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DEBTOR NATIONS. 1. Status of nations making "token payments" on obligations to

United States.-It was a necessary effect of the Act of April 13, 1934 (c. 112, 48 Stat. 574), as interpreted in the opinion of May 5, 1934, to exclude as a "default” such partial failure theretofore occurring as resulted from the making and acceptance of so-called "token payments”, and if a Government which made such a payment should pay the full amount of the next installment due on its indebtedness to the United States, it would not be "in default”, within the meaning of

the term as used in that Act. 580. 2. Same.—The Act of April 13, 1934, being penal, should not be

unduly extended by construction. 580. DEDICATION OF LAND TO CITY, ETC. See LANDS, 1. DELEGATION OF POWERS. See PUERTO RICO, 4, 5. DEPENDENCY.

APPLICATION OF DEFINITION, WORLD WAR VETERANS Act.

See WORLD WAR VETERANS Act. DEPOSITORIES,

PUBLIC MONEYS, PHILIPPINE ISLANDS. See PHILIPPINE Is

LANDS, 4. DEPOSITS.

POSTAL SAVINGS FUNDS. See Postal SAVINGS SYSTEM, 1-4. DESERTION

WORLD WAR ADJUSTED COMPENSATION Act. See WORLD WAR

ADJUSTED COMPENSATION ACT, 1-3. DISBURSING OFFICERS. 1. Duty to make disbursements required under the Agricultural

Adjustment Act.-A ministerial officer may not question the validity of a statute which, so far as he is concerned, merely imposes upon him a proper duty and has no bearing upon his

constitutional rights. 252. 2. Same.-A ministerial officer cannot safely rely upon judicial

decisions which have not become final and are not binding in jurisdictions other than those in which they are rendered, particularly if there is a conflict of decision, as in the instant

252. 3. Same.-A decision of the Circuit Court of Appeals for the First

Circuit is not binding as a rule of decision in the District of
Columbia, where the disbursing officers herein concerned are

located. 252. 4. Same.-Notwithstanding the fact that the Circuit Court of

Appeals for the First Circuit has held the Agricultural Adjustment Act to be unconstitutional in certain respects, pending decision of the Supreme Court on appeal or in the absence of a change in the act by the Congress, the disbursing officers of the Treasury should continue to make the disbursements required under the act. 252.

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DISBURSING OFFICERS-Continued.

ARMY, PAYMENT OF CLAIM DISALLOWED BY COMPTROLLER

GENERAL. See ARMY, 4. DISTRICT OF COLUMBIA. 1. Wage law applicable to Alley Dwelling Authority.—The Alley

Dwelling Authority for the District of Columbia is subject to the wage provisions of the Act of March 3, 1931, c. 411, (46 Stat. 1494), as herein interpreted, and it is not subject to the wage provisions of section 206 of title II of the National Industrial Recovery Act; and any moneys which may be administratively allocated to the authority from funds appropriated by the Emergency Relief Appropriation Act of 1935 must be expended in accordance with the provisions of

that act and Executive orders issued thereunder. 229. 2. Same.— The Act of March 3, 1931, is restricted to "construction,

alteration, and/or repair”, and this does not include the demolition of existing structures. The act applies only to contracts "in excess of $5,000 in amount" and only to "laborers and mechanics employed by the contractor or any subcon

tractor." 229. 3. The Recorder of Deeds of the District of Columbia is an officer of

the municipal government of the District of Columbia. Such officer is required by law to submit estimates for appropriations for his office to the Commissioners of the District of Columbia, and to submit to hearings by the Commissioners

on such estimates. 155. DIVIDEND DISTRIBUTION. See FEDERAL HOME LOAN BANKS. DREDGE WORKERS.

EIGHT-HOUR LAW. See EIGHT-HOUR LAW. DROUGHT STRICKEN AREA.

MENACED BY JAPANESE BEETLE INFESTATION OF St. Louis, Mo.

See JAPANESE BEETLE CONTROL, 1. DRUG ADDICTS.

TRANSFER TO NARCOTIC FARMS. See NARCOTIC FARMS. ECONOMY ACT, 1932.

STATUS OF EMPLOYEES OF RAILROAD RETIREMENT BOARD.

See RETIREMENT, 1. EFFICIENCY RATINGS.

