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parishes, and that no less than one hun- | hundreds round my house seeking re
dred and forty-eight thousand and forty-
lief. I cannot describe adequately the depth of misery and utter destitution that almost covers the whole face of Conemara: two-thirds of the population are in actual want-several prothou-tracting existence on the shell-fish and sea-weed they pick up on the strand; I know not where to turn, that the most agonizing distress does not stare me in the face,-some old men, who have once been in decent circumstances, are crying with hunger, as I sit down to write this letter. The people are quite patient, to a degree beyond all praise; here, in the midst of starving people, my outward doors are not locked or barred at night. I cannot but admire the resignation with which they bear their sufferings, though, I must admit, my own patience is often put to a severe trial.”
Here, then, you have the origin of this distress-you have further, the places where it is felt-the line of country or coast along which it extends and you have further, the returns made on oath to the Central Committee, of the number of persons in one county alone in a state of destitution and starvation. Let me bring forward further testimony on this point. The Inspector General of the Coast Guard for Ireland is the next authority I would quote. He observes, in a communication recently made, that "at this moment there are hundreds of human beings nearly dying from starvation; many are living on sea-weed, and such shell-fish as they can procure; and should warm weather set in, I have little doubt but that fever will follow, and carry off thousands. The snow remained an unusually long time on the ground, the fodder was soon exhausted, and the cattle are now dying by hundreds; one person I know lost the week before last twenty-five head of black cattle."
But let me for a moment alleviate your sorrow by stating, that in one case a communication was addressed to the committee, which stated as follows: " Hundreds, by your bounty, have already been saved from death!”* Do any ask, then, this day, where is the collection going? We reply, going to save from death our poor starving brother. And, verily, my beloved flock, it is worth all that you will give this day, to feel a good hope, that not a few, by your bounty, also shall be saved from death. And yet it must be mentioned, that though much already has been done, yet unless British Christians exert themselves upon an increased scale, and that without delay, the difficulty and danger cannot be met; for it is expressly stated, "Let it be remembered, we have two months of the worst time to come." This letter, indeed, is dated June 9th, and let us hope that only one month of this worst time still remains. It may serve further to encourage you, and ought, that, as special mercy from God, in those parts where
Another person, a minister of our holy religion, writes thus-and awful indeed is that scene of wretchedness (the wretchedness be it remembered of our brethren) which he depicts :-" I am placed in a situation of extreme pain; from an early hour in the morning until late at night, my time is wholly occupied in this cause. When Iget up in the morning, I have some
the greatest distress abounds, the crops often cheered the heart of your miniseem particularly fine, and likely to be ster in moments of despondency; nor singularly productive. And does not will I conceal from you, that this is a this circumstance seem to speak and to most anxious day to him who now adsay, silently but pointedly, “Ah, cruel dresses you, for he has this day to see man! whether you care for your whether your Christian principles are starving brother or not, I care from producing their legitimate effect-in heaven, my dwelling-place; whether other words, how far your faith workyou think of him or not, I behold him eth by love. in his sufferings, and will send him, I have but one thing more to state, after a while, corn to eat, and to be and that by way of conclusion, and thankful, and to bless the name of the then after mentioning one single fact, Lord. Your suffering brother shall I shall leave you to do as the Lord not cry to heaven in vain.”
may put it in your hearts to do. I It is, however, incumbent upon me have indeed ventured to express my to point out to you the care with which confident hope concerning you, that your alms will be admivistered, and through God's mercy, you will this to show that nothing will be lost, but morning reach one hundred pounds at that every thing will be made to go as least. I may have been mistaken-I far as it can. In a letter from the may have miscalculated either your Rev. Sir Francis Lynch Blosse, secre- means or your inclination, or both: tary to the Mayo Relief Committee, he though I am not ashamed to say, I besays, “ If we can get only twopence a- lieve I have not miscalculated neither, head daily for our wretched people, and, in truth, have the fullest confinone shall perish from famine.” dence in you all. I trust you will show
CHRISTIANS, WHAT DOES ALL THIS this day that you have not forgotten SAY TO YOU? It speaks for itself. the words of that text on which I Our brother has need. But what if have grounded my appeal on this ocwe shut up our bowels of compassion casion. from him ? or refuse to help him? or The fact I promised to mention is, treat it as only a fiction ? and turn away if well authenticated, as I believe it to our eyes from seeing our brother's be, one of the most distressing things, misery in this the day of his calamity. I will not say that I ever read of in Why, then, the text declares we have modern times, but that I ever rememnot the love of God in us. It does ber to have heard of in times either not say, we have not common hu- ancient or modern. In a poor Irish manity; we may have that, but yet family during this misery, the father not have the love of God in us; even awoke in the morning, and what did that love which led to exertion, and to he see in his wretched cabin ? His enterprize, and to sacrifice.
