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the total receipts, from all sources, have been only 1767.

The numerous avocations of Mr. Wright during the past year have hitherto prevented the completion of his edition of Chaucer, but it is expected that the third and last volume will be ready for delivery to the members during the ensuing year.

The publications during the past year have been,

1. The Autobiography of Mary Countess of Warwick. Edited by T. C. Croker, esq.

2. Festive Songs of the Sixteenth and Seventeenth Centuries. Edited by W. Sandys, esq. F.S.A.

3. Westward for Smelts, written by Kinde Kit of Kingstone, 1620. An early and curious collection of tales, several of which have been employed by our early dramatists in the construction of their plots. Edited by J. O. Halliwell, esq. 4. Popular English Histories. Edited by J. O. Halliwell, esq.

5. Beleeve as you List, a lost Play, by Massinger. Edited from the Original Manuscript, by Thomas Crofton Croker, esq. F.S.A. M.R.I.A.

6. Satirical Songs and Poems on Costume

from the thirteenth to the nineteenth century. Edited by F. W. Fairholt, esq. F.S.A.

The places of the three members retiring from the Council were filled with the names of Sir Edward Bulwer Lytton, Bart. Richard John Smith, esq. and the Rev. J. Reynell Wreford; and for Auditors were elected John Croomes, esq. W. D. Haggard, esq. F.S.A. and W. Wansey, esq. F.S.A.


Messrs. Southgate and Barrett are about to bring to public sale the very large Library collected chiefly on the continent by the Rev. Henry Francis Lyte, author of "The Spirit of the Psalms" and other works, and since increased by his son the late J. W. M. Lyte, esq. It is particularly rich in theological literature; also in works on astrology, alchemy, and witchcraft; in romances and old poetry; and it contains many rare articles in English, Irish, and Scotish history. In the sale of this collection the auctioneers are about to return to the old practice of evening sales. The sale will take place on eighteen evenings, from the 4th to the 26th of July inclusive.


We regret to hear that the exploratory expedition undertaken by Dr. Bialloblotzky in East Africa (of which several notices have from time to time appeared in our pages,) has been relinquished, in consequence of not receiving the support which was anticipated from the political agents resident on the coast. Under these circumstances Dr. Beke (who has superintended the arrangements at home) remarks that it is some consolation to know that the Church Missionaries are actively engaged in exploring the interior of the country, and from their exertions we may expect to see, ere long, the solution of the great geographical problem-the position of the sources of the Nile, which it was hoped that Dr. Bialloblotzky would have had the good fortune to accomplish.



At a late meeting of the committee of the Royal Irish Art Union, Mr. Blacker announced that a munificent donation had just been made to Dublin, being no less than two cartoons of Raffaele. The subjects are, "St. Peter and St. John Healing the Lame Man at the Beautiful Gate of the Temple," and "Elymas, the Sorcerer, Struck Blind." Early in 1847, Mr. Blacker had some correspondence with Mr. Nicolay, of Oxford-square, London, when getting up an exhibition of works of ancient masters for relief of the then general distress. He recently received a letter from Mrs. Nicolay, saying that she was but carrying out the wishes of her late husband in asking him, Mr. Blacker, to take charge of two cartoons of Raffaele, which he was desirous should be

presented for the formation of a permanent gallery of art in Dublin. Mrs. Nicolay, as an Irishwoman, felt peculiar, although mournful pleasure in carrying his wishes into effect. These specimens of the Italian school of art were picked up by Sir Joshua Reynolds during his tour in the Low Countries, in one of the towns where they had been originally sent for the purpose of manufacture into tapestry. At Sir Joshua's death, and at the subsequent sale of his effects, they passed with one intermediate hand into the possession of Mr. Nicolay. It is proposed to assemble an exhibition of old masters in connection with the newly-arrived cartoons, the proceeds to form a reserve fund for a permanent public gallery and studying school.

