Kent and Riegel's Handbook of Industrial Chemistry and Biotechnology
Substantially revising and updating the classic reference in the field, this handbook offers a valuable overview and myriad details on current chemical processes, products, and practices. No other source offers as much data on the chemistry, engineering, economics, and infrastructure of the industry.
The Handbook serves a spectrum of individuals, from those who are directly involved in the chemical industry to others in related industries and activities. It provides not only the underlying science and technology for important industry sectors (30 of the book’s 38 chapters), but also broad coverage of critical supporting topics. Industrial processes and products can be much enhanced through observing the tenets and applying the methodologies found in new chapters on Green Engineering and Chemistry, Practical Catalysis, and Environmental Measurements; as well as expanded treatment of Safety and Emergency Preparedness. Understanding these factors allows them to be part of the total process and helps achieve optimum results in, for example, process development, review, and modification. Other new chapters include Nanotechnology, Environmental Considerations in Facilities Planning, Biomass Utilization, Industrial Microbial Fermentation, Enzymes and Biocatalysis, the Nuclear Industry, and History of the Chemical Industry.
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Causes of some of the more common types of catastrophic failures are: low-temperature brittleness stress corrosion cracking hydrogen embrittlement high penetration rates involving pitting and corrosion fatigue failure creep mechanical ...
Eflect of temperature on flammable limits. The higher the temperature at the moment of ignition, the more easily the combustion reaction will propagate. Therefore, the reference temperature (initial temperature) of the flammable mixture ...
Water vapor is an acceptable inert gas if the temperature is high enough to exclude much of the oxygen, which requires a temperature of 90—95°C. Because water vapor and carbon dioxide have a higher heat capacity than nitrogen, ...
A useful rule is that mists of flammable or combustible liquids in air can burn or explode at temperatures below their flash ... If the temperature of a flammable gas—air mixture is raised in a uniformly heated apparatus, it eventually ...
Autoignition temperatures of paraffin hydrocarbons at 1 atm. (Data from Bodurtha 1980.27) esuzmz El'l-IYLEIE 3 n-HEXANE § PFDPANE § n-BUTANE —______-"' ETHANE. O 100 200 300 400 500 600 AUTOIGNITION TEMPERATURE (AIT), 1°C) 0.00 0.05 ...
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6 Green EngineeringIntegration of Green Chemistry Pollution Prevention and RiskBased Considerations
7 Industrial Catalysis A Practical Guide
8 Environmental Chemical Determinations
Table of Contents
19 Coal Technology for Power Liquid Fuels and Chemicals
20 Natural Gas
21 The Nuclear Industry
22 Synthetic Nitrogen Products
23 Phosphorus and Phosphates
24 Fertilizers and Food Production
25 Sulfur and Sulfuric Acid
9 Nanotechnology Fundamental Principles and Applications
10 Synthetic Organic Chemicals
11 Chemistry in the Pharmaceutical Industry
12 Manufactured Textile Fibers
13 Dye Application Manufacture of Dye Intermediates and Dyes
14 The Chemistry of Structural Adhesives Epoxy Urethane and Acrylic Adhesives
15 Synthetic Resins and Plastics
17 The Agrochemical Industry
18 Petroleum and Its Products
26 Salt ChlorAlkali and Related Heavy Chemicals
27 Industrial Gases
28 Wood and Wood Products
29 Pigments Paints Polymer Coatings Lacquers and Printing Inks
30 Industrial Biotechnology Discovery to Delivery
31 Industrial Enzymes and Biocatalysis
32 Industrial Production of Therapeutic Proteins Cell Lines Cell Culture and Purification
33 Biomass Conversion
34 Animal and Vegetable Fats Oils and Waxes
35 Sugar and Other Sweeteners
36 Soap Fatty Acids and Synthetic Detergents
37 Chemical Explosives and Rocket Propellants