these vagrant chil- fed, sheltered, and taught during the past year dren, and the consequent lunacy, idiocy, (1879), at an average cost to the public for epilepsy, and final weakness of body and each child for the year of $42.67. The tomind which belong to inherited pauperism, tal number placed out during last year, mainly transmitted to so many human beings. in western homes, was 3,713. The average
"Mr. Dugdale has traced still further the cost for railroad fares, clothing, food, salaries, line, and makes it probable that the aggre- etc., for each person, was $7.99+.” (Any one gate of the descendants of these vagrant of these children placed in the San Franchildren reaches the large amount of 1,200
cisco Industrial School--the two years of persons, living and dead. The cost of preparation for the State Prison and a subsetheir almshouse relief he estimates at $15,- quent criminal career-would cost, according 000, and their out-door relief at $32,250, to to the actual figures of the school, $601.10.] Ulster County; the maintenance of the pris- 2,912 children enjoyed the benefits of the oners of this family, at $100 per annum, as New York Society's summer home, at an average cost of $1.89. Since 1853, the Aid Brace that their assertions were on mistaken Society of New York has sent into homes, information, and expressed their entire apprincipally in the West, about 70,000 chil- proval of the society's plan. dren, rescued from the streets, from the The Boys' and Girls' Aid Society is seek: poverty which goes hand in hand with vice, ing to prosecute this great work on a basis and from crime itself-saved to themselves proportioned to its veritable breadth and and society.
importance. If the State will take the It is certain that very few of these children work in hand, and render the existence of have since gone wrong.
Two or three of such a private charity unnecessary, of course the western members of the National Prison the friends of the society can wish for Congress, held in New York, 1876, asserted nothing better—the end of their ambition that the homeless children sent West by the will be happily reached. In the absence Children's Aid Society of New York “were of this, the enterprise should be given either filling western prisons and reformatories.” State aid, or such liberal private endowment The Society's experienced western agent was as will insure it a certain and more adequate at once set to thoroughly examine the prisons, income. Grant it this essential to stability, houses of refuge, and reformatories of the breadth, and permanency, and there will three States indicated-Michigan, Illinois, be seen at once achievements which will and Indiana. After thorough investigation gladden the hearts of all good people (taxin Illinois and Michigan, where over 10,000 payers and philanthropists alike) in a steady children were sent, not a single boy or girl, and marked diminution of juvenile criminor any record of one, sent out from the nality, and of the rampant "hoodlumism” New York Society could be found in all which is our peculiar curse, giving us a their prisons and reformatories. In Indiana, criminal population of extraordinary magniwhere some 6,000 had gone, one girl was tude—an element of the greatest danger to found in a reformatory, and four boys, the society and to the material welfare of the latter only sentenced for vagrancy, and not State. considered very bad boys. Several of the
E. T. DOOLEY, western members afterwards wrote to Mr.
Supt. Boys' and Girls' Aid Society.
The revival of THE OVERLAND MONTHLY spite of the impromptu nature of the affair, was made the occasion of the first purely everything “went off” as comfortably and literary dinner on the Pacific coast. To easily as if after extended drill;—all this the thoughtfulness and generosity of Mr. combined to make it fairly an occasion withIrving M. Scott of this city, the contributors out flaw, save only the absence of a few of to the magazine are indebted for the excep- the stanchest friends of the magazine ; and tionally pleasant entertainment of December almost every one of these was represented 22nd. The fifty or sixty invitations issued by letter. were to those who, both as contributors and The arrangement of the table was as folas helpers in other ways, constituted the body- lows: guard of the magazine; the majority were active contributors. Some of these were at a distance, and the whole gathering was the impromptu work of a few days; nevertheless, some forty guests were present on a drizzling and disagreeable evening. The invitations read as follows:
Prof. Bernard Moses.
Dr. Chas. Barrows.
Dr. John LeConte.
Mrs. Sarah B. Cooper.
Geo. B. Merrill.
diss Ina Coolbrith.
Mr. and Mrs. Irving M. Scott, desiring to celebrate the revival of the
at their residence,
507 Harrison Street, Friday, December twenty-second, 1882,
at half-past five o'clock.
The dinner, it may be confidently said, was one of the pleasantest things of the A grizzly and railroad track, copied in kind—if not altogether the pleasantest, flowers from the OVERLAND vignette, formed that has ever taken place on the coast. a most noticeable center-piece to the tables, The geniality and delightful tact of the which were set in Mr. Scott's picture gallery. host; the mutual liking of the guests, some of whom had never met before, and others
REMARKS OF MR. IRVING M. SCOTT. of whom were old companions in arms; the It is only a few days since the idea of remarkable good management, by which, in having the contributors to the OVERLAND magazine meet on an occasion like this While I was keeping my eye on Judge Boalt, originated, and since that time what you my nearest neighbor, the other eye should see here to-night has been accomplished by have been kept on my neighbor opposite, the energy of its editor; and I think the who, behind a barricade of flowers, crowned fact that forty-two contributors have re- by this bear, which was the symbol of oldsponded in less than one week shows the in- time prosperity, has brought me to my feet terest that the people of California take in for picket duty in advance of the "reguthe magazine. This dinner is a fraud: it is lars.” The occasion which has brought us only a pretext to get you together in intel- together reminds some of us of another, lectual companionship, rather than to eat. eight or ten years ago, when President GilThere is nothing in it except what Califor- man invited friends and contributors to the nia has produced: everything at this table OVERLAND to an informal meeting at his is truly Californian. We have met here to- house, to consider ways and means for pernight that the contributors might meet each petuating the magazine. He took a deep other, and if possible place that magazine interest in its prosperity, regarding it as an where it belongs in the front rank of our exponent of the best thought and literary local literature. If there is a big pumpkin life of this coast. His judgment was concuror a large crop of oranges, or a new strike rent with that of others, that the OVERLAND in the mines, to be celebrated, or if some of should not cease because its early editor had the corporations of the country are to be at- gone to the other side of the country. The tacked, we are always ready to respond, contributors who had done so much for it especially if it is a big dinner and a rich were still here. Not underrating what the man giving it. Now, I think the time has first editor had done, these also had given come when we in California should place it that distinctive literary character which something else upon the pedestal to be gained for the monthly a reputation at home worshiped besides gold, big pumpkins, and and abroad. It needed a foundation of large crops of grain ; that we should wor- capital. I am free to say that it never would ship the intelligence which enables us to have been discontinued had there been an raise big pumpkins rather than the pump- endowment equal to the price of one racekins. With this sentiment we meet here to- horse in California ! And the cost of a night; and I hope that every year may find single race-horse would be sufficient to carry us together, making our very best efforts to the OVERLAND on now for at least five lift up this magazine, and make it the repre. years more.
