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mens of foods and drugs manufactured or offered for test laid down in the United States Pharmacopeia sale in the District of Columbia, or in any Territory or National Formulary. of the United States, or which shall be offered for "Second. If its strength or purity fall below the sale in unbroken packages in any State other than professed standard or quality under which it is than that it which they shall have been respectively sold. manufactured or prod uced, or which shall be re- “In the case of confectionery: ceived from any foreign country, or intended for "If it contains terra alba, barytes, talc, chrome shipment to any foreign country, or which may be yellow, or other mineral substance or poisonous submitted for examination by the chief health, food color or flavor, or other ingredient deleterious or or drug officer of any State, Territory, or the Dis- detrimental to health, or any vinous, malt, or spirittrict of Columbia, or at any domestic or foreign uous liquor or compound or narcotic drug. port through which such product is offered for inter- "In the case of food : state commerce, or for export or import between “First. If any substance has been mixed and the United States and any foreign port or country: packed with it so as to reduce or lower or injuri.

"Sec. 4. That the examination of specimens of ously affect its quality or strength. foods and drugs shall be made in the Bureau of "Second. If any substance has been substituted Chemistry of the Department of Agriculture, or wholly or in part for the article. under the direction or supervision of such bu- “Third. If any valuable constituent of the artireau, for the purpose of determining from such cle has been wholly or in part abstracted. examinations whether such articles are adul- "Fourth. If it be mixed, colored, powdered, terated or misbranded within the meaning of coated, or stained in a manner whereby damage this act; and if it shall appear from any such ex- or inferiority is concealed. amination that any of such specimens is adul- “Fifth. If it contain any added poisonous or terated or misbranded within the meaning of other added deleterious ingredient which may renthis act, the Secretary of Agriculture shall cause no- der such article injurious to health: Provided, tice thereof to be given to the party from whom That when in the preparation of food products for such sample was obtained. Any party so notified shipment they are preserved by an external applishall be given an opportunity to be heard, under cation applied in such manner that the preserva: such rules and regulations as may be prescribed tive is necessarily removed mechanically, or by as aforesaid, and if it appears that any of the pro- maceration in water, or otherwise, and directions visions of this act has been violated by such party, for the removal of said preservative shall be printed then the Secretary of Agriculture shall at once cer- on the covering or the package, the provisions of tify the facts to the proper United States district this act shall be construed as applying only when attorney, with a copy of the results of the analy- said products are ready for consumption. sis or the examination of such article duly authen. "Sixth. If it consist in whole or in part of a ticated by the analyst or officer making such exam- filthy, decomposed, or putrid animal or vegetable ination under the oath of such officer. After judg- substance, or any portion of an animal unfit for ment of the court, notice shall be given by publica- food, whether manufactured or not, or if it is the tion in such manner as may be prescribed by the pro luct of a diseased animal, or one that has died rules and regulations aforesaid.

Otherwise than by slaughter. “Sec. 5. That it shall be the duty of each dis

"Sec. 8. That the term 'misbranded,' as used trict attorney to whom the Secretarv of Agriculture herein, shall apply to all drugs, or articles of food, shall report any violation of this act, or to whom or articles which enter into the composition of food, any health or food or drug officer or agent of any the package or label of which shall bear any stateState, Territory, or the District of Columbia shail ment, design, or device regarding such article or the present satisfactory evidence of any such violation, ingredients or substances contained therein which to cause appropriate proceedings to be commenced

shall be false or misleading in any particular, and and prosecuted in the proper courts of the United to any food or drug product which is falsely branded States, without delay, for the enforcement of the as to the State, Territory, or country in which it is penalties as in such case herein provided.

manufactured or produced. “Sec. 6. That the term 'drug' as used in this That for the purposes of this act an article act shall include all medicines and preparations

shall also be deemed to be misbranded. recognized in the United States Pharmacopeia or “In case of drugs : National Formulary for internal external "First. If it be an imitation of or offered for use, and any substance or mixture of substances sale under the name of another article. intended to be used for the cure, mitigation, or pre- “Second. If the contents of the package as origvention of disease of either man or other animals. inally put up shall have been removed, in whole or The term 'food,' as used herein, shall include all ar- in part, and other contents shall have been placed ticles used for food, drink, confectionery, or condi- in such package, or if the package fail to bear a ment by man or other animals, whether simple, statement on the label of the quantity or propor, mixed, or compound.

