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Entered according to Act of Congress, in the year 1870, by

J. B. LIPPINCOTT & CO.,

In the Clerks' Office of the District Court of the United States in and for the Eastern District of Pennsylvania.

TO MY FRIEND

JOSHUA B. LIPPINCOTT,

WHOSE ENTERPRISE ENABLES ME TO GIVE TO THE WORLD

THE

COMPLETION OF THIS WORK,

I Dedicate

THE SECOND AND THIRD VOLUMES OF THE DICTIONARY OF AUTHORS.

PHILADELPHIA, March 1, 1870.

S. AUSTIN ALLIBONE.

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Mab, Ralph. The Character of a Christian, as distinguished from Hypocrites and Hereticks: upon John viii. 31, 32, Lon., 1627, 8vo.

Maberley, Hon. Mrs. Kate C. 1. Emily; or, The Countess of Rosendale, Lon., 1840, 3 vols. p. 8vo. 2. The Love-Match, 1841, 3 vols. P. Svo. 3. Melanthe; or, The Days of the Medici, 1843, 3 vols. p. 8vo. 4. Leontine; or, The Court of Louis XV., 1846, 3 vols. p. Svo. Fashion and its Votaries, 1848, 3 vols. p. 8vo. 6. Leonora, 1856, 3 vols. cr. 8vo.

5.

Mabo, John. Mabo's Remembrances, Lon., 1583, '6mo.

Mac, Theophilus. Edward the Second, a Tragedy;
and other Poems, 1809.

Macabæus, or McBee, or MacAlpine, John, a
Scotchman, Prof. of Divinity in Copenhagen, where he
died, 1557. Enarratio in Deuteronomium Doctoris Joh.
Macchabei Alpinatus, Lon., 1563, 8vo. See MacCrie's
Life of Knox; Orme's Bibl. Bib.

MacAdam, John Loudon, 1756–1836, a native
of Scotland, celebrated for his improvements in road-
making, was rewarded by a grant of £10,000 by the Eng-
lish Government, and the offer of knighthood, which, in
the spirit of Barzillai, he declined on account of his age,
and saw conferred, in 1834, upon his son, James Nicoll
MacAdam. 1. A Practical Essay on the Scientific Repair
and Preservation of Public Roads, Lon., 1819. 2. Re-
marks on the Present State of Road-Making, 1820. 3.
Observations on Roads, 1822, Svo. See Lon. Gent. Mag.,
1837, Pt. 1, 101; Blackw. Mag., xiv. 473; MacCulloch's
Lit. of Polit. Econ., 1845, 199; Everett's Orations and
Speeches, 1853, i. 271.

MacAfee, Robert B. Hist. of the Late War in the
Western Country, Lexington, Ky., 1816, 8vo.

MacAll, Robert L., an Independent minister, late
of Manchester, England. 1. Discourses, Serms., and Life
by Dr. Ralph Wardlaw, Lon., 1840, 2 vols. 8vo; 1843, 8vo.
2. Four Addresses to the Young, 1842, 12mo. 3. Serms.
preached chiefly at Manchester, 1843, 12mo.
MacAll, Samuel, minister of Castle-Gate Meeting-
House, at Nottingham. Lects. and Discourses,
1850, 12mo.

12mo. 99.

MAC

Macartney, James. 1. Luminus Animals; Nic. Jour., 1810, and Phil. Trans., 1810. 2. Small Intestincs of Birds; Phil. Trans., 1811.

Macartney, James. Treat. on Inflammation, Lon., 1838, 8vo.

Macartney, Rev. Wm. Trans. of Cicero de Officiis, Edin., 1798, 8vo.

Macarton, Andron. Christian Alphabet, 1811, 8vo. Macaulay, Alexander. Pensions on the Irish Establishment, Lon., 1763, 8vo.

Macaulay, Alexander, M.D. Medical Dictionary for Families; 10th ed., Lon., 1851, 8vo.

