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ESTABLISHING THE OLYMPIC NATIONAL PARK, IN THE

STATE OF WASHINGTON

APRIL 28, 1938.-Committed to the Committee of the Whole House on the state

of the Union and ordered to be printed

Mr. DEROUEN, from the Committee on the Public Lands, submitted

the following

REPORT

[To accompany H. R. 10024)

The Committee on the Public Lands, to whom was referred the bill (H. R. 10024) to establish the Olympic National Park, in the State of Washington, and for other purposes, after holding extended hearings and careful consideration report favorably thereon with the recommendation that the bill be enacted into law with the following amendments:

Page 6, line 2, after the word “Providedstrike out all remaining language of section 1 and insert in lieu thereof the following:

That the portion of the Olympic National Forest lying west of the line separating ranges 10 west and 11 west, measured from the Willamette meridian, shall not be included as a part of the area to be known as the Olympic National Park.

Page 8, line 4, strike out the colon after the word "Interior" and insert in lieu thereof a period.

Page 8, line 4, beginning with the word “Providedstrike out all remaining language of section 2.

STATEMENT OF FACTS

The purpose of the proposed national park is to preserve for the benefit, use and enjoyment of the people, the finest sample of primeval forests of Sitka spruce, western hemlock, Douglas fir, and western red cedar in the entire United States; to provide suitable winter range and permanent protection for the herds of native Roosevelt elk and other wildlife indigenous to the area; to conserve and render available to the people, for recreational use, this outstanding mountainous country, containing numerous glaciers and perpetual snow fields, and a portion of the surrounding verdant forests together with a narrow strip along the beautiful Washington coast.

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The purpose of the bill H. R. 10024, as amended, is to abolish the existing Mount Olympus National Monument, a mountainous area of 322,000 acres, which does not contain adequate samples of the magnificent forests, does not include all the desirable mountainous country, or sufficient winter range for the elk and other wildlife, and to establish the Olympic National Park with an area of 898,292 acres including the present monument area and the strip along the Pacific Ocean, which area does contain excellent examples of the northwest forests and a suitable amount of winter range for the herds of native Roosevelt elk and other wildlife.

Except for 37,597 acres of land in the strip along the ocean, the lands outside the present monument are now within the Olympic National Forest, subject to the logging practices of the United States Forest Service. Many of the trees within the proposed park are of great size, centuries old, and can never be replaced once they are cut down. By giving the area national-park status these forests will be saved from logging and will be preserved for the recreation and inspiration of the people.

Extensive hearings were held on H. R. 7086 (74th Cong.) and short hearing; were afforded special representatives of the State of Washington in 1937 on H. R. 4724 and in 1938 on this bill H. R. 10024. The committee has heard a very great deal of testimony on this proposal, both for and against it, but it is noteworthy that, although there was a difference of opinion on the area to be included, no witnesses from the State of Washington appeared before the committee who did not approve of the creation of a national park in this region.

In arriving at the determination of the area to be recommended for park status, the committee carefully considered the desires of many : conservation organizations and numerous individuals who wanted as large an area in the park as possible, and also considered the needs of the local communities dependent upon the harvesting and manufacturing of forest products. Expert testimony on the needs of timber utilization was head and it is the thought of the committee that the establishment of the park will not have an adverse effect upon local wood-using industries. The enactment of the bill will fulfill a definite need for the conservation of natural resources.

The amendments to the bill exclude from the proposed park 32,960 acres of land in the Olympic National Forest of which 6,151 acres is privately owned. The provision has been eliminated which would empower the President to add to the park by proclamation about 61,629 acres of private- and State-owned land connecting the main body of the park with the coastal strip which, it was thought, might have an unfavorable effect upon the management and operation of the State-owned sustained-yield forest adjacent thereto.

The present bill, H. R. 10024, also excludes about 2 billion feet of the more accessible timber tributary to Grays Harbor which was included in the original bill, H. R. 7086. This should adequately satisfy the need for timber in this region.

The bill has also been amended to allow prospecting under the mining laws of the United States, in certain portions of the park, for a period of 5 years.