wife dead beside him, and his little But I press not the matter further. child at her breast sucking, instead of Oh, well is it declared in the text, a mother's milk, a mother's blood, that we ought to lay down our lives but unconscious that its mother was for the brethren. I never found you dead, and wondering that it could not needed pressing; if I had, I should obtain its usual supply from the breast, always have stood before you an un- yet glad to obtain anything. Oh, for willing advocate on charitable oc- a father to see a wife and a mother's casions, and should have delegated breast bleeding, and his child sucking that task entirely and exclusively to its mother's blood !! It is enough to others. Your Christian liberality has melt a heart of stone, and I am de.
ceived in you if you can send away | joy and with a lively air, and with a poor wretched Ireland, when poor prayer for our gracious Sovereign, Ireland appeals this day to your Chris- (whom God preserve to us!) but metian mercy. "Whoso hath this world's thinks we may now retire from this good, and seeth his brother have need, place, rather with feelings of sorrow and shutteth up his bowels of compas- and mourning, when misery and death sion from him, how dwelleth the love seem thus painfully presented to our of GOD in him? My little children, notice. my beloved people, let us not live in word and in tongue, but in deed and in truth." We began this service* with
It being the King's accession, the people were played into Church with the National anthem. The organist, however, shewed
his good taste in playing them out with a solemn and mournful air, which seemed completely in unison with the feelings excited by the distressing anecdote with which the sermon concluded. The collection exceeded one hundred and twenty-two pounds.
DELIVERED BY THE REV. W. DALTON, M.A.
AT ST. JOHN'S CHAPEL, BEDFORD ROW, IN AID OF THE MORAVIAN MISSIONS, JUNE 10, 1831.
Acts, x. 34-44.-" Then Peter opened his mouth, and said, Of a truth I perceive that GOD is no respecter of persons: but in every nation he that feareth him, and worketh righteousness, is accepted with him. The word which GOD sent unto the chil dren of Israel, preaching peace by Jesus Christ; he is Lord of all; that word, I say, you know, which was published throughout all Judea, and began from Galilee, after the baptism which John preached: how GOD anointed Jesus of Nazareth with the Holy Ghost and with power; who went about doing good, and healing all that were oppressed of the devil: for GOD was with him. And we are witnesses of all things which he did, both in the land of the Jews and in Jerusalem; whom they slew and hanged on a tree. Him God raised up the third day, and shewed him openly; not to all the people, but unto witnesses chosen before of GOD, ecen to us, who did eat and drink with him after he rose from the dead. And he commanded us to preach unto the people, and to testify that it is he which was ordained of GOD to be the Judge of quick and dead. To him give all the prophets witness, that through his name whosoever believeth in him shall receive remission of sins.”
THIS is a very short but a most comprehensive sermon delivered by the special power of the Holy Ghost, and blessed to many souls, both those who heard him then, and those that have read it from generation to generation. May the Lord give us this night the same Spirit, and we shall be able to value and rejoice in this message of peace by the Lord Jesus Christ.
The sermon of Peter ought to be specially valuable to us, as Christians, as Gentiles, and as persons occupied in the missionary work ;;-as Christians, because it contains a short epitome of
the Gospel, presenting in a few verses every truth important to the souls of men;-as Gentiles, because it was the first sermon preached to the Gentiles. Cornelius was the first fruits among the Gentiles, and then, and not till then, the Apostles saw for themselves that God was no respecter of persons, but that He had his chosen people in every nation, tribe, and tongue, and that every one who feared GoD and worked righteousness by his grace must be accepted of Him. And the sermon is valuable to us, as persons engaged in the missionary work, be
cause it ought to be the sum and sub- Now you will observe how suited stance of every missionary message to man's estate is the message before to the perishing heathen, and to the us. For FIRST OF ALL, CHRIST IS THE house of Israel.
In the thirtyIf you will observe attentively the eighth verse we read, “ How God sermon before us, it contains one anointed Jesus of Nazareth with the great truth developed in several Holy Ghost and with power ; who went ways. The great truth is, that God about doing good, and healing all that has sent us a message of peace by were oppressed of the devil: for God Jesus Christ. This truth is deve- was with him." There was an express loped in several ways, because it is design, as it were, that Christ should made to rest on.
himself be a preacher of his peace, First of all-Christ being the anoint- because by this very method God seed preacher of this peace.
cures, in the eyes of his people, their Secondly—Christ being its procurer full approbation and their full consent, by his sufferings and resurrection. that this peace must be exceedingly
Thirdly-Christ being its bestower valuable. It is not preached to us in the remission of sins.
merely by Moses or by the prophets, And Fourthly—Christ being the or even by the angelic host themselves, decider in the great day of his coming, when they said, “good will and when he finally confirms the peace of peace to men.” But the Lord Jesus his people.