Macaulay, Aulay. 1. Polygraphy; or, Short-Hand made Easy, Lon., 1756, 12mo. 2. New Short-Hand, Manches., 12mo.

Macaulay, Rev. Aulay, d. 1797, minister of the church and parish of Cardross, Dumbartonshire, educated at the University of Glasgow, was an uncle of Thomas Babington Macaulay, Lord Macaulay, the eminent historian. 1. Essays on various subjects of Taste and Criticism, Lon., 1780, 8vo. 2. Hist. and Antiq. of Claybrook, &c., Lon., 1791, 8vo. 3. Peculiar Advantages of Sunday, Schools; a Serm., 1792, 8vo. Other serms., &c. An account of this excellent scholar will be found in Nichols's Lit. Anec., vol. ix. See, also, Lon. Gent. Mag., June, 1816, 535.

Macaulay, Catherine, 1733-1791, the youngest daughter of John Sawbridge, Esq., of Ollantigh (House) in Kent, was married in 1760 to George Macaulay, M.D., and (after his death) in 1778 to Mr. Graham. She pub. a number of political pamphlets, a Treatise on Moral Truth, 1783, 8vo, Letters on Education, 1790, 4to, &c., and the following work, by which she is best known: History of England from the Accession of James II. to that of the Brunswick Line, Lon., 1763-83, 8 vols. 4to, £6. History of England from the Revolution to the Present Time, vol. i., Bath, 1778, 4to, 158.: all that was pub. This is called the Republican History of England; and its partiality has elicited severe animadversions:

"Combining Roman admiration with English faction, she vioLon.,lated truth in her English characters, and exaggerated romance in her Roman."-Disraeli on the Literary Character, ed. Lon., 1840, 387.

MacAllan, Alexander. 1. The Pocket-Lawyer: a
Prac. Digest of the Law of Scotland, &c.; 4th ed., 1840,
A good book. See 3 Jurist, 1156; 8 Leg. Obs.,
2. Erskine's Institutes, &c.: see ERSKINE, JOHN.
MacAllester, Oliver. Letters rel. to a Scheme
projected by France in 1759 for an Invasion upon Eng-
land, Lon., 1767, 2 vols. 4to.

Macallo, J. Ninety-nine Canons or Rules in Physic,
Lon., 1657, 12mo; 1659, 8vo.

Macallum, Rev. B. Remains, comprising Essays,
Serms., &c., N. York, 12mo.

Macallum, Pierre F. 1. Travels in Trinidad in
1803, Liverp., 1805, 8vo. 2. Observs. on the Duke of
Kent's Persecution, Lon., 1808, 8vo.

Macan, Turner. Firdousee, Shah Nameh ; an Heroic
Poem of the History of Persia; in Persian, with Glossary,
Life, &c., Calcut., 1829, 4 vols. r. Svo. Worth about £8.
Contains an English and Persian preface, a Life of Fir-
dousee, and the complete text of the Book of the Kings.
MacArther, James. Life of J. Kay, Glasg., 1810.
MacArthur, Alexander. Collegium Bengalense
Carmen, &c., 1805, 4to.
MacArthur, J. Army and Navy Gentleman's Com-
panion, Lon., 1780, 4to.

MacArthur, John, LL.D., a Scotsman. Principles
and Practice of Naval and Military Courts-Martial, Lon.,

1792, Svo; 4th ed., 1813, 2 vols. 8vo. An excellent work.
MacArthur, John. Life of Lord Nelson: see
CLARKE, JAMES STANIER.

MacArthur, John. 1. Agricultural Catechism.
"Does the author very much credit."-Donaldson's Ag. Biog.
2. Essay on the Roots of Plants.

When any doubt is entertained of the character of Charles, Mrs. Macaulay may be referred to; and a charge against him, if it can possibly be made out, will assuredly be found, and supported with all the references that the most animated diligence can supPly."-Smyth's Lects. on Mod. Hist. Lect. XVI.

