Kent and Riegel's Handbook of Industrial Chemistry and Biotechnology
Substantially revising and updating the classic reference in the field, this handbook offers a valuable overview and myriad details on current chemical processes, products, and practices. No other source offers as much data on the chemistry, engineering, economics, and infrastructure of the industry.
The Handbook serves a spectrum of individuals, from those who are directly involved in the chemical industry to others in related industries and activities. It provides not only the underlying science and technology for important industry sectors (30 of the book’s 38 chapters), but also broad coverage of critical supporting topics. Industrial processes and products can be much enhanced through observing the tenets and applying the methodologies found in new chapters on Green Engineering and Chemistry, Practical Catalysis, and Environmental Measurements; as well as expanded treatment of Safety and Emergency Preparedness. Understanding these factors allows them to be part of the total process and helps achieve optimum results in, for example, process development, review, and modification. Other new chapters include Nanotechnology, Environmental Considerations in Facilities Planning, Biomass Utilization, Industrial Microbial Fermentation, Enzymes and Biocatalysis, the Nuclear Industry, and History of the Chemical Industry.
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The nature and size of this buffer zone depend on many factors, including the amount and type of chemicals stored and used. Storage of Hazardous Materials The best way to minimize releases of a hazardous or flammable material is to have ...
The amount of energy required to cause combustion varies greatly. Hydrogen and carbon disulfide can ... Other materials, such as methylene chloride, require such large amounts of energy to be ignited that they sometimes are considered ...
Heterogeneous gas phase mixtures can lead to unexpected fires if a relatively small amount of flammable gas is placed in contact with a large amount of air without adequate mixing, even though the average concentration of flammable gas ...
Some products need at least a small amount of oxygen to be stored safely. This includes styrene and some other vinyl monomers, which must have some oxygen in them to make the usual polymerization inhibitor for styrene (t-butyl catechol, ...
One joule is 0.24 calorie, so l mJ is 0.00024 calorie, which is a very small amount of energy. A person typically has capacitance of 200 picofarads (pF), and if charged to 15 kilovolts (kV) could initiate a discharge of 22.5 mJ.
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6 Green EngineeringIntegration of Green Chemistry Pollution Prevention and RiskBased Considerations
7 Industrial Catalysis A Practical Guide
8 Environmental Chemical Determinations
Table of Contents
19 Coal Technology for Power Liquid Fuels and Chemicals
20 Natural Gas
21 The Nuclear Industry
22 Synthetic Nitrogen Products
23 Phosphorus and Phosphates
24 Fertilizers and Food Production
25 Sulfur and Sulfuric Acid
9 Nanotechnology Fundamental Principles and Applications
10 Synthetic Organic Chemicals
11 Chemistry in the Pharmaceutical Industry
12 Manufactured Textile Fibers
13 Dye Application Manufacture of Dye Intermediates and Dyes
14 The Chemistry of Structural Adhesives Epoxy Urethane and Acrylic Adhesives
15 Synthetic Resins and Plastics
17 The Agrochemical Industry
18 Petroleum and Its Products
26 Salt ChlorAlkali and Related Heavy Chemicals
27 Industrial Gases
28 Wood and Wood Products
29 Pigments Paints Polymer Coatings Lacquers and Printing Inks
30 Industrial Biotechnology Discovery to Delivery
31 Industrial Enzymes and Biocatalysis
32 Industrial Production of Therapeutic Proteins Cell Lines Cell Culture and Purification
33 Biomass Conversion
34 Animal and Vegetable Fats Oils and Waxes
35 Sugar and Other Sweeteners
36 Soap Fatty Acids and Synthetic Detergents
37 Chemical Explosives and Rocket Propellants