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“ Twenty to thirty per cent. of quinine in cinchona bark.”

66 Picra is used in coffee." “ Thirty per cent. of opium in laudanum."

• To get one grain of opium, give fifteen drops or twenty minims of laudanum." “ Aloes are a gum and can be picked from trees.” This man had been engaged by a saloon keeper to open a drug store if he passed the Board and got a certificate.

“Spermaceti, white wax and parafine come from petrolatum.” Could not tell the source of yellow wax.

6o Galls are a fruit like nuts." “Forty drops of alcohol in a fluid drachm." • Sudorifics sooth the parts applied to." “ Croton oil is a volatile oil by destructive distillation.” “ Galla is obtained from galls by distillation." “One drachm of paregoric contains one grain of opium.” "Petrolatum is drawn from wells like water, with

, buckets.”

“ Bi means half; proto, six times as much as bi; sub means half.”

“ Nut galls are argols, a fruit from plants; both the same thing and from the same tree.”

Sulphur lotum is made by action of iodine on sulphur.” “ Aloes are from the seed of a plant.” This candidate had not the slightest knowledge of mathematics, it being utterly impossible for him to figure the strength of any preparation.

“ Nut galls are a secretion from some animal, don't know what animal.”

One who had been before the Board ten times, and had not obtained a certificate, writes, as the difference between sugar of lead, white lead and litharge : “ Sugar of lead

: comes in crystals and is used in pharmacy; white lead is used more to paint your house and barn with ; litharge is a by product obtained in the manufacture of soap and glycerine.”

“ Pro in pharmacy means fourth combination.” “ A soporific is anything that will make soap.”

$230 15

Financial Statement.
Oct. 1, 1895, amount in hands of State Treasurer,
Received during the year from applications, $2,081 00
Received during the year from duplicate certificates, 6 00

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2,087 00

Total for the year,

$2,317 15

Drafts for the year hare been made as follows:

Services. Expenses. H. M. Whitney, .

$187 50 $97 91 F. H. Butler, secretary,

557 50 210 50 John Larrabec, .

205 00 43 81 A K. Tilden,

62 50 4 00 John A. Rice,

195 00 230 36

$1,207 50 $586 58

$1,794 08 Vox Populi Press, printing questions, $12 75 Dunton & Potter, printing questions,

8 00 J L. Fairbanks & Co., stamped envelopes, etc.,

27 80 M. P. Bihler, monitor and clerical work, . 111 00 F. H. Butler & Co.,

31 33 C. F. Hatch, rolls for certificates,

2 00 Wright & Potter Printing Company, stamped envelopes and printing,

20 52

213 40 Balance,

309 67


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$2,317 15

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DEPARTMENT FOR ENFORCING THE PHARMACY LAW. The administration of this branch of our work during the year has been extremely difficult, requiring thorough and careful investigation, as the complainants in several instances were reputable and law-abiding pharmacists of long experience, having at large expense themselves complied with the law by employing one or more registered assistants, who were forced to compete with new stores conducted with only one registered pharmacist, and that one absent too long a time and too often. In many complaints of this character it was found the store complained of was opened with the full purpose of doing a liquor business, and the failure to obtain a liquor certificate, or, if obtained, the comparatively small amount of liquor that can be legally sold, induced a general neglect of the business and consequent lack of personal attention also required by law.

By persistent efforts it is hoped this class of drug stores will in time be closed; but the difficulties named on page 13 of our tenth annual report, and which we tried to have corrected by the proposed legislation, still exist, and until corrected will prevent rapid progress.

During the year twenty-two formal complaints have been made by our agent for the action of the Board, thirty-eight complaints in writing have been received and many verbal complaints have been made at the office, most of which were of sufficient importance to investigate. In the summary of the agent's report will be found several cases of interest, to which special attention is called.

In connection with this department of our work (enforcing the pharmacy law) fifteen special meetings have been held by the full Board, and four certificates of registration in pharmacy revoked altogether; two were suspended for six months each, one for nine months, one for twelve months and one placed on file with reprimand.

