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ability additional administration Advisory American amount appropriated areas Association attendance authority average basis bill board of education buildings CHAIRMAN child citizens colleges colored Commissioner committee communities Constitution cost course court defense differences districts economic educational opportunities effect effort elementary enrolled equal expenditures facilities fact Federal aid Federal Government figures funds give going high school increase less maintain Maryland matter mean Mississippi Missouri necessary Negro Office paid percent persons plaintiff population practice present President problem public schools pupil question race reason received reference respect rural salaries Senator ELLENDER separate situation South Southern statement statute teachers things tion United University Virginia white teachers youth
Page 19 - Promote, then, as an object of primary importance, institutions for the general diffusion of knowledge. In proportion as the structure of a government gives force to public opinion, it is essential that public opinion should be enlightened.
Page 49 - The party who invokes the power must be able to show not only that the statute is invalid but that he has sustained or is immediately in danger of sustaining some direct injury as a result of its enforcement, and not merely that he suffers in some indefinite way in common with people generally.
Page 31 - Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, and West Virginia; West, Alaska, Arizona, California, Colorado, Hawaii, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Oregon, Utah, Washington, and Wyoming.
Page 39 - We may add that while all admit that the benefits and burdens of public taxation must be shared by citizens without discrimination against any class on account of their race, the education of the people in schools maintained by state taxation is a matter belonging to the respective States, and any interference on the part of Federal authority with the management of such schools can not be justified except in the case of a clear and unmistakable disregard of rights secured by the supreme law of the...
Page 19 - Education, to accomplish the ends of good government, should be universally diffused. Open the doors of the school-house to all the children in the land. Let no man have the excuse of poverty for not educating his own offspring. Place the means of education within his reach, and if they remain in ignorance, be it his own reproach.
Page 41 - The General Assembly, at its first session after the adoption of this Constitution, shall provide for the appointment of three commissioners...
Page 259 - The state is under duty to ignore the child's creed, but not its need. It cannot control what one child may think, but it can and must do all it can to teach the child how to think. The state which allows the pupil to subscribe to any religious creed should not, because of his exercise of this right, proscribe him from benefits common to all.
Page 38 - The white resident is afforded legal education within the State ; the negro resident having the same qualifications is refused it there and must go outside the State to obtain it. That is a denial of the equality of legal right to the enjoyment of the privilege ' See University of Maryland v. Murray, 169 Md. 478, 486. which the State has set up, and the provision for the payment of tuition fees in another State does not remove the discrimination. The equal protection of the laws is "a pledge of the...