tion oi any alcohol, morphine,opium, cocaine, heroin, • Sec. 7. That for the purposes of this act an alpha or beta eucaine, chloroform, cannabis, indicaarticle shall be deemed to be adulterated

chloral hydrate, or acetanılıd, or any derivative or “In case of drugs:

preparation of any such substances contained “First. If, when a drug is sold under or by a therein. name recognized in the United States Pharmaco. "In the case of food : peia or National Formulary, it differs from the “First If it be an imitation of or offered for standard of strength, quality, or purity, as deter- sale under the distinctive name of another article. mined by the test laid down in the United States "Second. If it be labeled or branded so as to de Pharmacopeia or National Formulary official at the ceive or mislead the purchaser, or purport to be a time of inves:igation; Provided, That no drug de- foreign product when not so, or if the contents of fined in the United States Pharmacopeia or Nation- the package as originally put up shall have been al Formulary shall be deemed to be adulterated removed in whole or in part and other contents under this provision if the standard of strength, shall have been placed in such package, or if it fail quality, or purity, be plainly stated upon the bot- to bear a statement on the label of the quantity or tle, box, or other container thereof, although the proportion of any morphine, opium, cocaine, he roin, standard may differ from that determined by the alpha or beta eucaine, chloroform, cannabis indica,

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chloral hydrate, or acetanilid, or any derivative or the Treasury of the United States, but such goods preparation of any such substance contained therein. shall not be sold in any jurisdiction contrary, to

“Third. If in package form, and the contents the provisions of this act or the laws of that jurare stated in terms of weight or measure, they are

isdiction : Provided, however, That upon the pay. not plainly and correctly stated on the outside of ment of the costs of such libel proceedings and the package.

the execution and delivery of a good and suffi

cient bond to the effect that such articles shall "Fourth. If the package containing it or its label

not be sold or otherwise disposed of contrary to shall bear any statement, design, or device regard. ing the ingredients or the substances contained

the provisions of this act, or the laws of any therein, which statement, design, or device shall be

State, Territory, District, or Insular Possession, the

court may by order direct that such articles be false or misleading in any particular : Provided, That an article of food which does not contain

delivered to the owner thereof. The proceedings

of such libel cases shall conform, as near as may any added poisonous or deleterious ingredients shall not be deemed to be adulterated or misbranded in

be, to the proceedings in admiralty, except that the following cases :

either party may demand trial by jury of any

issue of fact joined in any such case, and all such “First. In the case of mixtures or compounds proceedings shall be at the suit of and in the which may be now or from time to time hereinafter name of the United States. known as articles of food, under their own distinctive names, and not an imitation of or offered for sale

Sec. 11. The Secretary of the Treasury shall

deliver to the Secretary of Agriculture, upon his under the distinctive name of another article, if the

request from time to time, samples of foods and name be accompanied on the same label or brand

drugs which are being imported into the United with a statement of the place where said article has been manufactured or produced.

States or offered for import, giving notice thereof

to the owner or consignee, who may appear before "Second. In the case of articles labeled, branded,

the Secretary of Agriculture, and have the right or tagged so as to plainly indicate that they are

to introduce testimony, and if it appear from the compounds, imitations, or blends, and the word 'compound,' 'imitation,' or 'blend,' as the case may

examination of such samples that any article of

food or drug offered to be imported into the United be, is plainly stated on the package in which it is

States is adulterated or misbranded within the offered for sale : Provided, that the term 'blend' as

meaning of this act, or is otherwise dangerous to used herein shall be construed to mean a mixture

the health of the people of the United States, or is of like substances, not including harmless colorings

a kind forbidden entry into, or forbidden to be sold or flavoring, ingredients used for the purpose of

or restricted in sale in the country in which it is coloring and flavoring only : And provided further,

made or from which it is exported, or is otherwise That nothing in this act shall be construed as re

falsely labeled in any respect, the said article shall quiring or compelling proprietors or manufacturers

be refused admission, and the Secretary of the of proprietary foods which contain no unwholesome

