Managing an Alliance: The Politics of U.S.-Japanese Relations

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Brookings Institution Press, 2010 M12 1 - 209 pages

The alliance between Japan and the United States has entered a new era. Successful in promoting mutually beneficial relations during the cold war era, it must now be adapted to a world of detente and new dealings with China. Effective in helping the vulnerable postwar Japanese economy recover domestically and expand its trade internationally, it is now confronted with the different issues accompanying Japan's rise to third rank among the world's economic powers.

The alliance remains important because effective cooperation between Japan and the United States is indispensable to regional stability in East Asia and to a workable world economic order. This study of the politics and processes that influence U.S.-Japanese relations draws heavily on three episodes: revision of the bilateral security treaty in 1960; agreement on reversion of Okinawa to Japan in 1969; and the dispute in 1969-71 over Japanese textile exports to the United States. All three illustrate differences and similarities in the national political and bureaucratic institutions through which policy decisions and actions are taken, how officials in each government perceive actions taken by the other, and recurrent patterns of misperception.

The authors' analysis of U.S. and Japanese negotiating tactics constitutes a guide to effective political management and consensus-building within each country. The study also accounts for the ways in which issues arise, the channels through which they are negotiated, and the effect of actions in one system on decisionmaking in the other. The authors conclude with suggestions about how to reduce tension and promote constructive bilateral relations—suggestions that they believe to be relevant to the conduct of U.S. relations with other major allies.

 

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Contents

Introduction
1
Three Postwar Cases
8
Foreign Policymaking in Japan and the United States
48
Misperceptions across the Pacific
89
The Interplay of National Systems
125
Managing Future USJapanese Relations
167
Bibliography
197
Index
203
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About the author (2010)

I. M. Destler is professor and director of the Program on International Security and Economic Policy at the School of Public Affairs, University of Maryland. Priscilla Clapp served nearly thirty years in government under six presidents, mostly in the State Department and overseas.

Hideo Sato is a professor of political science at Yale University. Haruhiro Fukui is a professor of political science at University of California, Santa Barbara.

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