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The view of Paris lately exhibiting at Mr. Burford's Panorama, has now given place to one of a different character, representing the Valley of Kashmir. The scene is well suited to this style of painting, an extensive valley watered on one side by the river Jylum, which rivals in its windings the "links of Forth," and on the other by the city lake, studded with islands and floating gardens, and inclosing the city crowned with mosques and minarets, and interspersed with trees and water. The lofty mountains which surround the valley are a part of the Himmalayan range, the summits of many of which are clothed with snow. In the foreground is an interesting group of figures, comprising the travellers, Drs. Wolff and Henderson, Baron Carl von Hugel and M. Vigne, by whom the view was taken, Lord Elphinstone, Lord Arthur Hay, and the Hon. C. S. Hardinge, and a host of native princes.

A few small-sized and rather choice pictures, sufficient to cover the wall of a common sitting-room, recently sold by Messrs. Christie and Manson, belonged to the late Mr. Charles Brind, and have often been seen at the yearly Exhibitions of the Old Masters at the British Institation. A good small Hobbema-lighter in effect than is usual with this mastersold for 430 guineas; a small second-rate Wonvermans, "A Hawking Party," No. 467 of Smith's Catalogue, brought 3301. 15s; a Ruysdael, "The Overshot Mill,' realised 280 guineas; and a still better picture by the same master, "A Heath Scene," 385 guineas. This "Heath Scene" deserves to be studied because of the marvellous Rembrandt-like manner in which so much is made from so very little :

the subject is nothing, the execution everything.-Atheneum.

A beautiful portrait of the Countess of Blessington, by Sir Thomas Lawrence, has been sold among her effects at Gore House to the Marquess of Hertford, for 420 guineas. Lawrence received perhaps eighty or one hundred guineas for it: the price is therefore large compared with the original payment-but it is worth the money. A clever portrait of Mrs. Inchbald, also by Sir T. Lawrence, was bought by Mr. Birch of Tipton for 481. 68. Count D'Orsay's portrait of the Duke of Wellington (with too many marks of senility about it) was sold to Lord Normanton for 180 guineas. The portrait of a spaniel, by Edwin Landseer, brought 1571. 108., and a sketch of Miss Power by the same artist, 57. 10s. The engravings after Edwin Landseer chiefly presentation proofs-sold at prices much in advance of those at which they were published.— Atheneum.

Mr. Labouchere (and few recent collectors have been more judicious in their purchases of works of art) has just added to his collection a marble bust of Oliver Cromwell, by Edward Pierce. Pierce was a statuary of the time of Charles II. and his father was a painter. It is not likely that Cromwell sat to him-but Pierce might have seen Cromwell, and his bust, there is every reason to believe, was made from the best received representations of the great Protector. It is curious that this important bust has been lost sight of for more than a century. Walpole mentions that it was sold at an auction in 1714, but it is clear from what he says that he had never seen it.-Atheneum.



March 8. J. P. Collier, esq. Treas. in the Chair.

A communication from the Treasurer was read, addressed to Capt. W. H. Smyth, Director, on the Charge of the Ordinary and Extraordinary Service of the English Navy in the middle of the reign of Queen Elizabeth; with a letter and report from Sir John Hawkins to Sir Walter Mildmay, on the subject of the needless expenditure of public money in 1583. From this document, it appears that the keeping and maintenance of her Majesty's ships in harbour cost yearly 5,714. The extraordinary payments for carpentry

only, upon an average of five years from 1573 to 1579, cost 3,2311.

Sir Henry Ellis communicated from the Cottonian MSS. a letter of John Clerk, Bishop of Bath and Wells, to Secretary Cromwell, in behalf of master Claxton, one of his chaplains, who was charged with neglecting to pray for King Henry VIII. his Queen, and the Princess, in the celebration of divine service; probably written about 1536. It contains a warm eulogium upon Master Claxton. The letter is now printed in the Society's Minutes.

March 15. Mr. Collier in the chair. Thomas Windus, esq. F.S.A. exhibited two Medallions; one was of the head of a

slave in alabaster and verde antique, stated by him to have come from the baths of Nero; the other, a bust of Minerva in serpentino antico, stated by Mr. Windus to have been found at Athens.