Horse literature is well enough sentative of the ideas of the people of the in its way; but we need another kind of litPacific coast. I want you all to feel, as con- erature for dessert, at least. I take a languid tributors to the magazine, that the place be- interest in hearing that a ten-thousand dollar longs to you now; and to take part in these horse has reduced the time on the turf by exercises with the view of what it is to bring half a second. I should take an absorbforth in the future.
ing interest in the fact that ten thousand The first regular toast of the evening is dollars had been contributed to make the “THE OVERLAND Monthly,” to be re- OVERLAND run a little faster. No agency or sponded to by Mr. Bartlett.
instrument on this coast has ever done more
for its honor. If some have been slow to REMARKS OF W. C. BARTLETT.
recognize that fact, it is no less a fact for all Ladies and Gentlemen-I am reminded, by that. We need some perpetual influence this early call, of an anecdote related in to mellow the hard materialism incident to “Punch." An English parson, catechising the development of a new country. There some boys, put the question, "What is your is something more to be done than the slashduty to your neighbor?” One of the boys ing down of forests, the washing down of answered, "To keep your eye on him." hills for gold, or the furrowing of the valleys
for wheat. It is well that the grapes turn to because a former president, whom we would purple on the hill-side. It is even better but could not retain, planned and wrought that there should be a ripening of intellect- for it, but because, from time to time, proual fruit, quickening influences, a noble in- fessors have contributed valuable papers, and spiration, and high endeavor. Our gardens have never ceased to be interested in its forunder sunny
skies never cease to bud and tune. It was fitting that these two instrublossom, neither ought this new garden of mentalities should thus be associated. It literature. Away up on the flanks of the was most fitting that the literature and scholSierra, seven or eight thousand feet above arship of the University should be reprethe level of the sea, one may find the snow- sented here. The century plant blossoms plant, in the early summer, coming out of a here once in ten years. This century plant cold and barren soil close by the melting of ours ought to bloom, fruit, and renew its snow drift. When the mountains begin to life, with increased vitality, every year. To put off their robes of white and take on this end we have met together. It is an those of emerald and purple, the snow-plant occasion for congratulation. What has been puts on its royal crimson—so rich in its local done is rather the earnest of what may be color, with such a poor environment, it never done in the coming years. The south wind ceases to be an object of wonder and ab- brings the fragrance of orange blossoms, and sorbing interest.
the north wind the balsam of the fir-tree. The OVERLAND has sprung, as it were, out Let all breezes bring fragrance and prosperity of a new soil. It took on a local color and for the OVERLAND. It has more than once flavor, and it has never lost these. It won been demonstrated in this State that the success in earlier and later times, because it best honey is made from wild flowers. But maintained these characteristics. It took whether from wild or tame, let the best, the unoccupied field in the commonwealth with strong, local flavors, be gathered for this of letters. Men and women thought and magazine. wrote with the inspiration of a new environ. I ought, ladies and gentlemen, to congratment-and the new was better than the old. ulate you that our host has brought us Its literature was fresh, original, and vigor- together to enjoy his hospitality on so au
It went into books. It was the medi- spicious an occasion. It is the tribute of um by which one man at least made a nation- affluence and honorable citizenship to literal reputation in literature. There are some ature. It is a sign of the good time coming, here who were present nearly fifteen years when wealth shall be more freely enlisted in ago at the birth of the OVERLAND. They behalf of literature and art.
There are know the pledges that were made, the plans, great things to be done for both: the forhopes, and steadfastness of its early friends. tunes of both advance or recede together. They could tell some tales of pioneer litera- We have not seen our best days in this reture if they would. These sponsors re- spect. Every great fortune here which bedeemed the pledge. They saw that child stows nothing for the advancement of literof literature grow in the grace of comeliness ature and art is a misfortune. The men and good behavior; and they are here to of wealth have been slow to make their salute it as one on the threshold of maturity. acknowledgments to the commonwealth
I see here a number of gentlemen con- which has so greatly enriched them. Here nected with the University, an institution and there one has begun to plan munifiwhich from the first has had much to do cently. When one sees in the desert on in behalf of literature on this coast. There our southern border the palm-tree lifting up has at all times been a clear sympathy on its fronded head amid the wastes of sand, the part of members of the faculty with the he knows that water is not far off. The solOVERLAND; it has, therefore, an honorable itary palm is better than all the desert beassociation with the University, not only sides. Amid all the barrenness of its