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physical conditions and laws which we here absolutely decided, for neither revelation nor in our own earth this is the case, reason has find.
experience give us any direct evidence, and this always conjectured, and science has ever helped The question of the plurality of worlds is an uncertainty adds to its interest. As the belief to confirm. That here all aspires to and centres old one. It could hardly fail to suggest itself to was not founded in scientific induction, but in man, so that he is the head and crown of the a reflecting mind, gazing upon the bright and rather on the ground of general analogy and world, that the “archetypal idea” of the world, silent orbs that look down upon us so serenely. probability, no deductions from the natural to speak with Plato and Prof. Owen, is only parSeveral of the Greek philosophers, as Aristotle sciences in their present state can overthrow it. tially realized in the inferior orders of beings, and Plato, advocated the opinion that other it is a rational and theological belief, rather than and is fully realized in man and what man does, worlds are inhabited; that ours is not the only one based on scientific certainties or even scien- is the comprehensive result of scientific investiCosmos. Some of the Greek Fathers advanced a tific conjectures. It comes from an enlarged gation, as well as the dictate of reason. This is, kindred view, though most of them were averse view of the plan of God, and not by strict induc so to speak, the subjective end of creation ; in to such speculations. Gregory of Nazianzum tion from observed phenomena.
contrast with this, its objective end or purpose says that “philosophizing upon the plurality of Since the conclusion is to be derived from may be said be the making the inherent glory worlds is among the suitable subjects for public analogy and general probability, rather than of God extant and manifest. If the same God, or discussion by Christian preachers.” The scho. from induction, and since it is a question about even the same order, presides in other worldslastic theologians doubted or denied the inhab- the existence of rational and moral beings in and we can hardly conceive it to be otherwiseitability of the planets; but this was in the spirit unvisited orbs, from which no tidings come, it then it is natural to infer that they, also, are of their theology, which made every thing center is a capital subject for any one who has any destined to culminate in sentient and rational in the visible church, in Peter's See. With the theory, upon almost any other topic, connected life. Some of them may still be unfitted to be revival of science, especially of astronomy, the with man, nature, or God. And so we find that the abodes of such beings as ourselves; they plurality of worlds was again maintained by almost all the natural sciences are pressed into may be too tenuous in structure; they may be Giordano Bueng, and by Tycho Brahe, who the service of the argument; and if, in reading still going through the anticipatory stages. were assailed for asserting it, and by almost all the books, we do not get much knowledge of others may never, so far as we know, be fitted the modern eminent astronomers. Bishop Wil the inhabitants of these other worlds, we can at for just such organizations as our own. But kins advocated especially the claims of the least get a good popular statement about surely, the natural sciences press their inducmoon. Fontenelle, in his “Week's Conversa- geology, astronomy, heat, light, and the laws of tions too far, when they assume that divine wistion," a charming work of fact and fancy, made gravitation. Thus, too, the plan of God, the dom must always use the same methods, or the the view popular; others, like Huggens in his scheme of Redemption, the nature of men and same laws, or the same proportions of heat, cold Cosmotheoros, sought to establish it with greater angels, the possible destiny of the human race, and light, to realize its grand object, the proscientific method. Thomas Pæine, in his “ Age all furnish arguments, illustrations, analogies. duction of rational existences. If angels may of Reason,” declared that no person could be. In the "World no Desert, the Universe no Mo-exist, why not intermediate orders? Heat, cold lieve in the doctrine of Redemption by the nopoly;" the Swedenborgian theory is made to and light are related to our present physical Incarnate Son of God and also in the plurality help out the conclusion. The little essay on the structure and cond s; why may there not of worlds.
Fuller replied to him, with con. “Plurality of Worlds,” published by Bagster, be other physical structures and conditions for vincing argument, in the “Gospel its own Wit- enters into the scriptural argument, fully and other kinds of beings! Why may not the end ness.” Dr. Chalmers, in his eloquent Astronom. ingeniously. And, if the discussion should go of creation be reached, in other orbs, by other ical Discourses, which a German once said on, we may well anticipate “solutions” of the combinations and processes than those with required so much thought that they never could problem, from almost all “standpoints.” Our which we are here familiar? have been delivered before a popular audience limits do not permit us, even if we had the cain Germany, took up the same theme, and pacity and the inclination, to review all the The argument from analogy has two entirely adorned it with his magnificent rhetoric. Neither natural sciences, or theological theories, in their distinct aspects. There is the analogy drawn his rhetoric nor his logic were satisfactory to bearings on the question at issue. Nor do we from the general plan and order of creation; Mr. Alexander Maxwell, who endeavored to think this to be necessary for a vindication of there is also the analogy made on the ground of reply to his positions, and also to overthrow the the very general and rational belief, that other the same specific relations. The latter is the Newtonian system of Astronomy, and to show worlds than our own are also inhabited by stricter form of the analogical argument; but that the doctrine of plurality led to Swedenbor- moral beings. The strong probabilities are in the former has, at least, equal claims to rational gianism, in a work of considerable learning and the afirmative of the question ; and the natural assent. And ever, on the ground of the stricter research, which attracted sufficient attention to sciences seem to us to go beyond their lawful analogy, which demands the same, or nearly reach a second edition. Archbishop Cullen sphere in the ground taken to annul these proba- similar conditions of existence, in order to make wrote an essay on the subject which has been bilities.