Originally the bill H. R. 10024 called for the establishment of a park containing 927,000 acres supporting a stand of timber estimated at 19.3 billion board feet, and would allow the President to add to the

park 61,597 acres of private and State land supporting a stand of timber estimated at 1.5 billion board feet. As amended the bill would establish a park of 898,292 acres containing 17.4 billion board feet of timber, which eliminates 3.4 billion board feet of timber from H. R. 10024 as introduced. The committee is advised that only about 30 percent of this timber could now be considered economically available.

The effect of the bill will be to establish the appropriate use and proper administration of an area definitely of national park quality.

The Bureau of the Budget and the Department of Agriculture have not reported on H. R. 10024 but did report on H. R. 4724 and the amendments thereto submitted by the Secretary of the Interior, which, as amended, was substantially the same as H. R. 10024.

The Committee is advised that this legislation is in accord with the program of the President and that the Department of Agriculture is in agreement with the Department of the Interior on the area proposed for park status.

The reports of the Department of the Interior on H. R. 4724 and H. R. 10024 are herein set forth in full and made a part of this report as follows:

DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR,

Washington, D. C. Hon. RENÉ L. DEROUEN, Chairman, Committee on the Public Lands,

House of Representatives. MY DEAR MR. CHAIRMAN: This is with further reference to your letter of March 11, 1937, enclosing a copy of H. R. 4724, entitled "A bill to establish the Mount Olympus National Park, in the State of Washington, and for other purposes”, and requesting a report thereon.

A final report on this bill, which was reported out by your committee on August 16, 1937, has not been made by this Department previously, due to the many conflicting factors involved in the proposal. Therefore, subsequent to the introduction of H. R. 4724, this Department has been engaged in efforts to secure adjustments of the various conflicting factors, and it is believed these matters are now settled to the satisfaction of all concerned.

There is enclosed a map showing, by the black line, the boundary recommended for the park, which will necessitate amending H. R. 4724 as indicated hereinafter. In addition, it is recommended that the President be authorized to add to the park any lands which may in the future be acquired by the United States by donation or otherwise within the area outlined by the dotted line on the attached map.

I believe your committee is in full agreement with the purposes of this proposed legislation, as evidenced by the committee action in reporting out favorably the present bill as well as a similar bill, H. R. 7086, of the last Congress. If enacted, this proposed legislation would preserve forever this great wilderness from misuse and would render it available for the inspiration, education, and recreation of the people as a national park. The park, if established as herein recommended, would include the finest virgin forest on the Olympic Peninsula. The boundaries as herein recommended include primitive areas, now included within the Olympic National Forest, but for which no permanent protection is assured at present. The park would include the present Mount Olympus National Monument and a splendid area, shown on the enclosed map, along the coast. The park would also provide permanent protection of the Roosevelt elk, and sufficient winter range to preserve the species for posterity. It would conserve one of the most scenic, unspoiled areas within our country, measuring up in every respect to the high standards set for national parks.

In view of the necessary adjustments as indicated above, it is recommended that the following amendments to H. R. 4724 be made:

In the title of the bill, strike out the words “Mount Olympus” and insert in lieu thereof the word "Olympic";

