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The average age of foreign females amounts to 17.31, being nearly one year in their favor over the males, but falling more than ten years below that of the native born females.

There died 537 married males,—twenty less than were reported the preceding year,—and furnishing 12.62 per cent. of all the deaths, and '24.20 of all the males. Of the whole number, foreigners furnish 336, or 62.56 per cent. Of widowers, there died 64,—33 native, and 31 foreign born,-four more than died the previous year. The number of married females that died is 471, or over 11 per cent. of all the deaths, and 23.15 per cent. of the females. Of the entire number, foreign females contribute 276, or 58.59 per cent. It will be observed, that of the deaths among the married portion of the community, the foreign born contribute much the largest number; while among the widowers and widows the scale is slightly turned the other way. .

The number of colored persons that died during the year was 71,-eight more than was recorded the preceding year. Of these, 38 were males, and 33 females. The aggregate ages of these amount to 1,964 years, giving to them an average age of 27.66. The aggregate ages of the males are 1,142 years, of the females, 822, allowing to the former an average age of 30 years, and to the latter very near 25 years. According to the census of 1855, the deaths among the colored population were as one in 31.26—a slight advance on the result of the previous year. Among the whites the rate of mortality is as 1 in 38.38—against 1 in 39.96 the previous year.

There were two deaths of centenarians, both females, reported as having reached the ages of 101 and 110 years.

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VII.

Abstract of the BILL OF MORTALITY of the Year 1856, showing the Deaths each Month,

with the Sex and Age of the Deceased.

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42 41 71 51 18 22 4 3 5 7 25 21 18 17 13 9 12 9 9 12 6 6 3 3 ... 226) 201
546 471 674 464 | 105 | 30 | 38 | 32 | 57 | 76 245 254 205, 206 194 137 11 82 83 88 43 80 | 16 45

9 203

* Two of these were of the ages of 101 and 110 respectively.

Stillborn children are classed differently by those who are engaged in mortuary statistics ; by some among the births, and by others among the deaths. In the present report they are tabulated below by themselves. The number reported the past year was 273–161 males and 112 females-an increase of 45 over the number recorded the previous year. They were reported as follows:

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Three of the males in March were triplets. To the number of deaths, instances of stillborn children are as 1 in 15.57. Compared with the births, they are as 1 to 21.69.

The following analysis of table VII. will show the ratio of deaths in certain periods of life to the entire mortality. Whole number of deaths, 4,253. There died,

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The number of children that died under one

year

of age is 28 less than in the previous year. Such is also the case in regard to those dying in each of the five periods between 15 and 20, 30 and 40, 50 and 60, 70 and 80, and 80 and 90.

The following table, embracing all who died between 1 day and 20 years of age, arranged according to parentage, will be of some interest to those familiar with vital statistics :

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VIII.

TABLE, showing the Parentage of those who died in Boston in 1856, between the Ages of

One Day and Twenty Years.

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