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TEXT OF THE BILL

The bill as unanimously recommended by the committee is as follows:

(H. R. 10140, 75th Cong., 3d sess.) A BILL To amead the Federal Aid Road Act, approved July 11, 1916, as amended and supplemented, and

for other purposes Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, That for the purpose of carrying out the provisions of the Act entitled “An Act to provide that the United States shall aid the States in the construction of rural post roads, and for other purposes”, approved July 11, 1916 (39 Stat. 355), and all Acts amendatory thereof and supplementary thereto, there is hereby authorized to be appropriated, out of any money in the Treasury not otherwise appropriated, the following sums, to be expended according to the provisions of such Act as amended: The sum of $125,000,000 for the fiscal year ending June 30, 1940, and the sum of $125,000,000 for the fiscal year ending June 30, 1941.

(a) All sums herein or hereafter authorized and apportioned to the States shall be available for expenditure for one year after the close of the fiscal year for which said sums, respectively, are authorized, and any sum remaining unexpended at the end of the period during which it is available for expenditure shall be reapportioned among the States as provided in section 21 of the Federal Highway Act (42 Stat. 217).

(b) Beginning with the fiscal year ending June 30, 1940, the District of Columbia shall be entitled to share in all sums herein or hereafter authorized and apportioned to the States, upon the same terms and conditions as any of the several States, and the District of Columbia shall be included in the calculations to determine the basis of apportionment of such funds: Provided, That the system of roads on which Federal-aid apportionments to the District of Columbia shall be expended may be determined and agreed upon by the highway department of the said District and the Secretary of Agriculture without regard to the limitations in section 6 of the Federal Highway Act (42 Stat. 213) respecting the selection and designation of such system of roads; and, when the system first determined and agreed upon shall have been completed, additions thereto may be made in like manner as funds become available for the construction and maintenance of such additions.

(c) Hereafter the construction of highways by the States with the aid of Federal funds may include such roadside and landscape development, including such sanitary and other facilities as may be deemed reasonably necessary to provide for the suitable accommodation of the public, all within the highway right-of-way and adjacent publicly owned or controlled recreational areas of limited size and with provision for convenient and safe access thereto by pedestrian and vehicular traffic, as may be approved by the Secretary of Agriculture.

(d) If within the fiscal years 1938 and 1939 the Secretary of Agriculture shall find with respect to any State (1) that the proceeds of all special taxes on motorvehicle transportation, as referred to in section 12 of the Act of June 18, 1934 (48 Stat. 995), as amended by this Act, are applied to highway purposes as defined in said section; (2) that at least 90 per centum of such proceeds are applied to the administrative and operating expenses of the State highway department, the maintenance of the State and Federal-aid highway systems, and the payment of interest on, and the amortization of, bond obligations of the State for the payment of which such revenues have heretofore been pledged; and (3) that the portion of the proceeds of all such special taxes then available for construction, together with funds available to the State from any other sources for highway purposes, will be insufficient to match all, or any part, of the regular and secondary Federal-aid road funds apportioned to such State for such fiscal years in accordance with the provisions of the Federal Highway Act (42 Stat. 212), as amended and supplemented, then such portion of such apportionment as the Secretary of Agriculture shall find the State is unable to match shall be made available for expenditure in such State in accordance with said Federal Highway Act without being matched by the State.

(e) The term "highway” as defined in the Federal Highway Act (42 Stat. 212), as amended and supplemented, shall be deemed to include that portion of any interstate or international bridge and the approaches thereto, the cost of which is assumed by the State highway department, including such facilities as may be

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required by the United States Customs and Immigration Services in connection with the operation of such bridge.

Sec. 2. For the purpose of continuing the provisions of section 7 of the Act of June 16, 1936 (49 Stat. 1521), there is hereby authorized to be appropriated the sum of $25,000,000 for the fiscal year ending June 30, 1940, and the sum of $25,000,000 for the fiscal year ending June 30, 1941; said sums to be expended on secondary or feeder roads, including farm-to-market roads, rural-free-delivery mail roads, and public-school bus routes.