Mr. Hollis, as may be supposed, had a high esteem for Mrs. Macaulay's work:

siderable ability and spirit, and is full of the freest, noblest senti

"Mrs. Macaulay's History is honestly written, and with con

ments of liberty."-Hollis's Memoirs.

Horace Walpole places Mrs. Macaulay far before Hume, and almost on a level with Robertson.

"Strafford's Letters . . . furnished materials to Harris and

Macaulay; but the first is little read at present, and the second not at all."-Hallam's Constit. Hist. of Eng., 7th ed., Lon., 1854, 241, n.

made quite as much noise in her day as Thomas Macaulay] does "Catherine, though now forgotten by an ungrateful public, in ours."-J. WILSON CROKER: Lon. Quar. Rev., Îxxxiv. 561.

ters, 4 vols. 12mo; Roberts's Life and Corresp. of Hannah Baldwin's Lit. Jour., vol. i.; Lon. Month. Rev., xxxvi. More; Sparks's Washington, vols. ix. 282, x. 68, 169; 300; Lon. Gent. Mag., xl. 505, lxi. 569, 618, and see Index; Brit. Crit., vol. iv.; Blackw Mag., xxxviii. 611; xlv. *481.

See Boswell's Life of Johnson; Wilkes's Life and Let

the Rev. Aulay Macaulay, Vicar of Rothley, contributed Macaulay, Colin Campbell, 1799-1853, a son of some valuable literary papers to the transactions of the Leicester Literary and Philosophical Society.

Macaulay, George, M.D. Papers in Med. Obs. and Ing., 1755.

Macaulay, James, M.D. Essay on Cruelty to Ani

"A very valuable appendage to the physiology of plants."-mals, Lon., 1839, fp. 8vo.
DONALDSON: ubi supra.

Macartney, C. The Vow; a Comic Opera, 8vo.
Macartney, George, Earl of Macartney, 1737-
1806, a distinguished public officer, is best known to the
world at large by his embassy to China, 1792-94.
See
ALEXANDER, WM.; ANDERSON, ENEAS; BARROW, SIR
JOHN HOLMES, SAMUEL: STAUNTON, SIR GEORGE, BART.;
Croker's Boswell's Johnson: Edin. Rev., ix. 289.

Macaulay, John. 1. Unanimity; a Poem, Lon., 1780, 4to. 2. The Genius of Ireland; a Masque, 1785, Svo. 3. Monody on the Death of Lady Arabella Denny, 1792, 8vo. 4. Verses on the Death of Louis XVI., 1793, 4to. 5. Trans. of M. de Beausobre's Hist. of the Re formation, vol. i., 1802, 8vo.

Macaulay, Kenneth, minister of Ardnamurchan, and missionary to the Islands from the Society for Pro

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pagating Christian Knowledge. Hist. of St. Kilda, &c., Lon., 1764, 8vo.

"A book which Dr. Johnson liked. He had said in the morning that Macaulay's History of St. Kilda was very well written, except some foppery about liberty and slavery.'"-Croker's Boswell's Life of Johnson, ed. Lon., 1848, r. 8vo, 229, 301; and see 191, 497. Macaulay, Kenneth, Member of Council at the Colony of Sierra Leone. The Colony of Sierra Leone vindicated from the Misrepresentations of Mr. [James] McQueen, of Glasgow, 1827. Answered by Mr. McQueen in Blackw. Mag., xxi. 619-624, xxiii. 63-89, xxvii. 233,

xxix. 194.

