Balkan Sprachbund Morpho-Syntactic Features
Springer Science & Business Media, 2006 M09 13 - 750 pages
At the end of 1998, Professor Pieter Muysken was awarded the Spinoza prize of the Netherlands Organization of Scientific Research (NOW) and set up a research program entitled “Lexicon and Syntax”. The implementation of the Program started in the autumn of 1999 with research on the lexicon and syntax in a number of areas where contacts between 1 different languages are intensive. For the languages of many of the areas selected, basic data had to be collected. For most of the languages of the Balkan Sprachbund area, however, there are grammars and dictionaries. Moreover, quite a number of studies of the Balkan Spra- bund features have been published. Accordingly, when I joined the team of the Project, I aimed at a description of the state of art in the field. After several months of research, I realized that Balkanists have mainly been concerned with compiling lists of similarities and making parallels between the lexical and grammatical forms of the Balkan languages, while analyses of the interaction of the Balkan Sprachbund morpho-syntactic features with other features in the structure of the DP or the sentence of a given language/dialect are scarce. This oriented me towards descriptions of Balkan Spra- bund morpho-syntactic features in the context of individual sub-systems in nine Balkan language to which they relate – the Slavic languages Macedonian, Bulgarian and Serbo-C- atian; the Romance languages Romanian, Aromanian and Megleno-Romanian; Albanian; Modern Greek; and the Arli Balkan Romani dialect.
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Acc.Mark Acc.Refl.Cl adjectives aorist Arli auxiliary clitics Balkan languages Balkan Romani Balkan Sprachbund book+the.F.Sg Bulgarian clausal clitics clitic-doubled co-occur conditional sentences constructions with verbs Dat.Refl.Cl dative definite article Dimitrova-Vulchanova direct object distinct evidential Examples express future tense future-in-the-past gender girl give.3Sg.Aor have.1Sg imperfect impersonal indefinite indicative complements indirect infinitive intentional verbs Janis know.1Sg l-participles lexical verb main clause Maria masculine medio-passive Megleno-Romanian modal clitic modal verb Modern Greek negation marker nominal not.Mod nouns occur Old Church Slavonic paradigms past perfect person singular Petar Petko Petre Petru possessive clitics possessive modifiers present perfect present tense forms pronominal clitics purported reading reference Romanian S)he săm seen.Past.Part Serbian Serbo-Croatian Singular Plural 1st Slavic speakers specific šte Subj.Mark Subj.Mark.Cl subjunctive complements subjunctive constructions subjunctive marker suffixes Table that.Subj the.M.Sg third person tomorrow Tosk Albanian want.1Sg