an inference as to the existence of the same or suppressed, and which is said to have opposed All who believe in a God must also believe in similar beings in these other worlds, we think the plurality. Herschel, Nichol, Lardner and a divine order, method, and end of the universe that Sir David Brewster has shown, with much Dick have argued in its favor. But the last year which he has made. Whether that end be the learning and some sentiment, that the probabilihas been most prolific in treatises on this distant external bodying forth of the imperial glories of ties are in favor of the inhabitation of Mars
, theme. The essay ascribed to Dr. Whewell, the Godhead, or the happiness of creatures, on Venus and Mercury. Even the fires around the though its authorship is contested, is unques- either supposition, it must be an end which in sun may be conceived as mitigated, so as not to tionably the ablest and most interesting volume cludes the existence of sentient and rational be- scorch the dwellers upon it, or its inhabitants that has yet been produced ; and it has been the ings. Even on the merely naturalistic hypothesis may be more “fiery particles” than ourselves. occasion of all the recent works whose titles are of development, the end of the development is in The moon may not be volcanic on its hotter
iven above, and of others by Baden Powell, the existence of conscious life and thought. It is side ; science has not yet shown that it bas no and M. L. Phillips, which we see announced, as the conception of this end which gives its unity to atmosphere. Mr. Simon, in his ingenious treatise well as of articles in most of the leading Re- creation; that is, creation is seen to be a unity on the “Scientific Certainties of Planetary Life,” views. Though we can hardly concur in the only when seen in relation to some one compre- has advocated the cause of Neptune, and adduced exaggerated statement with which Sir David hensive end. And the order, as well as the ingenious arguments to show that the stars have Brewster begins his “More Worlds than One,” unity of creation is found only as we view it in opaque planetary systems like our own.
One that “there is no subject within the whole range a process of growth, in relation to some such of his leading positions is that so great is the of knowledge so universally interesting as that end; the whole method of creation is but a diversity in density of the medium through of a plurality of worlds,” yet it is a subject series of progressions, under certain laws, tow. which light and heat penetrate to the other which has its peculiar charms. It cannot be ards the realization of the end of creation. That planets, that notwithstanding their different dis
tances from the sun, they may still receive tion of our ignorance, but chiefly by the suppo- which is the great mystery and perfect center nearly the same degree of solar heat and light. sition that the inhabitants of other worlds may of all God's ways with his creatures, and to In the region nearest the sun, he contends that not stand in need of redemption. Others take which all his other works and wonders do but this ethereal medium is incomparably less rare. the ground that this world, though not the cen- serve and refer." And as to the difference in weight, even on the ter of the universe, may yet have been chosen received hypothesis that the increased centrifu- as the scene of God's greatest work, and that REPORTS OF Cases ARGUED AND DETERMINED IN gal force of the exterior planets dilates the mat- the annunciation of it in other worlds may be THE SUPERIOR Court OF THE CITY OF NEW ter of each planet, instead of merely transferring sufficient to meet their needs and call out their
YORK. By John DUER, LL. D., one of the
Justices of the Court. Vol. II. pp. 717. W. it farther from the center towards the circum- faith ; just as we need not the present vision of C. Little & Co., Albany. ference, he contends that there is no reason the scene on Calvary in order to our belief in its Reports of Cases ARGUED AND DETERMINED IN for supposing that similar organic and inorganic reality. The author of the “Plurality of Worlds” THE COURT OF COMMON PLEAS FOR THE CITY AND structures may not subsist upon the surface of brings to the objection quite a different reply- COUNTY OF NEW YORK. By E. DELAFIELD åll the planets. Weight is relative, and struc- that it may, after all, be true that no other Smith, Vol. I. pp. 953. J. R. Halsted, New
York. ture and functions may be adapted to it. His world needs redemption, since no other world argument in respect to the fixed stars, and to contains inhabitants. In his fourth chapter he These volumes, just published, present the rethe probability that they are the centers of sys- even goes so far as to say, that “moral, histori- cent decisions of the two most important of the tems like our own, is admirably conducted. He cal, and religious views represent the human local tribunals of our metropolis. The Superior claims, in opposition to the work ascribed to Dr. race as unique and peculiar;” that it “is vision Court was organized in 1828, to provide an adWhewell, that there is no one particular in ary to assume any similar kind of progressive ditional judicial force for the transaction of the which our sun is known to be unlike the other existence" in any other orb; and the idea that litigated business of the city. The Supreme fixed stars; that they are the centers of systems; an inhabitant of Jupiter may have a "con- Court here (now consisting of five judges who and that even the double stars would permit the science,” seems to him a bold assumption. He are occupied solely with business arising in the revolution of planets around them; the two claims that the Bible does not know any thing city,) was then held by a single judge, whose closest of these—those in Alpha Centauri-could of the inhabitants of other worlds, or of any circuit included Long Island and Staten Island. have each six opaque planets, disposed as the six effect or influence of the work of Christ in rela- As originally constituted, the Superior Court planetary spaces between Jupiter and Mercury tion to them.