Macaulay, Rt. Hon. Thomas Babington, M.P., Baron Macaulay, of Rothley, in the county of Leicester, b. 1800, at Rothley Temple, Leicestershire, is a son of the late eminent philanthropist, Zachary Macaulay, who died in 1838, and a grandson of the Rev. John Macaulay, a Presbyterian minister in the Scottish Highlands, descended from the Macaulays of the island of Lewis, the most northern and largest of the Outer Hebrides. The subject of our notice was educated at Trinity College, Cambridge, where he soon distinguished himself by his extraordinary facility in the acquisition of knowledge, and the tenacity of memory which enabled him to recall it at will: in 1819, he gained the Chancellor's Medal for a poem (pub. at the time) entitled Pompeii; in 1821, he gained the same Chancellor's Medal for a poem (pub. at the time) entitled Evening; and in the same year he was, as a reward for his classical proficiency, elected to the Craven Scholarship. In 1822, Mr. Macaulay graduated B.A., and was elected a Fellow of Trinity; and, in 1825, he graduated M.A. On leaving college, the successful student turned his attention to law and politics, and displayed the same zeal in these new fields of research as that which had already given him a memorable name with his fellow-gownsmen. Nor was his application unrewarded with a like measure of success: called to the Bar, at Lincoln's Inn, in February, 1826, he was, about two years later, appointed by the Whig Government a Commissioner of Bankruptcy; in 1830, he became a member of Parliament in the Whig interest, representing the borough of Calne, (acting also as Secr9tary to the Board of Control for India,) and contributed greatly by his eloquence to the triumph of the Reform Question; in December, 1832, he was returned to the first Reformed Parliament as member for Leeds, and retained his seat until 1834; in 1834, he was sent to India as a member of the Supreme Council of Calcutta, and remained abroad for two years and a half, principally employed in the preparation of a Penal Code of Laws for India, pub. in 1838, but not yet put into execution; in 1839, he became Secretary of War; in 1840, was elected member of Parliament for the city of Edinburgh; in September, 1841, he lost these offices, in consequence of the accession of Sir Robert Peel; in 1846, on the return of the Whigs to office, he was appointed Paymaster-General of the Forces, with a seat in the Cabinet; in 1847, he was an unsuccessful candidate for Parliament, in consequence of the offence which his course on the Maynooth Grant Question had given to his Edinburgh constituents; in 1849, he was elected Lord-Rector of the University of Glasgow, and gained great credit by his Inaugural Address; in the same year he became a Bencher of Lincoln's Inn; in 1850, he was appointed to the honorary office of Professor of Ancient History in the Royal Academy; in 1853, he received the Prussian Order of Merit; in July, 1852, he was, without any effort on his part, re-elected by the voters of Edinburgh one of their representatives in Parliament; and, in Jan. 1856, he resigned his seat, and bade a last adieu to the troubles of political life.

"The experience of the last two years," he remarks, in his farewell address to his constituents, "has convinced me that I cannot reasonably expect to be ever again capable of performing, even in an imperfect manner, those duties which the public has a right to expect from every member of the House of Commons."

In September, 1857, Mr. Macaulay was raised to the peerage, and chose, as his new title, that of Baron MacauJay, of Rothley, in the county of Leicester. Having thus given a rapid summary of Mr. Macaulay's political career, we are prepared to consider him in capacities in which he has gained at least equal distinction,-viz.: as a POET, ESSAYIST, ORATOR, and HISTORIAN.

MACAULAY AS A POET:

We have already noticed two of the most meritorious of Mr. Macaulay's poetical compositions,-viz.: Pompeii and Evening, both of which gained the high distinction of the Chancellor's Medal,-the former in 1819, the latter

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in 1821. Many of the author's early poems, written al out and a little subsequent to this period, were contributed to Knight's Quarterly Magazine. the pages of which were enriched with many other gems from youthful authors, some of whom, like Mr. Macaulay, though not to the same degree, have since attained merited celebrity in the Republic of Letters. Of these first-fruits of our author's poetical genius perhaps the most admired are The Battle of Ivry, The Cavalier's March to London, The Spanish Armada, and A Song of the Huguenots. In 1842, 8vo, Mr. Macaulay gave to the world his Lays of Ancient Rome, consisting of the spirit-stirring narrations of Ho. ratius Cocles, The Battle of the Lake Regillus, the Death of Virginia, and The Prophecy of Capys. Of this work an exquisite ed. was pub. in 1847, fp. 4to, 21s. boards; bound by Hayday, 42.; with numerous Illustrations, original and from the antique, drawn on wood by Geo. Scharf, Jr., and engraved by Samuel Williams.

