21st Century Political Science: A Reference Handbook, Volume 1

Front Cover
John T Ishiyama, Marijke Breuning
SAGE, 2011 - 898 pages
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Via 99 entries or "mini-chapters," the SAGE 21st Century Reference Series volumes on political science highlight the most important topics, issues, questions, and debates any student obtaining a degree in this field ought to have mastered for effectiveness in the 21st century. 21st Century Political Science: A Reference Handbook serves as an authoritative reference source that meets students' research needs with more detailed information than encyclopedia entries but not so much jargon, detail, or density as a journal article or a research handbook chapter. An editorial advisory board comprised of eminent scholars from various subfields, many of whom are also award-winning teachers, selected the most important general topics in the discipline. The two volumes are divided into six major parts: 1) General Approaches of Political Science; 2) Comparative Politics; 3) International Relations; 4) Political Science Methodology; 5) Political Thought; and 6) American Politics. A section on identity politics includes chapters on topics such as Race, Ethnicity, and Politics; Gender and Politics; Religion and Politics; and LGBT Issues/ Queer Theory. This two-volume resource makes fairly complex approaches in political science accessible to advanced undergraduate and beginning graduate students.
 

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Contents

1 HISTORY OF THE DISCIPLINE
3
2 POSTMODERNISM
11
3 NEOINSTITUTIONALISM
22
4 SYSTEMISM
29
5 RATIONALITY AND RATIONAL CHOICE
34
6 PRINCIPALAGENT THEORY
43
7 POLITICAL PSYCHOLOGY
51
8 STRAUSSIANS
60
52 INTERNATIONAL LAW
431
53 INTERNATIONAL ENVIRONMENTAL POLITICS
440
Political Science Methodology
449
54 EVOLUTION OF SCIENCE IN POLITICAL SCIENCE
451
55 POSITIVISM AND ITS CRITIQUE
459
56 CONSTRUCTIVISM
470
57 REGRESSION ANALYSIS
478
58 CONTENT ANALYSIS
490