consisted of three judges. It was intended as a inclusive, and yet have a vacant space of one We are wholly unable to see on what ground local tribunal, to relieve the circuit judge of a thousand million miles between the limits of the any one can assert the improbability of a pro- part of the business accumulating in this county. two systems.
gressive history, physical, intellectual, and mo- It was subject to review in the Supreme Court, Thus, on the ground of special analogy, valid ral, in the supposed inhabitants of other planets. but it was to be superior to the other local trifacts and arguinents are not wanting for the If we suppose them to be, it would be very nat- bunals, and was so named. In the thirty years doctrine of the plurality of worlds. But when ural to suppose them also to have a history, a that have since nearly elapsed, this Court, by its we come to ask the higher question of the end successive development, a law of growth, a learning, its ability, and its assiduity in the ador object of the visible creation :-why were its moral nature, a conscience.
ministration of justice, has steadily grown in millions of stars made! why these planets sup- As far as the general truths of religion are public estimation. Its powers have been as plied with light and heat, moving in their orbits, concerned, those involved in the doctrine of the steadily increased and enlarged by successive with alternations of day and night? why the providence of God in relation to his creatures, acts of the Legislature, to enable it the better to combined movements of the different systems we presume that there is nothing which militates transact its increasing business, until now it has around some common remote center (which Dr. against the view of a plurality of worlds. a jurisdiction co-ordinate with the Supreme Brewster well argues) 1—and when we are forced That the office of Christ as Mediator in some Court, and like that Court, is subject to review to one of two conclusions, either that all the way embraces all worlds, is expressly declared only in the Court of Appeals. Its bench now stars and all the planets, so far as they have re- in the first chapter of the epistle to the Colos- comprises six justices; and its decisions reported spect to rational and created existences, were sians, in the first of Ephesians, and in the second in Hall (2 vols.), Sandford (5 vols.), and Duer made for the denizens of this earth alone, or, for and fifth of Hebrews. By Him were all things (the present series), are well entitled to the sentient and intelligent beings in the planets created; by Him they subsist; all is to be put authority they are regarded as possessing. It is and suns themselves, it seems to us to be both under His feet; He is the fullness of him that now the principal commercial tribunal of New derogatory to the divine power and wisdom, and filleth all in all; He is the Lamb slain from the York. The cases of commercial law coming beconducive to a proud self-exaltation of humanity, foundation of the world; He is to reconcile all fore it are, undoubtedly, more numerous and to maintain the hypothesis that ours is the only things unto God, whether they be things in more important than those in any other Court inhabited sphere. So far as we know, the earth, or things in heaven. All that requires in the Union ; and its decisions have thus come earth, the sea, the air, are crowded with animat- reconciliation is to be reconciled by Christ in to possess interest beyond the confines of the ed life; each drop is a world; all the lower or- some way, though we may not know the way. State. This series is prepared by one of the ders are prophetic of the higher; moral beings Hugh Miller even suggests a kind of necessity Justices of the Court. The cases are very juhere crown the whole. The idea of this world for the “introduction of an intermediate crea- diciously selected with reference to their geneis grasped only as it is seen to be the abode of tion of responsible imperfection,” and are we not ral interest, and the preliminary statements are rational, moral beings. The same God who warranted in going even so far as to say, that unusually full and complete. The marginal made our world, made all others. And it is a all that requires mediation must have Christ for notes, which in so many reports are full of inacrational inference that all worlds have been, are, the mediator? And to come to God, to be either curacies, misapprehensions, and contradictions, or are to be the theater of a divine moral gov- united or reunited to Him, do not all finite are here reliable, because prepared by the ernment, administered over moral agents. beings need mediation and a mediator!
Court itself. The argument drawn from religious considera- So at least thought Lord Bacon, as cited in When the Superior Court was yet in its infan. tions was first applied by infidelity on the basis one of these works, with a wisdom higher than cy, the Court of Common Pleas was about one of a supposed plurality of worlds, to throw dis- that of the author of the “Plurality of Worlds," hundred and seventy-five years old. We doubt credit upon the Christian belief that this earth when he said, that God is so holy and pure very much if the antiquarian can find any instihas been the scene of the Incarnation and the "that neither angel, man, nor world could stand, tution here more ancient and venerable than the Atonement of the Son of God. Even the mind nor can stand one moment in his eye, without New York Common Pleas. His Honor Judge of Webster, as is seen in his epitaph, was for a beholding the same in the face of the mediator.” Daly, in a very valuable history of the judicial time touched by such considerations. Dr. Chal- all the divine dispensations, he adds, in time organization of the State, from the time of its mers met this argument, in part, by the allega; and in eternity, have "respect to the Mediator, settlement by the Dutch (which is prefixed to for the press.