Treasury shall refuse delivery to the consignee and added ingredient to disclose their trade formulas, ex

shall cause the destruction of any goods refused decept in so far as the provisions of this act may re

livery which shall not be exported by the consignee quire to secure freedom from adulteration or mis

within three months from the date of notice of such branding.

refusal under such regulations as the Secretary of “Sec. 9. That no dealer shall be prosecuted

the Treasury may prescribe : Provided, That the under the provisions of this act when he can estab

Secretary of the Treasury may deliver to the conlish a guaranty signed by the wholesaler, jobber,

signee such goods pending examination and decimanufacturer, or other party residing in the United

sion in the matter on execution of a penal bond for States from whom he purchases such articles, to the

the amount of the full invoice value of such goods, effect that the same is not adulterated or mis

together with the duty thereon, and on refusal to branded within the meaning of this act, designating

return such goods, for any cause to the custody of it. Said guaranty, to afford protection, shall con

the Secretary of the Treasury, when demanded, for tain the name and address o the party or parties

the purpose of excluding them from the country.or making the sale of such article to such dealer, and

for any other purpose, said consignee shall forfeit

the full amount of the bond : And provided further, in such case said party or parties shall be amenable to the prosecutions, fines, and other penalties which

That all charges for storage, cartage, and labor on would attach, in due course, to the dealer under

goods which are refused admission or delivery shall the provisions of this act.

be paid by the owner or consignee, and in default “Sec. 10. That any article of food, drug, or

of such payment shall constitute a lien against any liquor that is adulterated or misbranded within the

future importation made by such owner or conmeaning of this act, and is being transported from

signee. one State, Territory, District, or Insular Possession

“Sec. 12. That the term 'territory' as used in to another for sale, or, having been transported, re

this act shall include the insular possessions of the mains unloaded, unsold, or in original unbroken

United States. The word 'person'as used in this packages, or if it be sold cr offered for sale in the act shall be construed to import both the plural District of Columbia, or the Territories, or Insular

and the singular, as the case demands, and shall Possession of the United States, or if it be im

include corporations, companies, societies, and asported from a foreign country, for sale, or if it is

sociations. When construing and enforcing the intended for export to a foreign country, shall be

provisions of this act, the act, omission, or failure liable to be proceeded against in any district court of any officer, agent, or other person acting for or of the United States within the district where the employed by any corporation. company, society, or same is found, and seized for confiscation by a

association, within the scope of his employment or process of libel for condemnation. And if such office, shall in every case be also deemed to be the article is condemned as being adulterated or mis

act, omission, or failure of such corporation, combranded, or of a poisonous or deleterious charac- pany, society, or association as well as that of the ter, within the meaning of this act, the same shall

person. be disposed of by destruction or sale, as the said “Sec. 13. That this act shall be in force and ef. court may direct, and the proceeds thereof, if sold, fect from and after the first day of January, nineess the legal costs and charges, shall be paid into teen hundred and seven.". 1

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The Medical FORTNIGHTLY by maloljetlo

in the diet of the mother may be tried, or from one to three teaspoonfuls of cream may be given before each pursing. In artificiallyfed children, the top milk with cream should be fed. Water, barley-water, or oatmeal will sometimes obviate the difficulty. As laxatives, simple syrup, manna, olive-oil, castor. oil, or fluid magnesia may be sufficient. A conical piece of soap inserted into the rectum is sometimes sufficient, as is even a thermom. eter if inserted at regular intervals. In in. fants after the fifth or sixth month costive. ness is an indication for the introduction of

starchy matter into the diet. The daily in. A Cormopolitan Biweekly for the General Practitioner

jection in infants of warm soapsuds by The Medical Fortnightly is devoted to the progress of the

means of a soft-bulbed ear-syringe, or of glyPractice and Science of Medicine and Surgery. Its aim is to pre- cerine gtt. xv-xx in a teaspoonful of water is sent topics of interest and importance to physicians, and to this end, in addition to a well-selected corps of Department Editors, very successful.