MINIMUM FOR MILITARY PREFERENCE WHEN REDUCTIONS IN

FORCE ARE MADE. See MILITARY PREFERENCE, 1, 2. EIGHT-HOUR LAW.

Construction of law with reference to dredge workers.

Members of the crew of a dredge or other like floating plant are not laborers or mechanics within the meaning of the act of June 19, 1912, 36 Stat. 137, relating to the employment of laborers and mechanics on work performed under contract for the United States, and the provisions of the act are not applicable to their employment. 150.

ELECTIONS.

OFFICERS, PAILIPPINE ISLANDS. See PHILIPPINE ISLANDS, 5. EMBEZZLEMENT.

FUNDS OF FEDERAL RESERVE BANKS, ETC. EMBEZZLEMENT
BY OFFICERS OR EMPLOYEES. See SECRET SERVICE, 3, 4.

. EMERGENCY APPROPRIATION ACT, 1935. 1. Applicability of proviso in Bureau of Internal Revenue appro

priation.—The proviso contained in the Emergency Appropriation Act, fiscal year 1935, under the heading “Bureau of Internal Revenue" does not affect employees who were not actually separated from service in the Bureau of Prohibition or the Alcoholic Beverage Unit, Department of Justice, between June 10 and December 31, 1933, and who were transferred to the Treasury Department by Executive Order

No. 6639 of March 10, 1934. 113. 2. Same.—The said proviso applies to employees who were rein

stated to their positions by the Treasury Department upon the basis of a classified civil-service status and requires such employees to take new, open competitive examinations.

113. 8. Scope of proviso contained in Bureau of Internal Revenue

appropriation.--The proviso contained in the appropriation for collecting the internal revenue made by the Emergency Appropriation Act, fiscal year 1935, and herein set out, applies to all persons who were separated from the service of the Bureau of Prohibition and the Alcoholic Beverage Unit of the Department of Justice between June 10, 1933, and December 31, 1933, either by Executive Order No. 6166 of June 10, 1933, or by direct action of the Department of Justice, including those who were reappointed without break in service or within 4 months under authority of the said Executive Order, or who were subsequently reinstated under

Civil Service Rule IX. 50. 4. Same.-The said proviso is not limited in its application to posi

tions in the Bureau of Internal Revenue but applies to all positions in the Treasury Department similar in type or kind to those formerly existing in the Bureau of Prohibition and

the Alcoholic Beverage Unit. 50. 5. Status of employees affected by McKellar proviso.--The Secre

tary of the Treasury is not required by the McKellar proviso contained in the Emergency Appropriation Act, fiscal year 1935, to remove from the service the employees affected thereby either by outright separation or by a partial dismissal in the form of furlough and he may continue such employees

in a duty status without pay. 139. EMERGENCY RELIEF.

Applicability of Title III of the Treasury and Post Office

Appropriation Act, fiscal year 1934, to grants to the governors of the several States.-Grants from funds appropriated by EMERGENCY RELIEF-Continued.

Public Resolution No. 11, approved April 8, 1935, to the Governors of the several States for emergency relief purposes are projects within the meaning of section 13 of that Resolution, whether for construction work or for the purchase of such items as food and clothing; and such grants are subject to the provisions of Title III of the Treasury and Post Office Appro

priation Act, fiscal year 1934 (47 Stat. 1520). 207.
FUND, AVAILABLE FOR JAPANESE BEETLE CONTROL, DROUGHT

AREAS. See JAPANESE BEETLE CONTROL, 2.
EMERGENCY RELIEF APPROPRIATION ACT.
PUERTO Rico RECONSTRUCTION ADMINISTRATION,

RELIEF
AGENCY. See PUERTO Rico, 1, 2.

,
THOMAS JEFFERSON MEMORIAL, FEDERAL

FEDERAL PROJECT. See
THOMAS JEFFERSON TERRITORIAL EXPANSION MEMORIAL, 2.
USE OF FUNDS ALLOCATED TO PRESIDENT, AUTHORIZED BY

EXECUTIVE ORDER. See LANDS, 3. EMPLOYEES' COMPENSATION COMMISSION.

EMPLOYEES OF FEDERAL SUBSISTENCE HOMESTEADS CORPORA

TION. See SUBSISTENCE HOMESTEADS, 12. ENLISTED MEN.