The Illustrations have been engraved, with the greatest accuracy, from designs on the wood, by Mr. Scharf, partly selected from ancient monuments and the compositions of Raphael, Giulio Romano, and Mantegna, and partly original.

The original designs are about thirty in number. For these the most picturesque portions of the text have been selected for illustration,-Mr. Scharf's object having been to embody, to the best of his ability, the vivid pictures of the poet's imagination. The illustrations selected by Mr. Scharf from the antique, and from the Italian masters, consist of Compositions, Coins, and other Monuments, which serve to illustrate and explain the text.

There were also eds. of the Lays of Ancient Rome, pub. in 1848, 8vo; 1853, p. 8vo; 1856, fp. Svo; 1857, fp. 4to, (Scharf's Illust. ;) with Ivry and the Armada, 1857, 16mo.

"Mr. Macaulay's 'Lays of Ancient Rome' differed initially from Mr. Lockhart's Spanish translations in this:-that the latter worked from the native materials, which he refined and improved,—the former simply from the general scope and spirit of ancient legends. Taking it for granted, according to the very probable theory of Niebuhr, that the semi-fabulous traditions of all infant nations must have existed primarily in a metrical form, he retransferred some of the portions of early Roman history back into the shape which might be supposed to have been their original one cre his toricised by Livy, and this with consummate imaginative and artistic ability. He is entirely of the Homer, the Chaucer, and Scott school, his poetry being thoroughly that of action; and sentiment is seldom more than interjectionally introduced.—the utmost fidelity being thus shown to the essential characteristics illustrated. of that species of composition which he has so triumphantly

The four subjects selected by Mr. Macaulay are those of Ho ratius Cocles,' The Battle of the Lake Regillus.' Virginia,' and The Prophecy of tapys; and he has clothed them in a drapery of effect, which carries us back to Homer in his wars of Troy and in homely grandeur, yet at the same time with a picturesqueness of his wanderings of Ulysses. Mr. Macaulay has evidently sedulously endeavoured to preserve a thorough distinctive nationality, not only in the materials, natural and historical, but in the very spirit of his different legends; and he has wonderfully succeeded in this delicate, difficult, and laborious task. In vividness of outline, in graphic breadth, and in rapidity of narrative, he approaches the author of The Lay' and Marmion,'-like the mighty minstrel, unreservedly throwing himself into and identifying himself with his subject. Probably the finest at least the most poetical of the spirit of antique simplicity, and is encrusted with such a thickfour legends is The Prophecy of Capys,' which breathes the very falling shower of local allusions as to stamp it with the air of truth. The Battle of the Bridge' is, beyond the others, full of heroic action and energy; and · Virginia' is touching, from the very simplicity of its majestic sentiment, so childlike and yet so

noble.

“Mr. Macaulay is another of the few poets who have written too little by far. The fragraent of The Armada' is like a Torso of Hercules, redolent of graphic power; and The Battle of Ivry,' although scarcely equal to it, is also remarkable for its masculine conception and disdain of petty ornament

The following placid descriptive sketch from The Battle of the Lake Regillus contrasts finely with the ancient stirring assoica tions of the scene:

Now on the place of slaughter
Are cots and sheepfolds seen;-

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What time the Thirty Cities Came forth to war with Rome.'" -Moir's Sketches of the Poet. Lit. of the Past Half-Century, 1851,

297-298.

"The Roman character is highly poetical,-bold, brave, and independent; devoid of art or subtlety, full of faith and hope; devoted to the cause of duty as comprised in the two great points of reverence for the gods and love of country. Shakspeare saw its fitness for the drama; and these Lays of Ancient Rome' are, in their way and degree, a further illustration of the truth. Mr. Macaulay might have taken-and, we trust, will yet take-wider ground; but what he has done he has done nobly, and like an antique Roman. . . . It is a great merit of these poems that they are free from ambition and exaggeration. Nothing seems over done; no tawdry piece of finery disfigures the simplicity of the

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