Sec. 3. For the elimination of hazards to life at railroad grade crossings on the Federal-aid highway system, including the separation or protection of grades at crossings, the reconstruction of existing railroad-grade-crossing structures, and the relocation of highways to eliminate grade crossings, there is hereby authorized to be appropriated, to be apportioned on or before the 1st day of January of each year preceding the fiscal year for which it is authorized among the several States in accordance with the provisions of the Federal Highway Act (42 Stat. 212), as amended and supplemented, except that such apportionment shall be one-half on population as shown by the latest decennial census, one-fourth on the mileage of the Federal-aid highway system as determined by the Secretary of Agriculture, and one-fourth on the railroad mileage as determined by the Interstate Commerce Commission, and to be expended in accordance with said Federal Highway Act, as amended and supplemented, except that no part of such funds apportioned to any State need be matched by the State: The sum of $50,000,000 for the fiscal year ending June 30, 1940, and the sum of $50,000,000 for the fiscal year ending June 30, 1941.

Sec. 4. Not to exceed $8,000,000, in addition to any unallocated funds heretofore authorized by section 3 of the Act approved June 18, 1934 (48 Stat. 994), of any money heretofore, herein, or hereafter appropriated for expenditure in accordance with the provisions of the Federal Highway Act (42 Stat. 212) shall be available for expenditure by the Secretary of Agriculture, in accordance with the provisions of said Federal Highway Act, as an emergency relief fund, after receipt of an application therefor from the highway department of any State, in the repair or reconstruction of highways and bridges on the system of Federal-aid highways, which he finds, after investigation, have been damaged or destroyed by floods, hurricanes, earthquakes, or landslides, and there is hereby authorized to be appropriated any sum or sums necessary to reimburse the funds so expended from time to time under the authority of this section.

Sec. 5. For the purpose of carrying out the provisions of section 23 of the Federal Highway Act (42 Stat. 218), there is hereby authorized to be appropriate for forest highways, roads, and trails the following sums, to be available until expended in accordance with the provisions of said scction 23: The sum of $14,000,000 for the fiscal year ending June 30, 1940, and the sum of $14,000,000 for the fiscal year ending June 30, 1941: Provided, That the apportionment for forest highways in Alaska shall be $400,000 for each of the fiscal years, and that such additional amount as otherwise would have been apportioned to Alaska for each of said fiscal years shall be apportioned by the Secretary of Agriculture among those States, including Puerto Rico, whose forest highway apportionment for such fiscal year otherwise would be less than 1 per centum of the entire apportionment for forest highways for that fiscal year: Provided further, That the Secretary of Agriculture may make apportionments among those States, including Puerto Rico. whose forest highway apportionments for such fiscal year otherwise would be less than 1 per centum of the entire apportionment for forest highways for that fiscal year without regard to the provisions of said section 23 relating to apportionments, but in no case shall the Secretary of Agriculture make apportionment to any State under this provision in excess of 20 per centum of the total of funds affected hereby.

Sec. 6. For the purpose of carrying out the provisions of section 3 of the Federal Highway Act (42 Stat. 212), as amended by the Act of June 24, 1930 (46 Stat. 805), there is hereby authorized to be appropriated for the survey, construction, reconstruction, and maintenance of main roads through unappropriated or unreserved public lands, nontaxable Indian lands, or other Federal reservations other than the forest reservations the sum of $2,500,000 for the fiscal year ending June 30, 1940, and the sum of $2,500,000 for the fiscal year ending June 30, 1941, to remain available until expended.

Sec. 7. For the construction, reconstruction, and improvement of roads and trails, inclusive of necessary bridges, in the national parks, monuments, and other areas administered by the National Park Service, including areas authorized to be established as national parks and monuments, and national park and monument approach roads authorized by the Act of January 31, 1931 (46 Stat. 1053), as amended, there is hereby authorized to be appropriated the sum of $7,500,000 for the fiscal year ending June 30, 1940, and the sum of $7,500,000 for the fiscal year ending June 30, 1941.

SEC. 8. For the construction and maintenance of parkways, to give access to national parks and national monuments, or to become connecting sections of a national parkway plan, over lands to which title has been transferred to the United States by the States or by private individuals, there is hereby authorized to be appropriated the sum of $10,000,000 for the fiscal year ending June 30, 1940, and the sum of $10,000,000 for the fiscal year ending June 30, 1941: Provided, That the location of such parkways upon public lands, national forests, or other Federal reservations shall be determined by agreement between the department having jurisdiction over such lands and the National Park Service.