Christ himself was the anointed proNow the blessing of peace is one phet of his church, and he himself was sought after universally, inasmuch as the preacher of the very peace which it is a word synonymous with men's from age to age he communicates to happiness; and if we ask men of all his people. This, I say, secures every tribe, nation, country, and va. its entrance, and recommends its rious pursuit, what was their object adaptation to every one that is taught in life, they would all, more or less, of God; for they are enabled thus to declare that they were in pursuit of reason, that that peace must be unhappiness. Now God saw that all the speakably precious, of which Christ is attempts of man to obtain happiness not only the sum and substance and were vain in himself; and, therefore, the procurer, but which he even conour text declares that God sent Jesus descended to preach himself to the sons Christ preaching peace. And God of men. saw, secondly, that man was not only Now there is a peculiar stress to without peace, but was unable to pro- be laid on the words that “God anointcure peace, and therefore Jesus Christ ed Jesus of Nazareth with the Holy obtained that peace for him. In the Ghost,” because it intimates to us, one way we are led to see man as an that if Christ was a mere man he empty creature, and in the other we could not preach peace in the same are led to see man as a weak, sinful, way as the Apostle sets him out, and feeble creature ; and hence, in a “Jesus of Nazareth the Lord of all.” peace so constituted, sensible that they There is therefore a beautiful union, have no happiness within naturally, and a requisite union in the person of nor by any means they can invent can Christ; for when he comes they procure happiness, those who are Lord of all, he comes preaching the its partakers, are led to rejoice in the very peace that he bestows; if he was truth, that God has sent a message of a mere creature, we might say, that peace to the sons of men.
were going again to creature
springs, and that we were about again | Here, then, in the first place, Christ to seek our happiness in the arm of flesh, when GOD hath said, "Cursed is the man that trusteth in man, and maketh the arm of flesh his strength." If Christ was a creature, however high, however exalted in GoD's creation, yet still we might naturally shrink from the idea of depending on a creature, or a creature's word. But he is LORD of all-he is GoD over all. He is omnipotent in his power-and he is gracious in his gifts to the full amount of Divine love, and Divine wisdom, and Divine power. So then we are enabled to look on this great preacher as the Lord of all; and yet he is set out to us as Jesus of Nazareth in his manhood, inasmuch as Jesus was his incarnation name, the name connected with his taking our flesh upon him. So that he preaches peace from sympathy as well as from infinite power; and he knew in his manhood, and from the sufferings of his manhood, and from the sensibilities of his manhood, and from the weakness of his manhood, how necessary a requisite peace must be to the sons of men. Christ in his manhood had a need of peace, because Christ in his manhood had a need of support; and, therefore, it is expressly said, that "Jesus of Nazareth was anointed with the Holy Ghost." The Holy Ghost was not given by measure unto him, that is to say, the fulness of the Holy Ghost was given unto Christ's manhood, that he might by the very enjoyment which he had, and the very close union which his godhead and manhood possessed, pour out on his people with a sympathising heart that very peace which was to be
Now, the great truth then that the Christian learns when he stands on Calvary, and beholds the sorrows of Christ, and the agonies of Christ, is this
their portion for time and eternity.-how precious that peace must be since Oh, my friends, it is a blessed truth that he was Jesus of Nazareth in all the sensibilities, and in all the weakness of our nature, upheld by the wonderful power of the Holy Ghost.
it flows to my soul through the blood of my Redeemer-since it was connected with the agonies of Jesus of Nazareth; and before he could leave this legacy, "My peace I leave you,"
is the preacher.
We observe, SECONDLY, THAT CHRIST
IS THE PROCURER OF THIS PEACE.
This is stated in the thirty-ninth and fortieth verses, And we are witnesses of all things which he did, both in the land of the Jews and in Jerusalem; whom they slew and hanged on a tree. Him God raised up the third day, and shewed him openly." Now here is Christ set forth as the one who made peace, and procured peace for his people. We find the Apostle Paul, in his first chapter of the Epistle to the Colossians, and the twentieth verse, saying, “And, having made peace through the blood of his cross, by him to reconcile all things unto himself; by him, I say, whether they be things in earth, or things in heaven. And you, that were sometimes alienated, and enemies in your mind by wicked works, yet now hath he reconciled, in the body of his flesh through death, to present you holy, and unblameable, and unreproveable in his sight." The peace which the Lord Jesus Christ procured was purchased at the expense of his own sufferings; and if I may so speak, his giving up his own peace. He not only came to preach peace, and to suffer agony; but in the very procuring this peace, his own soul suffered the desertion of his Father's countenence, and his Father's presence; and he was obliged to cry out in his agonies on the cross, "My God, my GoD, why hast thou forsaken me?"