Mr. Smith's Reports), informs us that this Court window. Is the spirit of Horace less eternal than these glance of the eye, the prominent features in each was first organized in 1653, under the early transitory roses? The cry is always of death now. Elo- of these departments are at once detected. The Dutch Colonial Government. It was then enti- told; and we shall have no Burkes and Ciceros, -nothing Maps are particularly full in respect to the tled the Court of Burgomasters and Schepens. but argumentative bagmen henceforth. Bnt let the heart names of successive Governors and Legislators In the political changes which have transpired and the passions come into play in some noble stir, and we of the different States, and the general governsince then, it has undergone various changes of shall see! "Tis the same with poetry, and all the arts, and ment. The period embraced in this volume is form and name, but retaining still the same sub- satire: the man and the time come together, and they rise from the year 1802 to the present time. Dr. F. stantial existence. By the ability exhibited in mood of the poet in one of the poems in In Memoriam: W. Hunt, the compiler, has furnished a work of its present administration it has grown in im- " I dreamed it would be spring no more,
great value for purposes of reference and study. portance, and its opinions have for some time That nature's ancient power was lost;
Fleetwood's History of the Bible has been recommanded considerable weight. By a series
The streets were black with smoke and frost;
printed in a royal octavo volume, by Messrs.
They chatter'd trifles at the door." of recent statutes, commencing with the Judicia
Carters. This comprises the Sacred History, ry Act of 1847, the jurisdiction and powers of It is only a dream, this of theirs. The spirit of Satire is from the Creation to the Incarnation, the facts the Court have been enlarged, until now it alive, and working now in various forms. I believe that in stands upon about the same footing as the Su still plenty for it to do. its peculiar and genuine form of the Satire Proper there is presented in the Old Testament being arranged
in consecutive order, and illustrated by referperior Court, with, moreover, an exclusive juris- I must be content with briefly indicating the writers in ence to the manners and customs of the ancients, diction of certain local matters.
whose works the satiric spirit now works. There is Fon- and by geographical notices. The notes at the ! The opinions of this Court have not been blanque, a satiric reasoner; Thackeray, & satiric painter; bottom of the page are very full, and are taken hitherto reported regularly. This volume is comic and grotesque fun, and human enjoyment of life; from the standard works of Horne, Calmet, the first of the series. It seems to be carefully Landor the classic, who darts beautiful lightning, when not Poole, Patrick, Stackhouse, &c. The work is also and thoroughly prepared. The index,—not the more amiably employed; Disraeli
, the bitter and the digni- accompanied by steel engravings and a map. least important part of a law book,—is very affects Apollo when he sneers, and Pegasus when he kicks; edition of Rev. Matthew Henry's Miscellaneous fied, who browsed in his youth on Byron and Junius, who
The same firm have also issued a handsome complete. It fills 120 closely printed pages. E. Aytoun, whose jolly contempt has a good-fellowish air about Delafield Smith, Esq., the editor, renders a very it, and whose rod seems odorous of whisky-toddy. Of Jer-Works, in two large volumes. Besides the valuimportant service to his profession in this book; rold, I may emphatically note, that he has real satiric genius
, able Commentary which has been so popular a and Mr. Halstead has made, as one would expect, spontaneons, picturesque, –with the beauty and the dead guide in the interpretation of Scripture, Mr.
liness of nightshade. a very handsome volume of it. We are glad to
Henry's Sermons, Tracts and other productions, learn that under the encouragement which the Uriah Hunt & Son, Philadelphia, have just contain much important doctrinal and ecclesiasready sale of this volume has rendered, the se- published an elegant volume of Ornamental Pen-tical matter, illustrating the general condition cond is now in the course of rapid preparation manship, comprising a series of analytical and of the churches in England during the stormy
completed alphabets, by George J. Becker. periods of their history. The interesting life of
This production is the result of many years Rev. Philip Henry, his father, who was a celeRedfield has republished the interesting lec
study and experience, evinces a high degree of brated noncomformist Divine, is prefixed. The
good taste, and is executed in a superior manner. present, of all the editions which have been tures of Mr. James Hannay, on Satire and Sa- It contains 33 highly finished plates, which very issued, contains the fullest collection of Sermons tirists . There are two facts which the author happily illustrate the effects of a combination of and Papers
, and will be a valuable acquisition brings prominently forward as illustrative of
different styles of chirography. the benefits of a more particular acquaintance
to the theological and public libraries.
The well known and valuable standard His The publishers are still competing with each with this class of literature, viz.: that the satires tory of America, by Robertson, has been repro other in the publication of the works of the of every age have been important agents in the duced in one large volume of over 1100 closely Rev. Dr. Cumming. There must be something historic work done in it; and that Satires, as
printed pages, by A. R. Phippen, New York. especially fascinating in the writings of this disliterary objects, give us valuable aid in studying This publication will bring this important work tinguished Divine, to warrant the production of the life of the age in which they were produced. more immediately within the reach of American so many of his works in such rapid succession, The works of Horace, Juvenal
, Erasmus, Sir D. scholars and students of early American history. Jewett & Co., of Boston, have sent us the third Lindsay, Geo. Buchanan, Boileau, Butler, Dry. A supplement, by an American writer, treats in volume in the series of Scripture Readings, or a den, Swift, Pope, Churchill, Burns, Byron,
a cursory manner, of the events which have oc- familiar commentary on the Book of Leviticus. Moore, &c., are viewed in respect to their satiricurred since the Revolution.