After the word "abolished", in line 5, page 1, strike out the remainder of section 1 and insert in lieu thereof the following: "and the tracts of land in the State of Washington particularly described as follows, to wit: Township 26 north, range 3 west, sections 6 and 7 (unsurveyed); township 27 north, range 3 west, sections 6, 7, 18, 19, 30, and 31 (unsurveyed); township 23 north, range 4 west, north half section 6 (unsurveyed); township 24 north, range 4 west, sections 19, 20, and 31 (unsurveyed); township 25 north, range 4 west, sections 4 to 9, 16 to 21, and 28 to 33, inclusive (unsurveyed); township 26 north, range 4 west, sections 1 to 12, 16 to 21, and 28 to 33, inclusive (unsurveyed); township 27 north, range 4 west, all (unsurveyed); township 28 north, range 4 west, sections 17 to 22, and 27 to 34, inclusive (unsurveyed); township 23 north, range 5 west, north half section 1, northeast quarter section 2, and sections 18 and 19 (partly surveyed); township 24 north, range 5 west, sections 1 to 18, 20 to 27, inclusive, north half section 28, east half section 34, and sections 35 and 36 (unsurveyed); townships 25 north to 28 north, range 5 west, all (unsurveyed); township 29 north, range 5 west, sections 7 and 17 to 36, inclusive (partly surveyed); township 23 north, range 6 west, sections 2 to 6, 10 to 15, inclusive, and 23 and 24 (unsurveyed); township 24 north, range 6 west, sections 1 to 24, 26 to 35, inclusive (unsurveyed); townships 25 north to 29 north, range 6 west, all (partly surveyed); township 23 north, range 7 west, sections 1 to 12, inclusive (unsurveyed); townships 24 north to 29 north, range 7 west; all (unsurveyed); township 30 north, range 7 west, sections 26 to 36, inclusive (partly surveyed); township 23 north, range 8 west, that part north of the divide between the Quinault and Humptulips Rivers (unsurveved); townships 24 north to 29 north, range 8 west, all (unsurveyed); township 30 north, range 8 west, sections 18, 19, and 25 to 36, inclusive (partly surveyed); township 22 north, range 9 west, northwest quarter section 5, north half section 6 (surveyed); township 23 north, range 9 west, that part northwest of the divide between Humptulips River and the streams flowing into Quinault Lake and outside the Quinault Indian Reservation except northwest quarter section 6 (partly surveyed); township 24 north, range 9 west, sections 1, 2, 11 to 14, 22 to 27, and 34 to 36, inclusive (partly surveyed); township 25 north, range 9 west, all (unsurveyed); township 26 north, range 9 west, sections 1 to 18, east half section 19, sections 20 to 29, and 32 to 36, inclusive (surveyed); townships 27 and 28 north, range 9 west, all (partly surveyed); township 29 north, range 9 west, all except those parts of sections 7, 18, 19, and 30 lying west of Soleduck River and Alckee Creek (partly surveyed); township 30 north, range 9 west, sections 13 and 14, and 19 to 36, inclusive (surveyed); township 23 north, range 10 west, southeast quarter section 1, east half section 11, and sections 12 to 14, inclusive, those parts of sections 23 and 36 outside of Quinault Indian Reservation (surveyed); township 26 north, range 10 west, sections 1, 12, and 13 (surveyed); township 27 north, range 10 west, sections 1 to 18, 20 to 26, inclusive, north half section 27, north half section 28, north half section 29, section 36 (surveyed); township 28 north, range 10 west, all that part, south of the divide between Bogachiel and Soleduck Rivers and east of Alckee Creek (unsurveyed); township 29 north, range 10 west, all that part south of the divide between Bogachiel and Soleduck Rivers and east of Alckee Creek (unsurveyed); township 27 north, range 11 west, sections 1 to 13, inclusive, north half section 14, north half section 15, section 16, north half section 17 (surreyed); township 28 north, range 11 west, all south of divide between Sitkum and Calawah Rivers (unsurveyed); township 27 north, range 12 west, sections 1 to 3, north half section 10, north half and southeast quarter section 11, and section 12 (surveyed); township 28 north, range 12 west, those parts of sections 25 and 26 south of the divide between Calawah and Bogachiel Rivers, sections 27 and 31 to 36, inclusive (surveyed); township 24 north, range 13 west, sections 3, 4, 9, 10, 15, 16, 22, and lots 1 and 2 section 27 (surveyed); township 25 north, range 13 west, west half section 4, sections 5, 8, west half section 9, sections 16, 17, 21, 28, 33, west half section 34 (surveyed); township 26 north, range 13 west, sections 17, 18, those parts sections 19, 20, 29, and 30 outside Hoh Indian Reservation, west half section 28, section 32, west half section 33 (surveyed); township 26 north, range 14 west, all (surveyed); township 27 north, range 14 west, sections 6, 7, west half section 8, sections 16, 17, 18, 20, 21, 22, south half section 23, sections 26, 27, 28, 34, and 35 (surveyed); township 28 north, range 14 west, section 31 (surveyed); township 27 north, range 15 west, all (surveyed); township 28 north, range 15 west, west half section 4, sections 5, 6, 8, 9, west half section 15, sections 16, 23, 26, and all sections 21, 22, and 27 outside Quileute Indian Reservation, and sections 34, 35, and 36 (surveyed); township 29 north, range 15 west, all of Ozette Lake in sections 3, 4, and 10, west half section 5, sections 6 and 7, west half section 8, west half section 17, sections 18 and 19, west half section 20, sections 29, 30, and 32 (surveyed); township 30 north, range 15 west, all west of eastern shore line of Ozette Lake (surveyed); township 31 north, range

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