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shown him what civilities I could on his account, on yours, and on that of Mr. and Mrs. Thrale. He has had a fall from his horse, and been much hurt. I regret this unlucky accident, for he seems to be a very amiable man."
As the evidence of what I have mentioned at the beginning of this year, I select from his private register the following passage :
“July 25, 1776. O God, who hast ordained that whatever is to be desired should be sought by labour, and who, by thy blessing, bringest honest labour to good effect, look with mercy upon my studies and endeavours. Grant me, O LORD, to design only what is lawful and right; and afford me calmpess of mind and steadiness of purpose, that I may so do thy will in this short life as to obtain happiness in the world to come, for the sake of Jesus Christ our Lord. Amen.")
It appears, from a note subjoined, that this was composed when he "purposed to apply vigorously to study, particularly of the Greek and Italian tongues.”
Such a purpose, so expressed, at the age of sixty-seven, is admirable and encouraging; and it must impress all the thinking part of my readers with a consolatory confidence in habitual devotion, when they see a man of such enlarged intellectual powers as Johnson, thus, in the genuine earnestness of secrecy, imploring the aid of that Supreme Being
from whom cometh down every good and every perfect gift.”
“TO SIR JOSHUA REYNOLDS.
August 3, 1776. “A young man, whose name is Paterson, offers himself this evening to the Academy. He is the son of a man? for whom I have long had a kindness, and who is now abroad in distress. I shall be glad that you will be pleased to show him any little countenance, or pay him any small distinction. How much it is in your power to favour or to forward a young man I do not know; nor do I know how much this candidate deserves favour by his personal merit, or what hopes his proficiency may now give of future eminence. I recommend him as the son of my friend. Your character and station enable you to give a young man great encouragement by very easy means. You have heard of a man who asked no other favour of Sir Robert Walpole than that he would bow to him at his levee.
I am, Sir, your most humble servant,
“ MR. BOSWELL TO DR. JOHNSON.
“ August 30, 1776. After giving him an account of my having examined the chest of books which he had sent to me, and which contained what may be truly called a numerous and miscellaneous Stall Library, thrown together at random :
1 "Prayers and Meditations," p. 151.-BOSWELL. 2 Samuel Paterson, formerly a bookseller, lately an auctioneer, and well known for his skill in forming catalogues of books. He died in London, Oct. 29, 1802.—MALONE.
“Lord Hailes was against the decree in the case of my client, the minister; not that he justified the minister, but because the parishioner both provoked and retorted. I sent his Lordship your able argument upon the case for his perusal. His observation upon it in a letter to me was, Dr. Johnson's ‘Suasorium' is pleasantly' and artfully composed. I suspect, however, that he has not convinced himself; for I believe that he is better read in ecclesiastical history, than to imagine that a Bishop or Presbyter has a right to begin censure or discipline è cathedra.?
“For the honour of Count Manucci, as well as to observe that exactness of truth which you have taught me, I must correct what I said in a former letter. He did not fall from his horse, which might have been an imputation on his skill as an officer of cavalry; his horse fell with him.
“I have, since I saw you, read every word of Granger's Biographical History.'3 It has entertained me exceedingly, and I do not think him the Whig that you supposed. Horace Walpole’s being his patron is, indeed, no good sign of his political principles. But he denied to Lord Mountstuart that he was a Whig, and said he had been accused by both parties of partiality. It seems he was like Pope,
While Tories call me Whig, and Whigs a Tory. I wish you would look more into his book; and as Lord Mountstuart wishes much to find a proper person to continue the work upon Granger's plan, and has desired I would mention it to you, if such a man occurs, please to let me know. His Lordship will give him generous encouragement."
“ TO MR. ROBERT LEVETT.
Brighthelmstone, Oct. 21, 1776. “Having spent about six weeks at this place, we have at length resolved upon returning. I expect to see you all in Fleet-street on the 30th of this month.
“I did not go into the sea till last Friday, but think to go most of this week, though I know not that it does me any good. My nights are very restless and tiresome, but I am otherwise well.
1 Why his Lordship uses the epithet pleasantly, when speaking or a grave piece of reasoning, I cannot conceive. But different men have different notions of pleasantry. I happened to sit by a gentleman one evening at the opera house in London, who, at the moment when “Medea" appeared to be in great agony at the thought of killing her children, turned to me with a smile, and said, “ funny enough."-BOSWELL.
2 Dr. Johnson afterwards told me that he was of opinion that a clergyman bad this right.-BOSWELL.
3 The Rev. James Granger was a native of Berkshire, and the Vicar of Shiplake, in Oxfordshire. His “ Biographical History of England” was published in 4 vols. 8vo. It is a valuable and highly interesting work, which has formed the chief materials for our later biographical dictionaries. The author died of a fit of apoplexy, while administering the sacrament, in 1776.-ED.
"I have written word of my coming to Mrs. Williams. Remember me kindly to Francis and Betsey."
“I am, Sir, your most humble servant,
I again wrote to Dr. Johnson on the 21st of October, informing him that my father had, in the most liberal manner, paid a large debt for me, and that I had now the happiness of being upon very good terms with him ; to which he returned the following answer :
“ TO JAMES BOSWELL, ESQ. “ DEAR SIR,
Bolt Court, Nov. 16, 1776. "I had great pleasure in hearing that you are at last on good terms with your father. Cultivate his kindness by all honest and manly means. Life is but short; no time can be afforded but for the indulgence of real sorrow, or contests upon questions seriously momentous. Let us not throw away any of our days upon useless resentment, or contend who shall hold out longest in stubborn malignity. It is best not to be angry; and best, in the next place, to be quickly reconciled. May you and your father pass the remainder of your time in reciprocal benevolence !