In one of the above cases of revocation action was delayed for sixty days by special request, as it was claimed the imprisonment of ninety days had been of such corrective influence and service that reformation was absolute and the man could be saved; but the habit of selling and drinking was too strong, and the Board were forced to apply the full penalty of absolute revocation.

We have remaining on file, awaiting developments, the following cases :

A man and his wife, both registered as required under the law of 1885. At their trial in the police court they both promised their certificates of registration in pharmacy should not be used again, and the cases were placed on file. They refused to give up the certificates.

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Two cases that were fined one hundred dollars each in the lower court, but failed of conviction in the superior court.

One case that failed of conviction in the lower court.

One case where the defendant pleaded guilty to the charge, but, owing to a technical point of law, was discharged.

One case where the defendant has left the State.
One case depending upon the conviction of above.
Five cases awaiting action of courts and the Board.

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Financial Statement from Oct. 1, 1895, to Oct. 1, 1896. Services of the Board, including daily attendance and records of the office,

$160 00 Expenses of the Board,

124 03 Special duties of the president,

150 00 Miscellaneous,

33 33 Clerical and stenographic services,

164 00 S. B. Harris, agent, services, $560, expense, $333.30,

893 30

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Total, .
Vouchers in detail at Auditor's office.

$1,824 66

LIQUOR CERTIFICATE DEPARTMENT. The law requires the Board to issue a certificate by which a registered pharmacist may obtain a sixth-class license, provided the Board can say he is a proper person and the public good will be promoted. In some cases where the liquor certificate has been granted and a license to sell intoxicating liquor secured gross and flagrant violations of the law followed. To secure a conviction in court for such offences is not a part of our work, and we appreciate fully the difficulties under which local officials labor in securing such evidence as will convict. To meet this condition it was proposed last

year that the Board should have authority, after an investigation and proper hearing, to revoke the liquor certificate, which would also revoke the sixth-class license, and in this way enforce a rigid observance of the provisions of the license. It was not proposed nor suggested that the revoking of the liquor certificate should affect the certificate of registration as a pharmacist, but it was made to appear that such was the purpose of the Board. It was also represented that re-registration once in two years meant re-examination, when, in fact, it meant simply a renewal of certificates; and the advantages of a biennial renewal must be apparent to ali who have any interest in the progress of pharmacy.

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That the Board was established for the elevation and protection of reputable pharmacy, the protection of the people from incompetent and reckless dispensers, and that such has been the purpose and effort of the Board, are recognized facts.

In response to the popular demand of the people, that some of the most disturbing conditions which have brought discredit to the pharmacist, a detriment to the cause of temperance and morals, should be corrected, power was given the Board to enforce the pharmacy law and to have also a limited control of the liquor selling in drug stores. The Board are in no sense seeking police duties; but if, in addition to the original work placed upon them, the Legislature year by year adds to their duties, and if they are expected to regulate and control the sale of intoxicating liquor in drug stores, is it not wise that the laws should be made more effective? We have reason to believe that in some instances, where we have refused the desired certificate, liquor is sold, sometimes with great care and judgment, sometimes without care and in direct violation of law. This condition exists in some localities where no sixth-class licenses are granted, the officials evidently preferring to take the chances of no license rather than refuse one or more of a doubtful character or reputation. In such localities there can always be found those who feel they will be protected by the officials, as they use great care and discretion and are willing to take the chances, others who are not willing to take any chances, and still others who strive to make sales enough to cover the risk. In several no-license places, where these conditions exist, we have had many serious complaints, and it is almost impossible to correct the evil, as we are made to appear as antagonizing the offcials if we take any action.

Liquor Certificates to Druggists. Applications received from Oct. 1, 1895, to Dec. 1, 1895, to ex

pire May 1, 1896, . Applications received from Jan. 1, 1896, to Feb. 28, 1896, to ex

pire May 1, 1896, .


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