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tions be contrived,

“This liberty of all other things oug! and most precious, dinable not to fave than a free commc magnanimous, most its own fair proceed nimous, full of fear led at every umbr:

returning precipitantly, if he withhold us not, felves, that their old back to the captivity from whence he freed us?


, will be for Yet neither shall we obtain or buy at an easy rate this new gilded yoke, which thus transports us: a new royal revenue must be found, à new episcopal; for those are individual: both which being wholly dissipated, or bought by private persons, or assigned for service done, and especially to the army, cannot be recovered without general detriment and confusion to men's estates, or a heavy imposition on all men's purses; benefit to none but mough looking big to the worst and ignoblest sort of men, whose hope is to be either the ministers of court riot and excess, or the gainers by it: but not to speak more of losses and extraordinary levies on our estates, what will then be the revenges and offences remembered and rea turned, not only by the chief all his adherents; accounts and reparations that will be required, suits, indictments, inquiries, discoveries, complaints, informations, who knows against whom or how many, though perhaps neuters, if not to utmost inHiction, yet to imprisonment, fines, banishment, or molestation? if not these, yet disfavour, discountenance, diregard, and contempt on all but the known royalist, or whom he favours, will be plenteous. Nor let the row royalized presbyterians persuade them

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* This liberty of conscience, which above all other things ought to be to all men dearest and most precious, no governinent more inclinable not to favour only, but to protect, than a free commonwealth; as being most magnanimous, most fearless and confident of its own fair proceedings. Whereas kingship, though looking big, yet indeed most pusillanimous, full of fears, full of jealousies, startled at every umbrage, as it hath been observed of old to have ever suspected most and mistrusted them who were in most esteem for virtue and generosity of mind; so it is now known to have most in doubt and suspicion them who are most reputed to be religious. Queen Elizabeth, though herself accounted so good a protestant, so moderate, so confident of her subjects love, would never give way so much as to presbyterian reformation in this land, though once and again besought, as Camden relates; but imprisoned and persecuted the very proposers thereof; alledging it as her mind and maxim unalterable, that such reformation would diminish regal authority. What liberty of conscience can we then expect of others, far

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, orci Verhitect nguade that

worse principled from the cradle, trained

up and governed by Popish and Spanish counsels, and on such depending hitherto for subsistence?!!

same reason shall

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of by the Jews to re
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they falsely imagin
in more plenty and
is not sound but ro
all civil prudence;
the way we are m

, which attend
on luxury, all natio
Teign and domestic

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“ I have no more to say at present: few words will save us, well considered; few and easy things, now seasonably done. But if the people be so affected, as to prostitute religion and liberty to the vain and groundless apprehension, that nothing but kingship can restore trade, not remembering the frequent plagues and pestilences, that then wasted this city, such as through God's mercy we never have felt since; and that trade flourishes no where more than in the free commonwealths of Italy, Germany, and the Low Countries, before their eyes at this day: yet if trade be grown so craving and importunate through the profuse living of tradesmen, that nothing can support it, but the luxurious expences of a nation upon trifles or superfluities; so as if the people generally should betake themselves to frugality, it might prove a dangerous matter, lest tradesmen should mutiny for want of trading; and that therefore we must forego and set to sale religion, liberty, honour, safety, all concernments divine or human, to keep up trading: if, lastly, after all this light among us,


be from mending sing our governme now possesses us. Thave ventured w speak in season, an in time; wherein many wise men in but am sorry the

little seen among

and particulars I things whereof I

main matters now will suffice to reco and there will wan at circumstances; minds on main ma them, in these most


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same reason shall pass for current, to put our necks again under kingship, as was made use of by the Jews to return back to Egypt, and to the worship of their idol queen, because they falsely imagined, that they then lived in more plenty and prosperity; our condition is not sound but rotten, both in religion and all civil prudence; and will bring us soon, the way we are marching, to those calamities, which attend always and unavoidably on luxury, all national judgments under for reign and domestic slavery: so far we shall be from mending our condition by monarchising our government, whatever new conceit now possesses us. However, with all hazard I have ventured what I thought my duty to season,

and to forewarn my country in time; wherein I doubt not but there be many wise men in all places and degrees, but am sorry the effects of wisdom are so little seen among us. Many circumstances and particulars I could have added in those things whereof I have spoken: but a few main matters now put speedily in execution, will suffice to recover us, and set all right: and there will want at no time who are good at circumstances; but men who set their minds on main matters, and sufficiently urge them, in these most difficult times I find not

speak in

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many. What I have spoken, is the language

These attacks wer of that which is not called amiss “ The good sion much disturban old Cause;" if it seem strange to any, it will


: but he could no not seem more strange, I hope, than convinc

tear approach of th ing to backsliders. Thus much I should per

was justready to burs haps have said, though I were sure I should have spoken only to trees and stones; and had none to cry to, but with the prophet, 66 O earth, earth, earth!” to tell the very soil itself, what her perverse inhabitants are deaf to, Nay, though what I have spoke should happen (which thou suffer not, who didst create mankind free! nor thou next, who didst redeem us from being servants of men!) to be the last words of our expiring display of his loy liberty.”

His spirit

, however, while there remained ing his falling cause tive in its support. I their triumph, the Rd upon the press and t

of their tenets and Dr. Matthew Griffi chaplains

, desirous might be especiall

This production of Milton's was made the subject of a sportive and a serious reply: the former, a ludicrous pamphlet affecting to issue from Harrington's republican club, was called “ The Censure of the Rota upon Mr. Milton's Book, entitled, “ The ready and easy way to establish a free Commonwealth;” and the latter was styled, “The Dignity of Kingship asserted in Answer to Mr. Milton's ready and easy Way, &c.”

Fished a sermon, W Mercer's Hall, on Son, fear the Lord not with them the On this provocatio and, in a short by the Doctor's serr

Milton's severity on
province of politics, remi
Butke reprehended a st

Price differed as esse
the chaplain of Charles
Rockinghan's secretary
Fame treatment, and the
Painments of reprobati

fP.W. vol. iii, 421, 422, 428.

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