Kent and Riegel's Handbook of Industrial Chemistry and Biotechnology
Substantially revising and updating the classic reference in the field, this handbook offers a valuable overview and myriad details on current chemical processes, products, and practices. No other source offers as much data on the chemistry, engineering, economics, and infrastructure of the industry.
The Handbook serves a spectrum of individuals, from those who are directly involved in the chemical industry to others in related industries and activities. It provides not only the underlying science and technology for important industry sectors (30 of the book’s 38 chapters), but also broad coverage of critical supporting topics. Industrial processes and products can be much enhanced through observing the tenets and applying the methodologies found in new chapters on Green Engineering and Chemistry, Practical Catalysis, and Environmental Measurements; as well as expanded treatment of Safety and Emergency Preparedness. Understanding these factors allows them to be part of the total process and helps achieve optimum results in, for example, process development, review, and modification. Other new chapters include Nanotechnology, Environmental Considerations in Facilities Planning, Biomass Utilization, Industrial Microbial Fermentation, Enzymes and Biocatalysis, the Nuclear Industry, and History of the Chemical Industry.
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The process consisted of six reactors in series at 155°C and 8.8 bar (130 psig) containing a total of 120 tons of cyclohexane and a small amount of cyclohexanone. The final reactor in the process contained 94 percent cyclohexane.
The pipe was supported on scaffolding-type supports and was offset with a “dog-leg” to fit the reactors, ... A pipe replacing a failed reactor failed, releasing large quantities of hot cyclohexane fonning a vapor cloud that ignited.
The release occurred during maintenance operations on a polyethylene reactor. Two of the six workers on the maintenance crews in the immediate vicinity of the reactor leg where the release occurred were killed, together with 21 other ...
The accident resulted from a release of extremely flammable process gases that occurred during regular maintenance operations on one of the plant's polyethylene reactors. It is estimated that within 90-120 s more than 85,000 lb of ...
The site layout and the proximity of normally high-occupancy structures, such as the control and finishing building, to large-capacity reactors and hydrocarbon vessels contributed to the severity of the event.
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6 Green EngineeringIntegration of Green Chemistry Pollution Prevention and RiskBased Considerations
7 Industrial Catalysis A Practical Guide
8 Environmental Chemical Determinations
Table of Contents
19 Coal Technology for Power Liquid Fuels and Chemicals
20 Natural Gas
21 The Nuclear Industry
22 Synthetic Nitrogen Products
23 Phosphorus and Phosphates
24 Fertilizers and Food Production
25 Sulfur and Sulfuric Acid
9 Nanotechnology Fundamental Principles and Applications
10 Synthetic Organic Chemicals
11 Chemistry in the Pharmaceutical Industry
12 Manufactured Textile Fibers
13 Dye Application Manufacture of Dye Intermediates and Dyes
14 The Chemistry of Structural Adhesives Epoxy Urethane and Acrylic Adhesives
15 Synthetic Resins and Plastics
17 The Agrochemical Industry
18 Petroleum and Its Products
26 Salt ChlorAlkali and Related Heavy Chemicals
27 Industrial Gases
28 Wood and Wood Products
29 Pigments Paints Polymer Coatings Lacquers and Printing Inks
30 Industrial Biotechnology Discovery to Delivery
31 Industrial Enzymes and Biocatalysis
32 Industrial Production of Therapeutic Proteins Cell Lines Cell Culture and Purification
33 Biomass Conversion
34 Animal and Vegetable Fats Oils and Waxes
35 Sugar and Other Sweeteners
36 Soap Fatty Acids and Synthetic Detergents
37 Chemical Explosives and Rocket Propellants