Africa Since 1800

Front Cover
Cambridge University Press, 1994 M01 27 - 308 pages
This history of modern Africa takes as its starting-point the year l800, because, although by that time the greater part of the interior of Africa had become known to the outside world, most of the initiatives for political and economic change still remained in the hands African rulers and their peoples. The book falls into three parts. The first describes the precolonial history of Africa, while the middle section deals thematically with partition and colonial rule. The third part deals with the emergence of the modern nation states of Africa and their history. Throughout the l90 years covered by the book, the authors are as concerned with the continuity of African history as with the changes which have taken place during this period. The new edition covers events up to the end of l99l and discusses the fresh perspectives brought about by the end of the Cold War.
 

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Contents

Africa north of the equator
1
Africa south of the equator
16
The opening up of Africa 1 from the northeast
30
The opening up of Africa 2 from the Maghrib
44
West Africa before the colonial period 180075
53
Western Central Africa 18001880
66
Eastern Central Africa 18001884
76
Southern Africa 18001885
87
North and NorthEast Africa 19001939
163
South Africa 19021939
177
The last years of colonial rule
190
The road to independence 1 North and NorthEast Africa
202
The road to independence 2 Africa from the Sahara to the Zambezi
217
The road to independence 3 Central Africa
236
The long road to democracy in southern Africa
250
The politics of independent Africa
266

The partition of Africa on paper 18791891
100
The partition of Africa on the ground 18911901
110
Colonial rule in tropical Africa 1 Political and economic developments 18851914
124
Colonial rule in tropical Africa 2 Social and religious developments
142
The interwar period 19181938
152
Economics and society in independent Africa
280
Epilogue
292
Suggestions for further reading
298
Index
301
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About the author (1994)

Born in Srinagar, Kashmir, the son of a British army major and his wife, Roland Anthony Oliver has been recognized as the leading British historian of Africa. Educated at Stowe and King's College, Cambridge University, he served in the Foreign Office from 1942 to 1945, at which time he left to complete his graduate studies at Cambridge on a R. V. Smith research studentship. In 1948 he became lecturer at the University of London School of Oriental and African Studies, a position he held until 1958, when he became reader in African History. In 1964 he was appointed the first professor of the history of Africa at the University of London, where he remained until his retirement in 1986. Oliver's long tenure at the University of London and his numerous publications made him one of the leading academic protagonists for the study of the African past both in the United Kingdom and internationally. A whole generation of American, European, and African students passed through the School of Oriental and African Studies at the University of London under his tutelage, strongly influenced by him. Professionally very active and the principal academic spokesman for the study of African history, he received numerous honors, including Francqui professor at the University of Brussels and visiting professor at Northwestern and Harvard universities. Among his many publications is A Short History of Africa, which he co-authored with J.D. Fage in 1962 and which has probably been the most widely used text in schools and universities. His most massive contribution, however, was the general editorship of the eight-volume Cambridge History of Africa (1975-86). He shared the editorship with J. D. Fage, with whom he also edited for many years The Journal of African History, the leading journal in the field and by far the most influential in shaping African historiography.

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