Benjamin Williams, esq. F.S.A. exhibited various Roman Antiquities recently found in a field near Takeley Church, in Essex; consisting of a glass bottle of a faint green colour, about eight inches high, at present the property of Thomas Cocks, esq. of Hatfield Broad Oak; a glass basin of similar material; two pateræ of red ware, one bearing the maker's name of Pontius; an unbaked urn of blue clay; two cups of the same material; and three copper coins of Vespasian. They were found disposed in a wooden box, about two feet long, and one foot deep, which fell to pieces on exposure to the air. It was secured by a brass hasp and fastening, which Mr. Williams forwarded for exhibiton, together with a plan of the disposition of the articles in the box. A bottle, similar in size and material, but square, was found by Lord Maynard whilst searching the Bartlow Hills; and was destroyed about twelve months ago by the fire at his lordship's seat.

John Adey Repton, esq. F.S.A. exhibited drawings of two pieces of Ancient Tapestry in his possession, one in outline, the other coloured, judged from the costume to be about the date of 1500. The figures have the duckbill shoes, which may be found as early as the reign of Henry VII. and which superseded the poularde of from Edward I. to Henry VI.

The Secretary then read a portion of a paper entitled, Observations on the Trial and Death of William Earl of Gowrie, A.D. 1584, and on their connection with the Gowrie Conspiracy, A.D. 1600, by John Bruce, esq. F.S.A.

March 22. Viscount Mahon, President, in the chair.

The President announced that he had nominated John Payne Collier, esq. to be of the four Vice-Presidents, in the place of Mr. Stapleton.

Thomas Hughes, esq. B.A. of Oriel College, Oxford, and Mr. Charles Read, of Bolt Court, Fleet Street, were elected Fellows.

Thomas Windus, esq. F.S.A. exhibited a small bust, the head black, called Scipio Africanus.

Three short Letters were read, the first from Benjamin Williams, esq. the second from J. L. Stoddart, esq. the third from Jabez Allies, esq. upon the signification and various use of the term "Cold Harbour; " upon the different and dissimilar situations in which the name occurs; and that harbour sometimes means an inn.


Mr. Williams, on looking at the different passages in Layamon where the word herebeza or herberwe occurs, considers Dr. Bosworth's interpretation of its meaning, a station where the army rested on its march," to be borne out, although the word was also used for an inn or dwelling: he also remarks that the word caul is described as a dwelling in the voluminous Celtic dictionary published by Frofessor Bullet at Besançon in 1754-60; and caula, as a barrack, cabin, hut, park, stable, &c. Mr. Allies shows that the term "cold" is a very common prefix to names in Worcestershire; and Mr. Stoddart thinks that so derogatory an adjective as cold, in its usual signification, could hardly have been applied to some hundreds of places unlike each other. He therefore suggests that in olden times the derivation may have been holde-herbergh, meaning fidum hospitium. In the English of Chaucer, herberwe implied sometimes an inn, sometimes a shelter.

A further portion of Mr. Bruce's paper was then read.

March 29. The President in the chair. Thomas Hordern Whitaker, esq. of the Holme, Lancashire, was elected a Fellow of this Society.

Sir Fortunatus Dwarris, as one of the Auditors, reported the accounts of the Society for the year ending Dec. 25, 1848, from which it appeared that the total receipts of the Society (including last year's balance of 3471.) were 17717. 12s. 9d. arising from Subscriptions, 755. 88.; Admissions and Compositions of New Members, 3441. 6s. 8d.; Sale of Books and Prints, 1717. 10s. 5d.; Sale of Duplicate Books, 4l. 15s. 6d.; Dividends, 1487. 10s. 10d. Expenditure: To Artists and in Publications of the Society, 2631. 5s. 6d. ; Salaries, 332. 14s. 4d.; Taxes, 30l. 1s. 11d. ; Miscellaneous expenses, 354l. 38. 6.; Balance in the Treasurer's hands, 8911. 78. 6d.

April 19. Henry Hallam, esq. V.P.

The Rev. William Henry Jones, of Magdalen Hall, Oxford, incumbent of Saint James, Curtain-road, was elected a Fellow of the Society.

The Rev. Christopher Earle, of Hardwick, near Aylesbury, exhibited to the Society a Monile or Necklace of Gold, with three bullæ suspended, said to have been discovered in a tomb in Etruria.