Sec. 9. For construction and improvement of Indian reservation roads under the provisions of the Act approved May 26, 1928 (45 Stat. 750), there is hereby authorized to be appropriated the sum of $4,000,000 for the fiscal year ending June 30, 1940, and the sum of $4,000,000 for the fiscal year ending June 30, 1941.

SEC. 10. With the approval of the Secretary of Agriculture, not to exceed 142 per centum of the amount apportioned for any year to any State under sections 1, 2, and 3 of this Act may be used for surveys, plans, engineering, and economic investigations of projects for future construction in such State, either on the Federal-aid highway system and extensions thereof or on secondary or feeder roads, or grade-crossing eliminations.

Sec. 11. Any sums heretofore or hereafter withheld from the Federal-aid road funds apportioned to any State as a penalty for diversion of road-user taxes under the provisions of section 12 of the Act approved June 18, 1934 (48 Stat. 995), shall be reapportioned in the same manner as any other unexpended balance at the end of the period during which it otherwise would be available for expenditure, in accordance with the provisions of section 21 of the Federal Highway Act (42 Stat. 217).

Sec. 12. Section 12 of the Act approved June 18, 1934 (48 Stat. 995), is hereby amended to read as follows:

"SEC. 12. Since it is unfair and unjust to tax motor-vehicle transportation unless the proceeds of such taxation are applied to the construction, improvement, or maintenance of highways, after June 30, 1935, Federal aid for highway construction shall be extended only to those States which the Secretary of Agriculture shall find provide by law that the proceeds of all State motor-vehicle registration fees, licenses, gasoline taxes, and other special taxes on motor-vehicle owners and operators of all kinds, less such amounts thereof as were pledged or authorized for nonhighway purposes by laws in effect on June 18, 1934, shall be applied to the construction, improvement, and maintenance of highways and administrative expenses in connection therewith, including the retirement of bonds for the payment of which such revenues have been pledged, and for no other purposes, under such regulations as the Secretary of Agriculture shall promulgate from time to time: Provided, That in no case shall the provisions of this section operate to deprive any State of more than two-thirds of the amount to which that State would be entitled under any apportionment hereafter made, for the fiscal year for which the apportionment is made.”

Sec. 13. Hereafter the Secretary of Agriculture shall approve only such plans, specifications, and methods of highway construction for the type or types propos

csed as will be effective in securing competition and conducive to safety, durability, and economy of maintenance.

CONGRESS

AMENDING LAW RELATIVE TO AVAILABILITY FOR ARMY

GENERAL STAFF DUTY

APRIL 6, 1938.-Committed to the Committee of the Whole House on the state of

the Union and ordered to be printed

Mr. Faddis, from the Committee on Military Affairs, submitted the

following

REPORT

[To accompany S. 3590)

The Committee on Military Affairs to whom was referred the bill (S. 3590) to amend an act entitled "An act for making further and more effectual provision for the national defense, and for other purposes”, approved June 3, 1916, as amended by the act of June 4, 1920, so as to make available certain other officers for General Staff duty, having considered the same, submit the following report thereon, with the recommendation that it do pass with the following amendments:

On page 2, line 4, after the word “Guard” insert a comma and strike out the word "or”; after the word "Reserves” insert a comma and or Reserve Officers Training Corps”; line 15, after the word “Guard” insert a comma and strike out the word “or”, and at the end of line 15 following the word "Reserves" insert "or Reserve Officers Training Corps”.

This bill is recommended favorably by the War Department. The fifth sentence of section 4c of the National Defense Act proposed to be amended by S. 3590 reads as follows:

SEC. 4C. ASSIGNMENTS

In time of peace no officer of the line shall be or remain detailed as a member of the General Staff Corps unless he has served for two of the next preceding six years in actual command of troops of one or more of the combatant arms; and in time of peace every officer serving in a grade below that of brigadier general shall perform duty with troops of one or more of the combatant arms for at least one year in every period of five consecutive years, except that oflicers of less than one year's commissioned service in the Regular Army may be detailed as students at service schools: Provided, That an officer commissioned in a Staff Corps shall not be or remain detailed as a member of the General Staff Corps unless he has served for one of the next preceding five years with troops of one or more of the combatant arms.

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