This volume contains also a Companion to the cal qualities. The criticisms on Horace and
Lingard's History of England, from the First Readings, embracing a number of Sermons on the Juvenal portray, very characteristically, those
Invasion by the Romans to the Accession of Wil. same book, entitled “The Great Sacrifice." two old Romans as the great types of the two liam and Mary, in 1688, has just been completed Another work by the same author is entitled general classes of satirists. In speaking of modern literature, Mr. Hannay says:
in an edition of thirteen duodecimo volumes, The Daily Life, containing precepts and pre
published by Phillips, Sampson & Co. The au- scriptions for Christian living, which are enIn our own day we have plenty of Satire in our litera- thor's reputation as a historian, will secure this forced with earnestness, and suggest many reture. But, for the most part, Satire does not bloom inde- work an introduction into the public libraries flections of practical importance. pendently as a plant; it enters into the composition of lite
throughout the country, particularly now that it Messrs. Lindsay & Blakiston also publish a rary productions, and gives a tone to them. We have not the satiric laurel; but then it flavors puddings and Blanc- is issued in so convenient a form and at so low a late work, by Dr. Cumming, entitled Signs of mange, and is to be tasted in various liqueurs. We have price. The several volumes have been noticed the Times; or Present, Past and Future. This novelists, and essayists, and journalists, who are satirical; in the columns of this journal, as issued. volume exposes to view the author's peculiar but where is our Satirist ? There is our grand heroic metrethe metre of Dryden
D. Appleton & Co. issue a folio volume of doctrines respecting the Millenium, applying the and Pope—is it dead? is it used up? A Gifford would not American History, according to the “ Panto. words of Prophecy, in their literal fulfillment, to succeed again; pompous high-flown libelling (something logical system,” which furnishes a panoramic passing events. There is a striking glow of imbetween Juvenal and a fish-woman) would not be tolerated view of the origin and progress of Nations and passioned thought exhibited in many of these now by literary men or the public. But does that settle the States, by exhibiting on charts the principal lectures. question? Shall we never have a glorious and spirited heroic couplet? Do we hate no more? Have we no fools and events in their History, Chronology, &c., includ- The Philosophy of Sectarianism, by Rev. Alex. rogues in the land?
ing a view of the acts of legislation, the develop- ander Blaikie, and published by Phillips, SampThe general notion is, that the heroic satire is dead. Nay, ment of Jurisprudence, Politics, Diplomacy, &c., son & Co., has reached a second edition. It gives we are told sometimes, that the day of Satire is past; that with statistics of Commerce, Agriculture, Litera- a classified view of the Christian denominations Literature is disgraced by such fighting ; and that we must ture, Education, Religion, &c. All these and in the United States, with reference to their
tenpart, I am slow to believe these theorizers. The roses many similar topics, are introduced into the dencies and their radical differences. The book which pleased Horace come fresh as ever into life before my Maps which form this volume, so that by al is written with something of party spirit, and
enforces the doctrines, government and disci- schools
, this work would also prove highly Foster, Hannah More, Ney, Grouchy, Guizot, L. pline of the pure Presbyterian Church, in contra- useful. D. Appleton & Co. are the publishers. Philippe, Vinet, Tholuck, Gesenius, Neander, distinction from the Romish Church on the one
The Practical Fruit, Flower and Vegetable Humboldt, Rogers, Campbell, Wardlaw, Chalhand and Independency on the other.
Gardener's Companion, by P.'Neill, LL. D., has mers, Dick, and many more equally celebrated, D. & J. Sadlier & Co. have issued a very sea- been reprinted by c. M. Saxton & Co., with are daguerreotyped on the pages of this volume. sonable work, entitled “A Polemical Treatise adaptations to the soil and climate of the United
We need only announce that Mr. J. S. Dickeron the Immaculate Conception of the Blessed States, by G. Emerson, M. D. Those portions of son has just issued the fourth revised and illusVirgin,” by Cardinal Lambruschini, to which is the original work which related to fruits which trated edition of The Genius of Italy, by R. added a history of the Doctrine, as it has been can not be cultivated in this country, have been Turnbull
, D. D., containing additional notices developed in the Church of Rome, by Father left out in the present issue, and much new of the various changes which have occurred in Felix, translated from the French by Mrs. J. matter has been added. The processes of graft that country since the Revolution in 1848, with
some account of the lives and fortunes of GaSadlier. An appendix is also furnished, giving ing, training, &c., are very fully illustrated. an account of the recent proceedings at Rome,
vazzi, Garibaldi, and other Italian leaders.
