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THAT MAY SUIT THE NEW YEAR 1802.
ELLONA'S red chariot and fmoaking hot fteeds
Are drawn by, and a fomething like Peace now fucceeds.
And John Bull, grown half frantic, roars out loud for Lights.
He thinks well of the French-I them wish at the Deuce.
They took fuch rich Ifles, and Invafion refifted;
O'er plains ftain'd with blood, the Warrior's reproach;
When he blew the French fleet fairly out of the sea.
Dec. 31, 1801.
A Lift of the eminent Men who have flourished in the Eighteenth Century is preparing for February; which fhall be fo paged that it may be bound up to follow the lift given at the beginning of vol. LXX.
THE first year of the new Century has been so fruitful
of events, that it has almoft exceeded the limits of our Mitcellany to record them all: but the tranfactions in Egypt ftand eminently forward, and are not lefs worthy of regard, as having contributed to that Pacification fo earnestly withed for in every quarter of the globe. Preliminaries of Peace were figned at London Oct. 1; and received with transports of joy, which left no time for reflection on the terms of Peace. Inflexibly true to our Country and our Conftitution, and ftrictly loyal to the Prince who fits at its helm, nor lefs grateful to Divine Providence for the bleffings of a real Peace; we cannot fo far conftrain ourfelves as not to argue coolly on points which have already undergone difcuffion in the Senate, and met with the fupport of a great majority; perfuaded as we are from undoubted evidences, that the bulk of the nation expected relief from taxes almoft amounting to abolition, influx of riches to every rank, and a fudden abatement in the price of the neceffa ries of life, which the bounty of Heaven in the abundance of a fruitful feafon authorized the fulleft expectation of. Some of these effects cannot yet take place. To expect a reduction of taxes while fuch an arrear of expence and debt exifts, or an equality of wealth when fuch a golden flood has been brought into the country by the War as to lower the value of money comparatively to nothing, were vain and chimerical. Not fo that refpecting the neceffaries of life; which now too plainly appear not to have been influenced by the War, but by the avarice of a few great capitalifts, which has taught monopoly to every falefman and fhopkeeper, the wholesale trader compelling the retailer to extortion. Avarice and the wantonnefs of wealth in factors and breeders concur to diftrels the poor, and drive them to defperation, by keeping up the price of cattle, pampered for prizes and pictures*. A rage for inclofures, more particularly round the metropolis, will bet feverely felt by thofe who found it the only means of counteracting immenfe farms, by furnishing the finaller articles of life, fuch as milk, poultry, pigs, &c. on eafier, we had almost faid on any, terms. Peace will increafe the City already built out of itfelf, and carry it beyond its fuburbs,
It is deferving of notice, that during the week in which the trustees of Dr. Stock's charity announced their diftribution of his annual bounty of 10l. to each of ten poor clergymen, the Smithfield Society likewile beftowed their annual premiums for fattening of cattle. For the former there were upwards of 50 applicants; and of the fuccefsful candidates one had 277. a year, to fupport himself, a wife, and 10 children and another, old, blind, and infirm, after 50 years efficient miniftry, had 401. per annum to provide food and raiment for 12 children, their mother, and himfelf!-The Smithfield prizes were three times as much.
till it makes every ten miles of road a town.. Thefe are, to call them by the most favourable term, the Intoxications of Peace.
Thefe hints apply more particularly to Britons in general; for whom their Government has tried every relief hitherto in vain. And yet, when the maintenance of the poor in a populous parith near London has arisen from 400%. to 27col. per annum*, there must be somewhere a root of evil. But, if we turn our eyes to Europe at large, what a view prefents itself! France, the fource of all revolutionary mitchief, ruined in its conftitution, polity, and morals. Without a government, for who can promife a month's fecurity to the prefent Rulers; without laws, for her people are told they are not ripe for a code of civilization; without commerce, for there is no tariff or commercial treaty ; without food, for there is no agriculture; labour performed by women and boys; and bread dearer than with us, where it is dear enough; without education, for people must live before they can learn, and all good habits are diffolved; without religion, for who can truft an indeterminate Concordet. Paris defcribed by the few who have feen it as a fink of vice, folly, and diffipation, mutually adminiftering to each other. The face of the country lamentably changed, and fome of the finest parts under water. Curiofity, damped with this melancholy reflection that its objects are a mafs of ill-gotten plunder.
Add to all this, as if Heaven, co-operating by natural caufes, had taken up the fcourge of inundation for a guilty Continent, of which how large a part may fay, "What benefit has the last Century brought to us?"
These are the fuggeftions of an honeft unbiaffed mind, anxious that his countrymen, who have withstood falfe Philofophy under all the preffures of War, may not be beguiled into it by the witcheries of eafe and indolence; and though fo little has yet been known of the effects of Peace, we muft regret that we cannot welcome it.
"O lovely Peace with PLENTY crown'd, Than Nature's fongfters wake the chearCome fhed thy choiceft bleffings round; ful porn. Let fleecy flocks our hills adorn, And vallies fhine with wavy corn; Thefe delights when Peace fhall give, Let the thrill trumpet ccafe, nor other found We with Peace fhall joy to live."
SYLVANUS URBAN, grateful to HIS conftituents, and devoted to the most excellent conftitution of his country, utters, thefe effufions of a warm but honeft heart, with the moft affectionate and dutiful view to provide timely remedies, and to prevent the evils even of PEACE, that the improvidence of the Rich may not impoverish the Poor.
We are aware that a large portion of this fum is appropriated to the wives and ildren of the Militia; a temporary advance, which Government will re-pay. † Sen Mr. Gibbon's predictions of France. H¡G I 207 in our vol IYVI
METEOROLOGICAL TABLE for January, 1801.
Height of Fahrenheit's Thermometer.
1 Month. 8 o'cl.
ow in o Morn.
Height of Fahrenheit's Thermometer.
40 29,99 cloudy.
45 windy&cloud. 21
39 30,07 cloudy
19 39 44 41
38 42 37
23 32 3730
,28 rain & fnow
26 31 26
24 37 37
,65 fnow & rain
40 43 37
W. CARY, Optician, No. 182, near Norfolk Sereet, Strand.
Barom. Thermom. Hygrom.
I. 2. feet in.
50 48 14 3.2
fun and fair, rain at night
froft, thaw, frust
a thower, fun at intervals
5. The honey fuckle begins to foliate.-10. The fea very noily in the evening12. An extensively beautiful horizon at funfet; the evening previous partially fo27. The fun fo warm that the thermometer in the fhade and in a Northern aspect food at 49°. Groundfel in flower.The year, as well as the century, with a few exceptions, has taken its leave in a very mild manner. The temperature of the air has been unufually warm and bland, and its vivifying powers are apparent under various, forms Amongst the vegetable tribes.- -Fall of rain 3.20 inches. Evappistan 13 vorbes. Under
fun, clear and pleasant
fun, clear and pleasant
fun and pleasant, rain at night
fun and pleafant A. M. rain, fnow at night fun and pleasant
fun and pleafant, rain and fnow at night