Comparative Politics
69
9 SYSTEMS THEORY AND STRUCTURAL FUNCTIONALISM
71
10 POLITICAL DEVELOPMENT AND MODERNIZATION
81
11 STATISM
91
12 DEPENDENCY AND DEVELOPMENT
99
13 CIVIL WARS
107
14 TERRORISM
115
15 POLITICAL AND MILITARY COUPS
124
16 RESOURCE SCARCITY AND POLITICAL CONFLICT
133
17 ETHNIC CONFLICT
141
Systems and Organizations
150
19 ELECTORAL SYSTEMS IN COMPARATIVE PERSPECTIVE
159
20 COMPARATIVE FEDERALISM CONFEDERALISM UNITARY SYSTEMS
168
21 PRESIDENTIALISM VERSUS PARLIAMENTARISM
177
22 COMPARATIVE JUDICIAL POLITICS
186
23 CIVIL SOCIETY
193
24 POLITICAL CULTURE
201
25 RELIGION AND COMPARATIVE POLITICS
209
26 ETHNIC AND IDENTITY POLITICS
217
27 SOCIAL MOVEMENTS
225
28 GENDER AND POLITICS
233
29 COMPARATIVE ENVIRONMENTAL POLITICS AND CONFLICT
242
30 TOTALITARIANISM AND AUTHORITARIANISM
249
31 SEMIAUTHORITARIANISM
258
32 MODELS OF DEMOCRACY
267
33 PROCESSES OF DEMOCRATIZATION
275
34 COMPARATIVE METHODS
283
35 CASE STUDIES
293
International Relations
301
36 HISTORY OF INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS
303
37 REALISM AND NEOREALISM
311
38 IDEALISM AND LIBERALISM
319
39 DEPENDENCY AND WORLDSYSTEMS
327
40 FOREIGN POLICY ANALYSIS
336
41 FEMINIST INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS
344
42 LEADERSHIP AND DECISION MAKING
353
43 BALANCE OF POWER
361
44 DETERRENCE THEORY
368
45 RIVALRY CONFLICT AND INTERSTATE WAR
376
46 THE DEMOCRATIC PEACE
384
47 GLOBAL POLITICS OF RESOURCES AND RENTIERISM
393
48 COMPLEX INTERDEPENDENCE AND GLOBALIZATION
401
49 INTERNATIONAL POLITICAL ECONOMY AND TRADE
407
50 NONSTATE ACTORS IN INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS
414
51 INTERNATIONAL ORGANIZATIONS AND REGIMES
422
59 LONGITUDINAL ANALYSIS
497
60 QUALITATIVE VERSUS QUANTITATIVE RESEARCH
506
61 SURVEY RESEARCH
514
62 EXPERIMENTS
523
63 FORMAL THEORY AND SPATIAL MODELING
532
64 GAME THEORY
541
Political Thought
551
65 THE ANCIENTS
553
66 ASIAN POLITICAL THOUGHT
560
67 ISLAMIC POLITICAL THOUGHT
568
68 CHRISTIAN POLITICAL THOUGHT
577
69 EARLY MODERNS AND CLASSICAL LIBERALS
587
70 NEOCLASSICAL LIBERALS
596
71 MODERN DEMOCRATIC THOUGHT
605
72 MODERN LIBERALISM CONSERVATISM AND LIBERTARIANISM
615
73 ANARCHISM
625
74 NATIONALISM
633
75 FASCISM AND NATIONAL SOCIALISM
639
76 MARXISM
648
77 REVISIONISM AND SOCIAL DEMOCRACY
655
78 LENINISM COMMUNISM STALINISM AND MAOISM
664
79 SOCIALISM IN THE DEVELOPING WORLD
673
AMERICAN POLITICS
683
80 FOUNDING OF THE AMERICAN POLITICAL SYSTEM
685
81 URBAN POLITICS
699
82 MEDIA AND POLITICS
708
83 US CONGRESS
717
84 THE PRESIDENCY
725
85 AMERICAN JUDICIAL POLITICS
735
86 AMERICAN BUREAUCRACY
743
87 INTEREST GROUPS AND PLURALISM
752
88 AMERICAN FEDERALISM
760
89 AMERICAN POLITICAL PARTIES
769
90 STATE AND LOCAL GOVERNMENT
779
91 PUBLIC POLICY AND ADMINISTRATION
786
92 CAMPAIGNS
796
93 POLITICAL SOCIALIZATION
805
94 VOTING BEHAVIOR
813
95 AMERICAN FOREIGN POLICY
822
96 RACE ETHNICITY AND POLITICS
831
97 GENDER AND POLITICS IN THE UNITED STATES
840
98 RELIGION AND POLITICS IN AMERICA
847
99 LGBT ISSUES AND THE QUEER APPROACH
856
Index
865
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About the author (2011)

John Ishiyama (Ph.D., Michigan State University) has been at Truman State University since 1990. His teaching interests include comparative political development, democratization and political parties, and political methodology. His research focuses on political party development in new democracies and empirical assessments of pedagogy. He has published three books and 72 journal articles (in Social Science Quarterly, Comparative Politics, Comparative Political Studies, Political Research Quarterly, Political Science Quarterly, Party Politics, Europe Asia Studies, etc.) as well as book chapters and reviews on democratization and development of political parties. He is a member of the American Association for the Advancement of Slavic Studies, the American Political Science Association, the Midwest Political Science Association, the Council on Undergraduate Research and the African Studies Association. He is a recipient of the 2003-2004 National Carnegie Scholar Award, the 2003 Governor’s award for excellence in teaching, and other awards for teaching. In 2004, he was named the Carnegie Foundation/CASE Missouri Professor of the Year. He is also Editor-in-Chief of the Journal of Political Science Education and is on editorial boards of the journals Party Politics and Controversia. He is President of the International Studies Association-Midwest for 2006-2007. Dr. Ishiyama divides his time between teaching classes and serving as Director of the McNair Program at Truman State University.

Marijke Breuning (Ph.D., Ohio State University) has been at Truman State University since 1995. Her teaching interests include International Relations, Comparative Foreign Policy, International Organization, and European Politics. Her research interests include comparative foreign policy, foreign aid and development cooperation, and ethnic politics. She is a member of the International Studies Association (ISA), American Political Science Association (APSA), the International Society of Political Psychology, and the European Union Studies Association. She is has served on the executive committees and is Past President of the APSA Foreign Policy Division, the ISA Midwest region, and the ISA Foreign Policy Analysis section. She has published articles in, among other journals, International Studies Quarterly, Comparative Political Studies, and International Politics, and has co-authored a book with John Ishiyama. Together with Dr. Ishiyama, she edits the Journal of Political Science Education. She is also part of the ISA editorial team of Foreign Policy Analysis.

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