1 His female servant.-MALONE. 2 For this and Dr. Johnson's other letters to Mr. Levett, I am indebted to my old acquaintance, Mr. Nathaniel Thomas, whose worth and ingenuity have been long known to a respectable though not a wide circle; and whose collection of medals would do credit to persons of greater opulence.--BoswmL.
Mr. Nathaniel Thomas, who was many years editor of The St. James's Chronicle, died March 1, 1795.-MALONE.
“Do you ever hear from Mr. Langton? I visit him sometimes, but he does not talk. I do not like his scheme of life; but as I am not permitted to understand it, cannot set anything right that is wrong. His children are sweet babies.
“I hope my irreconcileable enemy, Mrs. Boswell, is well. Desire her not to transmit her malevolence to the young people. Let me have Alexander, and Veronica, and Euphemia for my friends.
“Mrs. Williams, whom you may reckon as one of your well-wishers, is in a feeble and languishing state, with little hopes of growing better. She went for some part of the autumn into the country, but is little benefited; and Dr. Lawrence confesses that his art is at an end. Death is, however, at a distance : and what more than that can we say of ourselves? I am sorry for her pain, and more sorry for her decay. Mr. Levett sound wind and limb.
"I was some weeks this autumn at Brighthelmstone. The place was very dull, and I was not well; the expedition to the Hebrides was the most pleasant journey that I ever made. Such an effort annually would give the world a little diversification.
“Every year, however, we cannot wander, and must therefore endeavour to spend our time at home as well as we can. I believe it is best to throw life into a method, that every hour may bring its employment, and every employment have its hour. Xenophon observes, in his · Treatise of Economy,' that if everything be kept in a certain place, when anything is worn out or consumed, the vacuity which it leaves will show what is wanting; so if every part of time has its duty, the hour will call into remembrance its proper engagement.
"I have not practised all this prudence myself, but I have suffered much for want of it; and I would have you, by timely recollection and steady resolution, escape from those evils which have lain heavy upon me. I am, my dearest Boswell, your most humble servant,
On the 16th of November I informed him that Mr. Strahan had sent me twelve copies of the “Journey to the Western Islands,” handsomely bound, instead of the twenty copies which were stipulated, but which, I supposed, were to be only in sheets ; requested to know how they should be distributed ; and mentioned that I had another son born to me, who was named David, and was a sickly infant.
“ TO JAMES BOSWELL, ESQ. “ DEAR SIR,
Dec. 21, 1776. “I have been for some time ill of a cold, which, perhaps, I made an excuse to myself for not writing, when in reality I knew not what to say.
“ The books you must at last distribute as you think best, in my name, or your own, as you are inclined, or as you judge most proper. Every body cannot be obliged; but I wish that nobody may be offended. Do the best you can.
“I congratulate you on the increase of your family, and hope that little David is by this time well, and his mamma perfectly recovered. I am much pleased to hear of the re-establishment of kindness between you and your father. Cultivate his paternal tenderness as much as you can. To live at variance at all is uncomfortable; and variance with a father is still more uncomfortable. Besides that, in the whole dispute you have the wrong side; at least you gave the first provocations, and some of them very offensive. Let it now be all over. As you have no reason to think that your new mother has shown you any foul play, treat her with respect, and with some degree of confidence; this will secure your father. When once a discordant family has felt the pleasure of peace they will not willingly lose it. If Mrs. Boswell would but be friends with me, we might now shut the temple of Janus.
“What came of Dr. Memis's cause? Is the question about the negro determined ? Has Sir Allan any reasonable hopes ? What has become of poor Macquarry? Let me know the event of all these litigations. I wish particularly well to the negro and Sir Allan.
“Mrs. Williams has been much out of order; and though she is something better, is likely, in her physician's opinion, to endure her malady for life, though she may, perhaps, die of some other. Mrs. Thrale is big, and fancies that she carries a boy ; if it were very reasonable to wish much about it, I should wish her not to be disappointed. The desire of male heirs is appended only to feudal tenures. A son is almost necessary to the continuance of Thrale's fortune ; for what can misses do with a brew-house? Lands are fitter for daughters than trades.
“ Baretti went away from Thrale’s in some whimsical fit of disgust, or illnature, without taking any leave. It is well if he finds in another place as good an habitation, and as many conveniences. He has got five-and-twenty guineas by translating Sir Joshua's Discourses into Italian, and Mr. Thrale gave him a hundred in the spring; so that he is yet in no difficulties.
“ Colman has bought Foote's patent, and is to allow Foote for life 16001. a year, as Reynolds told me, and to allow him to play so often on such terms that he may gain 4001. more. What Colman can get by his bargain," but trouble and hazard, I do not see. I am, dear Sir, your humble servant,
The Rev. Dr. Hugh Blair, who had long been admired as a preacher at Edinburgh, thought now of diffusing his excellent sermons more extensively, and increasing his reputation by publishing a collection of them. He transmitted the manuscript to Mr. Strahan, the printer, who, after keeping it for some time, wrote a letter to him, discouraging the publication. Such, at first, was the unpropitious state of one of the
1 It turned out, however, a very fortunate bargain; for Foote, though not then fifty-six, died at an inn in Dover, in less than a year, Oct. 21, 1777.-MALONE.