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During the past year, a volume containing the records of Births, Marriages, and Deaths, dating as far back as 1632, was, in consequence of its dilapidated condition, ordered by the City Council to be transcribed on parchment. This has been done; and a volume, valued not only for its age, but for the information which it communicates respecting men connected with the early history of Massachusetts, is now secured against further injury.

Full returns of the Births, Marriages, and Deaths recorded in the City of Boston during the year 1856, have been returned to the Secretary of State, as required by law. The returns have been made up with great care, and, it is believed, with as much accuracy as it was possible to make them.

BIRTHS.

The Births in the City of Boston during the past year, amount to 5,922,-3,053 males, 2,869 femalesman increase of 106 over the number recorded the previous

year.

I. BIRTHS Registered in Boston in the Year 1856.

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Total,

1678 1678 956 956 1652 1652 831 831 696 696 53 53 6866 5866

* 1. North of State, Court, and Cambridge Streets.

2. West of Washington, South of Court and Cambridge Streets.
8. East of Washington, South of State Street.
4. South Boston, except City Institutions.
5. East Boston and Islands,
6. City Institutions at South Boston and Deer Island.

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The following exhibits the number of births in each ward, with their ratio to the population of the same :

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The above shows that the births in 1856 were as 1 to 27.48 of the population. By reference to last year's report, it will be seen that there was an increase of deaths in the first ward of 47,—the increase of births in that ward was 105. In ward 2, the increase in deaths was 30,-of births, 40. In ward 3, the increase of deaths, 6,-of births, 8. Ward 4, decrease of 16 deaths, -increase of births, 1. Ward 5, increase of deaths, 47,--decrease of births, 39. Ward 6, increase of deaths, 55,—of births 29. Ward 7, decrease of deaths, 41,births precisely the same as previous year. Ward 8, decrease of deaths, 28,—of births, 117. Ward 9, increase of deaths, 34,--of births, 22. Ward 10, increase of deaths, 72,—of births 11. Ward 11, increase of deaths, 28,—of births, 35. Ward 12, decrease of deaths, 61,increase of births, 147. Ward 1 exhibits the greatest number of births, but ward 2 (East Boston) shows the highest ratio of births to the population, being one birth to every 21.14 of the inhabitants. Ward 12 comes next, (taking the place ward 7 occupied last year,

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but which now stands the third in the list) with one birth to 21.39 of its population. Ward 8 presents a marked difference from the previous year's result, when there was one birth to 29.24 of its population. This year it is 1 to 40.03. Ward 4 shows 1 to 63.80,-a slight improvement over the year before, when it was one in 64.32.

The following is a comparative statement of the Deaths and Births in each ward, with the ratio of each to the whole number of Deaths and Births respectively :

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There were 50 births of colored children, an increase of 21 over the number reported the previous year, being in the ratio of 1 to 44.40 of the colored population. The ratio of the Births, Marriages, and Deaths, respectively, of this class to the population of the same, may be seen by the following:

Deaths.

Births.
As 1 to 44.40.....

Marriages.
.1 to 38.27..

1 to 31.26

There were fifty-two twin births, (13 being in ward 1, 7 in ward 2, and 8 in ward 12,) and two cases of triplets, one in ward 9, and the other in ward 11. In 32 instances, the twins were of Irish parents ; in seven, of American; in two, of German ; in the remaining nine instances, the parents were of various foreign countries. One pair of twins was colored. One set of the triplets (3 males) belong to American parents; the other (3 females) to Irish parents.

II. Showing the NATIVITY of the PARENTS of the CHILDREN

born in Boston in 1856.

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* This term denotes that both Parents, in each case, were born in the same country. † This, that the Parents, in each instance, were born in different countries.

It will be seen by the above table, that there were 1427 births where both parents were born in the United

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