Mr. David A. Harsba has collected the most where the Dogma was fully established by Papal famous speeches of the eminent Orators and
The Rag Bag is said, on the title, to be a colauthority.
Statesmen of Ancient and Modern Times, with lection of Ephemera, and is dedicated to Geo. The Life of St. Frances of Rome, by Lady biographical notices and criticisms on their
P. Morris, Esq. The work consists principally Georgiana Fullerton, has been published by the genius. It contains a series of very animated of pieces which have been published in the same firm. It is a very romantic story of a lady sketches of the principal events in the history of
“ Home Journal,” and are now preserved, in a who lived in the fourteenth century. A very well such orators as Demosthenes and Cicero of
more readable form, as "small fragments" of
literature. Those who have read the “town written and ingenious Introductory Essay, by J. earlier times, and of Chatham, Burke, Grattan, M. Capes, is prefixed, treating of the Miraculous Fox, Brougham, Pitt, and others prominent in gossip” of that journal in all its amusing and Life of the Saints, in answer to the objections English history, while our own country is repre
curious variety, will have some idea of the many urged against such miracles and ecstacies as are sented by P. Henry, Fisher Ames, Clay, Cal
that are interwoven together in recorded in this volume. In this preface the houn, Webster and Everett
. It is intended by Willis' complete prose works.
this book. C. Scribner is the publisher of Mr. writer states that their lives are not all equally the author, not only as a text book for students, to be relied on as undoubtedly true in their but as an every-day book for general reference.
Mrs. Arey's Household Songs is the title of a various minute particulars , but that the most The speeches embraced in this volume are gen. with grace and simplicity the kindly affections
collection of pleasing poems, which illustrate prominent are substantially true.
erally the best specimens which could have been E. Dunigan & Brother have just published selected, and many striking descriptions of the which cluster around home, and the power of
social virtues. J. C. Derby. The Mysteries of the Faith:—The Incarnation, characteristics of the different speakers, as rela
Lindsay & Blakiston have sent us the fifth containing Meditations, Discourses, and Devo- ted by eye-witnesses, have been added. C. Scrib
edition of Afraja, a Norwegian and Lapland tions on the birth and infancy of the Savior, by ner is the publisher.
Tale: or, Life and Love in Norway, a superior St. Alphonsus Maria de Liguori. Spiritual Re- Mrs, Stowe has favored the public with a col- translation from the German of Mugge, by Edflections on particular passages of Scripture, lection of her miscellaneous writings in a hand- ward Joy Morris. The author of this popular which illustrate the doctrine of the Incarnation some volume entitled The May Flower. Although work has been styled “the Walter Scott of are followed by prayers relating to the same it does not possess the unity of design and com topic.
Germany." pleteness which characterized “Uncle Tom's The same firm have issued Chateau Lescure ; Cabin,” the sketches and stories in this volume is a satirical poem by J. Hunt Strother, which
The Golden Calf; or, The Almighty Dollar, or the Last Marquis, a story of Brittany and the still betray the same generous sympathy for hu- lashes the fashionable follies, and, above all, the Vendée, which is one of “ Dunigan's Home Li. man weakness and want, and that intimate brary,” a second series of attractive works, in a knowledge of human nature, which was so mani: by G. E. Leefe, and for sale by C. Shepard & Co.,
money-getting propensities of the
Printed popular form, designed to counteract the ten- fest in that work. The pictures of New England N. Y. dencies of Anti-Catholic Literature. life, which are painted with remarkable vivacity
The Summer Land is an agreeable southern The Daily Monitor is constructed on the and life-likeness, exhibit much originality of
story, which presents some vivid sketches of “ verse-a-day” system, containing portions of thought, quaintness of style, and power of ChrisScripture, appropriate anecdotes and verses of tian feeling. A portrait of the authoress, as if scenery, and a sunny picture of life on the plan
tation. Published by D. Appleton & Co. hymns, prepared by the Rev. John Allen, and in a deep reverie, accompanies the volume,
A Southern Home is written for children, by with a recommendatory preface, by Rev. E. N. which is published by Phillips, Sampson & Co. Kirk. Published by J. P. Jewett & Co.
