Tourism in Destination Communities

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Shalini Singh, Dallen J. Timothy, Ross Kingston Dowling
CABI, 2003 - 282 pages
Annotation. As a result of the ongoing growth in the tourism industry, many destinations around the world are undergoing transformations. New destinations are being 'discovered' in regions previously ignored, as people search for regions that are yet unspoiled by the ravages of mass tourism. At the same time, traditional destinations are experiencing rapid environmental, socio-cultural and economic modifications. These changes have the most effect on the destination community - the location where tourists spend their time and money, and influence development or degradation of the local environment.Tourism in Destination Communities describes both the positive and negative effects of tourism on the destination community. The chapters are divided into three sections which address the relationship between tourism and the destination community, the various impacts of tourism on the destination community and the challenges and opportunities for destination communities. Each chapter contains brief case studies and empirical examples.

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Contents

Tourism and Destination Communities
3
The Economics of Tourism in Host Communities
37
Tourism and Local Society and Culture
55
for Tourists and Host Communities
79
Exercising Indigenous Rights in Tourism
115
Generating Goodwill in Tourism through Ethical Stakeholder
135
Challenges and Opportunities for Destination Communities
155
Tourism Development in Natural
205
Local Involvement in Managing Tourism
229
Marketing Host Communities
253
Understanding Tourism and Destination Communities
273
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Page 120 - The Declaration on the Inadmissibility of Intervention in the Domestic Affairs of States and the Protection of Their Independence and Sovereignty...
Page 105 - ... a decision that results 1n suppression or thwarting of a latent or manifest challenge to the values or interests of the decision-maker. To be more nearly explicit, nondecision-making is a means by which demands for change in the existing allocation of benefits and privileges in the community can be suffocated before they are even voiced; or kept covert; or killed before they gain access to the relevant decision-making arena...
Page 121 - This includes the right to maintain, protect and develop the past, present and future manifestations of their cultures, such as archaeological and historical sites, artifacts, designs, ceremonies, technologies and visual and performing arts and literature, as well as the right to the restitution of cultural, intellectual, religious and spiritual property taken without their free and informed consent or in violation of their laws, traditions and customs.
Page 101 - All forms of political organization have a bias in favour of the exploitation of some kinds of conflict and the suppression of others, because organization is the mobilisation of bias.
Page 161 - The idea of development stands like a ruin in the intellectual landscape. Delusion and disappointment, failures and crimes have been the steady companions of development and they tell a common story: it did not work.
Page 105 - ... rested not so much on a basis of rational choice, but rather, was a simple reflection of the narrow political and intellectual scope for alternatives. This restricted area did not come about purely or simply by chance, but had been deliberately encouraged and fostered.
Page 121 - Indigenous peoples are entitled to the recognition of the full ownership, control and protection of their cultural and intellectual property. They have the right to special measures to control, develop and protect their sciences, technologies and cultural manifestations, including human and other genetic resources, seeds, medicines, knowledge of the properties of fauna and flora, oral traditions, literatures, designs and visual and performing...
Page 108 - However, the presentation of one-dimensional views of the past to the tourist and the community is also encountered at the destination level. In her excellent study of tourism, history and ethnicity in Monterey, Norkunas (1993) argues that the rich and complex ethnic history of Monterey is almost completely absent in the 'official' historic tours and the residences available for public viewing. In Monterey, as in many other parts of the world, heritage is presented in the form of the houses of the...
Page 103 - ... reality' and social construction of place, whether from the point of view of visitors and host communities, tourism capital (and the 'culture industry'), or the state with its diverse involvement in the system.
Page 146 - An ethic, ecologically, is a limitation on freedom of action in the struggle for existence. An ethic, philosophically, is a differentiation of social from anti-social conduct.

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