John Yonge Akerman, esq. Sec. by permission of William Selby Lowndes, esq. of Whaddon Hall, exhibited six specimens of the gold British Coins recently discovered on Whaddon Chase, co. Buckingham. They are apparently rude and degenerate imitations of the gold coins of Cunobeline. A portion of them are stamped

on one side only, and none are inscribed. A further account of these coins was promised by Mr. Akerman for a future meeting.


A letter from Charles Roach Smith, esq. FS.A. was read, accompanied by the exhibition of a series of coloured drawings, by Mr. Penrice, of some of the groups of Roman sepulchral urns and vessels recently discovered on the property of Mr. John Taylor, junior, at West Lodge, near Colchester, and now deposited by him in the museum of local antiquities in that town. drawings showed the arrangement of the various deposits as discovered, including two cists or tombs constructed of tiles. Only a few coins (in second brass) were found by Mr. Taylor, the latest of which was of Hadrian. Mr. Roach Smith stated that Mr. Taylor's grounds occupy part of the site of the Roman cemetery, which flanked, on either side, the road from Colonia to Londinium.

A note was communicated by Mr. Akerman, suggesting that the representation given by Bartoli, in his Antiqui Sepolcri, of a tomb having a shaft seventeen yards deep, which was found at the eastern base of the Aventine Mount in 1692, confirmed the opinion suggested by Dr. Diamond in the Archæologia, that the Roman pits found at Ewell, Winchester, and elsewhere, were also sepulchral.

The reading of Mr. Bruce's paper on the Trial and Death of William Earl of Gowrie, A.D. 1584, and their connexion with the subsequent Gowrie conspiracy, A.D. 1600, was then concluded. The writer pointed out that in King James's statement of the event commonly called the Gowrie conspiracy, and also in Johnstone's MS. History, relied upon as an authority by Mr. Tytler, in Henderson's deposition, and in the letters of Logan of Restairig, it is asserted that revenge for the death of William Earl of Gowrie was one of the motives of the Gowrie conspi


although previously pardoned for his share in the Raid of Ruthven by the king personally, made a further submission and obtained another pardon. Being still "put at," and vexed in every possible way by the upstart insolence of Arran, he procured leave to quit the country. He repaired to Dundee in order to embark. Whilst there, he learned that his old companions in the Raid of Ruthven were about to make a fresh attempt to free their country from the domination of Arran, Gowrie secretly communicated with them; he agreed to join the plot, and a day was fixed for a rising. In the meantime Arran took alarm at Gowrie's delay, and sent his brother Colonel William Stewart to Dundee, with one hundred men, to arrest Gowrie. After some hours' resistance Gowrie was captured, and brought to Edinburgh as a prisoner. The capture of Gowrie was the defeat of the plot. His friends assembled at Stirling and obtained possession of the castle, but after a few days were obliged to relinquish their at tempt and fly into England. These circumstances were minutely related and illustrated in the present essay, from the unpublished correspondence of the English ambassadors of the time. Gowrie was taken to Stirling for trial. He was urged

to confess. He refused. Again and again Arran and some other noblemen of his party waited upon Gowrie, and importuned him to save his life by revealing his knowledge of the plot. After reiterated persuasion, and upon their solemn promise that the king agreed to grant him a pardon if he would make a written statement of what he knew of the late conspiracy, he did so. He was immediately indicted upon the facts which he had himself disclosed, and being found guilty, was executed at eight o'clock in the evening of the same day on which he was tried, 4th May, 1584. Three unpublished accounts of these transactions, derived from MSS. in the British

were communicated by Mr. Bruce. It appeared that Gowrie went to the scaffold believing that he had been entrapped. He thought that the king had really made the alleged promise, and died bequeathing his revenge to God. His children were brought up in the same faith, and even after the lapse of so long a period as sixteen years, would not be unlikely, as the writer thought, to be stimulated by a desire to revenge their father's judicial murder. The writer could not, therefore, find anything adverse to tle credibility of the Gowrie conspiracy, in the allegation that revenge for the Earl of Gowrie's death was one of the motives of the conspirators.