Gould & Lincoln have issued a work from the a Virginian, and embraces a series of very inteR. Carter & Brothers have issued the Memoirs pen of Dr. Wm. B. Sprague, of Albany, entitled resting stories, accompanied by neat illustra
tions. Published by A. Morris, Richmond. of John F. Oberlin, a devoted Pastor of Wald. Visits to European Celebrities, which is mainly rach, in the Ban de la Roche. It is a record a compilation of certain articles originally con; lished by A. D. F. Randolph. We need only
Hope Campbell ; or, Know Thyself, is pubof the labors of a faithful Missionary in a ne tributed by the author to the “Presbyterian.” mention that it is written by the authoress of glected neighborhood, which was civilized and Others, however, have been added, and the evangelized through his efforts. whole revised and presented in a more perma
“Lily Gordon,” “Margaret Cecil.” As a history Ashton Cottage ; or, The True Faith, is a Sun- nent form. It contains simple but graphic de- of youthful experience, which inculcates useful
and moral lessons, such a book will commend day tale, illustrating many phases of religious scriptions of personal interviews with about
itself to the attention of parents. experience, designed for the reading of youth, eighty of the most distinguished characters of
Wm. Howitt's Boy's Adventures in the Wilds and published in Carters' series of illustrated the last half century, nearly all of whom have juveniles. now passed from the stage of action. The ma
of Australia is full of the most exciting and
strange adventures, which could only have sug. Dr. Johnston's Chemistry of Common Life is terials for the present volume were collected now complete in two duodecimo volumes, illus- during two visits to Europe-the first in 1828 showing an acquaintance with the region de
gested themselves to a fertile imagination, yet trated with numerous wood engravings. The and the second in 1836. The fac simile auto- scribed which must have been gained by pervaluable scientific information which is em- graphs at the head of each article we presume sonal experience. Ticknor & Fields are the bodied in its pages, in a popular form, well com are taken from Dr. Sprague's own extensive colmend it to the attention of the public, as an lection, and, together with the descriptions
publishers. invaluable guide to the knowledge of man's most which follow, present the individuals named in common and intimate relations to the external a very familiar and interesting light. Such charworld. As a text book for higher classes in 1 acters as Irving, Hill, Wilberforce, Jay, Hall,
information respecting the British system. The BARRE INSTITUTION FOR IDIOts, located at We have received the following pamphlets:
"Taste in New York,” and “The Modern Archi. Barre, Mass., has just published its third report. The History of Mason & Dicon's Line, by J. H. B. La- tecture of New York” are closely related, and Dr. Brown is the Superintendent, and is assisted by trobe, contains some very curious information on the his- comprise notices of our various public buildings
six teachers. Twenty-five children are connected torical origin of this familiar phrase, in a paper read before and works of art.
with the institution, and have made considerable
· Washington Irving, his the fistorical Society of Pennsylvania. Published by the Home and Works,” "Medieval History of progress by persevering application on the part of
Sio Articles upon the Smithsonian Institution, from the Athens,” “Lunar Influences,” “The Sandwich useful and agreeable in its effects on the minds of “Boston Post," with the letters of Profs. Peirce and Agassiz Islands,” and a resumé of contemporaneous lit- the pupils. Office of the “ Post," Boston.
erature, fill up the remainder of this interesting Rev. Alvah Hovey, Professor of Ecclesiastical Second Annual Report of the Secretary of the Board of number.
History in the NEWTON THEOLOGICAL SEMINARY, Agriculture of Massachusetts, January, 1855; containing also, the Reports of Committees appointed to visit the va
De Bow's Review for April, contains the usual (Baptist,) has been transferred to the chair of rious County Societies. W. White, printer, Boston.
amount of educational, statistical and current theology, and Rev. Albert N. Arnold, at present The Naturalization Laws of the United States contains information. Among the articles are "The South missionary in Athens, has been appointed to the A valuable synopsis of all the Alien laws of all the States and the Union," "Practical Effects of Emancipa- Professorship vacated by Prof. Hovey. and the legislation of the General Government on this sub- tion,” by D. J. McCord, of South Carolina ;
The Professorship of Natural Philosophy and ject. D. M. Dewey, Rochester. 1855, furnishes a list of the Commissioned and Warrant Scott, of Ohio; “Public Debts and Securities," is supplied by the election of Samuel S. Green to The Navy Register of the United States, for the year " Selections of Seed in Agriculture,” by J. W. Civil Engineering, in Brown UNIVERSITY, vacant by
the removal of the Rev. Henry Day to Philadelphia, Officers of the Navy, Marine Corps, &c. 4. 0. P. Nichol- Sugar Trade of the United States,” “Southern that chair. Mr. Green is a thorough scholaw, and son, printer, Washington. The Ends and Means of a Liberal Education : an InConvention at New Orleans," "Cotton Manufac
was Superintendent of the Public Schools in Proviaugural Address by Rev. M. B. Anderson, President of the tures,” “Common Schools and Universities, dence at the time of his appointment. The number University of Rochester. North and South," &c., &c.
of students in this institution at present is 252. Catalogue of Fort Plain Seminary, N. Y. 400 students. Homan's Bankers' Magazine for April, has a The Calendar of TRINITY COLLEGE, for 1855, just 170 ladies; 230 gentlemen. Constitution of the Richmond Young Men's Christian
comprehensive view of the "Free Banking Sys- published, contains a brief sketch of the history of Association, with Officers for 1855.
tem” in different States. Also, a statistical view the college and some account of its internal condiBibliographisches Jahrbuch für der deutschen Bach- of “State Finances,” and a “ Historical Survey of tion and organization. This institution, located at Kunst, and Land Karten-Handel. Zweiter Jahrgang, 1864. the Origin and Progress of Money, Coins, &c, by Hartford, Ct., contains at present 20 undergraduZweiter Band, Leipzig; Avenarius und Mendelssohn.
ates, 24 Juniors, 13 Sophomores, and 20 Freshmen. J. Dadie, of New York, besides the miscellane.
