Kent and Riegel's Handbook of Industrial Chemistry and Biotechnology
Substantially revising and updating the classic reference in the field, this handbook offers a valuable overview and myriad details on current chemical processes, products, and practices. No other source offers as much data on the chemistry, engineering, economics, and infrastructure of the industry.
The Handbook serves a spectrum of individuals, from those who are directly involved in the chemical industry to others in related industries and activities. It provides not only the underlying science and technology for important industry sectors (30 of the book’s 38 chapters), but also broad coverage of critical supporting topics. Industrial processes and products can be much enhanced through observing the tenets and applying the methodologies found in new chapters on Green Engineering and Chemistry, Practical Catalysis, and Environmental Measurements; as well as expanded treatment of Safety and Emergency Preparedness. Understanding these factors allows them to be part of the total process and helps achieve optimum results in, for example, process development, review, and modification. Other new chapters include Nanotechnology, Environmental Considerations in Facilities Planning, Biomass Utilization, Industrial Microbial Fermentation, Enzymes and Biocatalysis, the Nuclear Industry, and History of the Chemical Industry.
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With its large size, the chemical industry is a large user of energy, and it consumed about 7 percent of all domestic energy and about 25 percent of all energy used in manufacturing. In 1985, the industry used 3,567 trillion Btu, ...
Energy sources continue to be highly important. Oil prices have recently skyrocketed making gas-to-liquid technology by means of syngas teclmology take on a new importance.3°*31 At today's oil prices, gas-toliquid is becoming quite ...
Energy in the form of heat is required: 1. To produce vapors and gases by vaporization or decomposition of solids and liquids. Actual combustion usually involves gases or vapors intimately mixed with oxygen molecules. 2.
Energy, usually in the form of heat If one of the conditions in the fire triangle is missing, fire does not occur; if one is removed, fire is extinguished. Usually a fire occurs when a source of heat contacts a combustible material in ...
Energy Levels for Ignition. If a flammable gas mixture is to be ignited by a local source of ignition, there is a minimum volume of mixture required to cause a continuing flame throughout the mixture.
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6 Green EngineeringIntegration of Green Chemistry Pollution Prevention and RiskBased Considerations
7 Industrial Catalysis A Practical Guide
8 Environmental Chemical Determinations
Table of Contents
19 Coal Technology for Power Liquid Fuels and Chemicals
20 Natural Gas
21 The Nuclear Industry
22 Synthetic Nitrogen Products
23 Phosphorus and Phosphates
24 Fertilizers and Food Production
25 Sulfur and Sulfuric Acid
9 Nanotechnology Fundamental Principles and Applications
10 Synthetic Organic Chemicals
11 Chemistry in the Pharmaceutical Industry
12 Manufactured Textile Fibers
13 Dye Application Manufacture of Dye Intermediates and Dyes
14 The Chemistry of Structural Adhesives Epoxy Urethane and Acrylic Adhesives
15 Synthetic Resins and Plastics
17 The Agrochemical Industry
18 Petroleum and Its Products
26 Salt ChlorAlkali and Related Heavy Chemicals
27 Industrial Gases
28 Wood and Wood Products
29 Pigments Paints Polymer Coatings Lacquers and Printing Inks
30 Industrial Biotechnology Discovery to Delivery
31 Industrial Enzymes and Biocatalysis
32 Industrial Production of Therapeutic Proteins Cell Lines Cell Culture and Purification
33 Biomass Conversion
34 Animal and Vegetable Fats Oils and Waxes
35 Sugar and Other Sweeteners
36 Soap Fatty Acids and Synthetic Detergents
37 Chemical Explosives and Rocket Propellants