Museum, The object of the present paper was to inquire whether there were any circumstances connected with the death of William Earl of Gowrie which could possibly have kept alive, in the minds of his descendants, a feeling of hatred and a desire of revenge against their sovereign for a period of sixteen years. Mr. Bruce con-idered the political position of the family of Ruthven from the time of the murder of Rizzio, in 1566. down to 1584. He delineated the condition of Scotland first, anterior to the Raid of Ruthven, under the domination of the king's favourites Lennox and Arran, and subsequently under the grievous tyranny of Arran alone. Upon Arran's acquisition of power in 1583 William Earl of Gowrie, GENT. MAG. VOL. XXXII.





June 4. Lord Portman moved the second reading of the LANDLORD AND TENANT Bill which had been carried through the House of Commons by Mr. Pusey. The noble lord stated that the objects of the measure were: first, to enable parties of limited interest in the property to enter into agreements with the tenant to allow compensation at the conclusion of his term for improvements. The second, to improve the law relating to emblements; and the third, to allow tenants to remove engines, buildings, or other fixtures erected by them.-Lord Beaumont opposed the Bill altogether, as absurd in some of its provisions and injurious in the rest. Their lordships divided--For the Bill, 9; against it, 5.

June 5. Lord Brougham moved the re-commitment of his Bill for the consolidation and improvement of the BANKRUPTCY LAWs, and explained the nature of its provisions. In the first place, it simplified and extended those acts of bankruptcy which made the tradesman debtor a bankrupt. In the next place there was a very important improvement to prevent undue dealings and fraudulent preferences. Another improvement was, that certain acts of insolvency, which formerly did not make a man a bankrupt, would now make him one. The next improvement was in the jurisdiction of the Bankruptcy Court. He had rejected the principle that when a vacancy occurred in the metropolis the senior commissioner in the provinces was to be promoted to it, and left the Lord Chancellor unfettered in his appointments, and therefore fully responsible for his selection. The same principle was observed with regard to the registrars. Another improvement was, that he abolished the increase of 500/. given to the chief commissioner, and 300%. given to the chief registrar; and further, he proposed to reduce the number of commissioners from six to four. The Bill passed through Committee, and was reported without amendments.

June 11. On the motion of Lord Campbell, the SALE OF INCUMBERED ESTATES (Ireland) Bill was read a second time, and referred to a select committee.

June 12. The Bill for repealing the NAVIGATION LAWS was read the third

time without a division.-On the question that the Bill do pass, the Bishop of Oxford, with a view to discouraging the African slave-trade, moved the addition of a clause enacting that the privileges conferred on foreign shipping by the Act shall not extend to the ships of Spain, or Brazil, until such time as her Majesty shall have declared, by orders in council, that the governments of Spain and Brazil have respectively given to her Majesty full satis. faction as to the fulfilment of the treaties into which they have or shall have entered with her Majesty for the suppression of the African slave trade.-The clause was opposed by Lord Howden, who argued that it would be inoperative. Their lordships divided-For the clause, 9; against it, 23.-The Bill then passed.

June 14. Lord Campbell introduced a Bill for the purpose of removing a difficulty in the case of SMITH O'BRIEN, who had been convicted of high treason, and sentenced to death. Upon a merciful consideration of his case, it had been thought advisable not to exact the full penalty of the law, upon condition of his being transported beyond the seas for life. It might have been expected that such a boon would have been gratefully accepted; but, on the contrary, an objection had been made on the part of Smith O'Brien that the Crown had no right to exercise the prerogative of mercy.-Lord Brougham remarked that this was the last act of the preposterous vanity in which Smith O'Brien's treason had its origin. He knew when he rejected the offer that he would not be taken at his word, but he thought he would make a flourish in that country so unfortunately under the influence of agitation, and pretend to confront a danger which he knew had no existence.-Lord Denman said there could be no doubt that the Queen had the power of commuting the punishment of death to transportation in this country, and if that power did not extend to Ireland there would be no difficulty in enacting the present Bill.-The Bill was read a first time.

The Bishop of Oxford moved the third reading of his Bill for the PROTECTION OF WOMEN.-Lord Campbell opposed it on the ground that it would not be so effective as the common law now was.Their lordships divided-for the Bill, 23;

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