The following may be it has secured correspondents in the leading medical centers of given : Europe and America. Contributions of a scientific nature. and original in character, solicited. News of Societies, and of inter- B Magnes. oxidi..... esting medical topics, cordially invited. Advertising forms close on the first and fifteenth of each

Sacch. lactis.......

aa 0.50 or gr. vijes month. Time should be allowed to submit proof for correction Advertising rates on application.

Put a piece of flaked manna in each botRemittances and business communications should be ad- tle of artifically-fed infant's food. Ten drops dressed to the Fortnightly Press Co.

Subscription, $2.00 a year, in advance, including postage to of syrup of figs, 2-4 drops of fluid extract of any part of the United States, Mexico and Canada. Postage to foreign countries in the Universal Postal Union, including New.

casoara sagrada, a pinch of salt in the bottle, foundland. $1.00 a year additional. Entered at the St. Joseph the addition of Mellin's food to the diet, post-office as second-class matter.

The Medical Fortnightly will not be discontinued at expira- twice-daily massage, the addition to each tion of ubscription, as many of our readers prefer not to have bottle of 'milk of 2-4 gr. phosphate of soda, their files broken on account of failure to remit. Unless wo receive a distinct request to discontinue, and payment for all ar- an increase in the proportion of cream, Tarrearages, this magazine will not be discontinued.

Subscriptions may begin at any time: volumes end with rant's seltzer aperient, 10 grains in the June and December.

milk, a little milk of magnesia added to the Contributors should understand that corrected typewritten copy, is essential to clean proof and prompt publication, and is milk or water-these are usually successful, much more satisfactory than manuscript. Original articles should be as condensed as justice to the subject will allow. one or all, used in consecutive order.-Buf.

Editorial offices in St. Louis and St. Joseph, where speci- falo Medical Journal. med copies may be obtained, and subscriptions will be received.

Contributions and books for review should be addressed to the Managing Editor, 319 and 320 Century Building, St. Louis, THE ALIENIST AND NEUROLOGIST for No. Mo.

vember will contain, besides the usual numCONSTIPATION IN CHILDHOOD.—Dr. E. ber of selections, reviews, notices, eto., the S. MoKee, of Cincinnati, advises the follow. following: The Non Reason Founded Phoing treatment in a child two or three years bias of Neurasthenia--Coitus Interruptus old, suffering from chronic constipation: and Coitus Reservatus as Causes of Profound Massage eight to ten minutes morning and Neuroses and Psychoses—Is Specialism a evening over the course of the colon. Give Psychio Advance or a Retrogression-The juice of half an orange and a glass of water Mystery of our Knowledge of Good and Evil, or vichy immediately on rising. For break- Its Zenith and Its Nadir-Illinois Procedure fast I would advise oatmeal with cream, dried in Marriage Annulment for Prior Insanitybread and butter, one egg, half a glass of Psychiatry and Neuriatry in the Medical milk, with cream and water added; for din. Press — Mixoscopia – Erotio' Symboliemner, soup, one starchy vegetable (for exam. The Morbid Imagination of our Sunday ple, potato with cream) and one green vege. Newspaper Illustrators- Military Interfertable, beefsteak, baked apple, prunes, dried ence with Rational Army Sanitation-The bread and butter, and water; for supper, Bicycle and the Auto Brain-All Minds Look cream toast, one egg, dried bread and butter Alike to St. Louis Police-Fools not all Dead or grabam crackers, half a glass of milk with Yet-Longevity Among Harvardians-Senoream and water added; and suppositories of sible View of a Newspaper on Psychotherapy aloin, etc., at hed-hour. The well-known -Trepbining in Epilepsy-Railway Vali

. aloin, strychnia, and belladonna comp. pill dating Tyranny-Death in the Palace Cardivided into pills of one-fifth the ordinary Proprietary Prescribing--Dr. Mangan's Medal strength, are very valuable in the treatment of Honor.

And many otbers of equal value of constipation in children, repeating the pill to the neurologist and psychologist and to one, two, or three times

day as necessary. the practitioner in general who aspires to do In 'the constipation of sucklings a obange the best for his patients.

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