BURIAL EXPENSES. See ARMY, 1. EXCHANGE. 1. Payment of losses of United States employees in Union of Soviet

Socialist Republics due to appreciation of currency of that country in relation to the American dollar.-Although purchases made by employees of the United States in the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics are paid for with American dollars, nevertheless, by reason of the fact that prices are quoted in terms of, and payable at the rate of exchange for, the theoretical, nonexistent gold ruble, such employees sustain actual losses due to the appreciation of a foreign currency in its relation to the American dollar; and payment of such losses is authorized under the act of March 26, 1934 (Pub. No. 129, 73d Cong.), and Executive Order No. 6657-A of

March 27, 1934, issued pursuant thereto. 71. 2. Same.- Under the provisions of the Act of March 26, 1934, supra

the question as to what constitutes loss thereunder is solely for the determination of the President, and the Comptroller General is without jurisdiction in the matter. (See Executive

Order No. 6850 of September 18, 1934.) 71. EXECUTIVE DEPARTMENT.

CONSTRUCTION OF STATUTES BY DEPARTMENT ADMINISTERING

THEM GIVEN GREAT WEIGHT. See COMPROMISE. REDUCTIONS IN FORCE, MINIMUM EFFICIENCY RATINGS REQUIRED

FOR MILITARY PREFERENCE. See MILITARY PREFERENCE, 1.

FEDERAL AGENCIES.

DISPOSITION OF SURPLUS REAL PROPERTY. See REAL PROP

ERTY, 1, 2; STATUTES.
FEDERAL BUREAU OF INVESTIGATION.

EMBEZZLEMENT OF FUNDS OF FEDERAL RESERVE BANKS SUB

JECT TO INVESTIGATION. See SECRET SERVICE, 3, 4. FEDERAL DEPOSIT INSURANCE CORPORATION.

OFFENSES AGAINST, JURISDICTION. See SECRET SERVICE, 1, 2. FEDERAL EMERGENCY RELIEF ACT.

HEALTH SERVICE IN RURAL AREAS. See PUBLIC HEALTH

SERVICE, 1, 2.
FEDERAL EMERGENCY RELIEF ADMINISTRATION.

PURCHASE OF LAND AS AGENT OF PUBLIC WORKS ADMINISTRA-
TION.

See NATIONAL FORESTS.
FEDERAL EMPLOYEES.

APPORTIONMENT IN CIVIL SERVICE REINSTATEMENT. See

CIVIL SERVICE, 2, 3.
ELIGIBILITY FOR REINSTATEMENT TO APPORTIONED SERVICE.

See Civil SERVICE, 2, 3.
LOSSES IN U. S. S. R. DUE TO RATE OF EXCHANGE. See

EXCHANGE, 1, 2.
PATENTS GRANTED WITHOUT PAYMENT OF FEES.

See PATENTS,
4-10.
REINSTATEMENT UPON BASIS OF CLASSIFIED CIVIL-SERVICE

STATUS, COMPETITIVE EXAMINATIONS. See EMERGENCY AP

PROPRIATION ACT, 1935, 1-3.
SALARIES FROM SOURCES OUTSIDE THE GOVERNMENT. See

PUERTO Rico, 1, 2.
STATUS OF EMPLOYEES AFFECTED BY MCKELLAR AMENDMENT.

See EMERGENCY APPROPRIATION ACT, 1935, 5.
FEDERAL FARM MORTGAGE CORPORATION.

DUPLICATES OF BONDS LOST OR DESTROYED. See Bonds.

GUARANTY OF BONDS BY UNITED STATES. See BONDS, 1, 2. FEDERAL HOME LOAN BANKS.

Right of the United States to cumulative preferred dividends on

stock.- Under Section 6 (k) of the Federal Home Loan Bank Act of July 22, 1932, as amended by Section 2 of the Act of May 28, 1935, c. 150, 49 Stat. 293, the United States is not entitled to the payment of preferred dividends on stock of Federal Home Loan Banks accumulated to the date of the amendatory act, and all stock of any bank is entitled to share in all dividends declared and paid subsequent to that

date without preference. 482. FEDERAL HOUSING ADMINISTRATION.

DEBENTURES GUARANTEED BY UNITED STATES. See DEBEN

TURES, 1.
ISSUANCE OF DUPLICATES OF LOST OR DESTROYED DEBEN-

TURES. See DEBENTURES, 2.

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