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according action adopted advantages allowed amendment applied argument arrangement authority bill body borough called candidates carried cast choice choose chosen colleges committee Commons complete Congress consideration Constitution contested Convention corruption County cumulative vote delegates Democratic desire directors disfranchisement distribution district divided effect elec election electors entitled equal evil exist extended fact fair favor follows four free vote give given House important influence injustice interest Judges justice legislative Legislature less limited Lord majority manner means ment minority mode necessary nomination object obtain officers opinion Parliament party persons political popular vote possible practical present President presidential principle proposed proposition question reason received referred reform reported repre representation representative Republican result rule secure Senate sentatives single success taken term thousand ticket tion town United voters whole
Page 92 - Every voter shall be entitled to a number of votes equal to the number of the members of the school board to be elected, and may give all such votes to one candidate, or may distribute them among the candidates as he thinks fit.
Page 227 - In all elections of representatives aforesaid, each qualified voter may cast as many votes for one candidate as there are representatives to be elected, or may distribute the same, or equal parts thereof, among the candidates, as he shall see fit; and the candidates highest in votes shall be declared elected.
Page 133 - Now nothing is more certain than that the virtual blotting out of the minority is no necessary or natural consequence of freedom ; that, far from having any connection with democracy, it is diametrically opposed to the first principle of democracy, representation in proportion to numbers. It is an essential part of democracy that minorities should be adequately represented. No real democracy, nothing but a false show of democracy, is possible without it.
Page 220 - The house of representatives shall consist of three times the number of the members of the senate, and the term of office shall be two years.
Page 126 - IT HAS been seen that the dangers incident to a representative democracy are of two kinds: danger of a low grade of intelligence in the representative body, and in the popular opinion which controls it; and danger of class legislation on the part of the numerical majority, these being all composed of the same class.
Page 135 - The natural tendency of representative government, as of modern civilization, is toward collective mediocrity: and this tendency is increased by all reductions and extensions of the franchise, their effect being to place the principal power in the hands of classes more and more below the highest level of instruction in the community.
Page 242 - ... as well as all moneys received in pursuance of the provisions of the fourth section of an Act entitled 'An Act to increase the county rates and levies for the use of the Commonwealth,' approved the twenty-fifth day of March, 1831, be and the same are hereby transferred and assigned to the Common School Fund ; and that at the expiration of twelve months after the passage of this Act, and regularly at the expiration...
Page 84 - ID the States of the south when rebellion was plotted, and when open steps were taken to break the Union, was unfortunate, for it would have held the Union men of those States together and have given them voice in the electoral colleges and in Congress. But they were fearfully overborne by...
Page 242 - Liability Commission, who shall hold their offices for the term of two years and until their successors are appointed and qualified.
Page 127 - The pure idea of democracy, according to its definition, is the government of the whole people by the whole people, equally represented. ' Democracy as commonly conceived and hitherto practised, is the government of the whole people by a mere majority of the people, exclusively represented.