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The ages at which death occurred, are as follows:
There were reported two instances where the subjects were said to be over 30 years, and one of 40 years : they are so recorded in the table of “ Causes of Death,” but some doubt exists in regard to the correctness of this assignation. Of the deaths from this cause, 95 are reported as of native birth, 28 were foreign born, and 239, or 66 per cent. of the whole number, were children of foreigners. The last two classes make 73.75 per cent.
Small Pox. The number of deaths from this disease is 78, against 182 the previous year, a decrease of 104. But five cases have occurred since June last, and none subsequent to August, in which month, only two deaths are recorded. Of the whole number of cases, those of native birth make 53.84 per cent.
Suicides.—Of these, 10 instances were native born, the whole number being three less than occurred the year before.
Teething.—The present record contains 141 deaths thus designated, or 3.31 per cent of all the deaths. The year previous, there were reported 196 cases. There can be little doubt that many of these were susceptible of more correct designations.
Worms-Occasioned 12 deaths, the entire number being children of foreigners.
Unknown Diseases.—The major portion of the deaths thus recorded were of children-116 out of 158. These and those dying from “ Infantile Diseases,” which might
very properly be classed with them, make 380, and comprise 8.93 per cent of the entire mortality.
The following table contains 4,036, or 94.89 per cent. of the deaths, and gives the birthplaces and parentage of the deceased. It will be noticed, that of the number of deaths recorded, foreigners and their children make 65.51 per cent., or stand towards those born here in the ratio of nearly two
XI. TABLE showing the DEATHS in Boston in 1856, from
other than Natural Causes.
The following table will show the influence of some occupations on health. Laborers, Mariners, Carpenters, Teamsters, Blacksmiths, Machinists, Stonecutters, Masons, and others, whose employments are out of doors, can be viewed by the side of others whose occupations are of a
sedentary character, such as Tailors, Shoemakers, Printers, &c.
XII. Showing the Aggregate and Average Ages of 891
persons who died in Boston in 1856, whose Professions and Occupations were ascertained.
Laborers.—The foregoing exhibits 308 deaths among this class, or 34.56 per cent of the whole number enumerated in the table. The number of laborers recorded is three more than were reported last year,
and makes 7.24 per cent. of all the deaths. Their average age is one year more than that of the previous year. Nineteen-twentieths of them were born in Ireland.
Traders.—These comprise the next most numerous class, and present an increase over the preceding year's record, together with a reduced average of life of four
Mariners.-Although 19 less of this class died in 1856 than in 1855, the present table gives them a diminished average life of five years.
Clerks—Contribute to this year's mortality only 29, against 45 the year before, and give an average age of four years less.
Merchants.—Twenty-nine of this class are reported, three less than the number recorded the year before, with an average age reduced nearly six years.
Tailors and Carpenters—Present each 25 as their portion of the mortality, the former with a reduced average age of three years, and the latter of one.
Shoemakers—Appear with a number reduced by two, and two years added to their average age.
Gentlemen—Follow next in order, numerically, contributing 20 to the list of deaths, against 12 the previous year, but with an increased average age.
Physicians.--Five Physicians are reported, with an average age of 71.60 years, the highest on the record. .
The lowest average age is 21 years, belonging to five Cabinet Makers. The next is that of five Coppersmiths,