YALE COLLEGE is in the field for more funds. Subous articles of commercial value.
scriptions are desired to the amount of $100,000 to *** Our Notes on Religious and other Periodicals, are meet the pressing demands of the College in its Periodical Literature. nnavoidably crowded out, but will appear in the next num- various departments.
At the annual meeting of the ALBANY INSTITUTE,
Dr. T. Romeyn Beck was elected President. The North American Review for April, opens
A memorial has been addressed, by the New with some brief notices of the French Revolu- Educational Intelligence.
York Teachers' Association, to the Legislature of tion of 1848, with a view of its causes and final
the State, petitioning that body to incorporate issue, showing that it was unsuccessful because
County Teachers' Associations, with power to grant it did not provide for the deepest need of France,
licenses to teachers. This unanimous action of the
BOWDOIN COLLEGE, at Brunswick, Me., has, at N. Y. Teachers' Association in seeking a legal recogviz. Social Regeneration. “The Arctic Search” is the subject of a review of the many recent students for the Ministry. present, 170 undergraduates, of whom about 25 are nition of a teacher right, is designed to elevate the
office of teacher to the dignity of a profession. voyages which have proved so disastrous to life,
The literary societies of DARTMOUTH COLLEGE The committee appointed by the Senate of N. Y. and only measurably important in a scientific have, by a unanimous vote, appointed Park Ben-State, last year, to inquire as to the facts concerning view. “The Science of Politics" is the title of jamin to deliver the Anniversary Poem in July the alleged violation of the charter of COLUMBIA an article which is chiefly occupied with state-next. The friends of this ancient institution are COLLEGE in the rejection of Dr. Wolcott Gibbs as a ments of Mr. Dove's Theory of Human Progres- soliciting funds to meet the special wants of the candidate for the vacant Professorship in Chemsion, with criticisms thereon. “The French Cal-college. At least $100,000 will be required. istry, have reported in full the results of their invesvinists in North America' shows their claims to HARVARD COLLEGE, the appointment of James Rus- mony before them, as a matter of fact, they would
At a recent meeting of the Board of Overseers of tigations. The committee state “that, on the testithe grateful remembrance of the present genera- sell Lowell to be the Smith Professor of Modern almost be compelled to find that Dr. Gibbs was tion of America's sons. “ The Causes of the Languages and Literature was confirmed. The ap- excluded from the benefits and immunities of the American Revolution” is an interesting histori- pointment of the Professor of Christian Morals, on college by reason of his peculiar tenets in matters cal notice of Bancroft's late volume. "The the Plummer foundation, was laid over until the of religion; but that the college has not violated its Life and character of Rev. Sylvester Judd” is Committee on the Statutes of the Professorship charter in respect to the election or appointment of principally a review of his writings”—“Marga- should make their report. It is thought by some any Professor in said college.” The investigations ret,” “ Philo,” “Richard Edney,”—with inci. that the appointment of a Christian Instructor, by means of which these conclusions were arrived dental allusions to his life and labors. An ex
however excellent the idea may seem, will create at were rather peculiar and interesting; but the tended notice of “Miss Yone's Novels” sketches sectarian difficulties which will disturb the peace details of the controversy have already been laid some of her principal characters
, and eulogizes Ex-Governor Emory Washburn, as Lecturer in the in a legal sense this is not an Episcopalian college,
and prosperity of the college. The nomination of fully before the public. The committee state that her imaginative talent. “Bigelow's Nature in Law School, was also concurred in. Mr. W.is a as has been claimed by many, although it would not Disease,” and “Gayarre's History of Louisiana" ripe scholar, and is the author of a work of great be just, in the view of the committee, to exclude are highly commended. “Modern Necromancy" learning upon the judicial history of Massachu- that Church from all influence and control in the theorizes about the spiritual manifestations, setts from the earliest times to 1775. The number institution which it has contributed so liberally to which are supposed by the writer to be caused of undergraduates in this University is 840, of found and maintain. They very justly remark that by a state of nervous disease.
whom eight are preparing for the Ministry. “it is a question worthy the consideration of the The New York Quarterly for April, well merits
The oration before the Phi Beta Kappa Society at Statesinan, the Christian, and the Scholar, whether its title, for the majority of its articles relate to be delivered by Hon. George P. Marsh, late U. s. the State do not suffer more from the sectarian
the next commencement of AMHERST COLLEGE will our Seminaries of learning and Colleges throughout the affairs of New York city, and are of an un- Minister to Turkey; the address before the So- character that is given them, or assumed by them; usually practical nature. “New York Govern- ciety of Inquiry by Rev. J. P. Thompson, of New than from any other cause ; and whether their want ed” is a flattering review of Mayor Wood's ad- York, one of the editors of the New York Inde- of success and prosperity may not generally be ministration. “Post Office Improvements” con- pendent ; and the oration before the Alumni by attributed to the sectarian influences that surround tains very important statistics, and particular Rev. Frederick D. Huntington, of Boston. them; and whether there is any way by which their